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  • HU-Berlin Edoc  (577)
  • Sozialwissenschaften  (577)
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  • 1
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (275 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2023
    DDC: 378
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Forschungsförderung ; Hochschulforschung ; Research Councils ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; research funding ; higher education research ; Research Councils ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Hochschulbildung (Tertiärbereich) ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Die Dissertation befasst sich mit der Forschungsförderung durch die britischen Research Councils AHRC und ESRC und die DFG. Sie analysiert, ob diese Förderorganisationen von ihren jeweiligen Regierungen gesteuert werden und ob dies in ihrer Arbeitspraxis und ihren Förderentscheidungen sichtbar ist. Darüber hinaus betrachtet die Dissertation die Perspektive der wissenschaftlichen Community sowohl als Empfänger von Fördermitteln als auch als Mitglieder der verschiedenen Gremien der Förder-organisationen. In der Arbeit wird ein vergleichender Ansatz angewandt, der die spezifischen Merkmale des AHRC, des ESRC und der DFG als intermediäre Organisationen untersucht. Das Konzept der Intermediäre basiert auf den Forschungsergebnissen von Braun (1993), Braun und Guston (2003) und van der Meulen (2003). Die Autorin führte Experteninterviews mit wissenschaftlichen Mitgliedern des AHRC, ESRC und der DFG und führte eine Delphi-Befragung unter Wissenschaftlern aus kunst-, geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Fachbereichen an Hochschulen in GB und Deutschland durch. Aus der Analyse der Daten lässt sich schließen, dass die Teilnahme an oder die Durchführung von Programmen und Initiativen, die Ausdruck einer Regierungspriorität sind, dem Image der Fördereinrichtung in der wissenschaftlichen Community schaden kann. Im Rahmen der Prinzipal-Agent-Theorie wurde den wissenschaftlichen Mitgliedern der Förderorganisation eine starke und einflussreiche Rolle zugeschrieben. Diese Hypothese wurde durch die Datenanalyse bestätigt. Die Dissertation bestätigt auch, dass Wissenschaftler ihre Forschung an Förderformate und Erfolgsaussichten anpassen und ausrichten. In ihrer Rolle als Intermediäre unterliegen Förderorganisationen Verpflichtungen gegenüber ihrem Prinzipal und gegenüber ihren Agenten. Die formellen (satzungsgemäßen) Verpflichtungen müssen mit den informellen Verpflichtungen (Vertrauen und Loyalität) in Einklang gebracht werden. Dies ist der Schlüssel zu ihrer Vermittlungsfunktion.
    Abstract: The PhD thesis focusses on research funding by the British Research Councils AHRC and ESRC and the German DFG. It discusses whether these funding agencies are steered by their respective governments and whether this is visible in their working practice and their funding decisions. In addition, the PhD thesis addresses the perspective of the scientific community both as recipients of funding and as members of the different bodies of the funding agency. The thesis uses a comparative approach, examining the specific characteristics of the AHRC, ESRC and the DFG as intermediary organisations in order to uncover their differences and similarities. The concept of intermediaries is based on research by Braun (1993), Braun and Guston (2003), and van der Meulen (2003). The author conducted expert interviews with academic members of the AHRC, ESRC and the DFG and carried out a Delphi survey among scholars from arts, humanities and social science departments at HEIs in the UK and Germany. Concluding from the data, the participation in or implementation of programmes and initiatives which are expressions of a government priority, can easily lead to the impression that the funding agency is being steered by government. For the DFG as well as the AHRC and the ESRC, one challenge was similar: that of finding a balance between short- term political considerations and long-term scientific priorities. Within the framework of principal-agent theory, a strong and influential role was ascribed to the academic members of the funding agency. This hypothesis was confirmed in the data analysis. The thesis also confirmed that scholars adapt and align their research to funding formats and the prospects of success. In their role as intermediaries, funding agencies are subject to commitments towards their principal and towards their agents. Formal (by Statutes) commitments need to be brought in line with informal commitments (trust and loyalty). This is key to their mediating function.
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  • 2
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (261 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2024
    DDC: 300
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; LSBT* ; Queer ; Habitus ; Geschlechternormen ; Bildung ; Sexual Orientation Wage Gap ; Gender Pay Gap ; nicht-binär ; trans* ; LGBT* ; queer ; habitus ; gender norms ; education ; sexual orientation wage gap ; gender pay gap ; non-binary ; trans* ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: LSBT*-Personen unterscheiden sich häufig in gelebten Familien- und Partnerschaftskonzepten von der heteronormativen Idealvorstellung und weisen womöglich deshalb bedeutsame Differenzen in Bildungsabschlüssen, Löhnen und beruflichen Status verglichen zur heterosexuellen Cisbevölkerung auf. Mithilfe der gezielten Aufstockungsstichprobe von LSBT*-Personen des SOEP und der Onlinebefragung LGBielefeld analysiert die Dissertation die soziale Lage queerer Personen in der Intersektion von sozialer Herkunft, sexueller Orientierung und Geschlechtsidentität. LSB*-Cispersonen aus Arbeiter*innenklassen erreichen in Deutschland höhere Bildungstitel verglichen mit ihren heterosexuellen Pendants. Gemäß der ‚Queer Habitus‘ Hypothese führt das Begehren außerhalb der Heteronormativität zu einer Reflektion des Klassenhabitus und damit einer „Klassenflucht“ durch Bildung. Allerdings lohnen sich die höheren Bildungserrungenschaften finanziell weniger als für heterosexuelle Cispersonen, da LSB*-Cispersonen auf strukturelle Barrieren stoßen. Ambivalente Beziehungen zur Herkunftsfamilie und stärkere Bindungen zur Wahlfamilie bedeuten außerdem elternunabhängige Karrierewege. Das letzte empirische Kapitel präsentiert erstmalig gemeinsam den Gender Pay Gap und Sexual Orientation Wage Gap inkl. vielfältiger Geschlechter. LSBT*-Personen profitieren nicht von einer Eheschließung. Queere Paare organisieren Arbeit egalitärer, weshalb sie nicht wie heterosexuelle Cismänner auf die Übernahme von Fürsorge- und Hausarbeit der Ehefrauen zurückgreifen können und somit lediglich heterosexuelle Cismänner die Vorteile einer Heiratsprämie genießen. Gelebte Partnerschafts- und Familienverhältnisse jenseits heteronormativer Vorstellungen üben also einen bedeutenden Einfluss auf die soziale Lage aus. Vielmehr als Chancen zu erhöhen, legen die Analysen nahe, dass Dominanzverhältnisse und Vorteile abgebaut werden müssen, um Gleichstellung über rechtliche Veränderungen hinaus auch in die Realität zu übertragen.
    Abstract: LGBT* people often differ from the heteronormative ideals in their family and partnership concepts and may therefore differ substantially in terms of educational qualifications, wages and occupational status compared to the heterosexual cis-population. The dissertation analyzes the education and social destination of queer people in the intersection of social origin, sexual orientation and gender identity using the oversample of LGBT* people in the SOEP and by using the LGBielefeld online survey. LGB* cisgender people from working-class backgrounds achieve higher educational attainments in Germany compared to their heterosexual counterparts. According to the 'queer habitus' hypothesis, desire outside of heteronormativity can lead to a reflection of the class habitus and thus to "escape from home" through education. However, higher educational attainment is less financially rewarding than for heterosexual cisgender people, as LGB* cisgender people seem to face structural barriers. Ambivalent relationships to the family-of-origin and stronger ties to the family-of-choice also indicate career paths independent of parents. The final empirical chapter jointly presents the Gender Pay Gap and Sexual Orientation Wage Gap including gender diversity for the first time. LGBT* people do not benefit from marriage. Queer couples organize work in a more egalitarian way, which is why they cannot rely on their wives to take on care and housework like heterosexual cisgender husbands, which means that only heterosexual cisgender men enjoy the benefits of a marriage premium. Lived partnership and family relationships beyond heteronormative ideas therefore have a considerable impact on the social situation. Rather than increasing equal opportunities, the analyses suggest that dominance relations and advantages must be minimized in order to implement equality in everyday life beyond legal changes.
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  • 3
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (15 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basel : MDPI
    Angaben zur Quelle: 16,7
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: pro-environmental behavior (PEB) ; intentions ; socioeconomic status (SES) ; vegetarianism ; population-based sampling ; gender ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Pro-environmental behaviors (PEBs) such as climate-friendly mobility and eating habits hold great promise in terms of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and, thus, are important goals for addressing climate change from a population perspective. Yet, sociodemographic correlates and differences in PEB intentions have to be considered in designing messages and behavior change interventions. This study implemented a quota-sampling survey (N = 979, 511 women, 468 men, age M = 50.4, SD = 17.2) of the German population and found that, overall, participants exhibit strong intentions to engage in various PEBs, with the exception of cycling and adopting a vegetarian diet. Moreover, women displayed higher intentions to engage in PEBs compared to men, particularly in adopting a vegetarian diet. The relationships between socioeconomic status (SES) and PEB intentions, as well as the combined effects of gender and SES, were inconsistent for different PEB intentions. We conclude that on a population level, intention-building interventions are necessary for vegetarianism and cycling, while for the other PEBs, interventions may focus on closing the intention–behavior gap. There is a need to further research the interplay of different PEBs in diverse groups and for interventional studies targeting the discrepancy in eating habits across genders.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  36,2, Seiten 1-32
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (32 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Pietermaritzburg : Association for the Study of Religion
    Angaben zur Quelle: 36,2, Seiten 1-32
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Iraq ; internally displaced people ; Christians ; humanitarian aid ; ethno-religious identity ; conflict ; Ninewa Plain ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: The emergence of the terrorist group, Daesh in 2014 and the international military campaign against it caused both a humanitarian crisis and mass displacement in Iraq. About 5.8 million people became internally displaced, and as of 2021, 1.2 million of them still remain in displacement. This article engages with the question of what motivates people to return from displacement to their area of origin. It investigates the role that religion played in the decision of internally displaced Christians to return to Baghdeda in the Ninewa Plain, Iraq's largest Christian town. Based on qualitative interviews, the article examines the factors influencing people's decisions to return. We find that religion contributes to an array of pull factors positively influencing the decision to return, within the nexus of other considerations such as security, reconstruction, and economic opportunities. Religion was found to contribute to the return decision through the respondents' Christian identity, the encouragement to return by religious leaders, and the reconstruction efforts led by the churches. However, while these factors contributed to motivating people to return, these alone are not sufficient to motivate Christians to stay in Baghdeda in the long-term if other important conditions like the security situation and economic opportunities are not in place.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 5
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Well-being ; Refugee ; Turkey ; Health ; Earthquake ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Key points: (1) Social and economic disadvantages and poor living conditions of Syrians in Turkey prior to the earthquakes made them particularly vulnerable to the destructive force of the earthquakes. (2) Syrians have less social, financial and material resources to cope with the earthquake-related losses and damages, amplifying inequalities and vulnerabilities. (3) Rather than receiving the social and economic support that could help compensate for existing inequalities, some Syrians report experiences of discrimination and serious problems because of inadequate aid.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 6
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (188 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2023
    DDC: 300
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Rückkehrabsichten ; Viktimisierung ; gefesseltes Umzugsunternehmen ; fremdenfeindliche Proteste ; return intentions ; victimization ; tied movers ; xenophobic protests ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In dieser Dissertation untersuche ich verschiedene Aspekte des Integrationsprozesses von Migranten und Flüchtlingen, insbesondere wie sich ihre Präsenz auf die Protestaktivitäten und Einstellungen von Einheimischen auswirkt. Die vier Kapitel bauen auf der bestehenden Literatur auf und zielen darauf ab, diese in mehreren Aspekten zu ergänzen. Das erste und das zweite Kapitel verbessern unser Verständnis der kausalen Auswirkungen der Bedingungen im Heimatland auf die Rückkehrabsichten und die Arbeitsmarktintegration von Migranten im Zielland sowie das Verständnis der Auswirkungen traumatischer Erfahrungen während der Flucht auf die Arbeitsmarktintegration von Flüchtlingen. Das dritte Kapitel befasst sich mit der soziokulturellen Integration von Familienmigranten in einem Land, das nicht ihre erste Wahl darstellt. Das vierte Kapitel untersucht die Auswirkungen der Anwesenheit von Ausländern auf die Protestaktivität einer bestimmten Gruppe von Einheimischen und wie sich diese Proteste auf die Besorgnis über Fremdenfeindlichkeit und Intoleranz auf nationaler Ebene auswirken. Die Ergebnisse der Dissertation sollen die politischen Entscheidungsträger über die potenziellen Nebenwirkungen der Migrationspolitik informieren und empirische Erkenntnisse liefern, die zur Verbesserung bestehender und zur besseren Gestaltung künftiger politischer Maßnahmen beitragen.
    Abstract: In this PhD thesis, I look at different aspects of the integration process of migrants and refugees, and how their presence affects the protest activity and attitudes of natives. The four chapters build on and aim to extend the existing literature along several dimensions. The first and second chapters improve our understanding of the causal effect of home country conditions on migrants' return intentions and labour market outcomes at destination and of the effect of traumatizing experiences along the journey on refugees' labour market integration. The third chapter explores the socio-cultural integration of family migrants in a country that was not their primary choice, while the fourth chapter examines the effect of the presence of foreigners on the protest activity of a particular group of natives and how these protests affect worries about xenophobia and intolerance at the national level. The findings in the dissertation aim to inform policymakers on the potential side-effect of migration policies and to provide empirical evidence that help improve existing policies and better design future ones.eral dimensions.
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (1 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bericht ; Gebärdensprachdolmetscher*innen ; Gemeinsamer Unterricht ; Taub ; Gehörlos ; Best practice ; Deaf ; Best practice ; Sign language interpreters ; mainstreaming ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Der Einsatz von Dolmetscher*innen für deutsche Laut- und Gebärdensprache (GSD) im Unterricht stellt viele Lehrpersonen vor neue Chancen und Herausforderungen. Meist wurden die Lehrpersonen in der Ausbildung nicht auf ein solches Unterrichtssetting vorbereitet und der Umgang mit GSD und GSD nut-zenden Schüler*innen ist in der ersten Zeit ungewohnt. Um Lehrpersonen kompakt Hinweise für den Unterricht mit GSD an die Hand zu geben, wurde im Rahmen eines Projekts während des Referendariats der beiden Autorinnen an der Margarethe-von-Witzleben-Schule ein kurzes Merkblatt verfasst, das zehn wichtige Punkte (im Sinne des Best Practice) für den gemeinsamen Einsatz zusammenfasst.
    Abstract: The use of interpreters for spoken German and German sign language in the classroom presents many teachers with new opportunities and challenges. In most cases, teachers have not been prepared for such a teaching setting during their training and dealing with the interpreters and pupils who use these is unfamiliar at first. In order to provide teachers with compact tips for teaching with interpreters present, a short leaflet was written as part of a project during the two authors' traineeship at Margarethe-von-Witzleben-Schule, which summarizes ten important points (in terms of best practice) for the collaborative work.
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (14 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz ; Bezahlkarte ; Teilhabe ; Integration ; Geflüchtete ; Fluchtmigration ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: (1) Die Bezahlkarte für Geflüchtete soll Geldleistungen nach dem Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz ersetzen. Dies betrifft überwiegend Asylbe­werber­innen und -bewerber während der Asylverfahren und Personen, deren Anträge auf Schutz abgelehnt wurden, nicht aber Geflüchtete mit einem anerkannten Schutzstatus oder ukrainische Staatsangehörige, die seit Beginn des russischen Angriffskriegs am 24.02.2022 nach Deutschland geflohen sind. (2) Die Ausgestaltung der Bezahlkarte, insbesondere inwieweit die sächliche und räumliche Verwendung der Transferleistungen eingeschränkt wird und in welchem Umfang Bargeld abgehoben werden kann, ist noch offen. (3) Die Bezahlkarte kann die soziale und kulturelle Teilhabe, die Wahrnehmung von Integrationsangeboten und die Integration in den Arbeitsmarkt behindern. Die Wirkungen werden wesentlich von der Aus­ge­staltung der Bezahlkarte abhängen. Je ähnlicher sie einem allgemeinen Zahlungsmittel ist, desto geringer sind die negativen Wirkungen. (4) Mit der Bezahlkarte sind direkte und indirekte Kosten verbunden. Die direkten Kosten ergeben sich aus den Gebühren für die Finanz­dienst­leister und dem zusätzlichen Verwaltungsaufwand. Zusätzlich können aber auch indirekte Kosten für die Betroffenen und weitere fiskalische Kosten entstehen, wenn die Integration durch die Bezahlkarte beeinträchtigt wird. (5) Es ist unwahrscheinlich, dass die Bezahlkarte einen spürbaren Einfluss auf den Umfang der Fluchtmigration hat. Das Volumen der Rücküberweis­ungen an die Hauptasylherkunftsländer ist vergleichsweise gering und der überwiegende Teil dieser Rücküberweisungen dürfte von erwerbs­tät­igen Personen stammen. Auch sind die Leistungssätze zu gering, als dass unter realistischen Annahmen aus den Leistungen nach dem Asylbe­werberleistungsgesetz die Flucht von Familienangehörigen oder Freunden finanziert werden kann.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  62,3, Seiten 120-123
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (4 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Oxford : Wiley
    Angaben zur Quelle: 62,3, Seiten 120-123
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Immigration ; Germany ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  47,1, Seiten 20-34
    ISSN: 0343-4109 , 0343-4109
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (15 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : De Gruyter
    Angaben zur Quelle: 47,1, Seiten 20-34
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Rezension ; Optimierung ; Selbst ; Individualismus ; Subjektivierung ; Körper ; Lebensführung ; Vergesellschaftung ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Loreen Dalski / Kirsten Flöter / Lisa Keil / Kathrin Lohse / Lucas Sand / Annabelle Schülein (Hrsg.), Optimierung des Selbst: Konzepte, Darstellungen und Praktiken. Bielefeld: transcript 2022, 222 S., kt., 45,00 € Marcel Eulenbach (Hrsg.), Selbstoptimierung – Theoretische und empirische Erkundungen. Weinheim, Basel: Beltz Juventa 2022, 189 S., kt., 29,95 € Nadine Glade / Christiane Schnell (Hrsg.), Perfekte Körper, perfektes Leben? Selbstoptimierung aus der Perspektive von Geschlecht und Behinderung. Bielefeld: transcript 2022, 218 S., kt., 29,50 € Vera King / Benigna Gerisch / Hartmut Rosa (Hrsg.), Lost in Perfection: Zur Optimierung von Gesellschaft und Psyche. Berlin: Suhrkamp 2021, 338 S., kt., 25,00 €
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 11
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (145 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2024
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Anpassung ; Anpassungskapazität ; Nachhaltige Entwicklung ; Klimawandel ; Adaptation ; Adaptive Capacity ; Sustainable Development ; Climate Change ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Anpassung ist ein komplexes soziales Phänomen, bei dem das Klimarisiko in verschiedenen sozialen und ökologischen Kontexten reduziert wird. Der 6. Sachstandsbericht des Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change zeigt eine besorgniserregende Realität: Mit zunehmender globaler Erwärmung werden der Anpassung Grenzen gesetzt sein, was darauf hinweist, dass Anpassung allein nicht ausreicht, um den Auswirkungen des Klimawandels entgegenzuwirken. Länder im globalen Süden tragen paradoxerweise die Hauptlast des Klimawandels, obwohl sie am wenigsten für sein Auftreten verantwortlich sind. Es besteht die dringende Notwendigkeit, besser zu verstehen, wo und warum Anpassung stattfindet, was ihren Erfolg beeinflusst und wie die Anpassungsfähigkeit gestärkt werden kann. Die Quantifizierung der Anpassung ist aufgrund ihrer Komplexität schwierig, aber entscheidend für fundierte Entscheidungen und globale Zusammenarbeit. Herkömmliche Klimafolgenabschätzungen vernachlässigen oft die Anpassung oder verwenden einen stark stilisierten Ansatz, was das Potenzial für Anpassung verzerrt und die Notwendigkeit des Klimaschutzes herunterspielt. Es ist wichtig, Anpassung in quantitative Bewertungen einzubeziehen, um fundierte Entscheidungen zu treffen. Diese Dissertation entwickelt Indexe für anpassungsrelevante Maßnahmen im Landwirtschaftssektor und projiziert ihre Umsetzung im 21. Jahrhundert auf der Grundlage verschiedener sozioökonomischer Szenarien. Ergebnisse zeigen die Bedeutung von Governance, Bildung und finanziellen Ressourcen für die Maximierung des Anpassungspotenzials. Länder mit geringer Entwicklung und begrenzter Anpassungsfähigkeit zeigen das größte Verbesserungspotenzial. Die Bewältigung dieser Herausforderungen wird jedoch Jahrzehnte dauern. Die Verbesserung der Anpassungsfähigkeit ist von höchster Bedeutung, nicht nur im Bereich des Klimawandels, sondern auch in breiteren Entwicklungskontexten. Diese Dissertation bietet Einblicke zur Verbesserung der Klimaresilienz und umfassenden Klimafolgenabschätzungen.
    Abstract: Adaptation is a multifaceted social phenomenon where climate risk is navigated and responded to within various social and environmental contexts. The 6th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change highlights a concerning reality: as global warming increases, there will be limits to what adaptation can accomplish, indicating that it will not always suffice to counter the escalating impacts of climate change. Countries in the Global South, often facing the greatest adaptation challenges, paradoxically, are projected to bear the major brunt of climate change despite holding the least responsibility for its occurrence. Given these prospects, there is an urgent need to better understand where and why adaptation is taking place, what drives its success in some places over others, and where efforts are vital for enhancing adaptive capacity. Furthermore, it becomes imperative to determine the upper limit of what adaptation can accomplish and which conditions are necessary to exploit its full potential, in order to fully grasp the risks posed by climate change. Quantifying adaptation is difficult due to its complex multi-level and cross-sectoral nature. Yet, it is crucial for integrating adaptation into climate impact assessments, essential for informed decision-making and global cooperation. Conventional climate impact assessments often neglect the inclusion of adaptation and adaptive capacity, or if addressed, they often adopt a highly stylized approach. This poses the risk of misrepresenting the potential for adaptation, likely overemphasizing its effectiveness while downplaying the need for climate mitigation. Projecting climate impacts without considering adaptation distorts the current reality of societal adjustments, making it essential to provide quantifiable insights into future adaptive capacity. This thesis addresses these challenges by developing three distinct indices for adaptation-relevant measures in the agricultural sector to understand the extent of their implementation and their socioeconomic determinants. These indices are projected throughout the 21st century based on various socioeconomic trajectories. My findings highlight the significance of strong governance, higher education levels, and improved financial resources as key drivers that can empower countries to maximize their adaptation potential. Throughout my analyses, a consistent pattern emerges: countries with modest socioeconomic development and limited adaptive capacity, especially in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, exhibit the greatest potential for improvement. However, overcoming these challenges will span several decades, extending well beyond the latter half of this century. Enhancing adaptive capacity and integrating it into quantitative assessments is of paramount importance not only within the climate change field but also in broader developmental contexts. This thesis encompasses a variety of subjects, providing interconnected insights to enhance the comprehension of pathways to climate resilience and improved impact assessments.
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  • 12
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (23 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basel : MDPI
    Angaben zur Quelle: 14,3
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: cosmopolitanization ; indeterminacy ; post-foundationalism ; social configuration ; Iranian youth ; Iranian everyday life ; IRI’s politics of identity ; the politics of hybridity ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: An emerging disparity within contemporary social science highlights a disconnection between the world in the process of metamorphosing and cosmopolitanization and the knowledge of the social world that is still trapped in the cognitive assumptions of modern episteme, which provided the conditions for the emergence of modern social sciences a century ago. This divide inhibits the efficacy of social analysis in comprehending and elucidating contemporary phenomena. This article advocates for a shift in the ontology of social theory and science towards the cosmopolitanization of the world, characterized by the prioritization of indeterminacy and fluidity in the construction of social phenomena. It investigates the epistemological implications and prerequisites of this ontological transformation, favoring a post-foundationalist approach as the most suitable epistemological framework. In response to the challenges posed by the uncertainty and indeterminacy of cosmopolitanization, after reviewing some of the existing theoretical efforts to address and provide alternatives to this challenge, the article proposes the examination of social configurations as the most fitting subjects for study. This approach necessitates the suspension of conventional, given, regulated categories, and trans-historical theories. It underscores the importance of recognizing configurations as incomplete, contingent units shaped within specific historical contexts and moments. The fluidity, relationality, and indeterminacy of configurations situated between the universal and the singular make them suitable for analysis at the level of particular. After elaborating on the most important features of social configurations, finally, by employing the proposed theoretical framework, this article aims to investigate its effectiveness in analyzing the process of identity construction among Iranian youth in Tehran in the context of the cosmopolitanization of reality, particularly in the face of the Islamist regime of Iran’s official politics of identity. Through a review and revision of selected empirical studies on youth identity construction in the consumer spaces of Tehran, based on the idea of social configurations within the framework of cosmopolitanization, it is argued that the genuine understanding of identity politics in contemporary Iran is not rooted in conventional analytical norms and categories but rather in a comprehensible conceptual apparatus characterized by fluidity and indeterminacy, capable of effectively making sense of the conflict between the politics of determinacy and indeterminacy in Iranian everyday life.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 13
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Lausanne : Frontiers Media
    Angaben zur Quelle: 5
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: refugees ; forced migration ; selection ; migration processes ; mobility ; individual-level data ; fatality data ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Introduction: An ample scholarly literature on voluntary migration has shown that migration is a highly selective process, resulting in migrant populations that often differ significantly from their respective population of origin in terms of their socio-demographic characteristics. The literature attributes these differences to either migrants' active choice and agency in the migration decision (i.e., self-selection), or to selectively applied external constraints. Although the socio-demographic make-up of forced migrant populations has received significant attention in public discourses in receiving countries such as Germany and Turkey, the literature on migrant selection largely focuses on voluntary migration and self-selection mechanisms. As a result, the selection mechanisms of forcibly displaced persons are less well-understood. Particularly in the context of forced migration, the conditions for migration fluctuate heavily within a relatively short time span, e.g., regarding immigration policies and border controls. In this study we contribute to that literature by exploring the changing conditions under which Syrians sought international humanitarian protection between 2013 and 2017 and linking them to the selection outcomes in three major receiving countries: Lebanon, Turkey, and Germany. Methods: Based on novel household survey data, we compare age, gender, socio-economic background, and family context of the Syrian populations in Lebanon, Turkey, and Germany by arrival cohort (2013–2017). In a narrative approach, we combine the cohort analysis of Syrians in Lebanon, Turkey, and Germany with contextual analyses of the (changing) frameworks governing refugee migration in transit and destination countries and descriptive analyses of changing risk levels along migration routes into Europe. Results: Our analyses reveal that higher external barriers coincide with a stronger selection in migrants' socio-demographic make-up. In particular, riskier routes and higher entry barriers are associated with a lower share of female migrants, a lower share traveling with family members, and a higher socio-economic background. Discussion: In this study, we describe differences in forced migrants' selection outcomes in countries of first refuge neighboring the origin country, relative to a reception country in the global north. By establishing legal and political frameworks as well as the accessibility of routes as external barriers to forced migration we expand on the existing theoretical approaches to selection effects and identify a need for policy intervention to ensure equitable access to humanitarian protection.
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  • 14
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 51-62
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (12 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 51-62
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: more-than-human ; temporalities ; urban soils ; SF writing ; multispecies ethnography ; Berlin ; care and attentiveness ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: The following article makes a claim for a way of thinking that considers the entangled web of living and non-living facing the challenges of the anthropocene. More specifically, it considers urban soil life as a matter of care and a matter of of representation. Inspired by the work of e.g. Haraway and Puig de la Bellacasa, and taking an interdisciplinary approach between physical and human geography, as well as gender studies, this article aims to point out the (im)possibility of gaps in the (re)production of scientific knowledge. It does so by focusing on science fiction stories, thus opening up a space for thinking care politically by imagining (im)possible futures set in the area of the Floating University, in Berlin.
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  • 15
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 11-27
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 11-27
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Wasser ; Infrastrukturen ; feral ecologies ; multispecies ; Wissensproduktion ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Im Zentrum dieses Artikels steht die Urbanisierung von Wasser. Urbanisiertes Wasser hat unterschiedliche Bedeutungen. Dies werde ich anhand meiner ethnographischen Forschung auf dem Testfilter des Flussbades Berlin erläutern. Zunächst geht es darum, wie die urbanisierte Spree mit ihrer Mischkanalisation zu verstehen ist. An historische Flussbäder anknüpfend hat sich der Verein Flussbad Berlin zum Ziel gesetzt, den Spreekanal zu einem Schwimmbereich umzugestalten. Hierzu soll das Spreewasser durch ingenieurswissenschaftliche Infrastrukturen gereinigt werden. Mithilfe eines Testfilters soll diese Reinigung erprobt und simuliert werden. Ergebnisse meiner Forschung machen deutlich, dass exzessive urbane Ökologien den Testfilter transformieren. Dieser ist nicht mehr nur als ingenieurwissenschaftliches Labor zu verstehen, sondern zeigt sich als multipler Lebensraum, als feral laboratory. Das Wasser wird also durch die multiplen Akteur*innen re-urbanisiert. Ich stelle in diesem Artikel die Frage, was re-urbanisiertes Wasser für die Wissensproduktion bedeutet. Welches Wissen und welche Praktiken sind auf dem Testfilter wirksam?
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  • 16
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  3
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (17 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    Angaben zur Quelle: 3
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: autobiographical memory studies ; autotopography ; memory and censorship ; evocative objects ; platformisation of memories ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This paper is based on research conducted in February–April 2022. It describes and illuminates what was happening with tech-savvy educated people between 20 and 40 years old in Russia, while their usual digital tools and places for the autobiographical process were changing in the spring of 2022. Facing censorship of platforms, surveillance, and the inability to pay for services, people who were keeping important memories of their lives online were deleting their profiles, migrating to other platforms, censoring themselves, and creating archives of autobiographically meaningful materials. The paper examines these disruptions as a case that illuminates the role of online platforms in autobiographical memory and expands some concepts within autobiographical memory studies, such as evocative objects and autotopography.
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  • 17
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (8 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 43-50
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: rainwater retention basin ; Floating e.V. ; three-way hybrid ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: This paper explores the concept of emerging hybrid urban realms by capturing a notion of hybridity. The focus is on a rainwater retention basin that has been transformed into a space for events and workshops by the Floating e. V., an artist-run association. Using a more-than-human perspective, this work highlights the importance of understanding the relational networks that shape our world and adopting a humble observing position to comprehend emerging modern categories in spaces like this. The hybrid spatial perspective offers an alternative to the divisions created by the poles of modernity, emphasising the interconnected system of relationships and responses. In this context, the paper discusses the Floating e. V.'s utilisation of the "three-way hybrid" and the concept of "response" in line with the perspectives of Whatmore and Latour on hybridity. The paper concludes by emphasising the need to acknowledge that conditions are continually evolving due to the actions of all participants, and a hybrid understanding of these realms offers a valuable lens through which we can better understand the complexities of our changing world.
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  • 18
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (8 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 159-166
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: heat ; waves ; cooling infrastructure ; future imaginaries ; climate change ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: This paper is an exploration into future imaginaries of heat. In May 2022, Elisabeth and Jorge, the authors of the paper, met Juli, a heat researcher, who invited them into a time travel to a future world where and when heat is at the core of public life. In their imaginary journey they travel across three different loops, each of them increasingly hotter. In their travel they encounter multiple knowledges and technologies that future citizens of the world have invented and developed to cope with and mitigate heat, and they somehow experience them.
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  • 19
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (14 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 105-117
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: urban soils ; community gardens ; green infrastructure ; awareness ; care and attentiveness ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: „The ethic and practice of attentiveness is key to the ethic and practice of care”, states Anna Krzywoszynska, an environmental social scientist researching the relationship between humans and soils in rural contexts. For urban settings, however, a lack of soil awareness as identified by soil scientists and STS scholars seems to contrast with residents’ manifold practices of care for more-than-human matters, entities and species that are dependent on soil. This contribution draws on interviews with community gardeners and residents in two Berlin neighbourhoods – Neukölln and Mitte – where soils have figured either in the context of planting and cultivating, or in the context of soil unsealing and green infrastructure projects. From our research, we suggest that the study of certain mediators amidst the human-soil relationship – in our case dogs and plants – provides new insights into the entanglements of soil awareness, attentiveness, and care in urban settings.
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  • 20
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 29-41
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (14 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 29-41
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: künsterische Forschung ; more-than-human ; multimodal ; Anthropozän ; Pfützenforschung ; Kritische Zone ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: In ihrer künstlerischen Forschung beschäftigt sich Mirja Busch mit der Ontologie von Pfützen. Ihr multimodaler Beitrag beleuchtet künstlerische Strategien, die Pfützen vom Hintergrundphänomen zu Erfahrungsorten werden lassen, sowie die Rolle von Sprache zur Schaffung einer Grundlage für eine wissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung und Klassifizierung. Pfützen werden als ökologische Labore betrachtet, die auf Mikroebene zur Biodiversität beitragen, und ihr Zusammenhang mit der Klimakrise verdeutlicht. Diese ungewöhnliche Perspektive eröffnet neue Zugänge zur Erforschung ökologischer Transformationsprozesse und verleiht der Pfütze eine neue Bedeutung als Observatorium der kritischen Zone des Anthropozäns.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 21
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (192 Seiten)
    Additional Information: Berlin : Gesellschaft für Ethnographie (GfE), Institut für Europäische Ethnologie der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024 ,87
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Zeitschrift ; modern urbanism ; urban landscapes ; air pollution ; soil pollution ; climate crisis ; urban anthropology ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: The Western world has traditionally viewed cities in opposition to the natural elements, constructing modernist urban spaces to resist the forces of water, air, fire, and earth. Today, urban societies are haunted again by the overflows and burning presences of the elements they have tried to ban. In the face of ongoing climate crises, social sciences and humanities often treat "nature" and natural elements as urbanized, shaped by urban processes rather than influencing them. How can urban anthropology develop a more integral perspective on the interaction of cities and the elementals, one that acknowledges their vitality and agency? An elemental urbanism positions cities as crucial sites in the so-called critical zone, where bodily, conceptual and political attunements to the delicate flows and interdependencies of planetary processes take shape.
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  • 22
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 143-157
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 143-157
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: unhoused ; homeless ; heatwaves ; Anthropocene ; problematization ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Increasing temperatures during summer put the health of unhoused people at risk in Berlin. This article examines an NGO heat relief project as a specific problematization of the phenomenon of urban heat. The paper combines qualitative interviews with unhoused activists, potential clients, and project staff with participant observation as a volunteer at the heat relief project. It finds that the heat relief project employs an experimental approach that attempts to enroll a variety of actors to join its problematization. However, this problematization is contested by activists and unhoused people, as they have their own strategies for dealing with urban heat. Another finding is that due to its seasonal nature and unpredictability, urban heat holds the potential to engage and disengage actors and shape political action. This paper contributes to research on climate change's effects on so-called 'vulnerable' communities and the different ways urban heat holds political potential.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 23
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 95-104
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (10 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 95-104
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: urbaniziing soil ; Berlin Teufelsberg as leaky archive ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: In this contribution, we argue that the material process of urbanizing soil is not limited to the transformation of a “natural” into an “urban” element. Rather, soil is produced in and from cities. This is exemplified through the case of Teufelsberg, a rubble mound in the southwest of Berlin, created from 26 cubic metres of city rubble from the early 1950s onwards. We accompany soil scientists on an excursion to trace the scientific debates and troubles around classifying urban soil, studies about sulphate leaching from bricks, and recent ideas of resignifying the experimental rubble mound as a soil monument of both scientific and cultural significance. The Teufelsberg process of rubble pedogenesis confronts us with an imaginary of soils as leaky archives of human activity. Through their hybridity as both material and lively, organic and technogenic, rubble soils trouble imaginaries of elemental “purity”.
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  • 24
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 131-141
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (12 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 131-141
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: urban gardening ; urban planning ; public spaces ; comfort ; care ; Munich ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: In recent years, many cities in Germany have reevaluated the role of urban gardening projects in the context of broader concerns with the sustainability of food systems. Using the example of three different urban gardening projects in Munich we take a look at obstacles, resistances and conflicts that urban gardening encounters when moving into open public spaces. Our inquiry seeks to address the following questions: What challenges do urban gardening projects face? Can they be integrated into open urban spaces? And, if so, what challenges do these projects pose to design ideals of urban public space? Gardening contradicts current norms and imaginaries of what constitutes a “good” public space, which is supposed to be designed for (human) comfort. We suggest that comfort in public spaces must be re-imagined as the outcome of active engagement in the production and maintenance of urban gardens and should include the production of a comfortable space for non-human urban inhabitants. We conclude that urban gardening promotes a careful and caring use of public space.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 25
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 119-130
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (12 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 119-130
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: care ; compost ; more-than-human ; ecosystem services ; soil ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: In compost, the relationship between humans, more-than-humans and the environment is diffuse because it involves the active participation of an entire food web. The entanglements embedded in the composting process(es) can be studied by attempting to understand the care needed to keep a compost active and how this relates to more-than-humans. We conducted interviews with two composting advocates in Berlin and visited the Peace of Land’s composting facility. In our work, we discuss the different perspectives of the two to shed light on their motivations for the care work they provide. In doing so, we combine their responses based on practical experience with theoretical reflections. Both interviewees expressed a similar view about the reciprocal relationship between humans and more-than-humans, suggesting that composting is a simple practice that allows us to “give back” to the earth rather than just take from it. Further, the interviewees described composting as a continuous learning process that requires constant work, learning, and maintenance. Finally, the act of composting involves an ongoing interconnectedness between humans and more-than-humans. This entanglement leads us to the need to redefine anthropocentric concepts such as the concept of ecosystem services, where the role of more-than-humans has been less discussed.
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  • 26
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 63-76
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (14 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 63-76
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Kohleabbau ; Wasser ; Anthropozän ; anthropozäne Landschaften ; sensory ethnography ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Das Lausitzer Kohlerevier soll zur Auflugs- und Urlaubsregion für Großstädter werden. Stillgelegte Tagebaue werden mit Wasser geflutet und so das Lausitzer Seenland gestaltet. Gleichzeitig führt hier ein komplexes Zusammenspiel hydrochemischer, geologischer und technischer Prozesse dazu, dass sich Jahrzehnte nach dem Schließen eines Großteils der Tagebaue Gewässer in der Region braun färben – das Phänomen wird Braune Spree genannt. In diesem Artikel nehme ich diese Bergbaufolgelandschaften als spezifisch anthropozäne Landschaften in den Blick. Dabei arbeite ich Reibungen zwischen den vermeintlich ‚blühenden Landschaften‘ der zukünftigen Tourismusregion und den unintendierten Auswirkungen des Kohleabbaus – die ich mit Tsing et al. als feral dynamics (zu Deutsch ungezähmte Dynamiken) fasse – heraus. Durch den Blick auf diese Reibungen wird deutlich, wie sich in der Inszenierung der Gestaltung des Lausitzer Seenlands eine Fortschrittserzählung fortzuschreiben scheint, die wiederum durch das Phänomen Braune Spree verunsichert wird.
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  • 27
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 3-9
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (8 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 3-9
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: urban elements ; critical zones ; urban anthropology ; climate crises ; planetary care ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Introductory remarks to the volume "Elemental Urbanism"
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 28
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 167-183
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 167-183
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Solarwende ; Imaginationen ; dezentrale Energiewende ; Infrastrukturen ; Solargesellschaft ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Dieser Artikel basiert auf einer ethnographischen Forschung zum Masterplan Solarcity Berlin und fragt, welche Vorstellung von Stadt diesem zugrunde liegt und wie dadurch eine Solarwende imaginiert wird. Ich schaue auf die premises und promises, die der Masterplan durch das Zusammenbringen bestimmter Ontologien der Stadt und Visionen der Solarwende macht. In dem Versuch, den Masterplan in einem Kontext von Low Carbon Transitions zu verorten, diskutiere ich die Imaginationen, die die Sonne als Energieträgerin infrastrukturieren bzw. urbanisieren. Diese Transformation kennzeichnet sich durch eine Auseinandersetzung mit zwei zentralen Spannungsfelder, nämlich zwischen Zentralität und Dezentralität und zwischen Individuum und Gemeinschaft. Der Aufsatz erkundet so die Zukunftsvisionen und Versprechungen, die mit der Urbanisierung von Sonne verbunden sind und welche Rolle die Idee von Solarity als Zusammendenken von Solar und Solidarität spielt, indem Power gleichzeitig als Energie und als Macht verstanden wird.
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  • 29
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  87, Seiten 77-93
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2024
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87, Seiten 77-93
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Pflanzen ; Artenschutz ; Moore ; Multispezies-Städte ; Abstand ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Diese Arbeit befasst sich mit Renaturierungsprojekten im Berliner Südosten, die in den Mooren Kleine Pelzlaake, Krumme Laake Ost, Krumme Laake West und Teufelsseemoor durchgeführt werden. Mithilfe des Mittleren Sonnentaus, einer Moorpflanze, widmet sich die Arbeit den Beziehungen und Formen der Fürsorge, die im Kontext von drei verschiedenen Maßnahmen des Natur- und Artenschutzes entstehen: die Zielartenliste des Berliner Florenschutzkonzepts, die Pflege von Erhaltungskulturen im Botanischen Garten Berlin, und der Umbau der Böden der genannten Moore. Diese drei Verfahren setzen sich jeweils aus unterschiedlichen technosozialen Praktiken zusammen, an denen stets Dinge, nicht-menschliche Lebewesen und Menschen beteiligt sind. Durch diese Praktiken wird der Mittlere Sonnentau auf multiple Weisen hervorgebracht. Jede dieser Versionen der Pflanze zeigt, dass Rückzug und Distanz die Fürsorgepraktiken im Feld wesentlich kennzeichnen. Damit wird die Bedeutung von Abstand angesichts einer starken Verflechtung mehr-als-menschlicher und menschlicher Lebensweisen für den urbanen Naturschutz deutlich.
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  • 30
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (110 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2023
    DDC: 300
    RVK:
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    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; lokale Demokratie ; Rechtsextremismus ; Urban Governance ; Kommunalpolitik ; Partizipation ; local democracy ; far right ; urban governance ; urban politics ; participation ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Die vorliegende kumulative Arbeit untersucht, inwiefern lokale Aushandlungsprozesse im Umgang mit extrem rechten Mobilisierungen zu deren Normalisierung beitragen. Die Studie adressiert zwei Forschungsdesiderate: Erstens externalisieren viele Beiträge die extrem Rechte von städtischen Demokratien. Folglich ist die Literatur nicht in der Lage zu erfassen, wie extrem rechte Agenden und Ideologien innerhalb lokaler partizipativer Prozesse in liberalen Demokratien normalisiert werden. Zweitens sind die Akteure und Prozesse, welchen diesen lokalen Aushandlungen zugrunde liegen, nicht ausreichend untersucht. Um diese Lücken zu schließen, verbindet die Studie Theoriestränge aus der Urban Governance - Literatur mit sozialwissenschaftlichen Debatten über den Aufstieg der extrem Rechten. Der methodische Rahmen der Arbeit besteht aus einem qualitativen Forschungsdesign in Form einer explorativen Einzelfallstudie in der Stadt Cottbus. Die Analyse zeigt, dass das Narrativ der Externalisierung in dreierlei Hinsicht eine falsche Dichotomie zwischen der extremen Rechten und lokalen Aushandlungsprozessen schafft: Erstens ignoriert es, dass deliberative Prozessen zwar das Versprechen auf Demokratisierung innewohnt, dieses aber durch bestehende gesellschaftliche Machtverhältnisse durchkreuzt wird, die Näherböden für autoritäre Mobilisierung bieten können. Zweitens übersieht es die Verflechtung zwischen Rassismus und den städtischen Institutionen, die auf extrem rechte Mobilisierung reagieren, und oftmals Anknüpfungspunkte für extrem rechte Ideologien bieten. Drittens wird argumentiert, dass dies auf den lokalen Staat als umkämpftes Terrain hinweist.
    Abstract: This doctoral dissertation explores to what extent local negotiations of far-right contestations contribute to the latter’s normalisation. The project is prompted by the crux that even though the central role of cities and local participatory planning processes in countering far-right contestations is widely acknowledged, far-right contestations have hardly been challenged. It seeks to address two scholarly blind spots: First, mainstream accounts engaging with the question of how municipalities deal with far-right contestations have largely externalised the far right from urban democracy. Consequently, the current literature is not able to grasp how far-right agendas and ideologies can indeed be normalised within local participatory processes. Second, the actors and processes involved in the local negotiation of far-right contestations remain understudied. To fill these gaps, the cumulative dissertation connects discussions on urban governance with recent debates on the rise of the far right. The methodological framework of this thesis consists of a qualitative, explorative single-case study in the city of Cottbus, Germany. The analysis reveals that the liberal narratives of externalisation create a false dichotomy between far-right contestations and local negotiations in liberal democracies in a threefold way. First, they ignore how far-right contestations can be strengthened within traditional deliberative processes, as their promise of equal participation for all citizens is juxtaposed with the inability of such processes to re-negotiate the power relations aggravating the social inequalities giving rise to the far right in the first place. Second, by externalising the divisiveness propagated by far-right contestations, they overlook the interconnectedness between racism and the institutions governing cities, which offers points of contact for far-right ideology. Third, it is argued that this points to the local state as contested terrain.
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  • 31
    Language: German
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bericht ; Fluchtmigration ; Migration ; Ankommensprozesse ; Stadt ; Großwohnsiedlungen ; Ostdeutschland ; Infrastruktur ; Teilhabe ; Diskriminierung ; Rassismus ; Wohnen ; Refugee migration ; migration ; arrival processes ; city ; large housing estates ; East Germany ; infrastructure ; participation ; discrimination ; racism ; housing ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Das vorliegende Working Paper fasst die Ergebnisse des Teilprojektes „Bewohner*innenschaft und Migration“ zusammen, das Teil des BMBF-geförderten Verbundprojektes „Vom Stadtumbauschwerpunkt zum Einwanderungsquartier? (StadtumMig, Laufzeit 2019-2022, BMBF-FKZ 01UR1802C)“ war. Das Projekt untersuchte Ankommensprozesse von Geflüchteten in drei ostdeutschen Großwohnsiedlungen in Schwerin, Halle(Saale) und Cottbus seit 2014/15 und nahm dabei insbesondere Fragen des lokalen Zusammenlebens, des Ressourcenzugangs und der Bleibeperspektiven von Geflüchteten in den Blick.
    Abstract: This working paper summarizes the results of the sub-project "Residents and Migration", which was part of the BMBF-funded joint project "From Demolition to Immigration? (StadtumMig, 2019-2022, BMBF-FKZ 01UR1802C)". The project examined the arrival processes of refugees in three large East German housing estates in Schwerin, Halle(Saale) and Cottbus since 2014/15, focusing in particular on questions of local coexistence, access to resources and the prospects for refugees to stay.
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  • 32
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (61 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: international migration ; welfare spending ; network approaches ; Exponential Random Graph Models (ERGM) ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: The so-called ‘Welfare Magnet Hypothesis‘ (WMH) suggests that the generosity of welfare institutions in destination countries acts as a pull factor for migration. However, evidence for this claim is mixed. Existing research focuses on the conditions in destination countries, but less on explanatory factors in origin countries. Specifically, migration is analyzed mainly from the perspective of OECD countries as potential destinations, rather than from a global perspective, and research often ignores that migration flows are not mutually independent, which can lead to an overestimation of the effects of welfare spending. We explicitly address these shortcomings by using Exponential Random Graph Models (ERGMs) to model migration flows between 160 countries worldwide and treating indicators of welfare spending in origin and destination countries as main explanatory variables of interest. Our first main result is that welfare attraction effects almost completely vanish when we control for a broad range of explanatory variables suggested by the gravity model (GDP, population size, geographic distance, democracy levels, and common languages). Secondly, migration preferences of low- and high-income groups do not mediate any attraction effects of social spending, as predicted by the WMH. Thirdly, flows between countries with more similar spending levels are more likely than flows between very low and very high spending countries, supporting a status maintenance motive among migrants. In conclusion, we find insufficient evidence to maintain the idea that welfare spending has a meaningful impact on migration flows.
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  • 33
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (114 Seiten)
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Racism ; Antisemitism ; Diversity ; Immigration ; Racialization ; Stigma ; Discrimination ; Belonging ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: The research papers in this book are united around one core question: How do People Respond to Racism and Antisemitism in Germany? This question in itself is rather controversial in Germany, as "racism” is still a debated concept for many Germans. Some Germans commonly may say Anti-Black Racism in the US, the concept seems to be non-existent in the German context. Some others may say that “racism” was a concept of the WWII, and contemporary forms of racism are not immediately equal to “racism.” Another commonly recognized idea is that antisemitism, hatred toward Jews, is a specific phenomena on its own, and cannot be discussed in relation to racism (see also Yurdakul 2006). Yet, one must recognize that, like every context, German society has its own socio-historically developed cultural repertoires about racism (Bonilla-Silva, 1997; Lamont et al, 2016) and about antisemitism (Arnold, 2018). These cultural repertoires are not interpreted homogeneously among all the members of German society. The research articles in this book investigate how immigrants and minorities in Germany are affected by processes of racialization, racism, and antisemitism in Germany and how they respond to them.
    Abstract: Not Reviewed
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  • 34
    ISBN: 978-3-95796-217-1
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (207 Seiten)
    Additional Information: Lüneburg : meson press 978-3-95796-217-1
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Frictions is a collective invitation to embrace the space of difference that both connects and separates techno-scientific discourses from their actual implementations—or even, from their non-implementations. Through a series of case studies focused on cybernetics, systems research, and some of their more contemporary inheritors, this book argues that such a middle space, the topology of frictions, offers significant insights to assess the historical and epistemological relevance of these interconnected fields. Characterized here as cybernetic thinking, this broad area of theoretical and applied projects would conceal, precisely within its frictions, the operational principles of our present.
    Note: The publication of this work was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 35
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    ISBN: 978-3-8394-6875-3
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (266 Seiten)
    Additional Information: Bielefeld : Transcript Verlag 978-3-8394-6875-3
    DDC: 300
    RVK:
    Keywords: Journalismus ; Jordanien ; Öffentlichkeit ; Postkolonialismus ; Demokratie ; Kuratieren ; Tageszeitung ; Globaler Süden ; Medien ; Gesellschaft ; Ethnologie ; Analoge Medien ; Mediensoziologie ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Hochschulschrift
    Abstract: Öffentlichkeit ist der zentrale Begriff in Diskussionen über Demokratie und politische Partizipation. Johanna Montanari erweitert den Öffentlichkeitsbegriff postkolonial, indem sie den globalen Süden nicht als defizitären Raum »nachholender Modernisierung« beschreibt, sondern die Anstrengungen um die Herstellung von Öffentlichkeit unter eingeschränkt demokratischen Bedingungen ernst nimmt. Anhand der journalistischen Praxis einer englischsprachigen Tageszeitung in Jordanien zeigt sie, dass Öffentlichkeit immer kuratiert wird und sich universal verstandene Versprechen der Moderne lokal aneignet. Ihre Ergebnisse fordern zur Reflexion der Auslassungen westlicher Diskurse auf.
    Note: The publication of this work was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 36
    ISSN: 1750-6980 , 1750-6980
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage
    Angaben zur Quelle: 16,5, Seiten 1173-1188
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Armenian Genocide ; gender ; generations ; postmemory ; transmission of memory ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In this paper, we discuss what role gender plays in remembering, transmitting, and reframing memories of the Armenian Genocide in order to address the question of how young Armenian women negotiate their roles in this process. Centering the societal roles of memory transmission, we employ the specific sociological lens of gender to analyze 26 interviews conducted in Beirut during the week of the official commemorations of the Armenian Genocide in 2016. We define gender as the social construction of a stylized repetition of acts that reflect power relations. Accordingly, the examination of these power relations is necessary not only to understand the experiences and testimonies of men and women, but also the transmission of memory. While understanding Armenian youth as agents of the collective memory, gender allows us to discuss different patterns of remembrance and transmission. We therefore argue that gender influences how individuals remember the Armenian Genocide, as it underpins the (historically) assigned roles of memory and transmission.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 37
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basel : MDPI
    Angaben zur Quelle: 12,2
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: media ; critical discourse analysis ; corpus linguistics ; racism ; crime ; immigrants ; Germany ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In the last decade’s media discourse, particular Arab immigrant groups received the name ‘Arab clans’ and have been portrayed as criminal kinship networks irrespective of actual involvement in crime. We question how ‘Arab clans’ are categorized, criminalized, and racialized in the German media. To answer this question, we collected clan-related mainstream media articles published between 2010 and 2020. Our first-step quantitative topic modeling of ‘clan’ coverage (n = 23,893) shows that the discourse about ‘Arab clans’ is situated as the most racialized and criminalized vis-à-vis other ‘clan’ discourses and is channeled through three macro topics: law and order, family and kinship, and criminal groupness. Second, to explore the deeper meaning of the discourse about ‘Arab clans’ by juxtaposing corpus linguistics and novel narrative approaches to the discourse-historical approach, we qualitatively analyzed 97 text passages extracted with the keywords in context search (KWIC). Our analysis reveals three prevalent argumentative strategies (Arab clan immigration out of control, Arab clans as enclaves, policing Arab clans) embedded in a media narrative of ethnonational rebirth: a story of Germany’s present-day need (‘moral panic’) to police and repel the threats associated with ‘the Arab clan Other’ in order for a celebratory return to a nostalgically idealized pre-Arab-immigration social/moral order.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: The article processing charge was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) – 491192747 and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 38
    ISSN: 0894-4393 , 0894-4393
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (22 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Thousand Oaks, Calif. [u.a.] : Sage
    Angaben zur Quelle: 41,1, Seiten 141-162
    DDC: 004
    Keywords: mouse movements ; paradata ; web surveys ; difficulty ; personalization ; supervised learning models ; classification ; Informatik ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Survey research aims to collect robust and reliable data from respondents. However, despite researchers’ efforts in designing questionnaires, survey instruments may be imperfect, and question structure not as clear as could be, thus creating a burden for respondents. If it were possible to detect such problems, this knowledge could be used to predict problems in a questionnaire during pretesting, inform real-time interventions through responsive questionnaire design, or to indicate and correct measurement error after the fact. Previous research has used paradata, specifically response times, to detect difficulties and help improve user experience and data quality. Today, richer data sources are available, for example, movements respondents make with their mouse, as an additional detailed indicator for the respondent–survey interaction. This article uses machine learning techniques to explore the predictive value of mouse-tracking data regarding a question’s difficulty. We use data from a survey on respondents’ employment history and demographic information, in which we experimentally manipulate the difficulty of several questions. Using measures derived from mouse movements, we predict whether respondents have answered the easy or difficult version of a question, using and comparing several state-of-the-art supervised learning methods. We have also developed a personalization method that adjusts for respondents’ baseline mouse behavior and evaluate its performance. For all three manipulated survey questions, we find that including the full set of mouse movement measures and accounting for individual differences in these measures improve prediction performance over response-time-only models.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 39
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  7
    Language: English
    Publ. der Quelle: Lausanne : Frontiers Media
    Angaben zur Quelle: 7
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: social configuration ; post-foundationalism ; contingency ; Norbert Elias ; historical constellation ; orders of category ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Modern social sciences arose during a period of classical modernity in which discovering universal rules between distinct phenomena was the most prominent criterion of scientific knowledge. Social phenomena were considered in the form of isolated, determined, standardized, and regulated objects whose knowledge, like that of the natural sciences, depended on the understanding of universal laws. The accidental and the contingent were eliminated in favor of universal laws. With the intensifying of modernity and the transition to late and liquid modernity, and by suspending many dominant cognitive categories, this kind of essentialist foundationalism was attacked by a variety of anti/non-foundationalist criticism that subscribed to either plural grounds or groundlessness, a bottomless ground in which scientific knowledge at a high level lost its significance. This predicament has given rise to several biases and antinomies in modern social theory. By addressing some of these predicaments and antinomies, including foundationalism/non(anti-)foundationalism, agency/structure, the individual/society, essentialism/relativism, and universalism/singularism, the present article strives to propose the idea of social configurations as a solution to overcome them, and through this endeavor, it is indicated that considering these configurations can effectively explain emerging and interrelated global phenomena. By prioritizing the conditions of possibility for social phenomena, and taking into account their contingency, as well as the incompleteness and partiality of their foundations, social configurations are considered as units at the level of the particular whose relationality, indeterminacy, interdependence, and fluidity constitute their central features.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 40
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (459 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2019
    DDC: 300
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    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Teilhabe ; Inklusion ; Schwerhörige ; Behindertenpolitik ; participation ; inclusion ; hard of hearing ; disability policy ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Andere soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste
    Abstract: Inklusion von Menschen mit Behinderungen ist zu einem der vordringlichen Ziele der Sozialpolitik der Europäischen Union und in der Russischen Föderation geworden, u. a. aufgrund der zunehmenden Zahl von Ländern, die die UN-BRK1 ratifizierten, sowie Herausforderungen wegen, die eine "alternde" Gesellschaft verursacht. Jedoch werden Menschen mit Hörbehinderung und deren spezielle Bedürfnisse im Vergleich zu anderen, eher sichtbaren Behinderungen, oft übersehen. Das zentrale Anliegen der vorliegenden Untersuchung ist es, die Mechanismen und Ergebnisse der sozialen Inklusion schwerhöriger Menschen in Russland und Deutschland näher zu betrachten und zu vergleichen, sowie mit empirisch belegten Befunden zur Forschung über schwerhörige Personen beizutragen. Der Forschungstand hierzu ist in den Disability Studies noch sehr lückenhaft. Eine Analyse der Sozial- und Behindertenpolitik in beiden Ländern sowie ein Vergleich der rechtlichen und institutionellen Maßnahmen als auch der Chancen bildet den Rahmen für eine empirische Analyse (Fragebogen, Interviews mit schwerhörigen Personen, NGOs und Experten). Die Einschätzung der politischen Maßnahmen und der Infrastrukturen folgt den konzeptionellen und normativen Bewertungsmaßstäben der Disability Studies. Die vergleichende Analyse konzentriert sich auf den Zugang schwerhöriger Menschen zu Bildung und Arbeitsmarkt, zu Wiedereingliederung, Information und Kommunikation – Bereiche welche für Inklusion und Teilhabe entscheidend sind. Die empirischen Erhebungen enthalten explorative, nicht-repräsentative Fragebögen-Untersuchungen unter a) 190 jungen Befragten, 18-35 Jahre alt (davon 136 aus Deutschland; 150 aus Russland) b) 110 älteren Befragten, 65 bzw. 60 Jahre alt — abhängig vom betreffenden Land — und älter (43 aus Deutschland; 67 aus Russland) und Experten-Interviews mit Schlüsselpersonen zum Thema (Forscher, politische Entscheidungsträger, medizinische und pädagogische Experten, schwerhörige NGO-Aktivisten); darüber hinaus Leitfaden-Interviews mit schwerhörigen Personen (11 in Deutschland, 16 in Russland). Übereinstimmungen und Abweichungen in den nationalen politischen Richtlinien werden diskutiert, Beispiele von positiven Praktiken in medizinischer, ausbildungsbezogener und beruflicher Rehabilitation und potentielle politische Maßnahmen werden vorgeschlagen.
    Abstract: Inclusion of people with disabilities has become one of the priorities of the social policy in the European Union and in the Russian Federation, in part, in connection with the increasing ratification of the UN CRPD worldwide and problems induced by the “ageing” society. However, people with hearing loss and their specific needs are often overlooked in comparison with more visible disabilities. The main purpose of this study is to look into and compare the mechanisms and results of social inclusion of hard of hearing people (HoH) in Russia and Germany and to contribute with empirically grounded findings to the research on hard of hearing people of which there is a lack in the disability research field. An analysis of the social and disability related policies in both countries and a comparison of the legal and institutional arrangements and opportunities provides the framework for the empirical analysis (questionnaire, interviews with HoH persons, NGOs and with experts). The appraisal of the policies and infrastructures is following the conceptual and normative benchmarks of the Disability studies. The comparative analysis is focused on access of HoH people to education and employment, to rehabilitation, information and communication – the fields critical to inclusion and participation. The empirical research comprises an explorative non-representative questionnaire survey with a) 190 young respondents aged 18-35 years (136 from Germany, 150 from Russia) b) 110 elderly respondents (65 or 60 years old and older; 43 from Germany, 67 from Russia), and expert interviews with the key persons in the field (researchers, political decision-makers, medical and educational professionals, hard of hearing NGO activists); furthermore, guided interviews with HoH people (N=11 in Germany, N=16 in Russia) were conducted. Commonalities and discrepancies in the national policy directions are discussed, examples of positive practices in medical, educational and professional rehabilitation and potential policy measures are suggested.
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  • 41
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  17
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (11 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Lausanne : Frontiers Research Foundation
    Angaben zur Quelle: 17
    DDC: 004
    Keywords: artificial intelligence ; human-robot interaction ; feminist technoscience ; enactivism ; sociocultural practices ; Informatik ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Introduction: This paper presents Enactive Artificial Intelligence (eAI) as a gender-inclusive approach to AI, emphasizing the need to address social marginalization resulting from unrepresentative AI design. Methods: The study employs a multidisciplinary framework to explore the intersectionality of gender and technoscience, focusing on the subversion of gender norms within Robot-Human Interaction in AI. Results: The results reveal the development of four ethical vectors, namely explainability, fairness, transparency, and auditability, as essential components for adopting an inclusive stance and promoting gender-inclusive AI. Discussion: By considering these vectors, we can ensure that AI aligns with societal values, promotes equity and justice, and facilitates the creation of a more just and equitable society.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 42
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  58,1, Seiten 23-42
    ISSN: 1012-6902 , 1012-6902
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (20 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London [u.a.] : SAGE Publ.
    Angaben zur Quelle: 58,1, Seiten 23-42
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Racist stacking is a phenomenon in team sports in which Black players are underrepresented in tactical and leading positions, while they are overrepresented in decentralized and physical positions. In this article, we propose that racist stacking is a type of institutional racism characterized by racist ascriptions incorporated in the daily routines of sport institutions. We explored whether racist stacking happens in soccer in Germany based on these assumptions. The results of an examination of the 36 teams in the male divisions of the first and second Bundesliga in the 2020/2021 season are presented in this article. We discovered patterns in our data that support a theory of racist stacking. White players are more likely to play positions associated with leadership, oversight, responsibility, intelligence, and organization, whereas Black players are more likely to play positions associated with aggressiveness, speed, and instinct. We conclude that, contrary to popular belief, professional sports do not just rely on the competitiveness principle. Instead, some decisions appear to be made on the basis of racist attributions, whether purposefully or accidentally.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 43
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  39,7-8, Seiten 287-305
    ISSN: 0263-2764 , 0263-2764
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage Publ.
    Angaben zur Quelle: 39,7-8, Seiten 287-305
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: critical analysis of the present ; modernity ; Andreas Reckwitz ; structural transformation ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This interview addresses Andreas Reckwitz’s main work, A Society of Singularities, but puts it in relation to his earlier and later writings. It starts with the strong and broad reception of this work in Germany. Next, it turns to how his understanding of the transformation of the social logics of modernity is related to other sociological understandings. In this way, the crucial distinctions of his work between the general and the particular, between formal rationalisation and culturalisation, are thematised. The next part addresses Reckwitz’s Foucault-inspired concept of critique and his understanding of the relation between theoretical and empirical work. The interview then goes on to the transformation of class structure, which is understood in terms of a culturalisation of inequality. The interview ends with a section about the kind of sufferings and problems that are typical of the present age, and how they might affect social transformation.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner (Sage) freely accessible.
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  • 44
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  23,3, Seiten 315-317
    ISSN: 1468-795X , 1468-795X
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (3 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London [u.a.] : Sage
    Angaben zur Quelle: 23,3, Seiten 315-317
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Alienation ; democracy ; labor ; political theory ; work ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In his 2021 Walter Benjamin Lectures, Axel Honneth questioned the displacement of work from the center of contemporary political theories. This special issue collects an interview with Axel Honneth on central theses of his lectures and a number of commentaries that discuss issues like Honneth’s extended definition of work, his inclusion of long neglected care activities in the definition of work, the requirements for non-detrimental, meaningful work, Honneth’s criticism of contemporary trends in the division of labor, as well as his rejection of traditional critiques of working relations and conditions such as above all the critique of alienation. The special issue closes with a rejoinder by Axel Honneth.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 45
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    ISBN: 9783963178788
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (366 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In jüngerer Zeit haben populäre Songs wie ›Heroes‹ von David Bowie, klangkünstlerische Werke wie ›Forty Part Motet‹ von Janet Cardiff und mit ›Lao Khamhom‹ eine der ersten Tonaufnahmen von 1900 Einzug in den Museumskontext gehalten und markieren damit einen Trend: Zunehmend rücken Klangartefakte in den Mittelpunkt von Ausstellungen. Unter welcher Prämisse geschieht dies und welche kuratorischen Schwierigkeiten und Chancen ergeben sich daraus? Oder in Björks Worten gefasst: How do you hang a song on the wall? Sound on Display bietet erstmals einen Überblick über neue Potenziale auditiven Ausstellens und profitiert dabei von dem Umstand, dass sich insbesondere Klang- und Medienkünstler*innen experimentell mit dem Akustischen auseinandergesetzt haben. Den Erkenntnissen, die sich daraus für die Darstellung von akustischen Aufnahmen ableiten lassen, stehen drei Fallbeispiele akustischer Kurationen gegenüber, die allesamt 2018 in Berlin verschiedene Gattungen akustischer Aufnahmen ›on Display‹ stellten: [laut] Die Welt hören, Oh Yeah! und Radiophonic Spaces.
    Note: The publication of this work was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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