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  • Cambridge : Cambridge University Press  (42)
  • Biology  (42)
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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781009052450
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xxii, 178 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    Series Statement: Understanding life
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 305.8
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    Keywords: Race ; Human evolution
    Abstract: The human species is very young, but in a short time it has acquired some striking, if biologically superficial, variations across the planet. As this book shows, however, none of those biological variations can be understood in terms of discrete races, which do not actually exist as definable entities. Starting with a consideration of evolution and the mechanisms of diversification in nature, this book moves to an examination of attitudes to human variation throughout history, showing that it was only with the advent of slavery that considerations of human variation became politicized. It then embarks on a consideration of how racial classifications have been applied to genomic studies, demonstrating how individualized genomics is a much more effective approach to clinical treatments. It also shows how racial stratification does nothing to help us understand the phenomenon of human variation, at either the genomic or physical levels.
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511894794
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xvii, 410 Seiten)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 303.4
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    Keywords: Social evolution
    Abstract: How can the stunning diversity of social systems and behaviours seen in nature be explained? Drawing on social evolution theory, experimental evidence and studies conducted in the field, this book outlines the fundamental principles of social evolution underlying this phenomenal richness.To succeed in the competition for resources, organisms may either 'race' to be quicker than others, 'fight' for privileged access, or 'share' their efforts and gains. The authors show how the ecology and intrinsic attributes of organisms select for each of these strategies, and how a handful of straightforward concepts explain the evolution of successful decision rules in behavioural interactions, whether among members of the same or different species. With a broad focus ranging from microorganisms to humans, this is the first book to provide students and researchers with a comprehensive account of the evolution of sociality by natural selection
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 30 Jul 2021)
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  • 3
    ISBN: 9781108476843
    Language: English
    Pages: x, 219 Seiten , Diagramme
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology 83
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology
    DDC: 599.9
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    Keywords: Physical anthropology Research ; Human evolution ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Humanbiologie ; Forschungsmethode
    Note: Literaturangaben
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press | Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781316941256
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (395 Seiten)
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology 81
    DDC: 306.3/64
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    Keywords: Vor- und Frühgeschichte ; Archäobiologie ; Paläanthropologie ; Wildbeuter ; Anpassung ; Resilienz
    Abstract: Hunter-gatherer lifestyles defined the origins of modern humans and for tens of thousands of years were the only form of subsistence our species knew. This changed with the advent of food production, which occurred at different times throughout the world. The chapters in this volume explore the different way that hunter-gatherer societies around the world adapted to changing social and ecological circumstances while still maintaining a predominantly hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Couched specifically with the framework of resilience theory, the authors use contextualized bioarchaeological analyses of health, diet, mobility, and funerary practices to explore how hunter-gatherers responded to challenges and actively resisted change that diminished the core of their social identity and worldview.
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 15 Nov 2018)
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  • 5
    ISBN: 9781108355780
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xv, 326 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 304.209
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    Keywords: Landscape changes History ; Landscape changes Research ; Landscape assessment History ; Landscape assessment Research ; Human ecology History ; Human ecology Research ; Historische Umweltforschung ; Historische Ökologie ; Humanökologie ; Geschichte ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Historische Umweltforschung ; Historische Ökologie ; Humanökologie ; Geschichte
    Abstract: Historical ecology is a research framework which draws upon diverse evidence to trace complex, long-term relationships between humanity and Earth. With roots in anthropology, archaeology, ecology and paleoecology, geography, and landscape and heritage management, historical ecology applies a practical and holistic perspective to the study of change. Furthermore, it plays an important role in both fundamental research and in developing future strategies for integrated, equitable landscape management. The framework presented in this volume covers critical issues, including: practicing transdisciplinarity, the need for understanding interactions between human societies and ecosystem processes, the future of regions and the role of history and memory in a changing world. Including many examples of co-developed research, Issues and Concepts in Historical Ecology provides a platform for collaboration across disciplines and aims to equip researchers, policy-makers, funders, and communities to make decisions that can help to construct an inclusive and resilient future for humanity
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  • 6
  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781316460252
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Resource (xix, 346 Seiten)
    Series Statement: Studies in environment and history
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
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    DDC: 304.209
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    Keywords: Geschichte ; Globalisierung ; Human ecology / History ; Material culture ; Globalization / History ; Materialismus ; Geschichtstheorie ; Humanökologie ; Geschichtsphilosophie ; Geschichtsphilosophie ; Geschichtstheorie ; Materialismus ; Humanökologie
    Abstract: New insights into the microbiome, epigenetics, and cognition are radically challenging our very idea of what it means to be 'human', while an explosion of neo-materialist thinking in the humanities has fostered a renewed appreciation of the formative powers of a dynamic material environment. The Matter of History brings these scientific and humanistic ideas together to develop a bold, new post-anthropocentric understanding of the past, one that reveals how powerful organisms and things help to create humans in all their dimensions, biological, social, and cultural. Timothy J. LeCain combines cutting-edge theory and detailed empirical analysis to explain the extraordinary late-nineteenth century convergence between the United States and Japan at the pivotal moment when both were emerging as global superpowers. Illustrating the power of a deeply material social and cultural history, The Matter of History argues that three powerful things - cattle, silkworms, and copper - helped to drive these previously diverse nations towards a global 'Great Convergence'
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 11 Aug 2017)
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  • 8
    ISBN: 9781107109964
    Language: English
    Pages: xvii, 307 Seiten , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology 76
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology
    DDC: 599.9
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    Keywords: Physical anthropology Methodology ; Human biology Research ; Methodology ; Ethnology Research ; Methodology ; Primates Research ; Methodology ; Human-animal relationships ; Primatology ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Primaten ; Anthropogener Einfluss ; Ethnosoziologie ; Artenschutz
    Abstract: "Ethnoprimatology, the combining of primatological and anthropological practice and the viewing of humans and other primates as living in integrated and shared ecological and social spaces, has become an increasingly popular approach to primate studies in the twenty-first century. Offering an insight into the investigation and documentation of human-nonhuman primate relations in the Anthropocene, this book guides the reader though the preparation, design, implementation, and analysis of an ethnoprimatological research project, offering practical examples of the vast array of methods and techniques at chapter level. With contributions from the world's leading experts in the field, Ethnoprimatology critically analyses current primate conservation efforts, outlines their major research questions, theoretical bases and methods, and tackles the challenges and complexities involved in mixed-methods research. Documenting the spectrum of current research in the field, it is an ideal volume for students and researchers in ethnoprimatology, primatology, anthropology, and conservation biology"--
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index
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  • 9
    ISBN: 9781107082656 , 9781316014240
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (311 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 302.3/5
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    Keywords: Nachhaltigkeit ; Sustainable development ; Organizational resilience ; Social change ; Resilienz ; Ökosystem ; Humanökologie ; Ökosystemdienstleistung ; Soziales System ; Regenerationsfähigkeit ; Umweltschutz ; Umweltökonomie ; Ökosystemmanagement ; Nachhaltigkeit ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Ökosystemdienstleistung ; Umweltökonomie ; Humanökologie ; Nachhaltigkeit ; Ökosystem ; Resilienz ; Soziales System ; Umweltschutz ; Ökosystemmanagement ; Ökosystem ; Regenerationsfähigkeit
    Abstract: As both the societies and the world in which we live face increasingly rapid and turbulent changes, the concept of resilience has become an active and important research area. Reflecting the very latest research, this book provides a critical review of the ways in which resilience of social-ecological systems, and the ecosystem services they provide, can be enhanced. With contributions from leaders in the field, the chapters are structured around seven key principles for building resilience: maintain diversity and redundancy; manage connectivity; manage slow variables and feedbacks; foster complex adaptive systems thinking; encourage learning; broaden participation; and promote polycentric governance. The authors assess the evidence in support of these principles, discussing their practical application and outlining further research needs. Intended for researchers, practitioners and graduate students, this is an ideal resource for anyone working in resilience science and for those in the broader fields of sustainability science, environmental management and governance
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 12 Feb 2016)
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781316424032
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xxii, 368 pages) , digital, PDF file(s)
    Edition: Second edition
    Series Statement: Canto classics
    Parallel Title: Print version
    DDC: 304.2
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    Keywords: Human geography ; Biogeography ; Europeans Migrations ; Human ecology ; Human ecology ; Europeans ; Migrations ; Human geography ; Biogeography
    Abstract: People of European descent form the bulk of the population in most of the temperate zones of the world - North America, Australia and New Zealand. The military successes of European imperialism are easy to explain; in many cases they were a matter of firearms against spears. But as Alfred W. Crosby maintains in this highly original and fascinating book, the Europeans' displacement and replacement of the native peoples in the temperate zones was more a matter of biology than of military conquest. European organisms had certain decisive advantages over their New World and Australian counterparts. The spread of European disease, flora and fauna went hand in hand with the growth of populations. Consequently, these imperialists became proprietors of the most important agricultural lands in the world. In the second edition, Crosby revisits his now classic work and again evaluates the global historical importance of European ecological expansion
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 11
    ISBN: 9781107569782
    Language: English
    Pages: xvi, 280 Seiten , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    Edition: Canto classics edition
    Series Statement: Canto classics
    DDC: 333.2
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    Keywords: Commons Case studies ; Social choice ; Social choice Case studies ; Commons ; Natürliche Ressourcen ; Verwertung ; Öffentliches Gut ; Ressourcen ; Umweltpolitik ; Nachhaltigkeit ; Selbstverwaltung ; Teilhabe
    Note: Literaturverzeichnis: Seiten 245-270 , Hier auch später erschienene, unveränderte Nachdrucke
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  • 12
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781107337879
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xiii, 246 pages)
    Uniform Title: Essays
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 303.48/3
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    Keywords: Gesellschaft ; Naturwissenschaft ; Science / Social aspects ; Gesellschaft ; Wissenschaftsethik ; Naturwissenschaften ; Naturwissenschaften ; Wissenschaftsethik ; Gesellschaft
    Abstract: Does science have limits? Where does order come from? Can we understand consciousness? Written by Nobel Laureate Leon N. Cooper, this book places pressing scientific questions in the broader context of how they relate to human experience. Widely considered to be a highly original thinker, Cooper has written and given talks on a large variety of subjects, ranging from the relationship between art and science, possible limits of science, to the relevance of the Turing test. These essays and talks have been brought together for the first time in this fascinating book, giving readers an opportunity to experience Cooper's unique perspective on a range of subjects. Tackling a diverse spectrum of topics, from the conflict of faith and science to whether understanding neural networks could lead to machines that think like humans, this book will captivate anyone interested in the interaction of science with society
    Description / Table of Contents: Part One. Science and Society: 1. Science and human experience; 2. Does science undermine our values?; 3. Can science serve mankind?; 4. Modern science and contemporary discomfort : metaphor and reality; 5. Faith and science; 6. Art and science; 7. Fraud in science; 8. Why study science? The keys to the cathedral; 9. Is evolution a theory? A modest proposal; 10. The silence of the second; 11. Introduction to Copenhagen; 12. The unpaid debt -- Part Two. Thought and Consciousness: 13. Source and limits of human intellect; 14. Neural networks; 15. Thought and mental experience : the Turing test; 16. Mind as machine : will we rubbish human experience?; 17. Memory and memories: a physicist's approach to the brain; 18. On the problem of consciousness -- Part Three. On the Nature and Limits of Science: 19. What is a good theory?; 20. Shall we deconstruct science?; 21. Visible and invisible in physical theory; 22. Experience and order; 23. The language of physics : on the role of mathematics in science; 24. The structure of space; 25. Superconductivity and other insoluble problems; 26. From gravity and light to consciousness : does science have limits?
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 13
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781139572828
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (292 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als Boesch, Christophe Wild cultures
    DDC: 304.2
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    Keywords: Animal behavior ; Chimpanzees -- Behavior ; Animal behavior ; Chimpanzees ; Behavior ; Electronic books ; Schimpanse ; Mensch ; Kulturvergleich
    Abstract: A journey into the lives of chimpanzees, revealing the many parallels and differences between us.
    Abstract: Cover -- Wild Cultures: A Comparison Between Chimpanzee and Human Cultures -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- And the culture war started … -- Chimpanzee ethnography to uncover culture -- Cultural biases and scientific progress -- 1 Studying culture in the wild -- To study animals, all you need is love -- First steps towards chimpanzee culture -- Gombe National Park, Tanzania, May 1992 -- Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire, October 1989 -- About animals, ignorance, and anthropocentrism -- Time to realize that Descartes got it wrong -- Synopsis -- 2 From human culture to wild culture -- Culture and ecology in humans -- Different approaches to culture -- Animal ethnography to expose animal cultures -- Imo, the cultural innovator -- Social transmission of cultural traits -- The paradox of studying "culture outside of culture" -- Animal cultures to learn about human cultures -- Synopsis -- 3 Shaping nature into home About material culture -- Taï Forest, December 1990 -- Tool makers in evolution -- Material culture shapes one's own world -- Technology boosts chimpanzee cultural ethnography -- Cumulative cultural evolution in chimpanzees -- When culture and environment mix -- Material culture in other species -- History of material culture: chimpanzee Stone Age -- Contribution to the cultural debate -- Synopsis -- 4 One for all and all for one About social culture -- Taï Forest, September 1976 -- Taï Forest, October 1992 -- Gombe National Park, Tanzania, April 1992 -- Hunting cultures in chimpanzees -- Cooperation: acting at the same time or acting together? -- Cooperation in high-risk situations -- Cultural altruism in chimpanzees -- Social niche construction in animals -- Contribution to the cultural debate -- Synopsis -- 5 I want to have sex with you About symbolic culture.
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  • 14
    ISBN: 9781139782661
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (366 Seiten)
    Series Statement: EBL-Schweitzer
    Parallel Title: Print version Resilience and the Cultural Landscape
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als Resilience and the cultural landscape
    DDC: 304.2
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    Keywords: Landscape changes ; Cultural landscapes ; Cultural landscapes ; Landscape changes ; Cultural landscapes ; Landscape changes ; Electronic books ; Kulturlandschaftswandel ; Landnutzung ; Landschaftsgestaltung ; Landschaftsschutz
    Abstract: "All over the world, efforts are being made to preserve landscapes facing fundamental change as a consequence of widespread agricultural intensification, land abandonment and urbanisation. The 'cultural' and 'resilience' approaches have, until now, largely been viewed as distinct methods for understanding the effects of these dynamics, and the ways in which they might be adapted or managed. "--
    Description / Table of Contents: Cover; Resilience and the Cultural Landscape: Understanding and Managing Change in Human-Shaped Environments; Title; Copyright; Contents; Contributors; Preface; Note; PART I: CONCEPTUALISING LANDSCAPES AS SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS; 1 Connecting cultural landscapes to resilience; Two views on values and changes of cultural landscapes; Challenges to cultural landscapes; Globalisation of landscapes; Landscapes of agricultural intensification and expansion; Marginalised and abandoned landscapes; Landscapes of urbanisation and land consumption; Landscapes of renewable power
    Description / Table of Contents: Nature conservation landscapesMultifunctional landscapes; Local and international action for landscapes; The cultural landscapes approach; The resilience approach; Prospects for linking landscape and resilience research; Note; References; 2 Landscapes as integrating frameworks for human, environmental and policy processes; Introduction; The changing cultural landscape; Changing perspectives on landscape governance; Landscape change and resilience; Landscapes as resilient social-ecological systems; The pursuit of 'good' landscape resilience; Conclusions; References
    Description / Table of Contents: 3 From cultural landscapes to resilient social-ecological systems: transformation of a classical paradigm or a novel approach?Introduction; The resilience approach to social-ecological systems; The cultural landscape concept; Similarities and differences between the two approaches; Explanation of the similarities between the two approaches; Conclusion; Acknowledgements; Notes; References; 4 Conceptualising the human in cultural landscapes and resilience thinking; Introduction; The human as conceptualised in cultural landscape thinking
    Description / Table of Contents: 6 Resilience thinking versus political ecology: understanding the dynamics of small-scale, labour-intensive farming landscapesThe problem; Small-scale farming landscapes in eastern Africa, as seen from two perspectives; Where is the boundary of the system?; What is the nature of agrarian societies?; Different conceptualisations: different world views?; Understanding European small-scale landscapes; Esch landscapes in Drenthe, the Netherlands; Bocage in Bretagne; Summer farms in Sweden; The historical evidence; Some concluding thoughts; Acknowledgements; References
    Description / Table of Contents: PART II: ANALYSING LANDSCAPE RESILIENCE
    Description / Table of Contents: Machine generated contents note: Preface; 1. Connecting cultural landscapes to resilience Tobias Plieninger and Claudia Bieling; Part I. Conceptualising Landscapes and Social-Ecological Systems: 2. Landscapes as integrating frameworks for human, environmental and policy processes Paul Selman; 3. From cultural landscapes to resilient social-ecological systems: transformation of a classical paradigm or a novel approach? Thomas Kirchoff, Fridolin Brand and Deborah Hoheisel; 4. Conceptualising the human in cultural landscapes and resilience thinking Lesley Head; 5. System or arena? Conceptual concerns around the analysis of landscape dynamics Marie Stenseke, Regina Lindborg, Annika Dhalberg and Elin Sla;tmo; 6. Resilience thinking vs. political ecology: understanding the dynamics of small-scale, labour-intensive farming landscapes Mats Widgren; Part II. Analysing Landscape Resilience: 7. In search of resilient behaviour: using the driving forces framework to study cultural landscapes Matthias Bürgi, Felix Kienast and Anna M. Hersperger; 8. Cultural landscapes as complex adaptive systems: the cases of northern Spain and northern Argentina Alejandro J. Rescia, Mari;a E. Pe;rez-Corona, Paula Arribas-Ureña and John W. Dover; 9. Linking path dependency and resilience for the analysis of landscape development Andreas Röhring and Ludger Gailing; 10. The sugar-cane landscape of the Caribbean islands: resilience, adaptation and transformation of the plantation social-ecological system William Found and Marta Berbe;s-Blázquez; 11. Offshore wind farming on Germany's North Sea coast: tracing regime shifts across scales Kira Gee and Benjamin Burkhard; Part III. Managing Landscapes for Resilience: 12. Collective efforts to manage cultural landscapes for resilience Katrin Prager; 13. Response strategy assessment: a tool for evaluating resilience for the management of social-ecological systems Magnus Tuvendal and Thomas Elmqvist; 14. Ecosystem services and social-ecological resilience in transhumance cultural landscapes: learning from the past, looking for a future Elisa Oteros-Rozas, Jose; A. González, Berta Marti;n-López, Ce;sar A. López and Carlos Montes; 15. The role of homegardens in strengthening social-ecological resilience: case studies from Cuba and Austria Christine Van der Stege, Brigitte Vogl-Lukasser and Christian R. Vogl; 16. Promises and pitfalls of adaptive management in resilience thinking: the lens of political ecology Bets ...
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  • 15
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780521762113 , 9780511990922 (Sekundärausgabe)
    Language: English
    Pages: 240 p.
    Edition: Online-Ausg. Online-Ressource ISBN 9780511990922
    Edition: [Online-Ausg.]
    Series Statement: Studies in Environment and History
    DDC: 304.209
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    Keywords: Evolutionstheorie ; Biologie ; Geschichtswissenschaft
    Abstract: This book introduces a new field that unites history and biology to create a fuller understanding of the past.
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  • 16
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press | Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511840357
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xv, 530 pages)
    DDC: 599.93/8
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    Keywords: Humanökologie ; Hominisation
    Abstract: We are destroying our natural environment at a constantly increasing pace, and in so doing undermining the preconditions of our own existence. Why is this so? This book reveals that our ecologically disruptive behaviour is in fact rooted in our very nature as a species. Drawing on evolution theory, biology, anthropology, archaeology, economics, environmental science and history, this book explains the ecological predicament of humankind by placing it in the context of the first scientific theory of our species' development, taking over where Darwin left off. The theory presented is applied in detail to the whole of our seven-million-year history. Due to its comprehensiveness, and in part thanks to its extensive glossary and index, this book can function as a compact encyclopædia covering the whole development of Homo sapiens. It would also suit a variety of courses in the life and social sciences. Most importantly, Too Smart for our Own Good makes evident the very core of the paradigm to which our species must shift if it is to survive. Anyone concerned about the future of humankind should read this groundbreaking work.
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  • 17
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press | Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511781360
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xii, 562 pages)
    DDC: 304.5
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    Keywords: Soziobiologie ; Sozialverhalten ; Evolution ; Ökologie ; Genetik
    Abstract: Humans live in large and extensive societies and spend much of their time interacting socially. Likewise, most other animals also interact socially. Social behaviour is of constant fascination to biologists and psychologists of many disciplines, from behavioural ecology to comparative biology and sociobiology. The two major approaches used to study social behaviour involve either the mechanism of behaviour - where it has come from and how it has evolved, or the function of the behaviour studied. With guest articles from leaders in the field, theoretical foundations along with recent advances are presented to give a truly multidisciplinary overview of social behaviour, for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Topics include aggression, communication, group living, sexual behaviour and co-operative breeding. With examples ranging from bacteria to social mammals and humans, a variety of research tools are used, including candidate gene approaches, quantitative genetics, neuro-endocrine studies, cost-benefit and phylogenetic analyses and evolutionary game theory.
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  • 18
    ISBN: 9780511521348
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (XII, 306 Seiten)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
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    DDC: 303.6/6
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    Keywords: Darwin, Charles / 1809-1882 / Influence ; Darwin, Charles ; Geschichte 1859-1918 ; Geschichte ; Psychologie ; Weltkrieg (1914-1918) ; Aggressiveness / History ; Social Darwinism / History ; Biopolitics / History ; World War, 1914-1918 / Causes ; War / Psychological aspects / History ; Peace / Psychological aspects / History ; Theorie ; Biologie ; Friede ; Krieg ; Darwinismus ; Soziobiologie ; Gesellschaft ; Sozialdarwinismus ; Darwinismus ; Gesellschaft ; Darwinismus ; Krieg ; Krieg ; Theorie ; Darwinismus ; Geschichte 1859-1918 ; Krieg ; Sozialdarwinismus ; Geschichte 1859-1918 ; Krieg ; Soziobiologie ; Geschichte 1859-1918 ; Darwin, Charles 1809-1882 On the origin of species by means of natural selection ; Krieg ; Friede ; Krieg ; Friede ; Biologie ; Geschichte 1859-1918
    Abstract: While much has been written upon Social Darwinism, the historical impact of Darwinism upon theories of war and human aggression has been sadly neglected. This book is the first to study this discourse in depth. It challenges the received view that Darwinism generated essentially aggressive and warlike social values and pugnacious images of humankind. Paul Crook reconstructs the influential discourse of 'peace biology', whose liberal vision was of a basically free humanity, not fettered by iron laws of biological necessity or governed by violent genes. By exploring a gamut of Darwinian readings of history and war, mainly in the English-speaking world to 1919, this study throws new light upon militarism, peace movements, the origins of World War I and British social thought
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. The Darwinian legacy.--2. The age of Spencer and Huxley.--3. Crisis in the west: the pre-war generation and the new biology.-- 4. 'The natural decline of warfare': anti-war evolutionism prior to 1914.--5. The first owrld war: man the fighting animal.--6. The survival of peace biology.--7. Naturalistic fallacies and noble ends.--8. Conclusion
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  • 19
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511819889
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (viii, 257 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 303.4
    RVK:
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    Keywords: Darwin, Charles / 1809-1882 ; Social evolution ; Sociology ; Natural selection ; Natürliche Auslese ; Soziale Evolution ; Kulturelle Evolution ; Soziologie ; Soziale Differenzierung ; Neodarwinismus ; Neodarwinismus ; Soziale Evolution ; Natürliche Auslese ; Kulturelle Evolution ; Soziale Differenzierung ; Soziologie
    Abstract: In The Theory of Cultural and Social Selection, W. G. Runciman presents an original and wide-ranging account of the fundamental process by which human cultures and societies come to be of the different kinds that they are. Drawing on and extending recent advances in neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory, Runciman argues that collective human behaviour should be analyzed as the acting-out of information transmitted at the three separate but interacting levels of heritable variation and competitive selection - the biological, the cultural, and the social. The implications which this carries for a reformulation of the traditional agenda of comparative and historical sociology are explored with the help of selected examples, and located within the context of current debates about sociological theory and practice. The Theory of Cultural and Social Selection is a succinct and highly imaginative contribution to one of the great intellectual debates of our times, from one of the world's leading social theorists
    Description / Table of Contents: Prologue : the Darwinian legacy -- The neo-Darwinian paradigm -- Natural selection and evoked behaviour -- Cultural selection and acquired behaviour -- Social selection and imposed behaviour -- Selectionist theory as narrative history -- Epilogue : sociology in a post-Darwinian world
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  • 20
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 0521537541 , 0521830532
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (xiv, 390 p) , ill , 25 cm
    Edition: Online-Ausg. 2011 Electronic reproduction; Available via World Wide Web
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in landscape ecology
    Parallel Title: Print version Issues and Perspectives in Landscape Ecology
    DDC: 304.2
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    Keywords: Landscape ecology
    Abstract: Through a series of personal essays by leading landscape ecologists, this book addresses a wide array of past, current, and future issues in landscape ecology. The essays are informative and entertaining and span multiple spectrums, addressing theory and practice, science and application, conservation and utilization, and aquatic and terrestrial systems
    Description / Table of Contents: Cover; Half-title; Series-title; Title; Copyright; Contents; Contributors; Preface; Introductory perspectives; PART I Introductory perspectives; 1 When is a landscape perspective important?; What is landscape ecology?; What is landscape structure?; What is a landscape-scale study?; When is a landscape perspective necessary?; When is a landscape perspective not necessary?; Impediments to landscape-scale studies; Acknowledgments; References; 2 Incorporating geographical (biophysical) principles in studies of landscape systems; Space as the main subject of landscape ecology analysis
    Description / Table of Contents: The principle of the hierarchical ordering of geocomponentsThe principle of the relative discontinuity of the natural environment; The principle of the delimitation of partial geocomplexes; The principle of equivalence of the bottom-up and top-down approaches to spatial division; The principle of the compound and temporally variable potential of a geocomplex; The principle of the delimitation and bioindicative assessment of the geocomplex on the basis of the vegetation cover; The principle of the minimization of energy costs; Final remarks; References
    Description / Table of Contents: PART II Theory, experiments, and models in landscape ecology3 Theory in landscape ecology; Hierarchy theory and landscape scale; Percolation theory and hypothesis testing; Spatial population theory; Economic geography; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; 4 Hierarchy theory and the landscape … level? or, Words do matter; References; 5 Equilibrium versus non-equilibrium landscapes; Conceptual considerations; Examples of different kinds of landscapes; Consequences; References; 6 Disturbances and landscapes: the little things count; Small landscape structures and their functions
    Description / Table of Contents: What scale really matters to these functions?Tales from two continents; Disturbances and continua of landscape function; Implications for landscape preservation and restoration; Acknowledgments; References; 7 Scale and an organism-centric focus for studying interspecific interactions in landscapes; Three kinds of problems; An organism-centric approach; A case study; Some provisos; Scoping: interspecific interactions; Extensions; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; 8 The role of experiments in landscape ecology; Why should landscape ecologists conduct experiments?
    Description / Table of Contents: What kind of experiments should landscape ecologists conduct?Are landscape ecological experiments at all feasible?; Experiments on fundamental landscape ecological mechanisms; From small-scale experiments on mechanisms to inferences about landscape-level phenomena; Experimental model systems (EMS); Conclusion; References; 9 Spatial modeling in landscape ecology; Spatial models, expert knowledge, and data; Bringing together models and data yields more than the sum of both; Models are necessary for prediction; Correctly used, models are more powerful than crystal �balls or experts
    Description / Table of Contents: Strategic versus tactical models, or simple versus complex models
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index , Electronic reproduction; Available via World Wide Web
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  • 21
    ISBN: 0521467861 , 0521323703
    Language: English
    Pages: XIII, 506 Seiten , Illustrationen
    Edition: Eigth printing
    Series Statement: A Cambridge Reference Book
    DDC: 573.2
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hominisation
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  • 22
    Book
    Book
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 0521780160
    Language: English
    Pages: XI, 314 S , Ill., graph. Darst., Kt , 24 cm
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology 30
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology
    DDC: 599.95
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    Keywords: Pastoral systems ; Physical anthropology ; Herders Anthropometry ; Herders Health and hygiene ; Indigenous peoples Ecology ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Konferenzschrift ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Konferenzschrift ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Konferenzschrift ; Hirtenvolk ; Humanbiologie
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index
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  • 23
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press | Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest
    ISBN: 9781139147521
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (242 pages)
    Series Statement: Biosocial Society Symposium Series v.14
    DDC: 304.6
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    Abstract: An introductory text on human population dynamics from a multi-disciplinary perspective.
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 24
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511754937
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (254 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 306.3/093
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    Keywords: Wirtschaft. Geschichte ; Human evolution ; Economics, Prehistoric ; Commerce, Prehistoric ; Economic history ; Soziobiologie ; Wirtschaft ; Evolution ; Mensch ; Evolution ; Mensch ; Soziobiologie ; Mensch ; Evolution ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Was exchange an early agent of human evolution or is it merely an artefact of modern civilisation? Spanning two million years of human evolution, this book explores the impact of economics on human evolution and natural history. The theory of evolution by natural selection has always relied in part on progress in areas of science outside biology. By applying economic principles at the borderlines of biology, Haim Ofek shows how some of the outstanding issues in human evolution, such as the increase in human brain size and the expansion of the environmental niche humans occupied, can be answered. He identifies distinct economic forces at work, beginning with the transition from the feed-as-you-go strategy of primates, through hunter-gathering and the domestication of fire to the development of agriculture. This highly readable book will inform and intrigue general readers and those in fields such as evolutionary biology and psychology, economics, and anthropology
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  • 25
    Book
    Book
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 0521771722
    Language: English
    Pages: XII, 206 S , Ill., Kt , 24 cm
    Edition: 1. publ.
    Series Statement: Studies in environment and history
    DDC: 333.9596430978
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    Keywords: American bison ; American bison hunting History ; Nature Effect of human beings on ; North America ; American bison ; American bison hunting History ; Nature Effect of human beings on ; North America ; American bison ; American bison hunting History ; Nature Effect of human beings on ; Nordamerika ; Bisonjagd ; Geschichte 1750-1920
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index
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  • 26
    Book
    Book
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 0521470420 , 0521644046
    Language: English
    Pages: X, 358 S. , Ill.
    Edition: Repr.
    DDC: 306.709
    RVK:
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    Keywords: Human evolution ; Sex ; Sexualität ; Sexualverhalten ; Evolution ; Geschichte
    Note: Includes index
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  • 27
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 0511007256 , 9780511007255 , 1601197330 , 9781601197337 , 0511149077 , 9780511149078 , 9780521593427 , 0521593425
    Language: English
    Pages: x, 211 p , ill , 26 cm
    Edition: Boulder, Colo NetLibrary 2002 Online-Ressource E-Books von NetLibrary
    Series Statement: EBSCOhost eBook Collection
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als Toko, Kiyoshi, 1953- Biomimetic sensor technology
    DDC: 660.6/3
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    Keywords: Biosensors. ; Chemoreceptors. ; Biosensing Techniques. ; Biosensors ; Chemoreceptors ; Biosensors. ; Chemoreceptors. ; Biosensing Techniques. ; Chemoreceptors. ; Chemoreceptors ; Biosensing Techniques ; Chemoreceptor Cells ; SCIENCE ; Biotechnology ; Biosensors ; Chemoreceptors ; Sensoren ; Biometrie ; Biomimetische Reaktion ; Biosensor ; Electronic books. ; Electronic books ; Electronic books. ; Electronic books Electronic books ; Biosensor ; Biomimetische Reaktion ; Biosensor ; Biomimetische Reaktion
    Abstract: 1.Sensor and measurement --2.Chemical senses --3.Biomimetic membrane devices --4.Biosensors --5.Odor sensors --6.Taste sensors --7.Other methods to measure taste --8.Toward a sensor to reproduce human senses.
    Abstract: This book deals with biomimetic sensors that can quantify taste and smell - the electronic tongue and nose. Of all sensor technologies, these have been widely considered as the most difficult to realise and the development of these sensors significantly contributes to the understanding of the reception mechanisms in gustatory and olfactory systems. The author begins by dealing with the basic principles of measurement and multivariate analysis. Reception mechanisms in biological systems are briefly reviewed. Several types of biosensor, including enzyme-immobilized membranes, SPR, the quartz resonance oscillator and IC technologies are explained in detail. This book is the first to focus on artificial taste and smell sensors and also reviews conventional biosensors, such as enzyme sensors, in detail
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index , Electronic reproduction, Boulder, Colo : NetLibrary, 2002
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  • 28
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press | Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest
    ISBN: 9780511152566
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (254 pages)
    Series Statement: Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology v.24
    DDC: 599.938
    RVK:
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    Keywords: Populationsgenetik ; Mikroevolution ; Mensch
    Abstract: An integrative approach linking the causes of migration to genetic consequences for human evolution.
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 29
    ISBN: 0521563534 , 0521564999
    Language: English
    Pages: XVIII, 354 S. , Ill. (z.T. farb.), Kt.
    Edition: reprinted
    Series Statement: African studies series 90
    Series Statement: African studies
    DDC: 304.2096652
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    Keywords: Human ecology Guinea ; Forestry and community Guinea ; Forest management Guinea ; Citizen participation
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  • 30
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781139171113
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xiv, 238 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 301
    RVK:
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    Keywords: Anthropology / Statistical methods ; Anthropologie ; Ethnologie ; Statistik ; Anthropologie ; Statistik ; Ethnologie ; Statistik
    Abstract: Anthropology students increasingly need a quantitative background, but statistics are often seen as difficult and impenetrable. Statistics for Anthropology offers students of anthropology and other social sciences an easy, step-by-step route through the statistical maze. In clear, simple language, using relevant examples and practice problems, it provides a solid footing in basic statistical techniques, and is designed to give students a thorough grounding in methodology, and also insight into how and when to apply the various processes. The book assumes a minimal background in mathematics, and is suitable for the computer-literate and illiterate. Although only a hand calculator is needed, computer statistical software can be used to accompany the text. This book will be a 'must-have' for all anthropology and social science students needing an introduction to basic statistics
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 31
    ISBN: 0521620902
    Language: English
    Pages: XI, 192 Seiten , Illustrationen
    DDC: 616.07
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    Keywords: Paläopathologie ; Krankheit ; Geschlechtsunterschied ; Aufsatzsammlung
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  • 32
    ISBN: 9780511983726
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xiii, 306 pages)
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology 17
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 306.4/61/0911
    RVK:
    Keywords: Arctic peoples / Anthropometry ; Arctic peoples / Health and hygiene ; Arctic peoples / Social conditions ; Physical anthropology / Arctic regions ; Human physiology ; Human biology / Arctic regions ; Gesundheitsförderung ; Anthropometrie ; Gesundheit ; Sozioökonomischer Wandel ; Bevölkerung ; Arctic regions / Social conditions ; Arktische Zone ; Arktische Zone ; Bevölkerung ; Anthropometrie ; Arktische Zone ; Sozioökonomischer Wandel ; Gesundheit ; Arktische Zone ; Gesundheitsförderung
    Abstract: What are the health consequences of a transition from an active 'hunter-gatherer' lifestyle to that of sedentary modern living? In this book, the impact of 'modernization' is assessed in various populations in the circumpolar regions. The hazards of living in polar regions, and the adaptations shown culturally, behaviourally and physically by the indigenous peoples are examined and the effect of changes in habitual activity, diet, and general lifestyle due to more urban living patterns on the body composition, pulmonary function and susceptibility to disease discussed. The implications of this switch are important not only for all those concerned about the survival of indigenous communities around the world, but for all of us living in an increasingly sedentary, urban environment. Anthropologists, physiologists and those interested in population fitness will find this a comprehensive and valuable volume
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015) , The circumpolar habitat and its peoples: traditional lifestyle and early research findings , Concepts of the International Biological Programme Human Adaptability Project, and IBP studies of circumpolar populations , Changes in social structure and behaviour , Secular trends in diet, metabolism and body composition , Secular trends in physical fitness and cold tolerance , Secular trends in respiratory hazards, lung function and respiratory disease , Secular trends in growth and development , Current health status of circumpolar populations , Postscript: lessons from traditional circumpolar life and options for the future
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  • 33
    ISBN: 9781139164023
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xviii, 354 pages)
    Series Statement: African studies 90
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 304.2/096652
    RVK:
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    Keywords: Umweltpolitik ; Human ecology / Guinea / Kissidougou (Region) ; Landscape assessment / Guinea / Kissidougou (Region) ; Forest ecology / Guinea / Kissidougou (Region) ; Savanna ecology / Guinea / Kissidougou (Region) ; Environmental policy / Guinea / Kissidougou (Region) ; Savanne ; Wald ; Humanökologie ; Kissidougou (Guinea : Region) / Environmental conditions ; Provinz Kissidougou ; Provinz Kissidougou ; Humanökologie ; Savanne ; Humanökologie ; Wald
    Abstract: Islands of dense forest in the savanna of 'forest' Guinea have long been regarded both by scientists and policy-makers as the last relics of a once more extensive forest cover, degraded and degrading fast due to its inhabitants' land use. In this 1996 text, James Fairhead and Melissa Leach question these entrenched assumptions. They show, on the contrary, how people have created forest islands around their villages, and how they have turned fallow vegetation more woody, so that population growth has implied more forest, not less. They also consider the origins, persistence, and consequences of a century of erroneous policy. Interweaving historical, social anthropological and ecological data, this fascinating study advances a novel theoretical framework for ecological anthropology, encouraging a radical re-examination of some central tenets in each of these disciplines
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  • 34
    ISBN: 0521474019
    Language: English
    Pages: xiii, 306 S.
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological anthropology 17
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological anthropology
    DDC: 306.4610911
    RVK:
    Keywords: Gesundheitsförderung ; Bevölkerung ; Anthropometrie ; Sozioökonomischer Wandel ; Gesundheit ; Arktische Zone
    Note: Includes bibliographical references.
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  • 35
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press | Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511600456
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xiv, 241 pages)
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology 15
    DDC: 573
    RVK:
    Keywords: Genetische Variabilität ; Mensch ; Plastizität ; Humanbiologie ; Aufsatzsammlung
    Abstract: Plasticity refers to the ability of many organisms to change their biology or behaviour to respond to changes in the environment, particularly when these are stressful. Humans are, perhaps, the most plastic of all species, and hence the most variable. This book reflects on the history of research in this area, state-of-the-art research methods and discoveries and needs for future research in human plasticity and variability. Topics discussed include child growth, starvation, disease of both young and old and the effects of migration, modernisation and other life-style changes. The book will be especially useful to biological anthropologists, human biologists and medical scientists interested in knowing more about how and why humans vary.
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  • 36
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press | Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511521348
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xii, 306 pages)
    DDC: 303.6/6
    RVK:
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    Abstract: While much has been written upon Social Darwinism, the historical impact of Darwinism upon theories of war and human aggression has been sadly neglected. This book is the first to study this discourse in depth. It challenges the received view that Darwinism generated essentially aggressive and warlike social values and pugnacious images of humankind. Paul Crook reconstructs the influential discourse of 'peace biology', whose liberal vision was of a basically free humanity, not fettered by iron laws of biological necessity or governed by violent genes. By exploring a gamut of Darwinian readings of history and war, mainly in the English-speaking world to 1919, this study throws new light upon militarism, peace movements, the origins of World War I and British social thought.
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  • 37
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press | Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511600500
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (xiii, 213 pages)
    Series Statement: Cambridge studies in biological and evolutionary anthropology 14
    DDC: 573/.6
    RVK:
    Keywords: Methode ; Anthropometrie ; Wachstum ; Mensch
    Abstract: Anthropometry is the measurement of human morphology, and is used in a wide range of applied and research contexts. In this volume, distinguished contributors including anthropologists, human biologists, physiologists, nutritionists and clinical scientists describe many of the ways in which anthropometry is used, and discuss problems associated with different methods of assessment. Topics include the measurement of growth asymmetry and variability in adult body size, measurement error and statistical issues in anthropometry and the construction and use of growth charts in growth monitoring. The use of anthropometry in assessments of body composition, physical performance and fitness is also discussed. The book will be of interest to graduates and researchers in human biology, anthropology and nutrition. It will also be useful to workers in sports medicine, ergonomics, orthopaedics and paediatrics.
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  • 38
    ISBN: 9780511565533
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xviii, 290 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 304.5
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    Keywords: Sociobiology ; Human behavior ; Primates / Behavior ; Social behavior in animals ; Social structure ; Behavior evolution ; Vergleichende Psychologie ; Sozialverhalten ; Schimpanse ; Mensch ; Schimpanse ; Mensch ; Sozialverhalten ; Sozialverhalten ; Vergleichende Psychologie
    Abstract: This innovative book challenges the perceived view, based largely on long observation of artificially-fed chimpanzees in Gombe and Mahale National Parks, Tanzania, of the typical social behaviour of chimpanzees as aggressive, dominance seeking, and fiercely territorial. In polar opposition, all reports from naturalistic (non-feeding) field studies are of non-aggressive chimpanzees living peacefully in non-hierarchical groups, on home ranges open to all. These reports have been ignored and downgraded by most of the scientific community. By utilising the data from these studies the author is able to construct a model of an egalitarian form of social organisation, based on a fluid role relationship of mutual dependence between many charismatic chimpanzees of both sexes and other more dependent members. This highly and necessarily positive mutual dependence system is characteristic of both (undisturbed) chimpanzees and (undisturbed) humans who live by the 'immediate-return' foraging system
    Description / Table of Contents: Foreword / A. Montagu -- Acknowledgements -- Part I. Methods and prefatory explanations -- Introduction methods -- Part II. The human foragers -- Part III. The changing social order -- Part IV. The behaviour of wild and provisioned groups -- Part V. The mutual dependence system -- Part VI. The egalitarian chimpanzees -- Part VII. Probabilities, possibilities and half-head whispers -- Notes -- References -- Index
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