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  • HU-Berlin Edoc  (1,098)
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  • 101
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (4 Seiten)
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Bericht ; Forschungsdaten ; Forschungsdatenmanagement ; Ethnologie ; Sozialanthropologie ; Kulturanthropologie ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaften
    Note: nachfolgende Fassung von https://doi.org/10.18452/27740
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  • 102
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (27 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basel : MDPI
    Angaben zur Quelle: 12,2
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: socio-ecological justice ; social learning ; inclusive decision-making ; community participation ; social capital ; collective action ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Geowissenschaften
    Abstract: Protected areas are a fundamental element for the protection of ecological integrity and, in some cases, the livelihood of local communities worldwide. They are also embedded in socio-ecological systems, and their management is subject to various political, economic, and social influences. Good governance of protected areas is recognized as a decisive aspect of ecological conservation, which is at risk in institutional contexts where there is a weak scope of action alongside issues with misrecognition of key actors and their representation in procedures. In this context, the present study case aims to assess the performance of the Río Negro National Park governance system in terms of effectiveness and justice to enable the identification of strategies to improve this protected area governance system for the achievement of its desired outcomes. Using the social-ecological systems approach, this paper proposes an analytical framework for the performance assessment, including both the effectiveness and justice of the governance of socio-ecological systems, stemming from the socio-ecological justice framework. It uses mixed methods based on semi-structured in-depth interviews supplemented by a focus group discussion, participant observation, and secondary data analysis. Results show that the governance of Río Negro National Park is negatively impacted by low-capacity, a lack of human, financial, and technical resources, as well as the lack of recognition of the indigenous community of the Yshiro and the rural community as key actors, leading to a lack of representation of their interests, values, and knowledge in norm-making and decision-making processes. The findings unveil some windows for improvement through better-designed environmental policies specifically based on collective action and social learning. The results demonstrate that effectiveness and justice influence each other and, therefore, are deeply intertwined. From the assessment conducted, the paper highlights the components of the governance system that should be improved to achieve good governance of the protected area as a socio-ecological system, promoting the ecological integrity and the dignity of life (socio-ecological justice) of the individuals and communities that are part of this system.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 103
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  59,3, Seiten 467-473
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (7 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer
    Angaben zur Quelle: 59,3, Seiten 467-473
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Mental health ; Social inequality ; Welfare classification practices ; Social policy ; Praxeography ; Disability ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Purpose In recent decades, Europe has seen a steady increase in psychiatric diagnoses, which, besides affecting the population in many ways, also challenges the organization of welfare. This paper explores how welfare classification processes impact the contemporary production of mental (ill) health and social inequality in the German welfare state. Methods Based on comprehensive ethnographic research in the public mental healthcare landscape in Berlin between 2011 and 2017, this paper discusses in detail the case of a mandatory prescription of a psychosocial rehabilitation measure for Ms Reisch, a psychiatric service user and ethnographic research partner. The analysis draws on the methodological approach of praxeography to examine how this case challenges the social determinants of mental health framework and the conceptual work of the sociology of inequality on which the categories of welfare are largely built. Results The paper highlights the essentializing properties of social categories, whether in the sociology of inequality or in social and mental health policy. It also demonstrates the strength of praxeography to expose how multiple welfare categorization processes shape experiences and events of dis/ability in practice, potentially contradicting the stated intentions of social policy. Conclusion The results suggest that the attachment of categories to people in public welfare needs to be changed to make public administration more flexible to responding to the situated processes that bring about differentiations of equal and unequal in practice. The paper, therefore, encourages social inquiry into the potentialities of a post-categorical social policy framework.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 104
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  30,3, Seiten 267-272
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (6 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillian
    Angaben zur Quelle: 30,3, Seiten 267-272
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 105
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  39,1, Seiten 103-131
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (29 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Dordrecht [u.a.] : Springer Science + Business Media B.V
    Angaben zur Quelle: 39,1, Seiten 103-131
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Residential satisfaction ; Comfort ; Home attachment ; Wellbeing ; Adaptive comfort standards ; Mediation analysis ; Cross-cultural analysis ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In the study of residential satisfaction in architectural design different physical comfort domains have received the most attention. But with this comfort-driven approach, residential satisfaction is reduced to a psychophysical relationship. Adding psychological substance to the design process, the paper argues that a distinction should be made between residential satisfaction and home attachment and that we need to consider home attachment as a mediator variable for comfort. The aim of the paper is to empirically assess whether the mediation, if it exists at all, is partial or complete. Distinguishing different forms of comfort, a set of alternative structural equation models are tested with data from a 14-nation population survey in Europe. The result of the model tests is that our wellbeing at home comes in two forms—satisfaction and attachment—and that there is partial as well as complete mediation of home attachment on satisfaction depending on the kind of comfort studied.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 106
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  75,4, Seiten 511-514
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (4 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Wiesbaden : Springer VS
    Angaben zur Quelle: 75,4, Seiten 511-514
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Rezension ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Frisch, Katrin, Felix Hagenström und Nele Reeg: Wissenschaftliche Fairness. Wissenschaft zwischen Integrität und Fehlverhalten. Bielefeld: transcript 2022. 286 Seiten. ISBN: 978-3-8376-5966‑5. Preis: € 32,–.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 107
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  33,3, Seiten 255-287
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (33 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Wiesbaden : Springer VS
    Angaben zur Quelle: 33,3, Seiten 255-287
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Quantifizierung ; Digitalisierung ; Scoring ; Ungleichheit ; Statusarbeit ; Quantification ; Digitalization ; Scoring ; Inequality ; Status-work ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Dieser Beitrag nimmt die zunehmende Verbreitung von Scorings zum Anlass, um nach deren Rolle bei der Zuweisung von Status, der Verteilung von Lebenschancen und der Hervorbringung von Ungleichheiten zu fragen. Ausgehend von einer Definition von Scorings und einer allgemeinen Typologisierung wird dargestellt, wie Scorings sowohl als Statusanzeiger wie auch als Statusgeneratoren wirksam werden. Die Analyse ergibt, dass sich auch neue Formen der investiven „Datenstatusarbeit“ herausbilden. Darauf aufbauend werden unterschiedliche Modi diskutiert, die für die Ungleichheitseffekte von Scorings typisch sein sollten. Schließlich werden das differenzierungstheoretische Paradigma (Nassehi) sowie die praxistheoretische Singularisierungstheorie (Reckwitz) darauf befragt, inwiefern sie den ungleichheitserzeugenden Aspekt von Scorings berücksichtigen bzw. interpretieren. Wie sich zeigt, benötigt man eine eigenständige ungleichheitssoziologische Herangehensweise, um die Statusimplikationen zu erfassen.
    Abstract: Starting from the observation of an increased use of scorings, the article asks for their role in allocating status and life chances as well as in generating inequalities. Based on a general definition and typology of scorings, it demonstrates how scorings operate as indicators and generators of status. The rise of scorings goes hand in hand with new forms of “investive data (status-)work”. Building on these findings, the article distinguishes different modes and discusses pertinent inequality effects of scorings. Finally, the article engages with the paradigm of differentiation (Nassehi) and the theory of singularization (Reckwitz) in order to show how inequality aspects feature within these theoretical contributions. As it turns out, an inequality-specific framework is needed to capture the status implications of scorings.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 108
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  42,3, Seiten 395-420
    ISSN: 0167-8507 , 0167-8507
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (26 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin [u.a.] : Mouton de Gruyter
    Angaben zur Quelle: 42,3, Seiten 395-420
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: highly diverse urban settings ; linguistic ethnography ; metrolingualism ; multilingual and multiethnic interactions ; urban street market ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: The Maybachufer Market is an urban street market in Berlin-Neukölln that constitutes a highly diverse urban context by bringing together people of different social, cultural, and linguistic backgrounds. Through linguistic ethnography, this paper explores the negotiation of various resources in everyday communicative practices and activities of this urban space. The market setting with its multiethnic and multilingual community constitutes a spatial repertoire with a rich pool of resources. Although German, Turkish, and English are prominent as local and international lingua francas, various other languages and resources are used in the market activities involving different types and modes of interaction. The study shows that the respective communicative practices, which seem random at first glance, in fact follow specific interactional patterns with respect to communicative goals and interactional roles, including different social relations and identity constructions. While exploring everyday activities and the linguistic behaviours at a highly diverse urban market, the study contributes to our understanding of spatial repertoires, metrolingual and convivial practices, and communicative patterns in multilingual and multiethnic interactions in highly diverse urban spaces.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 109
    ISBN: 978-3-96317-832-0
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (453 Seiten)
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Integration ; Migration ; Arbeit ; Italien ; Selbstständigkeit ; Ethnographie ; Neoliberalisierung ; Ausbeutung ; Inklusion ; Rassifizierung ; Ethnisierung ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Marika Pierdiccas Promotionsschrift liefert eine Ethnographie migrantischer Selbstständigkeit in Norditalien und zeigt die Verknüpfung zwischen einer zunehmenden Neoliberalisierung der Arbeit und Vorstellungen von »Integration« auf. Die Arbeit stellt Integration als affirmatives Konzept infrage und problematisiert strukturelle Formen von differentieller Inklusion, Rassifizierung und Ethnisierung heutiger Arbeitsverhältnisse. Eine genealogische Rekonstruktion italienischer Migrationspolitiken verdeutlicht, wie das »Integrationsregime« zugleich als Selektierungsmanagement und als Grenzpolitik agiert. Vor dem Hintergrund eines Verständnisses von Selbstständigkeit als gesamtem Lebensentwurf, vollzieht Pierdicca eine biopolitische Analyse von Arbeitsnarrativen und -erfahrungen der Protagonist_innen im Feld. Ihre Forschung beschäftigt sich mit kapitalismuskritischen Ansätzen zu affektiver Arbeit, betrachtet das Integrationsregime als Labor neoliberaler Subjektivierung und arbeitet dabei spezifische Formen von Arbeitsausbeutung heraus.
    Note: The publication of this work was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 110
    ISBN: 9783839460214
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (283 Seiten)
    DDC: 910
    Keywords: Public Health ; Datafication ; Kritische Sicherheitsforschung ; Mensch-Technik-Verhältnisse ; Prognose ; Früherkennung ; Katastrophe ; Monitoring ; Medizin ; Biopolitik ; Amerika ; Sozialgeographie ; Techniksoziologie ; Geographie ; Geografie und Reisen ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Angesichts unkalkulierbarer Bedrohungsszenarien werden Prognosen und Früherkennung immer wichtiger. Die verfügbaren Werkzeuge hierfür sind selbst politisch operativ und etablieren eine »Zukunft als Katastrophe« mit entsprechenden Konsequenzen. Henning Füller setzt den Fokus auf verbundene Machtwirkungen und zeigt, dass mit Monitoring-Techniken postpolitische Vorentscheidungen performativ getroffen werden. Seine Fallstudie zur Anwendung des indikatorbasierten Verfahrens Syndromic Surveillance in den USA befasst sich exemplarisch unter anderem mit der Bearbeitung öffentlicher Gesundheit als Sicherheitsproblem sowie mit der Etablierung des Ist-Zustands als Horizont des Politischen.
    Note: The publication of this work was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 111
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Journal of African languages and linguistics 43,2022,2, Seiten 139-163
    ISSN: 0167-6164 , 0167-6164
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (25 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Journal of African languages and linguistics
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : de Gruyter
    Angaben zur Quelle: 43,2022,2, Seiten 139-163
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: animacy hierarchy ; concurrent systems ; Niger-Congo ; nominal classification ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Recent research looks increasingly at languages with more than one system of nominal classification and first systematic typological assessments of so-called “concurrent noun classification” exist with a focus on cases involving classifiers and gender. We elaborate on this work by dealing with Niger-Congo languages that have restructured their inherited noun classification in a particular way. The inherited system entailing a strong parallelism between agreement-based gender and affix-based noun inflections shifted toward one where the gender system is reduced to an animacy-based opposition while nominal inflection maintains a considerable amount of original complexity with semantic criteria beyond those of the innovative gender distinction. While the phenomenon as such is not a new discovery, its typological relevance has gone unrecognized so far. We argue that such cases of restructured gender systems in Niger-Congo prima facie suggest themselves as candidates for a new type of concurrent noun classification, both from a synchronic and diachronic perspective. We present a detailed description of the phenomenon in the Guang language Gonja and determine whether or how it can be integrated in the available typology. We also survey its wider distribution and discuss some recurrent historical aspects of its emergence in the family.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 112
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  29,2, Seiten 285-299
    ISSN: 1474-4740 , 1474-4740
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (15 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage
    Angaben zur Quelle: 29,2, Seiten 285-299
    DDC: 910
    Keywords: exposure ; Pedro Lemebel ; publicness ; public space ; public transport ; Geografie und Reisen ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Developing thoughts on exposure in cultural geography, literary studies, and mobilities research, this article aims to provide a more comprehensive account towards the publicness of public space. What would happen if we assessed publicness not by degrees of openness and inclusion, but through the nexus of vulnerability and complicity that is fundamental to the notion of exposure? To grasp such an intrinsic dualism, our perspective goes towards public transport, where experiences of exposure are intensified by its specific conditions of encapsulation and movement. We illustrate this perspective drawing from the autobiographical chronicles of the Chilean writer Pedro Lemebel, in order to then propose a ‘learning from’ the case of public transport for a rethinking of publicness. Specifically, we argue that exposure provides new insights on agency, power and vulnerability as part of a more processual notion of public space.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 113
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (360 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2022
    DDC: 199
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    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Mauna Kea ; Kaho'olawe ; Kapwa ; Aloha 'Āina ; Hawai'i ; Philippinen ; Indigene Rechte ; Klimagerechtigkeit ; Haudenosaunee Konföderation ; Black Panther Party ; Soziale Gerechtigkeit ; Interkommunalismus ; Hawai'i ; Philippines ; Indigenous Rights ; Climate Justice ; Haudenosaunee Confederacy ; Black Panther Party ; Social Justice ; Intercommunalism ; Philosophie in anderen geografischen Gebieten ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Literaturen nichtaustronesischer ozeanischer Sprachen, austronesischer Sprachen, verschiedener anderer Sprachen
    Abstract: In der hawaiianischen Vorstellung steht das Land in einer Kinship- oder Verwandtschaftsbeziehung als lebendes und atmendes Familienmitglied, von dem man abstammt. Aloha 'Aina („Liebe zum Land“) ist eine Onto-Epistemologie der Indigenen auf Hawai'i, analog zu anderen gemeinschaftlichen Organisationsformen, die Mensch, Nicht-Mensch und Natur als miteinander verbunden betrachten, wie etwa im Glauben der Haudenosaunee. Anstatt Aloha 'Aina als eine Methode der „dekolonialen Klimagerechtigkeit“ zu präsentieren, die im globalen Norden nachgeahmt werden soll, und damit Aloha 'Aina von jenem „Land“ zu entfernen, theoretisiere ich ein ortsbezogenes Konstrukt, das ich „Spirit of Relationality“ nenne. Ich verknüpfe das hawaiianische Aloha 'Aina mit der politischen Theorie des Interkommunalismus des Black Panther Huey P. Newton, um dekoloniale Formen globaler Klimagerechtigkeit für nicht-Indigene Positionalitäten zu entwickeln. Der Zweck dieser Verbindung war es, den „Geist“ innerhalb der postmarxistischen Theorien neu zu verorten, wie sie von Vanessa Watts (Haudenosaunee & Anishinaabe) kritisiert werden, da dieser Geist für eurozentrische Perspektiven entfernt wurde. Indem ich hawaiianische Geschichten und zeitgenössische Poesie analysiere, vergleiche ich auch Vorstellungen von lokalem Glauben anderswo, wie auf den Philippinen und im Ästuargebiet, durch die Verbundenheit des Pazifiks und von fluidem Wasser und Luft. Metaphern von Spirit/Geist und Kinship, sowie eine materialistische Analyse des Antikolonialismus und der Arbeiterbewegung auf Hawaii führten dazu, dass ich meine eigenen Konzepte als „Pneumaterialismus“ bezeichnete. Dies ergibt sich aus der Metaphorik von „pneuma“ als liminaler Geist und hawaiianischem „ea“ („Atem,“ „Leben,“ „Wiederaufleben“), mit Wortspielen zur Metaphysik und Antagonismen zwischen Materialismus/Materie und Idealismus. Die Dynamik interkultureller und organischer Symbiosen und indigener Solidaritäten bildet ebenfalls die Grundlage dieser Metaphern.
    Abstract: In Indigenous Hawaiian conceptualization land is relational, a living and breathing family member that one is descended from. Aloha 'Aina (“love of the land”) is an Indigenous way of knowing and being in Hawai'i, analogous to other communal forms of organization that consider human, non-human, and nature as interrelated, such as in Haudenosaunee beliefs. Instead of presenting Aloha 'Aina as a method of “decolonial climate justice” to emulate within the global North, and thus remove Aloha 'Aina from its land, I theorize a place-based construct I call “spirit of relationality.” I connect Hawaiian Aloha 'Aina with Black Panther Huey P. Newton’s political theory of Intercommunalism towards decolonial forms of global climate justice for non-Indigenous positionalities. The purpose of this connection was to relocate “spirit” within post-Marxist theories, as critiqued by Vanessa Watts (Haudenosaunee & Anishinaabe) of having been removed for Eurocentric perspectives. Analyzing Hawaiian stories and contemporary poetry, I also compare notions of localized beliefs elsewhere, such as in the Philippines and in the estuary space, through the connectedness of the Pacific Ocean, in-flux waters, and air. Metaphors of spirit/ghost and kinship, as well as materialist analysis of anticolonialism and labor organizing in Hawai'i, led to labelling my own concepts as “Pneumaterialism.” This is from metaphors of “pneuma” as in-between spirit and Hawaiian “ea” (“breath,” “life,” “resurgence”), with wordplay on metaphysics and antagonisms between materialism/matter and idealism. Dynamics of intercultural and organic symbiosis and Indigenous solidarities also ground these metaphors.
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  • 114
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  7
    Language: English
    Publ. der Quelle: Lausanne : Frontiers Media
    Angaben zur Quelle: 7
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Ulrich Beck ; risk society ; individualization ; reflexive modernity ; cosmopolitanism ; methodological cosmopolitanism ; Pierre Bourdieu ; cosmopolitan field ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Current global crises and threats have revealed the growing implications of Ulrich Beck's theory of risk society. Rather than being a theory of risk, risk society theory is more a social theory of the new social world and modernity. Risk society theory encompasses a new social ontology of the social in the era of uncertainties and crises. Beck also proposes the cosmopolitan outlook and particularly methodological cosmopolitanism as the epistemology and methodology of the world risk society. Yet, a close examination of Beck's social theory reveals a contradiction between the two aspects. On the one hand, in the ontological dimension, we are faced with the primacy of the indeterminate and the empirical, but on the other hand, Beck's epistemological prescriptive eliminate the possibility of reaching them. The current article aims to address this incompatibility. In doing so, first, the main pillars of risk society theory, and then the cosmopolitan outlook and sociology are discussed. By criticizing Beck's epistemological apparatus as well as juxtaposing the theory of risk society and Pierre Bourdieu's theory of action and fields, in the final section, the article proposes a solution to complete the ontology of risk society and overcome some of its epistemological problems.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 115
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (371 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2022
    DDC: 301
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    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Sozio-territoriale Konflikte ; Modernität ; Transmodernität ; Interkulturalität ; Politische Ontologie ; Socio-territorial conflicts ; modernity ; transmodernity ; interculturality ; political ontology ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Obwohl sozio-territoriale Konflikte sich in vielfältigen Kämpfen um Ressourcen, Raum und Umweltbedingungen manifestieren können, vertritt diese Forschung die These, dass sozio-territoriale Konflikte nicht auf diese Aspekte beschränkt sind, sondern eine ontologische Dimension beinhalten. In diesem Sinne geht es im Golf von Tribugá um die Existenzbedingungen und die Interaktionen zwischen den bestehenden Entitäten entsprechend ihrer Ontologie sowie um die Rolle, die jede Entität bei der Konstituierung des Territoriums als eine entstehende und sich ständig verändernde Kategorie spielt. Um diesen ontologischen Disput zu verstehen, kontrastiert diese Arbeit die Unterschiede und Überschneidungen zwischen Developmentalismus - der jüngsten Manifestation des Projekts der westlichen Moderne -, nachhaltigem Developmentalismus und lokalen Lebensweisen, Interaktionen und Praktiken am Golf von Tribugá. Darüber hinaus zeigt die Untersuchung einige Strategien auf, mit denen lokale Kollektive sich bestimmte abstrakte Universalismen der Moderne aneignen, sie durch die Brille ihrer eigenen Erfahrungen transformieren und so ein transmodernes und interkulturelles Territorium gestalten und verwirklichen. Transmodernität und Interkulturalität als wirtschaftlicher, sozialer und politischer Horizont impliziert die Überwindung einer Vielzahl von Konzepten, die mit der europäischen Erkenntnistheorie in Verbindung gebracht werden und die derzeit weltweit eine hegemoniale Position einnehmen. Somit beinhaltet der Kampf für einen transmodernen und interkulturellen Horizont die Infragestellung einiger der erkenntnistheoretischen und ontologischen Grundlagen dessen, was gemeinhin als "Modernität" definiert wird.
    Abstract: Although socio-territorial conflicts might materialise through multiple struggles over resources, space and environmental conditions, the main argument of this research is that, rather than being limited to such resources or environmental conditions, socio-territorial disputes have an ontological dimension. With this in mind, what is at stake in the Gulf of Tribugá are the conditions of existence and the interactions between existing entities according to their ontology, as well as the role each entity plays in the constitution of the territory as an emerging and constantly changing category. To understand this ontological dispute, this research contrasts the differences and partial connections between developmentalism – the most recent manifestation of the project of western modernity – and local forms of inhabiting, interacting with and enacting the Gulf of Tribugá. On top of that, the research highlights some strategies through which local collectivities, by appropriating specific abstract universalisms of modernity and concretising them through the lenses of their own experiences, propose and enact a transmodern and intercultural territory. Transmodernity and interculturality as an economic, social and political horizon implies breaking up with most of the notions mainly associated with European epistemology, which are currently hegemonic all over the globe. Struggling towards a transmodern and intercultural horizon entails questioning some of the epistemological and ontological fundaments of what is commonly defined as “modernity”.
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  • 116
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  2,4, Seiten 441-456
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basel : MDPI
    Angaben zur Quelle: 2,4, Seiten 441-456
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: youth ; labor market ; unemployment ; South Africa ; religion ; social capital ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: South Africa continues to be marked by high youth unemployment. This paper investigates youth labor market perspectives in northern South Africa in the light of data from the Livelihoods, Religion and Youth Survey. In addition to standard explanatory variabless of labor market outcomes, it explores whether the ‘soft’ factors of social capital and religion might contribute to youth’s labor market success. Methodologically, the study draws on descriptive statistics and the estimation of linear probability models. The results indicate that religious social capital goes along with improved labor market success, while there is no indication in the data that (non-religious) social capital or religiosity are positively correlated with labor market performance among the youth in the sample. The social capital created in religious communities seems to contribute to youth labor market success. Further research should investigate how these structures can serve as models for the improvement of government interventions aiming at improving youth labor market outcomes. Moreover, the results are in line with the findings of previous research on spatial mismatches in the labor market and highlight the need for job creation, particularly in rural areas.
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  • 117
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (23 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bericht ; Fragebogen ; Wissenschaftsbefragung ; Berlin Science Survey ; Berliner Forschungsraum ; Berlin University Alliance ; Wissenschaftsforschung ; Sozialwissenschaften
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  • 118
    ISSN: 0042-0980 , 0042-0980
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage Publications Ltd.
    Angaben zur Quelle: 60,10, Seiten 1949-1967
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: belonging ; neighbourhood ; public familiarity ; 归属感 ; 邻里 ; 公众熟悉度 ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Urban scholars commonly expect that residents show more neighbourhood belonging, the longer they live in an area. An imagery of fixed settlements thus remains dominant in a rapidly changing world. Recent research challenged classic assumptions but the alternative of elective belonging hardly differentiated between symbolic and practical neighbourhood use. As belonging is performatively maintained, this differentiation may be needed. What defines residents’ belonging in a neighbourhood in digital mobile times? Does length of residence alone result in place-based practices, familiarity with other people and ultimately in more belonging? Our analyses of survey-data from four Berlin neighbourhoods show that length of residence correlates with belonging, but not in a simple linear way. The use of infrastructure and especially public familiarity, which depends on the settlement as specific historical configuration, affect this relationship.
    Abstract: 城市学者普遍认为,居民在一个地区居住的时间越长,就越有邻里归属感。因此,固定定居点的意象在瞬息万变的世界中仍然占主导地位。最近的研究对经典假设提出了质疑,但选择性归属的替代方案 几乎没有区分象征性和实际的邻里功能。由于归属感是通过行动来维持的,因此可能需要对它们进行区分。在数字化、移动化时代,如何定义居民对社区的归属感?仅仅长时间的居住就会带来基于地方的实践、与他人的熟悉并最终带来更多的归属感?我们对柏林四个街区的调查数据进行了分析,发现居住时间长短与归属感相关,但并非以简单的线性方式相关。基础设施的使用,尤其是公众熟悉度,会影响这种关系。而公众熟悉度取决于作为特定历史配置的定居点。
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 119
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Wolfville, Nova Scotia : Resilience Alliance
    Angaben zur Quelle: 27,1
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: ecosystem services ; green infrastructure ; Halle ; land use alternatives ; urban regrowth ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Cities that begin to regrow after a long period of decline and land abandonment are under pressure to provide comfortable housing conditions in preferred neighborhoods for their residents. On the other hand, these cities should preserve interim green spaces that result from decline because these spaces are a real treasure for densifying cities. Using the case of the city of Halle in post-socialist Eastern Germany, we explore four land use alternatives for neighborhood development close to what might happen: (1) urban densification, (2) spacious housing, (3) the green city, and (4) the edible city. We seek to discover opportunities for regrowth and sustainable land use development by applying the ecosystem services and green points frameworks to a set of land use transition rules. Land use change has been defined for strategic development areas according to the Master Plan and complementary visions of land change. The results of the study provide highly interesting insights into how both regrowth and greening can be enabled in densifying neighborhoods and what types of green are most effective in providing carbon storage and summer heat regulation. Moreover, gardens, as central elements of the edible city concept, were found to be flexible in implementation in very differently dynamic neighborhoods by providing multi-functional spaces for ecosystem services such as climate regulation, local food production, daily recreation, and nature experience. Results demonstrate that ecosystem services benefit flows increase only in districts where real estate pressure is low. In districts with growing population numbers, green spaces are reduced. This may result in increased injustice in green space availability seeing as we have modeled a recreational space per capita of 〈 9 m² in the Southern Suburb, whereas an increase to almost 70 m² was simulated in the shrinking, prefabricated Newtown. Most importantly, modeling the narratives of the Master Plan in a spatially explicit way demonstrates unused potential for greening in Halle. Thus, we conclude that urban planning should make regular use of such land use alternative to look for hidden combined visions of green and growth in a formerly shrinking city.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 120
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (270 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2022
    DDC: 300
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Vermögensungleichheit in Paaren ; Lebensverlauf ; Sequenzanalyse ; Erwerbsbiografien ; within-couple gender wealth gap ; life course ; sequence analysis ; employment biographies ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Angesichts von Rentenkürzungen hat Vermögen als Alternative zu gesetzlichen Renten zur Alterssicherung an Bedeutung zugenommen. Vermögen ist jedoch ungleicher zwischen Frauen und Männern verteilt als Einkommen, wobei Frauen ein durchschnittlich niedrigeres Vermögen haben. Diese Ungleichheit existiert auch innerhalb von Paarbeziehungen. Diese Dissertation untersucht, wie Erwerbs- und Ehebiografien mit dem persönlichen Vermögen von verheirateten Frauen und Männern ab 50 Jahren zusammenhängen. Basierend auf der Lebensverlaufsperspektive entwickelt Kapitel 1 ein Modell zum Vermögensaufbau innerhalb von Paaren. Kapitel 2 untersucht Geschlechterunterschiede im individuellen Vermögensaufbau durch Erwerbstätigkeit in Ost- und Westdeutschland. Die Studie zeigt geschlechtsspezifische Wege des Vermögensaufbaus auf, welche sich besonders im traditionellen Wohlfahrtsstaatskontext von Westdeutschland zeigen. Kapitel 3 untersucht, wie Erwerbs- und Ehebiografien von Frauen mit der Verteilung von individuellem und gemeinsamem Vermögen innerhalb von älteren Ehepaaren in Westdeutschland zusammenhängen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass früh verheiratete Paare starke wirtschaftliche Einheiten bilden. Jedoch kann die Ehe Frauen mit geringer Arbeitsmarktbeteiligung nicht vor ökonomischer Abhängigkeit von ihrem Partner im Alter schützen. Kapitel 4 analysiert den Zusammenhang zwischen den Erwerbsbiografien beider Partner und der Vermögensungleichheit innerhalb von älteren Ehepaaren in Großbritannien und Westdeutschland. Die Studie zeigt, dass eine ähnliche Arbeitsteilung zu unterschiedlicher Vermögensungleichheit innerhalb der Paare in beiden Ländern führt, was insbesondere durch die Rolle des Immobilienmarktes erklärt wird. Diese Dissertation verdeutlicht, dass das Zusammenwirken von Geschlecht, Partnerschaft und institutionellem Kontext während des Lebensverlaufs wichtig ist, um die Determinanten von persönlichem Vermögen und der resultierenden Vermögensungleichheit im Alter zu verstehen.
    Abstract: In light of pension reductions, the importance to accumulate wealth as an alternative to pensions for old-age provision has increased. However, wealth is more unequally distributed between genders than income, with women having lower average wealth levels than men. This is also the case in married couples. This dissertation examines how gendered life course experiences of employment and marriage are associated with the personal wealth of married women and men aged 50 and older. Building on the life course framework, Chapter 1 develops a model of personal wealth accumulation within couples. Chapter 2 examines gender differences in individual wealth accumulation through employment in Eastern and Western Germany. The results reveal gendered ways of wealth accumulation, indicating that similar career paths result in different personal wealth outcomes for women and men in the gender-unequal welfare state context of Western Germany. Chapter 3 examines how the interplay of women’s employment and marriage biographies is associated with the ownership structure of sole and joint assets within married couples in later life in Western Germany. The results indicate that early and stably married couples build strong economic units that hold most wealth jointly. However, marriage does not protect women with a low labour market attachment from economic dependency on the partner in old age. Chapter 4 examines the association between married partners’ employment biographies and the within-couple gender wealth gap in later life in Britain and Western Germany. The results indicate that a similar division of labour throughout the life course can result in different levels of within-couple gender wealth inequality in later life across country contexts, particularly depending on the housing system. Overall, this dissertation concludes that the interplay of gender, partnership, and institutional context is important to understand the outcomes of personal wealth accumulation processes.
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  • 121
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  39,4, Seiten 129-143
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (15 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage Publ.
    Angaben zur Quelle: 39,4, Seiten 129-143
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: digital capitalism ; Jürgen Habermas ; public sphere ; social media ; structural transformation ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This article explores the question of how to understand social media following the Habermasian theory of the structural transformation of the public sphere. We argue for a return to political-economic fundamentals as the basis for analysing the public sphere and seek to establish a characteristic connection between digital-behavioural control and singularised audiences in the context of proprietary markets. In the digital constellation, it is less a matter of immobilising the citizen as a consumer but rather of their political activation – albeit in conditions under which commercial interests have primacy: privatisation without privatism.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 122
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (23 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bericht ; Berlin Science Survey ; Questionnaire ; Berlin University Alliance ; Berlin research area ; Science studies ; scientists survey ; Sozialwissenschaften
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  • 123
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (232 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2021
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Mentale Gesundheit ; Geflüchtete ; Familie ; Soziale Netzwerke ; Mental Health ; Refugees ; Family ; Social Networks ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Internationale Migration und Kolonisation
    Abstract: Geflüchtete sind aufgrund ihrer Fluchterfahrung eine besonders vulnerable Gruppe. Dennoch fehlt es an Wissen über den Ressourcengewinn und andere schützende Faktoren, die mentale Gesundheit von Geflüchteten positiv beeinflussen. In dieser Dissertation wird ein soziales Ressourcenmodell der psychischen Gesundheit von Geflüchteten entwickelt, das theoretische Überlegungen aus der Soziologie und Gesundheitsforschung kombiniert (Kapitel 1). Darüber hinaus leistet diese Dissertation einen Beitrag zum Verständnis sozialer Ressourcenverluste und -gewinne sowie deren Zusammenhänge mit der psychischen Gesundheit von Geflüchteten unter Verwendung des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels. In Kapitel 2 werden Theorien zum Bedarf sozialer Ressourcen, emotionaler Taubheit und der Selbstselektion konkurrierende Hypothesen zur Stärke des Zusammenhangs zwischen sozialer Isolation und Einsamkeit bei Geflüchteten, der Aufnahmebevölkerung sowie anderen MigrantInnen getestet. Die Anfälligkeit unter sozialer Isolation an Einsamkeit zu leiden ist bei Geflüchteten und der Aufnahmebevölkerung gleich ausgeprägt. Kapitel 3 untersucht die Familienstrukturen von Geflüchteten nach der Flucht. Unter Anwendung sozialer Netzwerktheorie und der Theorie zu familiären Rollenbeziehungen weisen die Analysen auf einen signifikant positiven Zusammenhang zwischen der Größe der Kernfamilie und der psychischen Gesundheit hin. Darüber hinaus zeigt sich, wie die Trennung von der Kernfamilie mit einem niedrigeren Niveau der psychischen Gesundheit von Geflüchteten korreliert. Kapitel 4 betrachtet Familienzusammenführungen von Geflüchteten in Deutschland und wie dieser Ressourcengewinn mit deren psychischer Gesundheit zusammenhängt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Familienzusammenführung mit der Kernfamilie einen signifikant positiven Zusammenhang mit der psychischen Gesundheit von Geflüchteten hat. Darüber hinaus zeigt die Analyse keine klaren Geschlechterunterschiede der Assoziationen.
    Abstract: Refugees are a particularly vulnerable group of migrants, given experiences throughout forced migration. Yet, knowledge on their resource gain and protective factors is largely missing. This dissertation develops a social resource model of refugee mental health, combining theoretical considerations from health with sociology (Chapter 1). Moreover, this dissertation makes an empirical contribution to understanding social resource loss and gain as well as links to refugee mental health, using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study. Chapter 2 asks the initial question whether refugees are more susceptible to social isolation with regards to loneliness. Drawing on theories of resource needs, numbing and self-selection, the analysis tests competing hypotheses on the strength of association between social isolation and loneliness among refugees, host populations and other migrants in Germany. Susceptibility to social isolation with regards to loneliness is equally strong for refugees and host populations. Chapter 3 investigates refugee family structures after resettlement and how this potential social resource relates to refugee mental health. Applying social network theory and approaches on family role relations, the analyses point towards a significant positive association between the size of the nuclear family and mental health. Moreover, the chapter shows how separation from the nuclear family is associated with lower levels in refugee mental health. Chapter 4 observes family reunification taking place in Germany and how this resource gain specific to the migration context is associated with refugee mental health. Results show how family reunification with the nuclear family has a significant positive association with refugee mental health. However, the return on mental health outcomes decreases for additional members joining. Moreover, the analysis does not show clear gender differences between these associations.
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  • 124
    ISBN: 9783868598322
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (146 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: neoliberal restructuring ; neoliberal city ; political polarization ; affordable housing ; housing crisis ; social injustice ; grassroots initiatives ; bottom-up initiatives ; public space ; residents ; urban activism ; right to the city ; neoliberale Stadt ; soziale Ungleichheit ; bezahlbares Wohnen ; Stadt von unten ; soziale Bewegungen ; Stadtaktivismus ; politische Polarisierung ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In the face of uninhibited neoliberal restructuring, Berlin and Istanbul have for the past decade been subject to various forms of political polarization and social injustice. As a result, the struggles for affordable housing, access to public space, fair labor, ecological justice, and the right to live differently have intensified. Various forms of grassroots resistance have put the relationship between local governments and social movements to the test, provoking questions about where and how the city’s political issues emerge. Blending dialogues, essays, and critical reflections, the book investigates the ways in which the residents of Berlin and Istanbul experience, express, and resist the physical, political, and normative reordering of their cities, and asks: Who are We, the City?
    Abstract: Angesichts ihrer ungehemmten neoliberalen Umstrukturierung waren Berlin und Istanbul im letzten Jahrzehnt verschiedenen Formen politischer Polarisierung und sozialer Ungerechtigkeit ausgesetzt. Infolgedessen hat sich der Kampf um bezahlbaren Wohnraum, Zugang zum öffentlichen Raum, faire Arbeitsbedingungen, ökologische Gerechtigkeit und das Recht auf unterschiedliche Lebensformen intensiviert. Verschiedene Formen des Widerstands „von unten“ haben das Verhältnis zwischen lokalen Regierungen und sozialen Bewegungen herausgefordert und hinterfragen, wo und wie die politischen Probleme der Stadt entstehen. In einer Mischung aus Dialogen, Essays und kritischen Reflexionen untersucht dieses Buch die Art und Weise, wie die Bewohner*innen von Berlin und Istanbul die physische, politische und normative Neuordnung ihrer Städte erleben, zum Ausdruck bringen und sich dagegen wehren. Es stellt sich die Frage: Wer ist das Wir in We, the City?
    Note: The publication of this work was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 125
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  60,4, Seiten 673-695
    ISSN: 0042-0980 , 0042-0980
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (23 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage Publications Ltd.
    Angaben zur Quelle: 60,4, Seiten 673-695
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: control ; everyday life ; smart city ; social distinction ; space ; surveillance ; symbolic boundaries ; South Korea ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Constructed from scratch on land reclaimed from the sea, Songdo was planned to embody new ‘smart city’ life. In reality, it has come to exemplify enclave urbanism that commodifies securitised living for upwardly mobile middle classes. While the political economy of this urban project is by now well studied, the sociological ethnography of the resultant space and its experiential correlates remains less developed and imperfectly contextualised. One needs to connect the dots of power and space. The present paper aims to do that and thematises the ‘design of everyday life’ which rests on (1) the intensification of privatised digital surveillance of mass housing compounds which in turn occasions (2) the remaking of spatial markers and symbolic boundaries between private/public, inclusive/exclusive, inside/outside. As such it is a combination of two different registers of visibility that gets jointly orchestrated by the public–private partnership of Korean state and corporate actors. In order to recognise these regimes as strategic visions of controlled social life we extend James Scott’s notion of ‘seeing like a state’ to include the corresponding regime that we call ‘seeing like a corporation’. This allows us to show that they are mutually elaborative in Songdo through a hybridised fabrication of its lived environment, particularly in the case of one branded housing typology located in the city’s centre called International Business District. This elucidates not only the local entrepreneurial urbanism that gave rise to the controlled environment of Songdo but also more general logics of the ‘compressed modernisation’ in the region which sets a global mode for production of space and re-territorialisation of power.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 126
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (148 Seiten)
    Additional Information: : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2022 ,86
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Zeitschrift ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Nahrungsmittel und Ernährung sind eng verwoben mit Lebensstilen, kulturellen Praktiken, Konsumgewohnheiten sowie mit Vorstellungen von gesundem und ungesundem Leben. Gleichzeitig bergen der Umgang mit Nahrungsmitteln, ihre Produktion, Verarbeitung, Vermarktung, aber auch ihr Konsum in einer globalisierten Welt politisches Konfliktpotenzial. Die hier präsentierte sozial- und kulturwissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung mit Nahrungsmitteln sowie Ernährung und Essen basiert auf einem transdisziplinären Zugang und richtet den Blick auf Food-Politiken und -Praktiken. Das Feld der Food-Politiken nimmt Bezug auf die (lokalen) Antworten auf die skizzierten globalen agrar- und finanzwirtschaftlichen Problematiken in Verbindung mit Ernährungsweisen und Essen sowie Nahrungsmittelproduktion und -handel. Der Themenblock Food-Praktiken analysiert und diskutiert lokale Ernährungs- und Nahrungsmittelpraktiken, in denen sich globale Praktiken, Politiken und Herausforderungen, ausgelöst nicht zuletzt durch die Covid-19 Pandemie, abbilden. Insgesamt zeigen die Beiträge die Bandbreite des Themas Food und die Produktivität einer transdisziplinären Forschung, durch die Spannungsverhältnisse von In-Wert-Setzung von Nahrungsmitteln und Ernährung im Geflecht globaler und lokaler Praktiken und Politiken sichtbar gemacht und bearbeitet werden können.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 127
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Frontiers in sociology 7,2022
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (17 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Frontiers in sociology
    Publ. der Quelle: Lausanne : Frontiers Media
    Angaben zur Quelle: 7,2022
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: migration ; refugees and asylum seekers ; labor market ; human capital ; immigrant integration ; economics of immigration ; legal status ; immigration labor policy ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: While recent literature in Germany has compared predictors of welfare use between EU and non-EU immigrants, refugees have yet to be added to the analysis. Using survey data of approximately 4,000 immigrants living in Germany, I examine the determinants of basic unemployment benefits receipt for intra-EU immigrants, refugees, and third country immigrants. In particular, I investigate how education affects the likelihood of welfare use for each immigrant group. Even after controlling for human capital factors, sociodemographic characteristics, and factors related to migration such as legal status and age at migration, refugees remain significantly more likely to receive benefits. Results demonstrate that higher education significantly decreases the likelihood of welfare receipt for EU and third country immigrants, but much less so for refugees. These findings may indicate that refugees' education is not being used to its full potential in the labor market or that they face additional challenges hindering their labor market integration. A further and unanticipated finding is that immigrants who hold permanent residency or German citizenship are less likely to receive unemployment benefits, pointing either to positive effects of a secure residency or selection into permanent residency and citizenship among those with the greatest labor market success. Overall, this research shows that challenges beyond human capital deficiencies and sociodemographic characteristics must be considered when studying immigrants' receipt of social benefits, that not all educational credentials are valued equally, and that the experiences of refugees differ in significant ways from those of other immigrant groups.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 128
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (38 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Bachelorarbeit Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2021
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Kolonialismus ; Bürokratie ; Deutsch-Südwestafrika ; Diamantenabbau ; colonialism ; bureaucracy ; German South-West Africa ; diamond mining ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit widmet sich den macht- und identitätspolitischen Dimensionen kolonialer Verwaltungspraktiken im ehemaligen Schutzgebiet Deutsch-Südwestafrika und seiner Diamantabbaugebiete. Kernelement der Untersuchung stellen verschiedenste Primärquellen aus dem Bundesarchiv Lichterfelde dar. Anhand konkreter Schrifterzeugnisse kann so die Offenlegung komplexer Verflechtungen zwischen bürokratischer Regulationsmacht, institutioneller Gewalt, wirtschaftlichen Ausbeutungsstrukturen und persönlichen Schicksalen anschaulich erfolgen. Im Vordergrund der Analyse stehen die Nachzeichnung grober Entwicklungslinien und Funktionsweisen deutsch-südwestafrikanischer Verwaltungsbehörden sowie konkrete Repressionspraktiken. Anhand einzelner Dokumente der Diamantverordnung wird in diesem Zusammenhang deutlich, wie als sogenannte Eingeborene klassifizierte Menschen der Zugriff auf Erlaubnisscheine zum Schürfen von Diamanten kategorisch verwehrt und ihr bloßer Aufenthalt in den Abbaugebieten durch das Verwehren von Passierscheinen kriminalisiert wurde. Die Konstruktion von bürokratischen Identitätskategorien führte folglich zur räumlichen und sozialen Parzellierung in der Kolonie und produzierte sowie naturalisierte aktiv rassistische Ausschlussmechanismen.
    Abstract: This paper deals with aspects of power and identity politics in colonial administrative practices in the former German South-West Africa protectorate and its diamond mining areas. The core element of the study is a variety of primary sources from the Lichterfelde national archives. As a result, the complex inter-relationships between bureaucratic regulatory power, institutional violence, structures of economic exploitation and personal stories can be laid out in clear terms based on concrete written documents. The analysis foregrounds a retracing of the approximate development and functioning of administrative authorities in German South-West Africa as well as concrete practices of repression. Against this backdrop, individual documents from the Diamantverordnung (Diamond Ordinance) show clearly how persons classified as so-called Eingeborene, or indigenous people, were categorically denied access to diamond mining permits, and how their mere presence in the mining areas was criminalized by a refusal to grant them travel permits. The construction of bureaucratic categories of identity consequently led to a spatial and social partitioning within the colony and produced both naturalized and actively racist mechanisms of exclusion.
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  • 129
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (351 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2021
    DDC: 300
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Syrische Flüchtlinge ; Verschiebung ; Geschlechterrollen und Beziehungen ; Agency ; Syrian refugees ; displacement ; gender roles and relationships ; agency ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Diese Dissertation untersucht die Auswirkungen der Vertreibung auf die Geschlechterrollen und -beziehungen bei syrischen Flüchtlingsfamilien im Libanon und in Deutschland. Sie basiert auf einer achtzehnmonatigen ethnografischen Feldforschung, die zwischen 2017 und 2019 durchgeführt wurde. Die wichtigsten Fragestellungen, die diese Studie geleitet haben, sind wie folgt: Welche Art von Geschlechterrollen- und Beziehungstransformationen erleben syrische Familien im Libanon und in Deutschland? Wie verhandeln syrische Männer und Frauen Beziehungen in der Vertreibung neu? Können unterschiedliche Fluchtsituationen ähnliche Erfahrungen erzeugen? Es wird die These aufgestellt, dass syrische Familien aufgrund der besonderen rechtlichen und bürokratischen Bedingungen im Libanon und in Deutschland eine langwierig-vorübergehende Vertreibung erleben. Dieser Bereich wird als Liminalität konzipiert, einen nichtstrukturellen Kontext, der alternative Dimensionen der „Agency“ ermöglicht. Für jede Fallstudie werden vier Typologien von Transformationen in Geschlechterrollen und -beziehungen bestimmt und anschließend analysiert, wie syrische Männer und Frauen diese neu verhandelt haben. Abschließend werden beide Situationen des Flüchtlingsdaseins verglichen und vorgeschlagen, dass drei Dimensionen der Agency in diesem Schwellenbereich aufgedeckt werden können - eine iterative Dimension, in der die Agency in Richtung Vergangenheit positioniert ist; eine projektive Dimension, die die Agency auf die Zukunft ausrichtet und eine praktische Bewertungsdimension, in der situative Urteile unter konkreten Umständen in einen Kontext gesetzt werden. Diese Dissertation liefert drei Beiträge: Auf theoretischer Ebene verwendete sie die Agency als Linse zur Analyse der Geschlechterverhältnisse bei Zwangsmigration; auf methodischer Ebene verwendet sie eine relationale Perspektive, um verflochtene Beziehungszusammenstellungen zu untersuchen, und auf empirischer Ebene werden zwei Vertreibungssituationen vergleichend analysiert.
    Abstract: This thesis investigates the impact of displacement on gender roles and relationships among Syrian refugee families in Lebanon and Germany. It is based on eighteen months of ethnographic fieldwork carried out between 2017 and 2019. The main research questions that have guided this study are: What kind of gender role and relationship transformations do Syrian families experience in Lebanon and Germany? How do Syrian men and women renegotiate relationships in displacement? Can different displacement situations generate similar experiences? I argue that due to the specific legal and bureaucratic conditions put in place by Lebanon and Germany, Syrian families experienced a protracted-temporary displacement. I conceptualize this space as liminality, a non-structural context that allows for alternative dimensions of agency to take place. For each case study, I identify four typologies of transformations in gender roles and relationships and I analyze how Syrian men and women renegotiated them. Finally, I compare the two refugeehood situations and I suggest that three dimensions of agency can be uncovered in this liminal space – an iterative dimension, where agency is positioned towards the past; a projective dimension, which orientates agency towards the future; and a practical evaluative dimension, in which situational judgments are contextualized within concrete circumstances. This thesis offers three main contributions: a theoretical one, by using agency as a lens to analyze gender relations in forced migration; a methodological one, with its relational perspective that explores interconnected sets of relationships; and an empirical one, based on the comparison of two displacement situations.
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  • 130
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (259 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2021
    DDC: 300
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    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Nachhaltigkeit ; Mode ; Luxus ; Ethik ; Konsum ; Sustainability ; fashion ; luxury ; ethical ; consumption ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Im 21. Jahrhundert, die digitale EinzelhandelsTransparenz und die zunehmende weltweite Ungleichheit brachten eine neue Konsumkategorie: Humanistic Luxury. Diese Verbraucherkategorie von Produkten und Dienstleistungen richtet sich an gebildete Verbraucher der Mittelschicht und verspricht die Möglichkeit Status Güter zu erwerben und gleichzeitig an humanitären Bemühungen teilzunehmen. Ein Oxymoron, das wert ist, untersucht zu werden. Um Schlüsselfunktionen und Konsequenzen der Kategorie aufzuzeigen, wurde eine Methodenforschung der Grounded Theory durchgeführt. Vierzehn globale Verbraucher aus elf Ländern wurden eingehend Statusgruppe, ihre Werte und ihre Funktionen befragt zu definieren. Die Ergebnisse enthüllten drei distinkte Untergruppen innerhalb der Verbraucher, der moralische Überlegenheit anstrebt, und die Verbraucher aus Schwellenländern („Ich konsumiere ganz normal, aber jetzt unterstütze ich meine Gemeinschaft“). Diese Ergebnisse beleuchten die Folgen des humanistischen Luxus und einige der unwahrscheinlichen Quellen lokaler und globaler Ungleichheit Reproduktion im Bereich des Konsums. Diese Kategorie bietet keine Unterscheidung mehr auf der Grundlage des finanziellen, sondern des kulturellen und moralischen Kapitals. Humanistischer Luxus kann zwar dazu beitragen, die Verletzlichkeit des Handwerks zu beseitigen Die Hierarchien sind zementiert aber auch soziale, die bestätigen, wer „würdig“ ist und wer nicht, und was letztendlich die soziale Mobilität auf lokaler und globaler Ebene behindert.
    Abstract: The 21st century, digital (retail) transparency, and increasing worldwide inequality brought a new consumer category: Humanistic Luxury. This consumer category of products and services caters to educated, middle-class consumers, promising them a chance to acquire status goods, while, at the same time, to participate in humanitarian efforts; an oxymoron that is worthy to investigate. To expose key functions and consequences of the category, a grounded theory methodology research was conducted. Fourteen global consumers from eleven countries were deep interviewed to define the status group, its values, and its functions. The findings unveiled three district subgroups within consumers who are seeking moral superiority, that is, consumers of the Americas (“I must consume to change”), consumers of Europe (“I must change to keep consuming”), and the third group of consumers from emerging economies (“I consume as normal but now I support my community”). These findings shed light on the consequences of Humanistic Luxury, and some of the unlikely sources of local and global inequality reproduction in the sphere of consumption. This category is no longer providing a sense of distinction on the base of financial, but on cultural and moral capital. While Humanistic Luxury may help to eliminate artisan vulnerability, it also cements social hierarchies confirming who is “worthy”, and who is not, ultimately hindering social mobility on both local and global levels.
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  • 131
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (78 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Bachelorarbeit Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2021
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Strukturgleichungsmodell ; Studienzufriedenheit ; sozialer Hintergrund ; Erwerbseintritt ; Erwerbstätigkeit ; higher education ; migration background ; education background ; satisfaction ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Zufriedenheit spielt eine zentrale Rolle bei der Evaluation des „Gelingens“ von Leben. Dies spiegelt sich auch in der Literatur zu Bildung und Erwerbstätigkeit wider, die immer wieder Determinanten von Zufriedenheit in diesen fundamentalen Lebensbereichen identifizieren will. Selten wird dabei jedoch die Verbindung von Bildung und Erwerbstätigkeit selbst zugrunde gelegt, eine Lücke, der sich diese Arbeit für den spezifischen Fall deutscher Hochschulabsolvent*innen widmet. Anhand von Daten des Absolventenpanels 2009 des Deutschen Zentrums für Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung (DZHW) werden mit Strukturgleichungsmodellen Teilbereiche der Zufriedenheit mit Studium und Beruf gefunden und deren Zusammenhang beleuchtet. Diese Untersuchung erfolgt im Bewusstsein um die Reproduktion sozialer Ungleichheiten in Studium und Beruf und untersucht dementsprechend den weiteren Zusammenhang mit Bildungshintergrund, Migrationshintergrund und Geschlecht. Die Analysen zeigen einerseits, dass sich die Zufriedenheit mit dem Studium auf die Zufriedenheit mit dem Beruf auswirkt und zum anderen Personen abhängig von ihrem Bildungshintergrund und Geschlecht unterschiedlich zufrieden mit verschiedenen Dimensionen von Studium und Beruf sind. Für Personen mit Migrationshintergrund kann ein solcher Zusammenhang nicht ausgeschlossen werden.
    Abstract: Satisfaction is a central factor of the evaluation of the “good life” which can also be observed in the literature regarding education and work in which it is often deemed necessary to indicate determinants of satisfaction with both. However, it is only seldom the case that researchers investigate the connection of satisfaction with education and work satisfaction itself. This paper, therefore, wants to examine the association of satisfaction with studies and with the employment for German higher education graduates. For this end, data of the Graduate Panel 2009 by the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science (DZHW) are used and the method of structural equation modelling employed. Since there are substantial processes of reproduction of social inequality known in both education and work in general additional attention is given to the examination of differences based of educational background, migration background and gender. The analyses show that satisfaction with studies indeed influences satisfaction with employment. Furthermore, differences in satisfaction with some factors of satisfaction based on educational background and gender are observed, while differences based on migration background cannot be ruled out entirely.
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  • 132
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (350 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2021
    DDC: 300
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    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Peerbeziehungen ; Jugendliche ; Behinderung ; Inklusion ; Freizeit ; Ferienfreizeiten ; Soziometrie ; Mixed-Methods ; peer relationships ; adolescents ; disability ; inclusion ; leisure ; summer camps ; sociometrics ; mixed-methods ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Peerbeziehungen wirken sich maßgeblich auf die Entwicklung im Jugendalter aus. Aufgrund von alltags- und behinderungsspezifischen Lebensbedingungen stehen Jugendliche mit Behinderungen dabei vor besonderen Herausforderungen, die die Möglichkeiten der Anbindung an andere Jugendliche erschweren. Angebote der Kinder- und Jugendarbeit können behinderungsbedingte Barrieren nicht immer auffangen, allerdings stellen inklusive Ferienfreizeiten dabei eine besonders geeignete und zugängliche Ausnahme dar. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurden 46 Jugendliche, die an zwei inklusiven Ferienfreizeiten teilgenommen haben, hinsichtlich der Entstehung, Qualität, Quantität, Funktionen, Intensität, Bestand und bedeutsamer Wahlkriterien von Peerbeziehungen befragt. Im Fokus stand dabei die Differenzkategorie Behinderung, weitere Differenzkategorien wurden in die Befragung einbezogen, um Wechselwirkungen benennen zu können. Im Rahmen eines explorativen Mixed-Methods-Designs mit zwei Sequenzen erfolgte eine Auswertung in den vier Teilen deskriptive Auswertung, soziometrische Analyse, Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse sowie Fallauswertungen. Als zentrale Ergebnisse über Bedingungen für die Entstehung und Erhaltung von Peerbeziehungen von Jugendlichen mit und ohne Behinderungen konnte ermittelt werden, dass vertrauensentwickelnde, ähnlichkeitsbezogene und erlebnisbasierte qualitative Aspekte, die Persönlichkeitsmerkmale Extraversion und Offenheit sowie die kognitive Reife im Vordergrund standen. Dabei zeigte sich eine große Spannbreite entstandener Freund- und Bekanntschaften mit eher geringerem Bestand. Vor allem für Jugendliche mit Lernschwierigkeiten ergaben sich in Bezug auf die Entstehung und Entwicklung von Peerbeziehungen Wechselwirkungen ihrer Behinderungen mit höherem Alter, Introversion, Kommunikationsbarrieren, der gemeinsamen Anreise mit einer bereits bekannten Person sowie den Einstellungen der teilnehmenden Jugendlichen ohne Behinderungen. Sie haben dadurch zwar Bekanntschaften, aber eher keine Freundschaften entwickelt, was darauf hinweist, dass von einer sozialen Einbindung in die Gruppen nicht ausgegangen werden kann. Die Ausgestaltung des Settings inklusiver Ferienfreizeiten wird im Rahmen eines sozialraumorientierten Gesamtkonzepts der Jugendarbeit und Behindertenhilfe sowie einer stärkeren Fokussierung auf Gruppenprozesse inklusive begleitetem Kontakt und damit einhergehenden Einstellungsänderungen diskutiert. Es werden konkrete Hinweise für das pädagogische Handeln gegeben.
    Abstract: Peer relationships have a significant impact on development in adolescence. Due to everyday life and disability-specific living conditions, young people with disabilities face special challenges that make it difficult to connect with other adolescents. Child and youth work services cannot always compensate disability-related barriers, but inclusive summer camps are a particularly suitable and accessible exception. In the present study, 46 adolescents who participated in two inclusive summer camps were interviewed with regard to the development, quality, quantity, functions, intensity, continuity, and significant choice criteria of peer relationships. Besides the focus on the difference category disability, other difference categories were included in the survey in order to be able to identify aspects of intersectionality. Using an explorative mixed-methods design with two sequences, an evaluation was carried out in four parts: descriptive and sociometric analyses, qualitative content analysis, as well as case evaluations. As central results, trust-developing, similarity-related and experience-based qualitative aspects, the personality traits extroversion and openness as well as cognitive maturity emerged as conditions for the development and maintenance of peer relationships of adolescents with and without disabilities. There was a wide range of friendships and encounters with a rather low continuance. Especially for adolescents with learning difficulties, interactions of their disabilities with higher age, introversion, communication barriers, travelling together with someone they already knew, as well as the attitudes of the other participating adolescents without disabilities emerged with regard to the development and continuity of peer relationships. As a result, participants with learning difficulties developed encounters but rather no friendships, which indicates that social inclusion in the groups cannot be assumed. Concerning the design of inclusive summer camp settings, a community-based concept involving the systems of youth work and disability support as well as a stronger focus on group processes including guided contact associated with attitude changes are discussed. Practical advice for pedagogical action is given.
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  • 133
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  20,4, Seiten 332-350
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: [Erscheinungsort nicht ermittelbar] : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
    Angaben zur Quelle: 20,4, Seiten 332-350
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: othering ; integration ; immigrants ; migration ; research ethics ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: The article explores how sport-related research contributes to the construction and reproduction of immigrants and their descendants as ‘Others’. This process, referred to as ‘Othering’ in this paper, is to be understood as a hegemonic act of ascribing otherness to social groups, marking them as being essentially different, generalising these alleged differences and transferring this alleged otherness into inferiority. This paper elaborates on this process of Othering theoretically and empirically. Qualitative content analysis of sport-related German-language academic publications enables an investigation of how researchers deal with social constructs of difference, such as ‘immigrant’, ‘migrant’ or ‘migrant background’, as well as revealing whether and how Othering occurs in their publications. As a result, this article demonstrates that Othering is found in a substantial number of academic publications. Furthermore, it exemplifies and discusses how the various forms of Othering manifest themselves at different stages in the research process.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 134
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  48,20, Seiten 4829-4846
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London [u.a.] : Taylor & Francis
    Angaben zur Quelle: 48,20, Seiten 4829-4846
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: refugee ; class ; capitals ; spatial mobility ; social mobility ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This editorial makes the case for revisiting class in the context of forced migration. We argue that this is necessary to better grasp the inherent diversity of forced migrants. Forced-migration research has increasingly considered aspects of differentiation, such as race or gender. Yet, scholarly work on social class in this field remains scarce. We argue that forced migrants are wrongly homogenised as ‘poor’ or ‘class-less’, and show how class-related capitals and their transferability and convertibility remain important determinants of their spatial and social (im)mobility. We develop this angle by first giving an overview of the class concepts developed by Marx, Weber, and Bourdieu, and the ways the authors of this special issue employed these concepts. Building our arguments on the contributions to this special issue that engage in empirical analyses in diverse settings, we display how social class and the different forms of capital available to forced migrants influence their perception and capacity for spatial mobility. Moreover, we discuss how class at a given moment shapes forced migrants’ future social mobility in new settings. We conclude by highlighting the considerable variation in socio-economic backgrounds of forced migrants and discussing the effects of the categorisation as ‘refugee’.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 135
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  51,2, Seiten 249-286
    ISSN: 0730-8884 , 0730-8884
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (38 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Thousand Oaks [u.a.] : Sage
    Angaben zur Quelle: 51,2, Seiten 249-286
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: wage gap decomposition ; matching ; intersectionality ; double disadvantage ; Germany ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: We investigate intersecting wage gaps by gender and nativity by comparing the wages between immigrant women, immigrant men, native women, and native men based on Western German survey data. Adding to the analytical diversity of the field, we do a full comparison of group wages to emphasize the relationality of privilege and disadvantage, and we use a nonparametric matching decomposition that is well suited to address unique group-specific experiences. We find that wage (dis)advantages associated with the dimensions of gender and nativity are nonadditive and result in distinct decomposition patterns for each pairwise comparison. After accounting for substantial group differences in work attachment, individual resources, and occupational segregation, unexplained wage gaps are generally small for comparisons between immigrant women, immigrant men, and native women, but large when either group is compared to native men. This finding suggests that the often presumed “double disadvantage” of immigrant women is rather a “double advantage” of native men.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 136
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (26 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bericht ; Wissenschaftsbefragung ; Wissenschaftsforschung ; Berliner Forschungsraum ; Berlin University Alliance ; Berlin Science Survey ; Datenauswertung ; Open Science ; Wissenstransfer ; Forschungsqualität ; Forschungskooperationen ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In der Basisauswertung werden erste Ergebnisse der Pilotstudie des Berlin Science Surveys präsentiert. An der Pilotstudie haben 1.098 Personen teilgenommen. Ziel ist es, zu jedem Thema, welches in der Pilotstudie adressiert wurde, Kernaussagen zu präsentieren und die Basis für vertiefende Detailanalysen zu schaffen. Fokus der Basisauswertung ist die deskriptive Darstellung der Kernindikatoren.
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  • 137
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (15 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bericht ; Berlin Science Survey ; Berlin research area ; Science Studies ; Scientists survey ; sample statistics ; data quality ; Berlin University Alliance ; Sozialwissenschaften
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  • 138
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (24 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bericht ; Science studies ; Scientists survey ; Berlin research area ; Berlin University Alliance ; Berlin Science Survey ; Data analysis ; Open science ; research quality ; research cooperation ; knowledge exchange ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In this report the first results of the pilot study of the Berlin Science Survey are presented. 1,098 respondents participated in the pilot study. Core statements on each topic addressed in the pilot study are presented to create the basis for in-depth detailed analyses. The focus of the basic evaluation is the descriptive presentation of the core indicators.
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  • 139
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  21,3, Seiten 1391-1419
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (29 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Oxford : Oxford University Press
    Angaben zur Quelle: 21,3, Seiten 1391-1419
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This article investigates how mothers’ and fathers’ daily time use changed across social classes from 1990 to 2013 in Germany. In the 2000s, Germany’s adherence to the male breadwinner model was eroded by labor and family policy reforms typical of the adult worker model, which assumes individual self-sufficiency. The implications for gender and class inequality have been heatedly discussed. Drawing on the German Time Use Survey, I find that gender equality in the division of labor is greatest among full-time dual-earner couples with standard schedules. The prevalence of this pattern increased among the middle- and upper-class in historically conservative western Germany, but declined across classes in formerly socialist eastern Germany. In parallel, nonstandard work patterns and dual-joblessness gained in importance among lower-class couples, particularly in eastern Germany. I conclude that the adult worker model benefited mothers with access to standard full-time jobs but at the cost of greater class polarization.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 140
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bericht ; Sample Statistik ; Berliner Forschungsraum ; Berlin Science Survey ; Wissenschaftsbefragung ; Berlin University Alliance ; Wissenschaftsforschung ; Datenqualität ; Sozialwissenschaften
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  • 141
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    ISBN: 978-3-030-93209-1
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (137 Seiten)
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Intersectionality ; Visuality ; Artistic Research ; Difference ; Visual Culture ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Revisualising Intersectionality offers transdisciplinary interrogations of the supposed visual evidentiality of categories of human similarity and difference. This open-access book incorporates insights from social and cognitive science as well as psychology and philosophy to explain how we visually perceive physical differences and how cognition is fallible, processual, and dependent on who is looking in a specific context. Revisualising Intersectionality also puts into conversation visual culture studies and artistic research with approaches such as gender, queer, and trans studies as well as postcolonial and decolonial theory to complicate simplified notions of identity politics and cultural representation. The book proposes a revision of intersectionality research to challenge the predominance of categories of visible difference such as race and gender as analytical lenses.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 142
    ISSN: 0343-4109 , 0343-4109
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (11 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Soziologische Revue
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : De Gruyter
    Angaben zur Quelle: 45,2022,4, Seiten 457-467
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Gründe ; Konventionen ; Codes ; Geschichten ; Erklärungen ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 143
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Frontiers in political science 4,2022
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (14 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Frontiers in political science
    Publ. der Quelle: Lausanne : Frontiers Media
    Angaben zur Quelle: 4,2022
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: legitimacy ; European Union ; mixed-methods ; repertory grid ; comparative politics ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This article uses a study on the impact of political (EU-specific) knowledge on perceptions of the legitimacy of the European Union to demonstrate the potential of the repertory grid method in the social sciences. The first objective of the study is methodological. The aim is to test the added value of the repertory grid method for surveying attitudes toward contested concepts, such as legitimacy. To this end, the influence of political knowledge on the perception of the legitimacy of the European Union is surveyed with the help of repertory grid interviews. Second, possible research questions on the effect of political knowledge on perceptions of legitimacy are developed, using the results of the present repertory grid study as a guidepost in this still underdeveloped field of research. The data collected in this preliminary study provide evidence that the importance of democratic norms and values for the evaluation of the legitimacy of national and European institutions is increasing, but at the same time critique of the political system is also increasing and the perception of legitimacy is thus decreasing.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: The article processing charge was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) – 491192747 and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 144
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