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  • HU-Berlin Edoc  (339)
  • 2015-2019  (337)
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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie / Naika Foroutan ,2019, Seiten 27-72
    ISBN: 9783839442630 , 9783839442630
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (46 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie / Naika Foroutan
    Publ. der Quelle: Bielefeld : Transcript
    Angaben zur Quelle: ,2019, Seiten 27-72
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Note: Erstmalig folgendermaßen erschienen (published first as): Naika Foroutan: „Grundlagen und Kernthese“. In: Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie. Von Naika Foroutan. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2019, Seiten 27–72. DOI: 10.14361/9783839442630-003
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie / Naika Foroutan ,2019, Seiten 213-228
    ISBN: 9783839442630 , 9783839442630
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie / Naika Foroutan
    Publ. der Quelle: Bielefeld : Transcript
    Angaben zur Quelle: ,2019, Seiten 213-228
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Note: Erstmalig folgendermaßen erschienen (published first as): Naika Foroutan: „Fazit, Ausblick und Nachwort“. In: Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie. Von Naika Foroutan. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2019, Seiten 213–228. DOI: 10.14361/9783839442630-007
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie / Naika Foroutan ,2019, Seiten 11-26
    ISBN: 9783839442630 , 9783839442630
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie / Naika Foroutan
    Publ. der Quelle: Bielefeld : Transcript
    Angaben zur Quelle: ,2019, Seiten 11-26
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Note: Erstmalig folgendermaßen erschienen (published first as): Naika Foroutan: „Einleitung“. In: Die postmigrantische Gesellschaft: Ein Versprechen der pluralen Demokratie. Von Naika Foroutan. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2019, Seiten 11–26. DOI: 10.14361/9783839442630
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen 32,2019,3, Seiten 424-429
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (6 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : De Gruyter Oldenbourg
    Angaben zur Quelle: 32,2019,3, Seiten 424-429
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Migration ; Moslem ; Ostdeutschland ; Befragung ; Umfrage ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: Erstmalig folgendermaßen erschienen (published first as): Coşkun Canan, Naika Foroutan: „Ost-migrantische Analogien der Konkurrenz um Anerkennung und Teilhabe? Schlaglichter aus einem repräsentativen Survey“ In: Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen 32.3 (2019), Seiten 424–429.
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  kunsttexte 2019,2019,1
    Language: English
    Titel der Quelle: kunsttexte
    Angaben zur Quelle: 2019,2019,1
    DDC: 700
    Keywords: Tibet ; contemporary art ; Non-Western art ; museums ; Künste, Bildende und angewandte Kunst ; Galerein, Museen, Privatsammlungen zur bildenden und angewandten Kunst ; Geschichte Südasiens; Indiens ; Geschichte Zentralasiens ; Verschiedenes zur bildenden und angewandten Kunst ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: When examining the evaluation of artworks from non-Western nations, research often focuses on the appropriation of value by those who live in culturally central countries over their peripherally located counterparts. Such expertise often translates to the “discovery” of art in peripheral nations. For example, Price (2001: p. 68) examines “the ‘anonymous’ world of Third World craftsmanship” where “Western observer’s discriminating eye is often treated as if it were the only means by which an ethnographic object could be elevated to the status of a work of art.” However, less work explores how non-Western actors exhibit and represent their country’s artwork within a Western context and to Western audiences. The present research uses a case study to explore the way Tibetan artists and curators have established a museum dedicated to Tibetan art in Northern Europe: the Museum of Contemporary Tibetan Art in Emmen, the Netherlands. The mission of this museum is to introduce and promote the “artistic, cultural and historical matters of Tibetan Art […] reflecting [the] adjustment of Tibetan Art and culture in the West.” This museum is the first in Europe to house and exhibit contemporary Tibetan artworks and officially opened in September 2017. Consequently, our research is the first to examine this museum and proffer analysis of the museum’s strategies for promoting their artwork. Drawing from a world systems perspective, the overall aim of the research is to provide insight into the representation of culturally peripheral, non-Western art in a culturally dominant, Western context.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0001-6993 , 0001-6993
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London, England : SAGE Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 62,2, Seiten 119-134
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Attitudes ; moral economy ; welfare state ; Europe ; immigration ; democratic forum ; inequality ; neo-liberalism ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This paper uses innovative democratic forums carried out in Germany, Norway, and the United Kingdom to examine people’s ideas about welfare-state priorities and future prospects. We use a moral economy framework in the context of regime differences and the move towards neo-liberalism across Europe. Broadly speaking, attitudes reflect regime differences, with distinctive emphasis on reciprocity and the value of work in Germany, inclusion and equality in Norway, and individual responsibility and the work-ethic in the UK. Neo-liberal market-centred ideas appear to have made little headway in regard to popular attitudes, except in the already liberal-leaning UK. There is also a striking assumption by UK participants that welfare is threatened externally by immigrants who take jobs from established workers and internally by the work-shy who undermine the work-ethic. A key role of the welfare state is repressive rather than enabling: to protect against threats to well-being rather than provide benefits for citizens. UK participants also anticipate major decline in state provision. In all three countries there is strong support for continuing and expanding social investment policies, but for different reasons: to enable contribution in Germany, to promote equality and mobility in Norway, and to facilitate self-responsibility in the UK.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  58,2, Seiten 282-300
    ISSN: 0539-0184 , 0539-0184
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London, England : SAGE Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 58,2, Seiten 282-300
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bourdieu ; evaluation ; journal impact factor ; measurement ; quantification ; semiotics ; value ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This contribution seeks to provide a more detailed insight into the entanglement of value and measurement. Drawing on insights from semiotics and a Bourdieusian perspective on language as an economy of linguistic exchange, we develop the theoretical concept of value-measurement links and distinguish three processes – operationalisation, nomination, and indetermination – as forms in which these links can be constructed. We illustrate these three processes using (e)valuation practices in science, particularly the journal impact factor, as an empirical object of investigation. As this example illustrates, measured values can function as building blocks for further measurements, and thus establish chains of evaluations, where it becomes more and more obscure which values the measurements actually express. We conclude that in the case of measured values such as impact factors, these chains are driven by the interplay between the interpretative openness of language and the seeming tendency of numbers to fixate meaning thus continually re-creating, transforming and modifying values.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  48,4, Seiten 484-491
    ISSN: 1532-673X , 1532-673X
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (8 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Los Angeles, CA : SAGE Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 48,4, Seiten 484-491
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: responsiveness ; representation ; parties ; referenda ; marginality ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: It is often argued that electoral vulnerability is critical to constituency responsiveness. We investigate this possibility using different measures of vulnerability, but argue that in the United States the Republican Party may be less responsive than the Democratic Party due to its core constituency and view of representation. We test our hypotheses relying on an innovative research design that exploits referenda in U.S. states to compare legislator voting behavior with voter preferences on exactly the same policy proposal, allowing us to overcome the measurement problems of much previous research. Based on a newly compiled data set of more than 3,000 voting decisions for 818 legislators on 27 referenda, we find high levels of congruence, but that congruence with the median voter is higher for legislators who are running for reelection. We also find that Democrats are more responsive after a close election but that Republicans are not sensitive to electoral margins.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 9
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (156 Seiten)
    Additional Information: Arbeit wird zitiert von
    Additional Information: Arbeit wird zitiert von
    Additional Information: Arbeit wird zitiert von
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2019
    DDC: 301
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Profession ; Soziologie der Kritik ; Translationale Forschung ; Clinician Scientist ; Professions ; Sociology of Critique ; Translational Research ; Clinician Scientist ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Hochschulschrift
    Abstract: Clinician Scientists werden im Kontext einer Translationalen Forschung als Schlüsselfiguren thematisiert, insbesondere seit ihnen das Potenzial zugesprochen worden ist, biomedizinische Grundlagenforschung und medizinische Praxis auf praktische Weise miteinander verbinden zu können. Damit adressiert das Berufsbild des Clinician Scientists auf individueller Ebene das sogenannte ‚valley of death‘, welches metaphorisch zentrale Übersetzungslücken im biomedizinischen Erkenntnis- und Entwicklungsprozess markiert. Ungeachtet ihrer besonderen Position befinden sich Clinician Scientists noch immer in einer beruflichen Nische, der es offensichtlich nicht gelingt, die Translationsanforderungen auf der praktischen Ebene tatsächlich erfolgreich zu vermitteln. Vor diesem Hintergrund fragt die vorliegende Arbeit nach dem Professionszustand des Clinician Scientists und bedient sich dabei eines neo-pragmatischen Zugangs, der es ermöglicht Kritik und Empörung, welche die im Feld befindlichen Akteure gegenüber ihrer translationsorientierten Umwelt formulieren, für eine Soziologie der Kritik zu nutzen. Der analytische Bezugsrahmen ermöglicht sodann eine Beleuchtung des Professionszustands über individuelle Krisenzustände, die eine öffentliche Kritik an den eigenen professionellen Zuständen freisetzt. Die Arbeit leistet damit eine Beschreibung kritischer Potenziale, die im Kontext von Professionsentwicklungen gedeutet werden und offenbart im Ergebnis ein ambivalentes Verhältnis zwischen den Konzeptionen Translation und Profession: Ungeachtet ihres theoretisch augenscheinlich professionsfördernden Charakters avanciert die Translationale Forschung zum individuell-situativen Krisenherd und be- bzw. verhindert somit zugleich eine professionelle Entwicklung des Clinician Scientists.
    Abstract: Clinician scientists are described as a key solution towards the problem of translational research in the field of (bio)medicine, especially since they are perceived to have the potential to combine biomedical research and clinical practice. Translational research overall addresses the ‘translation gap’ between biomedical research findings on the one hand and clinical practice and applications on the other, which constitutes a major challenge towards the current biomedical research system. Despite their importance for translational problems clinician scientists still constitute a ‘rare breed’, struggling in fulfilling expectations of translational research on the individual level. In the light of this problematization, the cumulative thesis aims to explore the professional nature of the clinician scientist with the help of a neo-pragmatic approach by making use of critique and indignation individuals utter against their translational ecology. The analytical framework therefore allows to analyze professional development via individual situations of crisis. The thesis thus contributes to a description of critical potentials from individuals involved and reveals an ambivalent relationship between the concepts of translation and profession: despite its obviously supporting character translational research turns into a moment of crisis actually hindering and, respectively preventing clinician scientists from becoming a profession.
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  • 10
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (79 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
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  • 11
    ISSN: 1363-4615 , 1363-4615
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (26 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London, England : SAGE Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 56,5, Seiten 947-972
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: explanatory model ; causal attribution ; mental illness ; Cuba ; qualitative study ; thematic analysis ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Medizin und Gesundheit
    Abstract: Explanatory models (EMs) for illness are highly relevant for patients, and they are also important for clinical diagnoses and treatment. EMs serve to capture patients' personal illness narratives and can help reveal how culture influences these narratives. While much research has aimed to understand EMs in the Western hemisphere, less research has been done on other cultures. Therefore, we investigated local causal attributions for mental illness in Cuba because of its particular history and political system. Although Cuban culture shares many values with Latin American cultures because of Spanish colonization, it is unique because of its socialist political and economic context, which might influence causal attributions. Thus, we developed a qualitative interview outline based on the Clinical Ethnographic Interview and administered interviews to 14 psychiatric patients in Havana. We conducted a thematic analysis to identify repeated patterns of meaning. Six patterns of causal attribution for mental illness were identified: (1) Personal shortcomings, (2) Family influences, (3) Excessive demands, (4) Cultural, economic, and political environment in Cuba, (5) Physical causes, and (6) Symptom-related explanations. In our sample, we found general and Cuba-specific patterns of causal attributions, whereby the Cuba-specific themes mainly locate the causes of mental illness outside the individual. These findings might be related to Cubans' socio-centric personal orientation, the cultural value of familismo and common daily experiences within socialist Cuban society. We discuss how the findings may be related to social stigma and help-seeking behavior.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 12
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (28 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basel : MDPI
    Angaben zur Quelle: 8,4
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: telecoupling ; sustainability ; multi-stakeholder initiatives ; roundtable for sustainable palm oil ; sustainable natural rubber initiative ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Current debates on climate change have led to an increased demand for sustainable commodities. Serving this demand, sustainability certification schemes and eco-friendly labels have become prominent mechanisms of climate governance. Smallholder farmers in Jambi province, Indonesia, producing palm oil and rubber as the two dominant smallholder crops, are impacted by this distal demand. Zimmerer et al. (2018) suggest analyzing the potential sustainability in such a context with the multilevel smallholder telecoupling framework. Applying this framework to case studies from Jambi province, our first case reveals that smallholder certification for so-called sustainable palm oil does not necessarily influence smallholder towards more sustainable management practices. One explanation might be a discrepancy in sustainability perception between sender and receiver systems. The second case is the setup of an allegedly eco-friendly rubber plantation. The establishment of this model plantation is implemented by a transnational corporation in collaboration with a nature conservation organization, impacting the access to land for adjacent smallholders. The struggle over access to land is not only negotiated between smallholders and the corporation producing “eco-friendly” rubber but also between smallholders and big land mammals lacking access to land since the rubber plantation began to be established. We argue that the concept of sustainability as demanded by the receiving system does not mirror management practices in the sending system, even though the products reach the Global North as supposedly socially and climate-friendly. The smallholder telecoupling framework is helpful for assessing potential sustainability but can be expanded towards conflictive spillovers, second order effects, and a mismatch in sustainability perceptions in order to draw a more comprehensive picture.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 13
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (30 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basel : MDPI
    Angaben zur Quelle: 8,10
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: parental leave ; employment ; workplace culture ; ideal worker norm ; gender equality ; mixed methods ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: The division of parental leave among couples today is still unequal—even in countries with progressive leave schemes. Given the gendered nature of the workplace, we examine how organizational characteristics relate to fathers’ uptake and length of parental leave as well as to the perceived career consequences of leave uptake among those fathers who took leave. In our mixed methods study, we draw on unique quantitative and qualitative data on different-sex couples with young children in Germany (2015). We find that the fear of professional repercussions and the lack of a replacement at work inhibit fathers both from taking leave in general and, for those who take leave, from taking it for more than two months. Interestingly, however, the majority of fathers who took leave did not think that their leave negatively affected their professional advancement. This positive evaluation was independent of the length of leave. We compared fathers’ perceived leave consequences to those of mothers, who tended to have a more negative view of the impact of taking leave on their careers. Both fathers and mothers were more likely to report negative career consequences if they worked in organizations that promoted a strong ideal worker norm, that is, where employees thought that they were expected to prioritize paid work over their private life.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 14
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  6,1, Seiten 140-152
    Language: Undetermined
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (13 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 2019
    Angaben zur Quelle: 6,1, Seiten 140-152
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: repetition ; difference ; globalization ; cinema ; pleasure ; Bollywood ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Öffentliche Darbietungen
    Abstract: This essay argues that the phenomenon of repeat viewing of films by Bollywood audiences is worthy of being treated as an unusual cultural practice in which repetition and difference support and reinforce each other in the manner suggested by Gilles Deleuze. This relationship is particularly enabled by the relationship of music to plot in these films, in which song sequences provide a repetitive or percussive element that deepens the melodic and innovative element provided by the story. Not all films are able to attract repeat viewers, which raises a question about the role of the “formula” in the Hindi film industry. Further, the pleasures of repetition in this domain offer a suggestive perspective on India’s larger political dilemma, which is to combine the repetition of Western modernity with the unique developmental signature of Indian culture.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 15
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  88,4, Seiten 659-675
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (17 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell
    Angaben zur Quelle: 88,4, Seiten 659-675
    DDC: 150
    Keywords: Big Five ; grief ; personality trait change ; spousal bereavement ; widowhood ; Psychologie ; Bräuche, Etikette, Folklore
    Abstract: Objective Although losing one's spouse is one of the worst experiences that can occur in life, it has not been resolved yet how this experience relates to personality development. Method In the German Socio-Economic Panel study, information on the death of a spouse was assessed yearly from 1985 to 2017 and personality was measured repeatedly in 2005, 2009, 2013, and 2017 with a short version of the Big Five Inventory. We used multilevel analyses to simultaneously model whether personality differed between individuals who did or did not lose their spouse and whether personality changed prior to and after this experience. Results Compared to controls without the event, individuals who lost their spouse at a later point of time were more conscientious (β = .21) and more extraverted (β = .17). They became gradually more extraverted in the three years prior to the event (β = .25), but were less extraverted thereafter (β =−.27). Moreover, they gradually increased in Emotional Stability in the three years after this experience (β = .30). These changes were primarily driven by women and middle-aged individuals. Men whose spouse died were less open in the first year after the event (β =−.47). Conclusions Losing one's spouse relates to changes in Extraversion and Emotional Stability, especially in women and middle-aged adults.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 16
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  20,2, Seiten 156-172
    ISSN: 2159-9149 , 2159-9149
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Abingdon : Taylor & Francis
    Angaben zur Quelle: 20,2, Seiten 156-172
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: precarity ; precarious employment ; precarity of life arrangement ; recognition ; Honneth ; gender ; couple ; Germany ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Precarity and precarious work are widely debated concepts, though a lack of clarity remains about its definition, dimensions and application. Recognition appears to be an illuminating concept for a deeper understanding of work and employment in times of precarity and its further effects, but has yet to be considered. The article aims to develop a multifaceted understanding of precarity for empirical research. Hence, precarity of life arrangement is introduced as a heuristic, though it is developed further on the grounds of theories of recognition. The conceptual enlargement of precarity of life arrangement, further developed by theories of recognition, is the outcome of the article. To demonstrate the concept`s potential, of the spectrum of the empirical material of the study, the case of a couple in precarious working and living conditions is presented. Income and employment are important dimensions within the concept but are embedded in the life arrangement and hence intertwined with rights, love, participation, care, health and housing. The enlarged perspective developed in the articles stresses not only how precarity cumulates in life arrangement, but also gives insights into how precarity is mitigated and strengthened within the reciprocal relations of life dimensions and due to recognition (deficits).
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 17
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (17 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Philadelphia, Pa. : Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 27,4, Seiten 613-628
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Autoregressive cross-lagged model ; continuous time modeling ; heterogeneity ; structural equation modeling ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Dynamic panel models are a popular approach to study interrelationships between repeatedly measured variables. Often, dynamic panel models are specified and estimated within a structural equation modeling (SEM) framework. An endemic problem threatening the validity of such models is unmodelled heterogeneity. Recently, individual parameter contribution (IPC) regression was proposed as a flexible method to study heterogeneity in SEM parameters as a function of observed covariates. In the present paper, we derive how IPCs can be calculated for general maximum likelihood estimates and evaluate the performance of IPC regression to estimate group differences in dynamic panel models in discrete and continuous time. We show that IPC regression can be slightly biased in samples with large group differences and present a bias correction procedure. IPC regression showed generally promising results for discrete time models. However, due to highly nonlinear parameter constraints, caution is indicated when applying IPC regression to continuous time models.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 18
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (15 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Basel : MDPI
    Angaben zur Quelle: 8,9
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: governance models ; Colombian Llanos ; Cultura Llanera ; extractivism ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Increasingly, the developmental model of anthropic and extractive interventions is a global concern. Its impacts are challenging not only the precarious equilibrium of natural resources but also the one of local communities and identities. The case of the Colombian Llanos shows how the local culture of the Cultura Llanera (CL) is deep-rooted with natural resources, their use and their management. Throughout the use of a survey based on the Governance Analytical Framework (GAF), this paper presents and discusses shared problems and social norms. The collective perception of local groups shows that the CL, in particular traditional livestock practices in flooded savannahs, is a key element for the sustainable development of the region. Furthermore, it reveals that agricultural and extractive activities, primarily rice and oil, are considered the main threats to both the ecosystem and the protection of the CL.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 19
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  27,2, Seiten 240-254
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: New York, NY : Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 27,2, Seiten 240-254
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Individual score/factor score methods ; Kalman filter ; longitudinal autoregressive models ; model misspecification ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Different methods to obtain individual scores from multiple item latent variable models exist, but their performance under realistic conditions is currently underresearched. We investigate the performance of the regression method, the Bartlett method, the Kalman filter, and the mean score under misspecification in autoregressive panel models. Results from three simulations show different patterns of findings for the mean absolute error, for the correlations between individual scores and the true scores (correlation criterion), and for the coverage in our settings: a) all individual score methods are generally quite robust against the chosen misspecification in the loadings, b) all methods are similarly sensitive to positively skewed as well as leptokurtic response distributions with regard to the correlation criterion, c) only the mean score is not robust against an integrated trend component, and d) coverage for the mean score is consistently below the nominal value.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 20
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (348 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2019
    DDC: 720
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Ciências Culturais ; Arquitetura ; Brasil ; Espaço social ; Centro Cultural São Paulo ; Eurico Prado Lopes ; Luis Telles ; Rua interna ; Kulturwissenschaft ; Architektur ; Brasilien ; Sozialer Raum ; Centro Cultural São Paulo ; Eurico Prado Lopes ; Luis Telles ; Innere Straße ; Cultural History and Theory ; Architecture ; Brazil ; Social Space ; Centro Cultural São Paulo ; Eurico Prado Lopes ; Luis Telles ; Inner Street ; Architektur ; Wissen ; Raum ; Soziale Interaktion ; Kultur und Institutionen ; Öffentliche Bauwerke ; Brasilien
    Abstract: Architektur als sozialer Interaktionsraum. Das Centro Cultural São Paulo 1975‒1982. Architektur ist Teil der symbolischen Dimension einer Gesellschaft. Als Gestaltungsdisziplin bedarf sie der räumlichen Materialisierung und Aneignung durch die Nutzer. Zugleich besitzt die gebaute Gestalt einen eigenen Einfluss auf die sozialen Aktivitäten im Raum. In der Dissertation wird dieser Doppelcharakter der Architektur am Beispiel des Centro Cultural São Paulo und seiner Entstehungszeit untersucht. Das Gebäude, geschaffen von den beiden Architekten Eurico Prado Lopes und Luiz Benedito de Castro Telles, wird von 1975 bis 1982 realisiert und ist ursprünglich als neue Zentralbibliothek geplant. Zwei große Argumentationslinien tragen die Arbeit. Sie formen den Doppelcharakter der forschungsleitenden Fragestellung nach der Bedeutung des Centro Cultural São Paulo als Produkt des sozialen Raums der sechziger und siebziger Jahre und nach dem Einfluss der Architektur auf die soziale Praxis der Nutzung des Gebäudes. Die erste untersucht den sozialen Raum im Spannungsfeld der brasilianischen Militärdiktatur in São Paulo von 1964 bis 1985. Dabei werden politische Abhängigkeiten und Grenzen in denen sich die Architektur als Gestaltungsdisziplin bewegt offensichtlich. Die zweite betrachtet die soziale Praxis der Architektur des Kulturzentrums am Beispiel der gebauten Gestalt. Das Konzept der Inneren Straße verkörpert die Idee der Interaktion von Aktivitäten, Nutzer und Raum. Methodisch verfolgt die Dissertation einen interdisziplinären Ansatz, der sich im Doppel-Blickpunkt von kultur- und medientheoretischer Perspektive sowie architektonischer Analyse zeigt. Die Arbeit basiert auf relevanter Primarliteratur in portugiesischer Sprache; es wird umfangreiches, auch unveröffentlichtes Material gesichtet und ausgewertet. Einen besonderen Wert bilden neun Fallstudien originalsprachiger Interviews mit Akteuren der Entstehungs- und Nutzungsgeschichte des Centro Cultural São Paulo.
    Abstract: Arquitetura como Espaço de Interação Social. Centro Cultural São Paulo 1975‒1982 A arquitetura é parte da dimensão simbólica de uma sociedade. Como disciplina de criação, requer a materialização e apropriação espacial pelos usuários. Ao mesmo tempo, a forma construída tem sua própria influência nas atividades sociais do espaço. Na dissertação, esse caráter dual da arquitetura é examinado usando o exemplo do Centro Cultural São Paulo e sua época de origem. O edifício, criado pelos arquitetos Eurico Prado Lopes e Luiz Benedito de Castro Telles, realizado de 1975 a 1982, foi originalmente planejado como uma nova biblioteca central. Duas grandes linhas de argumentação direcionam o trabalho. Elas formam o caráter duplo do questionamento orientado para a pesquisa sobre a importância do Centro Cultural São Paulo como produto do espaço social dos anos sessenta e setenta e a influência da arquitetura na prática social do uso do edifício. A primeira linha examina o espaço social no campo de conflito entre a ditadura militar brasileira em São Paulo, de 1964 a 1985. Dependências políticas e limites em que a arquitetura se move se tornam evidentes. A segunda considera a prática social da arquitetura do Centro Cultural São Paulo pelo exemplo da forma construída. O conceito de Rua Interna incorpora a ideia de interação entre atividades, usuários e espaço. Em termos de metodologia, a dissertação segue uma abordagem interdisciplinar, que se revela no duplo aspecto da teoria da cultura e da mídia, bem como na análise arquitetônica. O trabalho é baseado em literatura relevante de fonte primaria em português; um extenso e até inédito material foi visualizado e avaliado. De especial valor são nove entrevistas originais com pessoas marcantes no processo de criação e realização do Centro Cultural São Paulo, como o arquiteto Luiz Telles (1943–2014).
    Abstract: Architecture as a Space for Social Interaction. The Centro Cultural São Paulo 1975‒1982. Architecture is part of the symbolism of society. As a design discipline, it requires spatial realization and appropriation by its users. At the same time the built form has its own social influence on the activities within the space. This doctoral thesis investigates the dual character of architecture using the example of the Centro Cultural São Paulo during its period of development. The building, which was initially planned as a new central library for São Paulo was conceptualized and planned by the architects Eurico Prado Lopes along with Luiz Benedito de Castro Telles between 1975 and 1982. The dissertation is supported by two primary arguments that explore the dual nature of the research-led question: how the Centro Cultural São Paulo is a product of the social space of the sixties and seventies and how its architecture influences the social practice of using the building. The first line of argument examines the social space under the tension of the Brazilian military dictatorship in São Paulo from 1964 to 1985. This reveals the political dependencies and boundaries within which architecture, as a design discipline, moves. The second line of argument uses the cultural centre's built form to study the social practice of architecture. The architectural concept of an Inner Street embodies the idea of interaction between activities, users and space. Methodically, this dissertation pursues an interdisciplinary approach that is expressed in the ambiguity between a cultural- and media-theoretical perspective as well an architectural analysis. The work is based on the interpretation of relevant primary literature in Portuguese. Unpublished material is combined. Of special value is the analysis of nine case studies of original interviews, which were conducted with participants involved in the development and subsequent use of the Centro Cultural São Paulo.
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  • 21
    ISSN: 2183-7635 , 2183-7635
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (17 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Lisbon : Cogitatio Press
    Angaben zur Quelle: 4,2, Seiten 53-69
    DDC: 710
    Keywords: ageing cities ; Berlin ; diversity ; elders ; moving behaviour ; survey ; urban planning ; Raumplanung und Landschaftsarchitektur ; Gemeinschaften
    Abstract: Two of the dominant processes shaping today’s European cities are the ageing and diversification of the population. Given that the range of action usually decreases in later life, the living environment around the place of residence plays an important role in the social integration of the older generation. Hence, spatial patterns of residence indicate the extent of opportunities for the older population to engage in urban life and, therefore, need to be addressed by urban planning and policy. The aim of this article is to study the interrelation between diversity in later life—in terms of migrant history, gender, social class, and age—as well as planned and actual (past) movements of elders. We have chosen Berlin as a case study and draw from a quantitative survey with elders (age 60+) from diverse backgrounds (N = 427). Our results from descriptive analysis and statistical hypothesis tests show that age impacts people’s past and planned movement; we observe a peak in the decisions to move at the age of 65–75 and a drop in the inclination to move among people over 80. None of the other factors is similarly influential, but we observe appreciable tendencies regarding the impact of gender and social class on planned movements. Our study suggests that variables other than classic socio-demographic data, such as apartment size, rent, social networks, and health, and their interrelations may offer a promising starting point for achieving a full picture of older people’s movement behaviour.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 22
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  : Forschungsdesign 4.0 – Datengenerierung und Wissenstransfer in interdisziplinärer Perspektive, Dresden, 19.–21. April 2018 , Seiten 45-59
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (15 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: : Forschungsdesign 4.0 – Datengenerierung und Wissenstransfer in interdisziplinärer Perspektive, Dresden, 19.–21. April 2018
    Publ. der Quelle: Dresden : Institut für Sächsische Geschichte und Volkskunde
    Angaben zur Quelle: , Seiten 45-59
    DDC: 020
    Keywords: Forschungsdaten ; Forschungsdatenmanagement ; Ethnologie ; Sozialanthropologie ; Kulturanthropologie ; Open Data ; Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
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  • 23
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    ISBN: 978-3-8394-4988-2
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (325 Seiten)
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Ein Teil der Soziologie will sich seit jeher von jeglicher Einmischung in die Praxis distanzieren, ein anderer Teil in die Gesellschaft hineinwirken. Im ersten Fall begreift die Soziologie sich als Wissenschaft, die von Außen auf die Gesellschaft schaut. Im zweiten Fall kann sie sich ihrer Zugehörigkeit zur Gesellschaft nicht entziehen. Was jedoch bedeuten diese vermeintlich widersprüchlichen Ziele für Soziolog_innen und was sagt das über das Fach selbst aus? Natalie Mevissen untersucht das Verhältnis der Soziologie zur Gesellschaft mit Hilfe hermeneutischer Interviewanalysen und formuliert zugleich Bedingungen für eine theoretisch wie methodologisch fundierte Wissenschaftssoziologie der Soziologie. Sie plädiert für einen Perspektivwechsel: weg von einem Problemdiskurs hin zu einer Perspektive der Wahlverwandtschaft der Soziologie mit der Gesellschaft.
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  • 24
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (238 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2019
    DDC: 300
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Reform- und Öffnungspolitik ; Legitimität von Ungleichheit ; Symbolisches Kapital ; Staatssozialistischen Hierarchischen Systems ; Habitus ; Reproduktion von Ungleichheiten ; Chinese Economic Reform ; Legitimacy of Inequality ; Symbolic Capital ; State-Socialist Hierarchical System ; Habitus ; Reproduction of Inequality ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Die Dissertation versucht herauszufinden, ob Ungleichheiten im reformierten China aus dem vergangenen staatssozialistischen System heraus reproduziert werden und wie in diesem Falle diese Reproduktion von Ungleichheit funktioniert. Die soziokulturelle Perspektive erlaubt eine Interpretation von Ungleichheit als ungleiche Verteilung symbolischen Kapitals, was konkret heißt, dass die strukturelle Ursache für Ungleichheit in der symbolischen Vermittlung menschlichen Handelns liegt. Die symbolische Vermittlung über den Habitus wurde von Pierre Bourdieu systematisch untersucht, um die Funktionsweise der Reproduktion von Ungleichheiten zu erklären. Als Ausdruck der Logik menschlichen Handelns, welches durch Wissen und Erfahrung in einer symbolischen Welt entsteht, organisiert der Habitus das menschliche Handeln, um die Bedingungen seines Entstehens zu reproduzieren. Im Falle Chinas seit Beginn der Reformpolitik sind Hierarchien des staatssozialistischen Systems in Form von post-transformativen symbolischen Ungleichheiten erhalten geblieben. Diese Strukturen werden in der Dissertation als eine sozialistische Soziokultur definiert, die menschliches Handeln im veränderten Umfeld des Marktes vermittelt. Die sozialistische hierarchische Ordnung differenziert chinesische Bürger entlang der Trennlinien sozialistischen symbolischen Kapitals. Die Ergebnisse der multiple correspondence analysis zeigen, dass sowohl im Kontext des urbanen als auch des ländlichen Chinas die Beständigkeit des staatssozialistischen hierarchischen Systems eine wichtige Rolle für die heutige soziale Struktur spielt. Auf den Ergebnissen der quantitativen Forschung, die menschliches Handeln wird in der meritokratischen Gesellschaft durch sozialistische hierarchische Vermächtnisse symbolisch ausgehandelt. Gleichzeitig funktioniert die Persistenz des Habitus des staatssozialistischen hierarchischen Systems als unsichtbarer Mechanismus der Reproduktion von Ungleichheiten im China der Reformpolitik.
    Abstract: This study specifically aims to explore whether or not inequality in today's China is reproduced from the historical state-socialist class system and, if so, how the reproduction of inequality happens. The sociocultural perspective allows for the interpretation of inequality as an unequal distribution of symbolic capital, which reveals that the symbolic mediation of human practice is the structural root of inequality. This symbolically mediated practice is called habitus, which has been systematically developed by Pierre Bourdieu and utilized to explain how the reproduction of inequality happens. As the embodied logic of human practice that is acquired from knowledge and experience within a symbolic world, habitus organizes human practice to seek out and reproduce the conditions from which the habitus has developed. With regard to the case of China in this dissertation, some state-socialist hierarchical arrangements are maintained in the form of symbolic inequalities under reform, and are defined together as a socialist socioculture that is hypothesized to mediate human practice in a market environment. These socialist hierarchical arrangements distinguish Chinese citizens along the lines of socialist symbolic capital. Empirically, the results of multiple correspondence analysis demonstrate that in both rural and urban China, the persistence of the state-socialist hierarchical system plays an important role in informing the social structure, even with the rise of emerging classes. Following the findings from the quantitative research, it was found that human practice in a meritocratic society is symbolically mediated by the socialist hierarchical legacies. Meanwhile, the maintenance of habitus acquired from the state-socialist hierarchical system is an invisible mechanism for reproducing inequality under reform.
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  • 25
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (458 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2017
    DDC: 301
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; sozial-ökologische Transformation ; Nachhaltigkeit ; Transition ; kollektives Lernen ; gesellschaftlicher Wandel ; sustainability governance ; buen vivir ; gutes Leben ; Diskursanalyse ; social-ecological transformation ; sustainability ; transition ; collective learning ; societal change ; sustainability governance ; buen vivir ; good living/ living well ; discourse analysis ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Die immer offensichtlicher werdende Verflechtung der vielfältigen sozialen und ökologischen Krisen stellt Risikogesellschaften weltweit vor der Herausforderung, grundlegende Transformationen der vorherrschenden gesellschaftlichen Modelle und Lebensweisen vorzunehmen, welche sich an den kulturellen Vorstellungen des wohlhabenden globalen Nordens orientieren. Bisher haben sich jedoch sowohl internationale als auch lokale Versuche, globale Entwicklungspfade in Richtung „faire und nachhaltige“ Zukunft zu lenken, als weitgehend erfolglos erwiesen. Der weltweite Ressourcenverbrauch und die Degradierung der Biosphäre haben sich weiter verschärft und beschleunigt. In Anlehnung an die deutsche hermeneutische Tradition sowie an den französischen Poststrukturalismus und den amerikanischen symbolischen Interaktionismus versucht diese theoretische und empirische Dissertation, die strukturellen Zwänge zu modellieren, mit denen individuelle change agents konfrontiert sind, und sie daran hindern, sozial-ökologische "reale Utopien" (Bloch) voranzutreiben. Darüber hinaus nimmt diese Dissertation eine Typisierung möglicher Wege zur Überwindung solcher Einschränkungen vor, nämlich durch Eingriffe einer bestimmten Art von auf der meso-gesellschaftlichen Ebene operierender Agency, die wir als Para-Governance bezeichnen. Die Dissertation schließt mit einer Reflexion über die sich verändernden Formen und Funktionen von Governance im Anthropozän, die über herkömmliche, eng definierte rationalistische und institutionalistische Ansätze hinausgehen.
    Abstract: The increasingly apparent imbrication of the multiple social and ecological crises creates an imperative for “risk societies” worldwide to undertake fundamental transformations to the currently prevalent model of social organization shaped after the cultural imaginaries of the affluent Global North. So far, however, both international and local attempts at bending global developmental trajectories towards “fair and sustainable” futures have proven largely futile, with global resource-consumption and biosphere degradation further reinforcing and accelerating. Drawing on the German hermeneutic tradition, as well as on French post-structuralism and American symbolic interactionism, this theoretical cum empirical dissertation seeks to model the structural constraints weighting over ‘change agents’, thus preventing them from advancing social-ecological “real utopias” (Bloch), and typify possible ways of overcoming such constraints through interventions of a specific kind of agency identified as operating at the meso-societal level, which we refer to as para-governance. The dissertation concludes by reflecting on the changing forms and functions of governance in the Anthropocene beyond conventional narrowly defined rationalist and institutionalist approaches.
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  • 26
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  61,1, Seiten 1-11
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (12 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Abingdon : Routledge, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 61,1, Seiten 1-11
    DDC: 900
    Keywords: Global labour history ; factory history ; industrialization ; post-industrialization ; working-class history ; Geschichte, Geografie und Hilfswissenschaften ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Factories remain significant sites of employment, crucial to capitalism. In the twentieth century, scholars registered achievements in documenting their history, but since the late 1980s, and for a generation, the field lost impetus within labour history although insights continued to accumulate through work in adjacent disciplines. The factory has not featured on the agenda of ‘transnational’ and ‘global’ labour history, but we suggest that it can and should contribute to that broader global project, reinvigorating labour history, not least by contributing a dimension close to workers’ everyday experience.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 27
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (12 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: New York, NY : Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 27,3, Seiten 483-493
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Bayesian analysis ; run time optimization ; nuisance parameters ; multi-level modeling ; structural equation modeling ; sampler monitoring ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Bayesian estimation has become very popular. However, run time of Bayesian models is often unsatisfactorily high. In this illustration, we show how to reduce run time by (a) integrating out nuisance model parameters and by (b) reformulating the model based on covariances and means. The core concept is to use the sample scatter matrix which is in our case Wishart distributed with the model-implied covariance matrix as the scale matrix. To illustrate this approach, we choose the popular multi-level null (intercept-only) model, provide a step-by-step instruction on how to implement this model in a multi-purpose Bayesian software, and show how structural equation modeling techniques can be employed to bypass mathematically challenging derivations. A simulation study showed that run time is considerably reduced and an empirical example illustrates our approach. Further, we show how the JAGS sampling progress can be monitored and stopped automatically when convergence and precision criteria are reached.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 28
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  42,8, Seiten 1278-1298
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (22 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 42,8, Seiten 1278-1298
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: For many years, Chinese infrastructure finance has been secured by African governments to provide infrastructure of national significance, while cities continue to lack fiscal tools for the provision of large-scale urban infrastructure. This article not only demonstrates that Chinese infrastructure finance is being extended to municipal authorities in Africa to undertake critical urban infrastructure but also scrutinizes the urban dynamics and local impact of using Chinese infrastructure finance for urban regeneration. Through empirical scrutiny of the regeneration of Kotokuraba Market in Cape Coast, Ghana, findings reveal that municipal authorities, like national governments, are subjected to political and embedded conditionalities. However, the conventional resource-backed repayment conditionality characteristic of Chinese-funded national projects differs from the project finance model—relying on the project’s cash flow for repayment—adopted in Cape Coast. We found in Cape Coast a locally-driven emphasis on affordable rents that stands in stark contrast to the practice of project finance, resulting in potential default of the Chinese loan. The wider consequences of this disjuncture for urban development, financing and governance in Cape Coast, Ghana, and Africa are discussed.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 29
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London [u.a.] : Taylor & Francis, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 33,5, Seiten 634-650
    DDC: 333.7
    Keywords: Farmer group ; governance ; independent smallholders ; power mapping ; smallholder certification ; social network analysis ; Southeast Asia ; Natürliche Resourcen, Energie und Umwelt ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Landwirtschaft und verwandte Bereiche
    Abstract: Multi-stakeholder sustainability certification schemes have become a favorite instrument for applying good governance, though studies indicate their inefficiency at the producer level. In this study, we used a mixed-method approach to first, map the institutional context of independent oil-palm smallholders in rural Sumatra while, second, reflecting upon the impact of the Smallholder Standard proposed by the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil on smallholder management practices. We hold that non-recognition of micro-scale perspectives within governance processes may partially explain noncompliance with certification principles among smallholders. The Smallholder Standard appears unable to mitigate challenges important for smallholders, who in turn cannot properly comply with it, due to problems including weather instability and high management costs. We suggest that certification schemes need to work on some overlooked but essential preconditions of good governance, namely gaining micro-level visibility and acceptance.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 30
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    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  41,5, Seiten 552-579
    ISSN: 1075-5470 , 1075-5470
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (28 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Thousand Oaks [u.a.] : SAGE Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 41,5, Seiten 552-579
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: scientific misconduct ; retractions ; apologies ; boundary work ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Retractions of journal articles exclude fraudulent or erroneous research from legitimate science and perform boundary work. Analyzing retractions from different disciplines and focusing on their apologetic aspects, we find that these apologies shift between openly addressing emotional, normative, and social themes and concealing them in a more scientific style of communication. Their boundary work remains highly ambivalent: They alternate between scientific and nonscientific forms of speaking, portray unstable patterns of control and coercion, and avoid drawing a boundary between legitimate and nonlegitimate science. In line with the hypothetical nature of scientific knowledge, retractions thus leave boundary making to the future.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 31
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    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Social Inclusion 7,2019,4, Seiten 100-107
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (8 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Social Inclusion
    Publ. der Quelle: Lisbon : Cogitatio Press
    Angaben zur Quelle: 7,2019,4, Seiten 100-107
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Anonymized Health Certificates ; illegalized migration ; medical care ; urban citizenship ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This article argues for an urban citizenship perspective which explores the struggle for rights and the everyday practices of illegalized migrants. Analyzing the concept of Anonymized Health Certificates as a result of such a struggle allows for examination of urban citizenship in this context. The implementation of the Anonymized Health Certificates program would facilitate access to medical care for people who live in the city of Berlin but are excluded from this right due to their lack of residency status. However, such a perspective also makes it possible to examine the limitation of the Anonymized Health Certificates, which would allow illegalized migrants in Berlin to circumvent access barriers, while at the same time the exclusion mechanisms of these barriers would remain uncontested at the national level. Whilst Anonymize Health Certificates will greatly improve access to medical care, illegalized migrants have by no means been passive subjects and have been actively rejecting their exclusion from health care: Practices include sharing health insurance cards with friends, visiting doctors who help for free as a form of solidarity, and sharing information about these doctors within their social networks. Even if they do not contest the social order visibly, they refuse to passively accept their social exclusion. Illegalized migrants perform such practices of urban citizenship in their everyday life as they actively take ownership of their rights to participate in urban life, even whilst being formally denied these rights.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 32
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    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  The senses & society 14,2019,2, Seiten 148-172
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (26 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: The senses & society
    Publ. der Quelle: Abingdon, Oxfordshire : Routledge
    Angaben zur Quelle: 14,2019,2, Seiten 148-172
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Experience ; history of education ; anthropology of the senses ; imagination ; sensibility ; gender ; history of perception ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Bräuche, Etikette, Folklore
    Abstract: Taking the German picture-encyclopedia Picture Book for Children (1790–1830) of Friedrich J. Bertuch as a vantage point, this article presents a thick historiographical description of the concept of experience and the role of visual material in relation to the figure of the child. I am interested here in the formation of the notion of experience and specifically in the ways experience has played a key role in the debates over the concepts of vitalism, epigenesis, and experience-based (verbal) imagery in the Enlightenment. The broad call for clearness, vividness and the employment of images in the literature of the period highlights crucial negotiations of sense-based practices in education and scholarly knowledge production. Experience, sensation, perception, and observation became catchwords within anthropological and philosophical reflections on how to showcase life itself. Through a careful analysis of early biological images and image practices in Bertuch’s Picture Book, I show the picture was supposed to initiate interaction. Pictures become a crucial part of communication processes and practices of bourgeois self-assurance, also with regards to racialized, sexualized and gendered subject formation.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 33
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    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Zur Sache! Objektwissenschaftliche Ansätze der Sammlungsforschung : Workshop des Museums der Universität Tübingen MUT, Tübingen, 6.-8. September 2018, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen / Ernst Seidl, Frank Steinheimer und Cornelia Weber (Hg.) ,2019, Seiten 59-65
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (7 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Zur Sache! Objektwissenschaftliche Ansätze der Sammlungsforschung : Workshop des Museums der Universität Tübingen MUT, Tübingen, 6.-8. September 2018, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen / Ernst Seidl, Frank Steinheimer und Cornelia Weber (Hg.)
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Angaben zur Quelle: ,2019, Seiten 59-65
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Umarbeitung ; Objektanalyse ; Kleidungsforschung ; Soziologie, Anthropologie
    Abstract: Das Umarbeiten und Weiternutzen von Kleidung stellte bis Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts eine verbreitete textile Praktik dar. Von der kulturwissenschaftlichen Kleidungsforschung wurde diese Praktik bislang eher wenig beachtet oder vorrangig mit Kriegs- und Nachkriegszeiten in Verbindung gebracht. In meinem Dissertationsprojekt richte ich den Blick über solche expliziten Krisen- und Notzeiten hinaus auf Kleidungsstücke, die nach ihrer eigentlichen Herstellung umgeändert, bearbeitet oder modisch aktualisiert und damit einem „zweiten Leben“ zugeführt wurden. Dabei veränderten sich nicht nur ihre Erscheinungsformen, sondern unter Umständen auch Verwendungszusammenhänge und Bedeutungszuschreibungen. Ausgehend von einem objektbasierten Forschungsansatz werden anhand von erhaltenen historischen Kleidungsstücken, die von diesem Umgang mit Kleidung und Textilien zeugen, Fragen nach historischen Konsumpraktiken erörtert. In dem vorliegenden Beitrag, der ein frühes Stadium des Forschungsprozesses widerspiegelt, gehe ich auf die Forschungsfragen und die methodische Vorgehensweise der Studie ein.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 34
    ISBN: 978-3-9818369-9-8
    ISSN: 2366-6641 , 2366-665X
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (327 Seiten)
    Additional Information: 2366-6641 978-3-9818369-9-8
    Additional Information: 2366-665X
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Objektepistemologie ; Ambivalenz der Dinge ; Transdisziplinärer Forschungsraum ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Die sozial- und kulturwissenschaftliche Bewertung der Dinge, ihres epistemischen Status sowie ihres Stellenwerts im Rahmen sozialer Praktiken und damit für das Soziale insgesamt hat in den letzten drei Jahrzehnten eine bemerkenswerte Dynamik entfaltet und eine radikale theoretische Weiterentwicklung vollzogen. In der aktuellen theoretischen Debatte über die Dinge wird dabei insbesondere die Variabilität und Instabilität der sozialen Praxis sowie die ‚Ambivalenz der Dinge‘ betont. Objektepistemologien widmen sich der Frage, wie genau multiple und variable Objektidentitäten in der epistemischen Praxis entstehen und wie sie ihrerseits auf diese Praxis zurückwirken. Handlungsoptionen an, mit oder infolge von Dingen besitzen jedoch stets auch eine soziale, wirtscha liche, politische sowie eine ethische Dimension, die ebenfalls wissensbasiert ist und deren Prämissen es gleichermaßen zu klären gilt. Die Texte des vorliegenden Bandes stellen den Versuch dar, das gegenseitige Abhängigkeitsverhältnis zwischen Dingen und Wissen aufzudecken und in verschiedenen Erscheinungsformen zu analysieren. Dadurch umreißen sie den transdisziplinären Forschungsraum der Objektepistemologien und stellen sein wissenschaftliches Potential unter Beweis.
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  • 35
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Geoforum 101,2019, Seiten 202-211
    ISSN: 0016-7185 , 0016-7185
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (38 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Geoforum
    Publ. der Quelle: Amsterdam [u.a.] : Elsevier
    Angaben zur Quelle: 101,2019, Seiten 202-211
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: mental health care ; precarity ; housing market ; urban assemblages ; ethnography ; niching ; Soziologie und Anthropologie
    Abstract: Community psychiatry services in Berlin are currently facing serious challenges providing care to their clients due to a strained housing market and a lack of housing for people with low income or on welfare. Rather than using the word precarity to describe the effect of cuts in welfare state benefits and investments, we grasp precarity ethnographically as a situated, processual condition that emerges in urban assemblages. Based on long-term ethnographic fieldwork in community psychiatry and with people with a psychiatric diagnosis in Berlin, we elaborate on the entanglement of housing market development, gentrification processes and mental health care provision. Community psychiatry professionals especially face challenges securing decent housing for their clients in the inner-city; as a result they pressure them to keep disturbances to a minimum and keep inconspicuous clients in the mental health care system. We argue that precarity is contingently produced by the coming-together of urban developments and community psychiatry principles. As such, precarity itself is generative of shifts in mental health care practices, produces visible tensions within community psychiatry and unfolds in the everyday struggles of mental health care clients, resulting in ambiguous outcomes. To provide a relational analysis of precarity as lived experience and a condition of urban life, we introduce the notion of niching as a middle-range concept connecting conditions of precarity with what people make of it. This is complemented by an analysis of the socio-material practices that produce urbanism.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: Final version published as: Patrick Bieler, Martina Klausner: “Niching in cities under pressure. Tracing the reconfiguration of community psychiatric care and the housing market in Berlin”. In: Geoforum 101 (2019), pages 202–211. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2019.01.018
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  • 36
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Current Sociology 67,2019,3, Seiten 383-400
    ISSN: 0011-3921 , 0011-3921
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Current Sociology
    Publ. der Quelle: London, England : SAGE Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 67,2019,3, Seiten 383-400
    DDC: 390
    Keywords: Belonging ; boundaries ; diversity ; Europe ; refugees ; solidarity ; transnationalism ; Bräuche, Etikette, Folklore ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: The recent massive arrival of war refugees has challenged Europe’s political unity and fanned the flames of anti-Muslim populism. Both discourses have been framed in terms of ‘shifting solidarity’ between the European Union member states, their citizens and the refugees. At stake, the article argues, is the delineation of the collectivity linked by the obligation of solidarity. Drawing on insights from research conducted among Polish-born migrants in Germany about their practices and attitudes towards helping the refugees, and critically engaging with social theory, this article offers a new understanding of transnational solidarity. Transnational solidarity, it argues, needs to embrace the tension between cosmopolitan and particularistic ideas around belonging. The article suggests defining transnational solidarity as an outcome of socio-culturally and spatio-temporally specific interpretations of the norm of solidarity. As a heuristic device, transnational solidarity helps us to understand the shifting alliances for and against refugees in Europe.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 37
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Qualitative Forschung in der Sozialpsychiatrie: Eine Einführung in Methodik und Praxis / Silvia Krumm, Reinhold Kilian, Heiko Löwenstein ,2019, Seiten 173-183
    ISBN: 978-3-88414-972-0 , 978-3-88414-686-6 , 978-3-88414-972-0
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (11 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Qualitative Forschung in der Sozialpsychiatrie: Eine Einführung in Methodik und Praxis / Silvia Krumm, Reinhold Kilian, Heiko Löwenstein
    Publ. der Quelle: Köln : Psychiatrie Verlag
    Angaben zur Quelle: ,2019, Seiten 173-183
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Medizin und Gesundheit ; Psychologie ; Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände
    Note: Erstmalig folgendermaßen erschienen (published first as): Patrick Bieler und Martina Klausner: „Iterative Go-alongs: Eine ethnografische Methode zur Erforschung des Zusammenspiels von psychischen Beeinträchtigungen und städtischer Umwelt“. In: Qualitative Forschung in der Sozialpsychiatrie: Eine Einführung in Methodik und Praxis. Hrsg. von Silvia Krumm, Reinhold Kilian und Heiko Löwenstein. Köln: Psychiatrie Verlag, 2019, Seiten 173–183.
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  • 38
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Acta Sociologica 62,2019,2, Seiten 174-192
    ISSN: 0001-6993 , 0001-6993
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Acta Sociologica
    Publ. der Quelle: London, England : SAGE Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 62,2019,2, Seiten 174-192
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Family demography ; income inequality ; decomposition ; counterfactual analysis ; Germany ; United States ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Income inequality has grown in many countries over the past decades. Single country studies have investigated how trends in family demography, such as rising female employment, assortative mating and single parenthood, have affected this development. But the combined effects have not been studied sufficiently, much less in a comparative perspective. We apply decomposition and counterfactual analyses to Luxembourg Income Study data from the 1990s and 2000s for West Germany and the USA. We counterfactually analyse how changes in the distribution of men’s and women’s education, employment and children across households between the 1990s and 2000s affected overall inequality (Theil index). We find that changes in family demography between the 1990s and the 2000s explain inequality growth in West Germany but not in the USA, where the effects of gendered changes in education and employment offset each other. In West Germany, changes in the distribution of household types, and particularly changes in men’s employment and education, contributed to increases in income inequality. The country differences in the relationship between changes in family demography and inequality growth reflect how the decline in men’s and the growth in women’s employment played out differently in the weakening male breadwinner context in West Germany and in the universal breadwinner context in the USA.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 39
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Journal of ethnic and migration studies ,2019, Seiten 1-15
    ISSN: 1469-9451 , 1469-9451
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Journal of ethnic and migration studies
    Publ. der Quelle: London [u.a.] : Taylor & Francis
    Angaben zur Quelle: ,2019, Seiten 1-15
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: German labour movement ; political remittances ; transnationalism ; working class formation ; political refugees ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Das Sozialverhalten beeinflussende Faktoren
    Abstract: It is a key idea that the German Labour Movement originated in the early nineteenth century abroad. In the more liberal atmosphere of Paris, Brussels, Geneva and London political refugees and travelling journeymen came together and founded associations. This turn of events should, however, not be seen solely within the analytical framework of class formation but also as part of the civil societal development of a transnational movement that fought for the acceptance of the workers as ‘real citizens’. This paper seeks to place the topic of the (political) formation of the German working class in dialogue with the structure of political remittances and thereby to enquire into the influence of foreign ideas and associational models on the early German working class: which actors, media and ideas helped spread these new forms of associations; how were these shaped by the interplay between national impacts and transnational developments?
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 40
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    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Ethnicities 19,2019,3, Seiten 535-557
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (23 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Ethnicities
    Publ. der Quelle: London [u.a.] : Sage
    Angaben zur Quelle: 19,2019,3, Seiten 535-557
    DDC: 390
    Keywords: Migration background ; ethnic categories ; national statistic ; German microcensus ; statistical category ; citizenship ; national membership ; Bräuche, Etikette, Folklore
    Abstract: The term “migration background” is commonly used in Germany today, but this neologism is only 20 years old. As an official category, it is even much younger. There has been only little research concerning the new population category, which emerged around the turn of the millennium. Thus, the question how the “migration background” could become the central category describing migration related diversity in Germany is not answered yet. This article fills this gap by exploring the context of the emergence of the “migration background” including the history of ethnic categories in German official statistics. It describes the actual definition of a “migration background” which became an official category in 2007 when the German Federal Statistical Office started publishing data regarding “the population with a migration background” based on the microcensus, a 1% household survey with mandatory participation. The central questions are: how national membership is imagined, how is it inscribed in definitions, and what adaptions had to be made over time? To answer these questions, different sources as questionnaires, publications of results of the microcensus and national reports on children and youth are analysed. Using interpretative methods, it is shown how a new taxonomy of the population in Germany was created, how it was influenced by international and national educational research, and to which extent it reshaped the perspectives on newcomers and natives. It is shown that the new category is tightly bound to citizenship and summarizes a number of older ethnic categories, but excludes also immigrated Germans who immigrated shortly after Second World War and from the former German Democratic Republic. Therefore, the label “migration background” is misleading because inherited citizenship and ancestry is in the centre of the definition rather than migration experience.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 41
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (98 Seiten)
    Series Statement: Berliner Abschlussarbeiten der Europäischen Ethnologie 4,2019
    Dissertation note: Masterarbeit Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2019
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; utopia ; film ; Fallism ; South Africa ; frame analysis ; decolonisation ; intersectionality ; Utopie ; Film ; Fallism ; Südafrika ; Rahmenanalyse ; Dekolonialisierung ; Intersektionalität ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Beginning in 2015, the South African Fallist student movement grew rapidly and sparked uprisings across the whole country, calling for free decolonized education. In January 2017, when the movement was in a phase of slow retreat, Kagiso Mogotsi, a black South African history student and I, a white German anthropologist, spent one semester at the University of Pretoria collaborating on a militantly engaged film project. Changing Utopias? A South African Protest Documentary involved a number of Fallists, eager to utilize this particular moment to foster a new debate about South African utopias. Together we created a twenty minute film, exploring the links between the the historical uprisings against apartheid and colonialism of earlier generations of black activists in South Africa, and the new generation of Fallist activists. With the help of narrative and frame analysis I later examined the activists' alignments to the struggle heroes, as well as to black radical feminisms and present LGBTIQA+ movements. While the motivational utopias of Fallism are still based upon equality, justice, decolonisation, and liberation from oppression, these old visions are being interpreted anew, words filled with fresh meaning and adapted to new concepts and practices of intersectionality. With utopia as a method, this thesis recognises the movement as an ever-changing and self-challenging conglomerate of the values, hopes and dreams of the so called Born Free generation of a post-colonial and post-Rainbow Nation South Africa.
    Abstract: Die südafrikanische Studierendenbewegung Fallism nahm ihren Anfang im Jahr 2015 und entfachte mehrere Aufstände überall im Land durch dem Ruf nach freier dekolonialisierter Bildung. Im Januar 2017, zu einer Zeit in der sich die Bewegung in einer Phase des Rückzugs befand, verbrachten Kagiso Mogotsi, eine Schwarze südafrikanische Geschichts-Studentin und ich, eine Weiße deutsche Anthropologin, ein Semester damit, an der Universität zu Pretoria zusammen im Zeichen der militantly engaged anthropology mit mehreren Fallists einen Film zu drehen. Das Ergebnis trug den Titel Changing Utopias? A South African Protest Documentary. Der zwanzig minütige Film wurde von Fallists genutzt, um eine neue Debatte über südafrikanische Utopien anzustoßen. Die Verbindungen zwischen den historischen Aufständen gegen Apartheid und Kolonialismus früherer Generationen Schwarzer südafrikanischer struggle heroes und denen einer neuen Generation von Fallists wurden dabei besonders unterstrichen. Später untersuchte ich mit der Hilfe von Narrations- und Rahmenanalyse diese Aneignung jener historischen Kämpfe, sowie die neue Verortung der Fallists in black radical feminisms und LGBTIQA+ Bewegungen. Während ihre Utopien immer noch auf Gleicheit, Gerechtigkeit, Dekolonialisierung und Befreiung von Unterdrückung basieren, interpretieren Fallists die alten Visionen doch neu und passen sie den aktuellen Konzepten und Praktiken der Intersektionalität an. Schließlich erkennt diese These, Utopie als Methode nutzend, die neue Bewegung eines post-kolonialen und post-Regenbogen Südafrikas als ein sich stetig wandelndes und selbst-hinterfragendes Konglomerat von Werten, Hoffnungen und Träumen der sogenannten Born Free Generation.
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  • 42
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (49 Seiten)
    Series Statement: Berliner Abschlussarbeiten der Europäischen Ethnologie 3,2019
    Dissertation note: Masterarbeit Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2019
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Self-Tracking ; Quantified Self ; Measurement ; Quantification ; Data ; self-optimization ; Technologies of the Self ; Self-Tracking ; Quantified Self ; Messung ; Quantifizierung ; Daten ; Selbstoptimierung ; Technologien des Selbst ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: The general tendency of modern knowledge production towards quantification and datafication increasingly alters the methods of self-observation. Within the practices of self-tracking the subject of cognition collapses with the object of investigation into a self-measuring subject. In the frame of an ethnographic analysis of the Quantified Self movement, the thesis critically questions the relation of this specific self-knowledge to strategies of governance. The Quantified Self presents itself as community of form, in which no specific values are imposed on its members, but the imperative of freedom and a quantified form. However, this apolitical stance of the Quantified Self reproduces the desires inscribed into the body of