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  • 2005-2009  (133)
  • Human Relations Area Files, Inc  (133)
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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Mossi (African people) ; Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)--Social conditions
    Abstract: This collection of 10 documents covers historical, cultural, and geographical information on the Mossi people from their first conquest by French colonialists in 1896/1897 to the emergence of Burkina Faso as an independent nation in 1961. The earliest account of pre-colonial Mossi culture and society in this collection was compiled by Mangin, a Catholic missionary who worked among the Mossi at the turn of the 20th century. Two documents focus on political and social structures as observed in 1908-1916 by Tauxier, a French colonial administrator with a long association with traditional Mossi leaders. The remaining seven documents were compiled by two American anthropologists, Skinner and Hammond, and are based on ethnographic fieldwork carried out in Ouagadougou and other parts of Mossi country mostly in 1954-1957. In one document Skinner discusses urbanization and modernization issues based on data and interviews from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in the 1964-1965 and later on in 1966-1969 when the author served as the Ambassador of the United States to Burkina Faso. The Mossi are a Voltaic-speaking people located mostly in the West African nation of Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta). The Mossi are historically noted for their empire, which lasted for at least five centuries until conquest by the French at the end of the nineteenth century
    Description / Table of Contents: Mossi - Gregory A. Finnegan - 2009 -- - Essay on the manners and customs of the Mossi people in the western Sudan - Eugène Mangin - 1921 -- - Economic change and Mossi acculturation - Peter B. Hammond - 1959 -- - The black population of the Sudan, Mossi and Gourounsi country, documents and analyses - Louis Tauxier - 1912 -- - The black population of Yatenga - L. Tauxier - 1917 -- - Christianity and Islam among the Mossi - Elliott P. Skinner - 1958 -- - Traditional and modern patterns of succession to political office among the Mossi of the Voltaic Republic - Elliott P. Skinner - 1960 -- - Mossi joking - Peter B. Hammond - 1964 -- - The Mossi of the Upper Volta - Elliott Percival Skinner - 1964 -- - Trade and market among the Mossi people - By Elliott P. Skinner - 1962 -- - African urban life: the transformation of Ouagadougou - by Elliott P. Skinner - [1974]
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  • 2
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Bedouins ; Bedouins--Kuwait--Social life and customs ; Bedouins--Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs ; Kuwait--Social life and customs ; Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs
    Abstract: This collection of five documents and a culture summary, all in English, cover historical and cultural information from about late-1880s to early 2000s. Two documents date back to the first quarters of the 20th century when most of the area was ruled by European colonialists. One is a chapter from a handbook compiled by the intelligence division of the British Navy, the other is a book written by H. R. P. Dickson, a British political agent who worked in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq in 1920s-1930s. Dickson's book provides a first hand account of Bedouin culture and society including the physical environment, material culture, seasonal movements, organization of tribes and lineages, cultural norms relating to visiting and hospitality, folklore, religious beliefs and practices, warfare, and inter-community relations. The remainder of the collection consists of three articles, all by professional anthropologists. Two discuss indigenous conflict resolution practices with particular emphasis on blood feuds and cattle raiding. The remaining article explores the effects of a wide variety of external and internal factors, notably colonialism, commercialization of pastoral production, occupational change and sedentarization, on Bedouin culture and identity. The Bedouin are Arabic-speaking people who earn their living primarily from animal husbandry by natural graze and browse of sheep, goats, and camels. Traditionally, the Bedouin lived in tents, formed scattered camping units that seasonally migrated over a vast area of the Middle East and North Africa influenced by availability of pasture and water. This way of life and social organization has been significantly affected by the creation of nation-states in the 20th century and the establishment national boundaries across customary migration routes. As a consequence, the Bedouin have begun to engage in new activities including tourism, commerce and wage labor
    Description / Table of Contents: Bedouin - Dawn Chatty and William Young - 2009 -- - The Arab of the desert: a glimpse into Badawin life in Kuwait and Sau'di Arabia - by H. R. P. Dickson - 1951 -- - The Bedouin tribes: chapter 3 - Compiled by the Geographical Section of the Naval Intelligence Division, Naval Staff, Admiralty - 1920 -- - Where have the Bedouin gone? - Donald P. Cole - 2003 -- - Settlement of violence in Bedouin society - Sulayman N. Khalaf - 1990 -- - Camel raiding of north Arabian Bedouin: a mechanism of ecological adaptation - Louise E. Sweet - 1965
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Carib Indians ; Indians of South America--Guyana
    Abstract: This collection about the Barama River Carib consists of two documents and a cultural summary that covers cultural, ecological, and historical information collected by professional anthropologists from the 1920s to the 1970s. The Barama River Carib are a small group of indigenous people located in the North West District of Guyana. John Gillin explores relationships between ecology and dominant features of Barama River Carib's social organization and personality as observed in the 1930s. Kathleen Adams studied this community some forty years later. Her work gives particular emphasis to changes observed in Barama River Carib's demography, settlement pattern, and semi-nomadic adaptation to the rain forest as they were being integrated into a national political economy by the Guyanese government
    Description / Table of Contents: Barama River Carib - Kathleen J. Adams - 2009 -- - The Barama River Caribs of British Guiana - John Gillin - 1936 -- - The Barama River Caribs of Guyana restudied: forty years of cultural adaptation and population change - Kathleen Joy Adams - 1973
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  • 4
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Ethnic relations--Political aspects ; Ethnology--China--Kweichow Province ; Ethnology--Hmong (Asian people) ; Hmong (Asian people)--China ; Hmong (Asian people)--China--Social life and customs ; Religion--Hmong (Asian people)
    Abstract: This collection of ten documents, three translated from the Chinese, provide historical, economic and cultural information about the Miao, circa 1920-2000. Most are based on fieldwork with different Miao communities in China during the late 1930s and early 1940s at a time when many Miao farmers actively participated first in the liberation struggle against Japanese occupation and later on during the "Long March" with the victorious Red Army. The earliest and most basic sources in the collection are by Graham which, together, provide a variety of cultural information including language, mythology, subsistence, dwellings, family life, kinship, village government, arts, religion and ceremonials. His focus on the Miao of southern Szechwan is complimented by Rui who provides a brief description of a subgroup called Magpai Miao. Four documents focus on different Miao groups living in Kweichow, Hunan, and Yunnan and Guizhou provinces. Based on ethnographic data collected in the 1980s and early 1990s, when the Chinese government gradually opened rural communities to Western researchers and travelers, the two remaining works discuss the ways in which the cultures and identities of the Miao (and other minority ethnic groups) have been constructed and deployed since the 1949 and especially in the context of China's post-Mao economic reforms. The Miao are one of 56 non-Han Chinese people officially recognized by the government as minority nationalities. They are distinguished by language, dress, historical traditions, and cultural practice from neighboring ethnic groups and the dominant Han Chinese
    Description / Table of Contents: Miao - Norma Diamond - 2009 -- - A report on an investigation of the Miao of western Hunan - [by] Shun-sheng Ling and Yih-fu Ruey ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1947 -- - The Cowrie Shell Miao of Kweichow - [by] Margaret Portia Mickey - 1947 -- - Religious beliefs of the Miao and I tribes in An-shun Kweichow - [by] Kuo-chun Ch'en ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1942 -- - The customs of the Ch'uan Miao - [by] David Crockett Graham - 1937 -- - The ceremonies of the Ch'uan Miao - Translated from the Miao into Chinese by Hsiung Ts'ao-sung ; translated from the Chinese by David Crockett Graham, with the assistance of Hsiung Ts'ao-sung - 1937 -- - Songs and stories of the Ch'uan Miao - [by] David Crockett Graham - 1954 -- - Studies of Miao-I societies in Kweichow - [by] Che-lin Wu, Ch'en Kuo-chnn and others ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1942 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: the Miao and the feminine in China's cultural politics - Louisa Schein - 2000 -- - Ethnicity and the state: the Hua Miao of southwest China - Norma Diamond - 1993 -- - Magpie Miao of southern Szechuan - Ruey Yih-fu - 1960
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  • 5
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Agriculture and state-India-Chingleput (District) ; Agriculture and state-India-Tamil Nadu ; Chingleput, India (District)-Rural conditions ; Land tenure-India-Chingleput (District) ; Love ; Tamil (Indic people) ; Tamil (Indic people)-Social life and customs ; Trawick, Margaret
    Abstract: This collection of 23 documents about Indian Tamils, all in English, deal primarily with specific village surveys or regional studies in Tamil Nadu. No single document in the collection gives a general overview of all aspects of Tamil ethnography. Information regarding the caste and class organization of the Tamil is provided by B́eteille, Sivetsen, Gough, Beck, and Mencher. Tamil economics is covered by Haswell and in the six south Indian village economic studies presented in Thomas, Ramakrishnan, Thirumalai, Natarajan, and Veeraraghaven. Also discussed are the status and powers of women in Tamil society, health and health policies in the village of Thaiyur, and social change in the village of Pulicat. The Tamil homeland is in southwestern India and is roughly equivalent to the modern state of Tamil Nadu. The Tamil comprise the vast majority of the population of Tamil Nadu and a good number of Indian Tamil also live in the small territory of Pondicherry, around the city of Bangalore, and elsewhere in India. The Tamil speak Tamil, a Dravidian language. Within villages, society is ordered by a hierarchy of castes
    Description / Table of Contents: Tamil - Clarence Maloney - 2009 -- - Caste, class, and power: changing patterns of stratification in a Tanjore village - By By André Béteille - 1971 -- - When caste barriers fall: a study of social and economic change in a south indian village - Dagfinn Sivertsen - 1963 -- - Pills against poverty: a study of the introduction of western medicine in a Tamil village - By Goran Djurfeldt and Staffan Lindberg - 1975 -- - Peasant society in Konku: a study of right and left subcastes in south India - Brenda E. F. Beck - 1972 -- - Dravidianization: a Tamil revitalization movement - Ebenezer Titus Jacob-Pandian - 1972 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: past origins, present transformations and future prospects - by Joan P. Mencher - 1978 -- - The tribulations of fieldwork - By André Béteille - 1975 -- - Viewing hierarchy from the bottom up - Joan P. Mencher - 1975 -- - Some south Indian villages: a resurvey with analysis and observations - Edited by P. J. Thomas and K. C. Ramakrishnan - 1940 -- - Vadamalaipuram: (Ramnad District) - By S. Thirumalai - 1940 -- - Gangaikondan: (Tinnevelly District.) - By B. Natarajan - 1940 -- - Palakkurichi: (Tanjore Dt.) - By S. Thirumalai - 1940 -- - Eruvellipet: (South Arcot Dt.) - By A. K. Veeraraghavan - 1940 -- - Dusi: (North Arcot Dt.) - By A. K. Veeraraghavan - 1940 -- - Notes on love in a Tamil family - Margaret Trawick - 1990 -- - On the meaning of sakti to women in Tamil Nadu - Margaret Egnor - 1991 -- - The auspicious married woman - Holly Baker Reynolds - 1991 -- - Marriage in Tamil culture: the problem of conflicting 'models' - Sheryl B. Daniel - 1991 -- - The paradoxical powers of Tamil women - Susan S. Wadley - 1991
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Abkhazians ; Abkhazians--Social conditions ; Abkhazians--Social life and customs ; Centenarians--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia ; Child rearing--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia ; Family--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia
    Abstract: This collection consists of a culture summary and four English language documents dealing with the people and culture of Abkhazia, covering approximately 1864 to 1979. The study by Paula Garb is based on the memories of centenarian informants and goes back in time to the middle or late nineteenth century. They recount the transition from czarist fuedalism to capitalist development, early Soviet government, the formation of collective farms, World War II, and their opinions of modern (late twentieth century) Abkhazian youth. Benet focuses on various environmental and biological factors leading to extreme longevity of a large number of individuals in Abkhaz society. Other ethnographic topics discussed are kinship and kinship terminology, women's roles, marriage, sexual behavior, child-rearing practices, funerals, religion, and folklore. Dzhanashvili and Dzhanashia both deal in large part with Abkhaz religion, including gods, ceremonies, spirits of the dead, and holidays. Dzhanashvili also presents some general ethnographic information on social life (marriage, the fosterage system of the upper class), and some notes on mortuary practices. The Abkhazians mostly live in the de facto autonomous republic of Abkhazia located between the southwestern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains and a narrow strip along the Black Sea coast in the extreme northwest region of the Republic of Georgia
    Description / Table of Contents: Abkhazians - B. George Hewitt - 2009 -- - Abkhazia and the Abkhaz - M. G. Dzhanashvili - 1894 -- - The Religious beliefs of the Abkhasians - N. S. Janashia - 1937 -- - Abkhasians: the long-living people of the Caucasus - By Sula Benet - [1974] -- - From childhood to centenarian - Paula Garb - 1984
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  • 7
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Indian children--Argentina ; Indian children-Chile ; Indians of South America--Chile ; Indians of South America-Argentina ; Indians of South America-Chile ; Mapuche Indians ; Mapuche Indians--Religion ; Mapuche Indians--Social life and customs ; Mapuche Indians-Social life and customs
    Abstract: This collection consists of nine documents, all in English, about the Mapuche. Titiev gives a good overall picture of Mapuche culture with special emphasis on sociopolitical structure and acculturation but only covers the period from 1930 to the late 1940s. Cooper's writing, based on secondary documentation, supplements the data in Titiev, particularly in regard to diversity among the various tribal divisions, and adds more historical background information. Latcham's account of Mapuche culture as it existed in the late nineteenth century is poorly organized, but provides many useful details on Mapuche life. Although its major focus is on childhood and child-rearing practices, Hilger's piece provides a wealth of information on the life cycle, material culture, subsistence activities, religion, kinship, political organization, art, and culture history of both Chilean and Argentinian groups of Mapuche. Faron deals with Mapuche social structure, religion, and morals; Baccara discusses the Mapuche ethnic resurgence in post-dictatorship Chile; and Nakashima Degarrond describes female shamanism among the Mapuche of Chile. Historically, Mapuche or "people from the land" was the term used to designate the Mapuche occupying the south-central area of Chile but now is the term used for all Mapuche. The Mapuche speak a language called Mapudungun, composed of several dialects
    Description / Table of Contents: Mapuche - Lydia Nakashima Degarrod - 2009 -- - Araucanian culture in transition - Mischa Titiev - 1951 -- - Ethnology of the Araucanos - Richard E. Latcham - 1909 -- - The Araucanians - John M. Cooper - 1946 -- - Araucanian child life and its cultural background - by Sister M. Inez Hilger - 1957 -- - Mapuche social structure: institutional reintegration in a patrilineal society of central Chile - Louis C. Faron ; foreword by Julian H. Steward - 1961 -- - Hawks of the sun: Mapuche morality and its ritual attributes - by Louis C. Faron - 1964 -- - The Mapuche people in post-dictatorship Chile - Guillaume Boccara - 2002 -- - Mapuche ceremonial landscape, social recruitment and resource rights - Tom D. Dillehay - 1990 -- - Female shamanism and the Mapuche transformation into Christian Chilean Farmers - Lydia Nakashima Degarrod - 1998
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  • 8
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Yoruba (African people) ; Yoruba
    Abstract: This collection of 31 documents about the Yoruba covers the time period from 1880 to the 1960s. The book by anthropologist William R. Bascom (1969) provides comprehensive first-hand ethnographic accounts of Yoruba culture as observed in 1937-1938, 1950-1951 and 1965. Articles by Bascom discuss aspects of Yoruba culture and society including social structure, cult groups and divination, functions of local credit institutions, and food and cooking. Other anthropological studies include both broad ethnographic surveys, and relatively short manuscripts examining specific themes including political structure, lineage groups, kinship and marriage, class and economic differentiation, craft organization, land tenure and tenancy, urbanization and change, and divination, cult groups, witchcraft and dynamics of gender and religion. Also included in the collection are reports by a senior colonial government official and two missionaries. The collection focuses largely on Yoruba communities in Nigeria, except Parrinder (1947) who provides a brief ethnographic survey of the Yoruba in Benin (formerly Dahomey). Readers will also find useful information in Matory and Bascom (1969) relating to the influences of Yoruba religion and art forms on the cultures of peoples of African origin in the Caribbean, Cuba, Brazil, and the United States
    Description / Table of Contents: Yoruba - Sandra T. Barnes - 2009 -- - The Yoruba-speaking peoples of south-western Nigeria - Daryll Forde - 1951 -- - The sanctions of Ifa divination - William R. Bascom - 1941 -- - The laws and customs of the Yoruba people - by A. K. Ajisafe ; with a portrait of the author - 1924 -- - The principle of seniority in the social structure of the Yoruba - William R. Bascom - 1942 -- - Yoruba food - William R. Bascom - 1951 -- - Yoruba cooking - William R. Bascom - 1951 -- - The Yoruba lineage - Peter C. Lloyd - 1955 -- - Kinship and lineage among the Yoruba - William B. Schwab - 1955 -- - Craft organization on Yoruba towns - Peter C. Lloyd - 1953 -- - Some problems of tenancy in Yoruba land tenure - Peter C. Lloyd - 1955 -- - Land tenure in the Yoruba provinces - H. L. Ward Price - 1939 -- - The terminology of kinship and marriage among the Yoruba - William B. Schwab - 1958 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: a credit institution of the Yoruba - William R. Bascom - 1952 -- - Ifa divination - J. D. Clarke - 1939 -- - The integration of the new economic classes into local government in western Nigeria - P. C. Lloyd - 1953 -- - Yoruba-speaking peoples in Dahomey - Geoffrey Parrinder - 1947 -- - The Atinga cult among the south-western Yoruba: a sociological analysis of a witch-finding movement - P. Morton-Williams - 1956 -- - Native administration in the British African territories: part III, West Africa: Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone, Gambia - Lord Hailey - 1951 -- - Three Yoruba fertility ceremonies - J. D. Clarke - 1944 -- - Ifa Divination: comments on the paper by J. D. Clarke - William R. Bascom - 1942 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: gender and the politics of metaphor in Oyo Yoruba religion - J. Lorand Matory - 1994
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Amish
    Description / Table of Contents: Amish - John A. Hostetler - 2009 -- - Amish society - John A. Hostetler - 1980 -- - A peculiar people: Iowa's Old Order Amish - By Elmer Schwieder and Dorothy Schwieder - 1975
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  • 10
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Ethnology Rwanda ; Hutu (African people) ; Patron and client--Rwanda--History ; Patronage, Political--Rwanda--History ; Political anthropology--Rwanda--History ; Rwanda--Ethnic relations ; Rwanda--Politics and government ; Rwandans ; Social structure--Rwanda--History ; Tutsi (African people)
    Abstract: This collection of fifteen documents covers historical, cultural, and economic information on the Rwandans, circa 1895 to 2004. The Rwandan culture has its roots in the precolonial kingdom of Rwanda and encompasses both the population of the modern state of Rwanda and speakers of the Kinyarwanda language in the neighboring Congo and Uganda. The basic and most comprehensive sources in the collection were compiled by the Belgian ethnologist Jacques Maquet in 1949-1957. Maquet discusses the processes and rules that structured Rwandan society into a caste-like political system consisting of cattle owning ruling elites, Tutsi, a farming majority, Hutu, and a forest dwelling hunting minority, Twa. However, his arguments are strongly challenged by the works of three scholars, Mamdani, Catharine Newbury, and David Newbury, who do not view ethnicity as a primordial identity. The collection also includes four documents which, together, provide the earliest available firsthand information on the Rwandans: Czekanowski, who, in 1907-1909, collected a wide variety of information relating to history, language, and arts in the Mpororo region; the now classic work of John Roscoe, a European clergy who traveled extensively in central Africa; and van Hove, a Belgian colonial administrator and lawyer. Two documents from Christopher Taylor deal with ethnomedicine and diet, and the remaining three deal with the nature of the violence that swept Rwanda in 1994. The Rwandans encompass groups presently known as the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa
    Description / Table of Contents: Rwandans - Timothy Longman - 2009 -- - Essay on the common law of Ruanda - J. Vanhove - 1941 -- - The kingdom of Ruanda - Jacques J. Maquet - 1954 -- - A Hamitic kingdom in the center of Africa: in Ruanda on the shores of Lake Kivu (Belgian Congo) - G. Pagés - 1933 -- - Investigations in the area between the Nile and the Congo: First volume: ethnography, the interlacustrine region of Mporo and Ruanda - Jan Czkanowski ; musical appendix by E. M. Hornbostel - 1917 -- - The Bagesu and other tribes of the Uganda Protectorate: the third part of the report of the Mackie ethnological expedition to central Africa - John Roscoe - 1924 -- - The premise of inequality in Ruanda:: a study of political relations in a central African kingdom - Jacques J. Maquet - 1961 -- - The cohesion of oppression: clientship and ethnicity in Rwanda, 1860-1960 - Catharine Newbury - 1988 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: an historical hypothesis - David S. Newbury - 1980 -- - The harp that plays by itself - Christopher C. Taylor - 1992 -- - Loose women, virtuous wives, and timid virgins: gender and the control of resources in Rwanda - Villia Jefremovas - 1991 -- - Mutton, mud, and runny noses - Christopher C. Taylor - 2005 -- - Rwanda: the rationality of genocide - René Lemarchand - 1995 -- - Background to genocide: Rwanda - Catharine Newbury - 1995 -- - Genocide and socio-political change: massacres in two Rwandan villages - Timothy Longman - 1995
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  • 11
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Arabian Peninsula--Description and travel ; Bedouins--Arabian Peninsula ; Bedouins--Saudi Arabia ; Folklore--Arabian Peninsula ; Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs
    Abstract: This collection of three documents and a culture summary, all in English, cover historical and cultural information from about late-1900s to mid-1970s. Alois Musil, a Czech historical geographer, traveled with the Rwala Bedouins between 1908 and 1915 working for the Austro-Hungarian government. His book provides first hand accounts of daily life, ethical codes, social structures and religious practices of the Rwala when they were still living in the desert as nomadic pastoralists. Carl Reinhard Raswan, a German adventurer, spent 22 years off and on among the Rwala Bedouins from 1913-1935. He presents detailed information on Rwala code of honor and ethics, drought and patterns of migration, marriage practices and duties of village Sheiks. Anthropologist William Lancaster conducted extensive ethnographic fieldwork among various Rwala groups in Syria, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia in 1972-1975. Lancaster's work explores how Rwala families, lineages and Sheiks have changed over the past several decades in response to external forces, notably the division of their traditional homeland among four newly emerged sovereign states (namely, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq) and the oil boom in the region. This work also deconstructs travelers' reports and European imaginations of the Bedouin which tend to romanticize their desert life and "exotic" lineage systems. The Rwala are nomadic pastoralists who live mainly in southeastern Jordan and northern Saudi Arabia. They speak Arabic and refer to themselves as "baduw," that is, people of the "desert." All Rwala are believed to be descended from a common but unknown Arab ancestor. Their access to grazing land has been altered by the creation of nation-states in the 20th century and the establishment national boundaries across their customary migration routes. Since 1970 the Rwala have made more money from commerce and wage labor than from pastoralism
    Description / Table of Contents: Rwala Bedouin - William Young - 2009 -- - Black tents of Arabia - Carl R. Raswan - 1947 -- - The manners and customs of the Rwala Bedouins - by Alois Musil ... published under the patronage of the Czech Academy of Sciences and Arts and of Charles R. Crane - 1928 -- - The Rwala Bedouin today - William Lancaster - 1981
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  • 12
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Ainu ; Ainu--Medicine
    Abstract: This collection about the Ainu consists of 8 documents, all in English, including three books which were translated from Japanese. The collection contains a variety of cultural and historical information from two widely contrasting time periods. The first covers the years 1877 to 1924 when most Ainu were living in their traditional homeland in southern Sakhalin. The second is from the 1960s-1970s after the Ainu almost disappeared as a distinct group following their relocation in the Hokkaid̄o Island by the Japanese government during World War II. The oldest materials in the collection were compiled by Batchelor, an English missionary who lived among the Ainu for fifty years in 1877-1924; Pilsudski, a German ethnologist who conducted fieldwork there from 1895-1905; and Munro, an English physician who lived in Japan in 1900-1942. These works provide firsthand accounts of pre-relocation Ainu culture and society, covering religion, ceremonials, mythology, folklore, economic activities, life cycles, and health issues. Three of the books in the collection were authored by Japanese scholars focusing on Japanese conquest and assimilation of the Ainu (Takakura), ecological and economic effects of relocation (Watanabe), and features of Ainu kinship system (Sugiura). The remaining two books are by Ohnuki-Tierney, an American anthropologist who, in 1965-1969, sought to retrospectively reconstruct the "Ainu way of life" through extensive ethnographic fieldwork among elderly informants in Sakhalin. Ohnuki-Tierney's works, which also provide extensive review of previous works on the Ainu in Sakhalin, Hokkaid̄o and the neighboring islands, are the most comprehensive sources. Ainu people who lived in Kurile and the other islands taken over by the USSR during World War II are not covered in the collection
    Description / Table of Contents: Ainu - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 2009 -- - The Ainu of northern Japan: a study in conquest and acculturation - [by] Shinichiro Takakura ; translated and annotated by John A. Harrison - 1960 -- - Ainu life and lore: echoes of a departing race - [by] John Batchelor - 1927 -- - Kinship organization of the Saru Ainu - [by] Kenichi Sugiura and Harumi Befu - 1962 -- - Ainu creed and cult - Edited with a pref. and an additional chapter by B.Z. Seligman. Introd. by H. Watanabe - 1963 -- - Pregnancy, birth and miscarriage among the inhabitants of Sakhalin Island (Gilyak and Ainu) - [by] Bronislaw Pilsudski - 1910 -- - The Ainu: a study of ecology and the system of social solidarity between man and nature in relation to group structure - [by] Hitoshi Watanabe - 1964 -- - The Ainu of the northwest coast of southern Sakhalin - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 1974 -- - Illness and healing among the Sakhalin Ainu: a symbolic interpretation - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 1981
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  • 13
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Clans ; Creation--Mythology ; Indians of North America--Social life and customs ; Wyaco, Virgil, 1926- ; Zuni Indians ; Zuni Indians--Biography ; Zuni Indians--Legal status, laws, etc ; Zuni Indians--Politics and government ; Zuni mythology
    Abstract: This collection about the Zuni, a pueblo Indian group located in the southwestern United States, consists of 33 documents. The collection is oriented toward traditional Zuni ethnography represented by the classic works of Stevenson, Cushing, Kroeber, Parsons, Bunzel, and Woodbury. The social and political organization of the Zuni are covered in Ladd, Eggan, Eggan and Pandey, and Pandey. Kinship is discussed in Kroeber, Schneider, and Ladd; and agriculture is covered by Cushing, Bohrer, and Damp. Acculturation and culture change are topics of focus in McFeat, Leighton, Mills, and Eggan and Pandey. Other ethnographic subjects covered in this collection are kachinas, family and household, and ceramics. Wyaco wrote an autobiographical account of growing up in the Zuni society, and Pandey critiques various anthropologists' work with the Zuni over the years. The Zuni, who call themselves "A shiwi," are primarily concentrated in the single village or pueblo of Zuni situated on a reservation in west-central New Mexico
    Description / Table of Contents: their mythology, esoteric fraternities, and ceremonies - by Matilda Coxe Stevenson - 1904 -- - A Zuni life: a Pueblo Indian in two worlds - Virgil Wyaco ; transcribed and edited by J.A. Jones ; historical sketch by Carroll L. Riley - 1998 -- - Bibliography - Alfonso Ortiz, volume editor - 1979 -- - Outlines of Zuñi creation myths - By Frank Hamilton Cushing - 1896 -- - Zuni agriculture - By Vorsila L. Bohrer, With sections by Lawrence Kaplan and Thomas W. Whitaker - 1960 -- - People of the middle place: a study of the Zuni Indians - by Dorothea C. Leighton and John Adair - [1963] -- - Zuni law: a field of values - by Watson Smith and John M. Roberts. With an appendix by Stanley Newman - 1954 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: lessons for repatriation from Zuni Pueblo and the Smithsonian Institution - by William L. Merrill, Edmund J. Ladd, and T. J. Ferguson - 1993 -- - Acts of resistance: Zuni ceramics, social identity, and the Pueblo Revolt - Barbara J. Mills - 2002 -- - Anthropologists at Zuni - Triloki Nath Pandey - 1972 -- - Images of power in a Southwestern pueblo - Triloki Nath Pandey - 1977 -- - Zuni history, 1850-1970 - Fred Eggan and T. N. Pandey - 1979 -- - Zuni sacred theater - by Barbara Tedlock - 1983 -- - The witches were saved: a Zuni origin story - Dennis Tedlock - 1988 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: a revisionist cultural model of Zuni social organization - Linda K. Watts - 1997 -- - Zuni prehistory and history to 1850 - Richard B. Woodbury - 1979
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  • 14
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Adolescence ; Children--Samoan Islands ; Developing countries-Economic conditions ; Ethnology--Samoa--Sala'ilua ; Ethnology--Samoan Islands ; Girls--Samoan Islands ; Rural development-Samoa ; Sala'ilua (Samoa)--Social life and customs ; Samoa ; Samoan Islands ; Samoan Islands--Social life and customs ; Samoans ; Samoans-Economic conditions ; Samoans-Social conditions ; Tubuai (French Polynesia) ; Western Samoa ; Women, Samoan--Social life and customs
    Abstract: This collection about the Samoans consists of 15 documents and a culture summary, covering a wide variety of cultural and historical information from the1830s to the 1990s. The Samoans are Polynesian people who live on a group of small islands in the Central Pacific which constitute the territories of American Samoa and (since 1962) the independent state of Western Samoa. The earliest descriptions of Samoan culture and history were compiled by the missionaries John B. Stair and George Turner, who lived in different parts of the island from 1838-1945 and 1840-1880, respectively. Five documents are ethnographic accounts and essays by Margaret Mead who, in 1925-1928, lived among Samoans villagers mostly in the Manuan group of islands in American Samoa. One document revisits some of the major arguments advanced in Mead's works, notably her portrayal of adolescent Samoan girls as sexually permissive. The remaining seven documents in the collection further enrich the historical and cultural information on Samoa with additional themes and in-depth analysis including plant resources and indigenous botanical knowledge, traditional material culture, a socio-political analysis of the modern history of American and Western Samoa, post-war reconstruction of Western Samoa, material culture and social change, structures and processes in the Western Samoan Sala'ilua village, and recent changes in the economic options of households and individuals in Vaega and Neiafu villages in Western Samoa
    Description / Table of Contents: its government and changing life - by Felix M. Keesing ... - 1934 -- - Ethnobotany of the Samoans - William Albert Setchell - 1924 -- - Culture summary: Samoans - Thomas Bargatzky - 2009 -- - Social organization of Manua - Margaret Mead - 1930 -- - Coming of age in Samoa: a psychological study of primitive youth for western civilisation - by Margaret Mead ... foreword by Franz Boas ... - 1928 -- - Western Samoa - W. E. H. Stanner - 1953 -- - The role of the individual in Samaon culture - Margaret Mead - 1928 -- - Samoan children at work and play - Margaret Mead - 1928 -- - Americanization in Samoa - Margaret Mead - 1929 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: together with notes on the cults and customs of twenty-three other islands in the Pacific - George Turner - 1884 -- - Old Samoa: or flotsam and jetsam from the Pacific Ocean - by the Rev. John B. Stair ; with an introd. by the Bishop of Ballarat - 1897 -- - Sala'ilua: a Samoan mystery - Bradd Shore - 1982 -- - Samoan planters: tradition and economic development in Polynesia - J. Tim O'Meara - 1990 -- - Ta'u: stability and change in a Samoan village - Lowell D. Holmes - 1958 -- - The history of Samoan sexual conduct and the Mead-Freeman controversy - Paul Shankman - 1996
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  • 15
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Arabian Peninsula--Description and travel ; Bedouins--Arabian Peninsula ; Bedouins--Saudi Arabia ; Folklore--Arabian Peninsula ; Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs
    Abstract: This collection of three documents and a culture summary, all in English, cover historical and cultural information from about late-1900s to mid-1970s. Alois Musil, a Czech historical geographer, traveled with the Rwala Bedouins between 1908 and 1915 working for the Austro-Hungarian government. His book provides first hand accounts of daily life, ethical codes, social structures and religious practices of the Rwala when they were still living in the desert as nomadic pastoralists. Carl Reinhard Raswan, a German adventurer, spent 22 years off and on among the Rwala Bedouins from 1913-1935. He presents detailed information on Rwala code of honor and ethics, drought and patterns of migration, marriage practices and duties of village Sheiks. Anthropologist William Lancaster conducted extensive ethnographic fieldwork among various Rwala groups in Syria, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia in 1972-1975. Lancaster's work explores how Rwala families, lineages and Sheiks have changed over the past several decades in response to external forces, notably the division of their traditional homeland among four newly emerged sovereign states (namely, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq) and the oil boom in the region. This work also deconstructs travelers' reports and European imaginations of the Bedouin which tend to romanticize their desert life and "exotic" lineage systems. The Rwala are nomadic pastoralists who live mainly in southeastern Jordan and northern Saudi Arabia. They speak Arabic and refer to themselves as "baduw," that is, people of the "desert." All Rwala are believed to be descended from a common but unknown Arab ancestor. Their access to grazing land has been altered by the creation of nation-states in the 20th century and the establishment national boundaries across their customary migration routes. Since 1970 the Rwala have made more money from commerce and wage labor than from pastoralism
    Description / Table of Contents: Rwala Bedouin - William Young - 2009 -- - Black tents of Arabia - Carl R. Raswan - 1947 -- - The manners and customs of the Rwala Bedouins - by Alois Musil ... published under the patronage of the Czech Academy of Sciences and Arts and of Charles R. Crane - 1928 -- - The Rwala Bedouin today - William Lancaster - 1981
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  • 16
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Art, Tiwi (Australia) ; Tiwi (Australian people) ; Tiwi (Australian people)--Folklore ; Tiwi (Australian people)--Rites and ceremonies ; Women, Tiwi (Australia) Tiwi (Australian people)--Social life and customs
    Abstract: This collection about the Tiwi consists of 11 documents and a culture summary, all in English. It covers a variety of historical, geographical, and cultural information from 1900 to the 1960s collected primarily by professional anthropologists and government officials. The Tiwi are aboriginal people inhabiting Melville and Bathurst Islands of northern Australia. Anthropologist Jane Goodale provides comprehensive firsthand ethnographic accounts of Tiwi society as observed in 1950s and 1960s. She describes major features of Tiwi society through detailed exposition of the experiences of individual women, men, and children in different groups (households, matrilineal sibs, phratries, and moieties) and a wide variety of social situations relating to puberty rites, marriage arrangements, and funeral ceremonies. Other anthropological studies included examine status manipulation and political behavior, art and religion, kinship and social organization, use of personal names, marriage contracts, puberty and initiation rites, economic activities, and division of labor by gender. There is little information on changes that might have occurred in Tiwi society after 1962 (the year Goodale visited the area for the last time) to the present
    Description / Table of Contents: Tiwi - Jane C. Goodale - 2009 -- - The Tiwi of North Australia - by C. W. M. Hart and Arnold R. Pilling - 1960 -- - The Tiwi: their art, myth, and ceremony - Charles P. Mountford - 1958 -- - The Tiwi of Melville and Bathurst Islands - C. W. M. Hart - 1939-31 -- - Personal names among the Tiwi - C. W. M. Hart - 1930-31 -- - Notes on the natives of Bathurst Island, North Australia - Herbert Basedow - 1913 -- - Marriage contracts among the Tiwi - Jane C. Goodale - 1962 -- - Qualifications of manhood: Tiwi invoke the power of a yam - Jane C. Goodale - 1963 -- - 'Alonga Bush': a Tiwi hunt - Jane C. Goodale - 1957 -- - Life at Bathurst Island Mission - Arthur Barclay - 1939 -- - Tiwi wives: a study of the women of Melville Island, North Australia - [by] Jane C. Goodale - [1971] -- - Production and reproduction of key resources among the Tiwi of North Australia - Jane C. Goodale - 1982
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  • 17
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Vedda (Sri Lankan people)
    Abstract: This collection consists of three documents, all in English, containing information about the Vedda during three periods of time: 1850s, mid-1910s, and late 1960s. The first comprehensive ethnographic account of Vedda in this collection was compiled by C. G. Seligmann and B. Z. Seligmann. It provides a first hand account of Vedda kinship, village life, economic activities, settlement patterns, life cycles, religion, music, language and perceptions as observed in 1907-1908. Seligmanns's account is supplemented by James Brow's study of kinship and caste system among the Vedda of Anuradhapura district in the Northern Central Province of Sri Lanka. The remaining book in the collection was authored by John Bailey, a British colonial government official, and he covers a variety of information relating to settlement pattern, economic activities and religion. The Vedda are a small group of indigenous people living in the center of Sri Lanka, an island off the southern tip of India
    Description / Table of Contents: Vedda - James Brow and Michael Woost - 2009 -- - The Veddas - By C. G. Seligmann... and Brenda Z. Seligman. With a chapter by C.S. Myers ... and an appendix by A. Mendis Gunasekara ... - 1911 -- - An account of the wild tribes of the Veddahs of Ceylon: their habits, customs, and superstitions - John Bailey - 1863 -- - Vedda villages of Anuradhapura: the historical anthropology of a community in Sri Lanka - James Brow - 1978
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  • 18
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Child development-Liberia-Gbarngasuakwelle ; Child psychology-Liberia--Gbarngasuakwelle ; Children, Kpelle ; Children, Kpelle-Cultural assimilation ; Children, Kpelle-Education ; Children, Kpelle-Games ; Education--Liberia ; Folk classification--Liberia ; Gbarngasuakwelle (Liberia)-Social life and customs ; Kpelle (African people) ; Kpelle (African people)--Economic conditions ; Kpelle (African people)--Education ; Kpelle (African people)--Marriage customs and rites ; Kpelle (African people)--Religion ; Kpelle (African people)--Rites and ceremonies ; Kpelle (African people)--Social conditions ; Kpelle (African people)--Social life and customs ; Learning, Psychology of ; Liberia--Social life and customs ; Poro (Society) ; Secrecy ; Socialization--Case studies
    Abstract: This collection about the Kpelle consists of 10 documents, covering a variety of cultural information, from the 1910s to the 1980s. German ethnologist Diedrich H. Westermann describes Kpelle environment, economy, language, family, social organization, religion and arts as observed in 1914-1915. His work is the oldest and by far the largest in the collection, though Gibbs provides a more general social and cultural summary of Kpelle based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 1957-1958. The remaining 8 documents are results of research concerned with specific issues and the focus of most of these studies was on rural Kpelle communities in Liberia. Kpelle communities found in cities (e.g., Monorovia) and outside Liberia (e.g., Kpelle of Guinea or Guerźe) are not covered. The Kpelle are the largest ethnic group in the West African nation of Liberia and a significant group in neighboring Guinea
    Description / Table of Contents: Kpelle - Gerald M. Erchak - 2009 -- - The Kpelle of Liberia - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1965 -- - Women and marriage in Kpelle society - Caroline H. Bledsoe - 1980 -- - The language of secrecy: symbols & metaphors in Poro ritual - By Beryl Larry Bellman - 1984 -- - Village of curers and assassins: on the production of Fala Kpelle cosmolotical categories - By Beryl Larry Bellman - 1975 -- - The Kpelle: a negro tribe in Liberia - Diedrich H. Westerman - 1921 -- - Full respect: Kpelle children in adaptation - Gerald Michael Erchak - 1977 -- - Marital instability among the Kpelle: towards a theory of epainogamy - James L. Gibbs - 1963 -- - Poro values and courtroom procedures in a Kpelle chiefdom - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1962 -- - The Kpelle moot: a therapeutic model for the informal settlement of disputes - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1963 -- - Playing on the mother-ground: cultural routines for children's development - David F. Lancy - 1996
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  • 19
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Family--New Zealand ; Kinship--New Zealand ; Maori (New Zealand people) ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Economic conditions ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Kinship ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Social conditions ; New Zealand--Social life and customs
    Description / Table of Contents: Maori - Christopher Latham - 2009 -- - The Maori: volume 1 - by Elsdon Best - 1924 -- - The Maori: volume 2 - by Elsdon Best ... - 1924 -- - The coming of the Maori - by Te Rangi Hiroa, Sir Peter Buck - 1952 -- - Economics of the New Zealand Maori - Raymond William Firth ; with a pref. by R. H. Tawney - 1959 -- - The Maori: a study in acculturation - H.B. Hawthorn - [1944] -- - New growth from old: the Whanau in the modern world - Joan Metge ; illustrated by Toi Te Rito Maihi - 1995 -- - Conflicts of redistribution in contemporary Maori society: leadership and the Tainui settlement - Toon van Meijl - 2003 -- - Effecting change through electoral politics: cultural identity and the Maori franchise - Ann Sullivan - 2003 -- - References - Edited by Toon van Meijl and Michael Goldsmith - 2003 -- - The making of the Maori: culture invention and its logic - Allan Hanson - 1989
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  • 20
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Maori (New Zealand people) ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Economic conditions ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Kinship ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Social conditions ; Family--New Zealand ; Kinship--New Zealand ; New Zealand--Social life and customs ; Maori ; Maori
    Note: Culture summary: Maori - Christopher Latham - 2009 -- - The Maori: volume 1 - by Elsdon Best - 1924 -- - The Maori: volume 2 - by Elsdon Best ... - 1924 -- - The coming of the Maori - by Te Rangi Hiroa, Sir Peter Buck - 1952 -- - Economics of the New Zealand Maori - Raymond William Firth ; with a pref. by R. H. Tawney - 1959 -- - The Maori: a study in acculturation - H.B. Hawthorn - [1944] -- - New growth from old: the Whanau in the modern world - Joan Metge ; illustrated by Toi Te Rito Maihi - 1995 -- - Conflicts of redistribution in contemporary Maori society: leadership and the Tainui settlement - Toon van Meijl - 2003 -- - Effecting change through electoral politics: cultural identity and the Maori franchise - Ann Sullivan - 2003 -- - References - Edited by Toon van Meijl and Michael Goldsmith - 2003 -- - The making of the Maori: culture invention and its logic - Allan Hanson - 1989
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  • 21
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Carib Indians ; Indians of South America--Guyana ; Barama River Carib ; Barama River Carib
    Abstract: This collection about the Barama River Carib consists of two documents and a cultural summary that covers cultural, ecological, and historical information collected by professional anthropologists from the 1920s to the 1970s. The Barama River Carib are a small group of indigenous people located in the North West District of Guyana. John Gillin explores relationships between ecology and dominant features of Barama River Carib's social organization and personality as observed in the 1930s. Kathleen Adams studied this community some forty years later. Her work gives particular emphasis to changes observed in Barama River Carib's demography, settlement pattern, and semi-nomadic adaptation to the rain forest as they were being integrated into a national political economy by the Guyanese government
    Note: Culture summary: Barama River Carib - Kathleen J. Adams - 2009 -- - The Barama River Caribs of British Guiana - John Gillin - 1936 -- - The Barama River Caribs of Guyana restudied: forty years of cultural adaptation and population change - Kathleen Joy Adams - 1973
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  • 22
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Abkhazians ; Family--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia ; Child rearing--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia ; Abkhazians--Social conditions ; Abkhazians--Social life and customs ; Centenarians--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia ; Abchasen ; Abchasen
    Abstract: This collection consists of a culture summary and four English language documents dealing with the people and culture of Abkhazia, covering approximately 1864 to 1979. The study by Paula Garb is based on the memories of centenarian informants and goes back in time to the middle or late nineteenth century. They recount the transition from czarist fuedalism to capitalist development, early Soviet government, the formation of collective farms, World War II, and their opinions of modern (late twentieth century) Abkhazian youth. Benet focuses on various environmental and biological factors leading to extreme longevity of a large number of individuals in Abkhaz society. Other ethnographic topics discussed are kinship and kinship terminology, women's roles, marriage, sexual behavior, child-rearing practices, funerals, religion, and folklore. Dzhanashvili and Dzhanashia both deal in large part with Abkhaz religion, including gods, ceremonies, spirits of the dead, and holidays. Dzhanashvili also presents some general ethnographic information on social life (marriage, the fosterage system of the upper class), and some notes on mortuary practices. The Abkhazians mostly live in the de facto autonomous republic of Abkhazia located between the southwestern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains and a narrow strip along the Black Sea coast in the extreme northwest region of the Republic of Georgia
    Note: Culture summary: Abkhazians - B. George Hewitt - 2009 -- - Abkhazia and the Abkhaz - M. G. Dzhanashvili - 1894 -- - The Religious beliefs of the Abkhasians - N. S. Janashia - 1937 -- - Abkhasians: the long-living people of the Caucasus - By Sula Benet - [1974] -- - From childhood to centenarian - Paula Garb - 1984
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  • 23
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Rwandans ; Ethnology Rwanda ; Social structure--Rwanda--History ; Patronage, Political--Rwanda--History ; Patron and client--Rwanda--History ; Political anthropology--Rwanda--History ; Rwanda--Politics and government ; Rwanda--Ethnic relations ; Tutsi (African people) ; Hutu (African people) ; Tutsi ; Tutsi
    Abstract: This collection of fifteen documents covers historical, cultural, and economic information on the Rwandans, circa 1895 to 2004. The Rwandan culture has its roots in the precolonial kingdom of Rwanda and encompasses both the population of the modern state of Rwanda and speakers of the Kinyarwanda language in the neighboring Congo and Uganda. The basic and most comprehensive sources in the collection were compiled by the Belgian ethnologist Jacques Maquet in 1949-1957. Maquet discusses the processes and rules that structured Rwandan society into a caste-like political system consisting of cattle owning ruling elites, Tutsi, a farming majority, Hutu, and a forest dwelling hunting minority, Twa. However, his arguments are strongly challenged by the works of three scholars, Mamdani, Catharine Newbury, and David Newbury, who do not view ethnicity as a primordial identity. The collection also includes four documents which, together, provide the earliest available firsthand information on the Rwandans: Czekanowski, who, in 1907-1909, collected a wide variety of information relating to history, language, and arts in the Mpororo region; the now classic work of John Roscoe, a European clergy who traveled extensively in central Africa; and van Hove, a Belgian colonial administrator and lawyer. Two documents from Christopher Taylor deal with ethnomedicine and diet, and the remaining three deal with the nature of the violence that swept Rwanda in 1994. The Rwandans encompass groups presently known as the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa
    Note: Culture summary: Rwandans - Timothy Longman - 2009 -- - Essay on the common law of Ruanda - J. Vanhove - 1941 -- - The kingdom of Ruanda - Jacques J. Maquet - 1954 -- - A Hamitic kingdom in the center of Africa: in Ruanda on the shores of Lake Kivu (Belgian Congo) - G. Pagés - 1933 -- - Investigations in the area between the Nile and the Congo: First volume: ethnography, the interlacustrine region of Mporo and Ruanda - Jan Czkanowski ; musical appendix by E. M. Hornbostel - 1917 -- - The Bagesu and other tribes of the Uganda Protectorate: the third part of the report of the Mackie ethnological expedition to central Africa - John Roscoe - 1924 -- - The premise of inequality in Ruanda:: a study of political relations in a central African kingdom - Jacques J. Maquet - 1961 -- - The cohesion of oppression: clientship and ethnicity in Rwanda, 1860-1960 - Catharine Newbury - 1988 -- , - The origins of Hutu and Tutsi - Mahmood Mamdani - 2001 -- - The clans of Rwanda: an historical hypothesis - David S. Newbury - 1980 -- - The harp that plays by itself - Christopher C. Taylor - 1992 -- - Loose women, virtuous wives, and timid virgins: gender and the control of resources in Rwanda - Villia Jefremovas - 1991 -- - Mutton, mud, and runny noses - Christopher C. Taylor - 2005 -- - Rwanda: the rationality of genocide - René Lemarchand - 1995 -- - Background to genocide: Rwanda - Catharine Newbury - 1995 -- - Genocide and socio-political change: massacres in two Rwandan villages - Timothy Longman - 1995
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  • 24
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Bedouins ; Bedouins--Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs ; Bedouins--Kuwait--Social life and customs ; Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs ; Kuwait--Social life and customs ; Beduine ; Beduine
    Abstract: This collection of five documents and a culture summary, all in English, cover historical and cultural information from about late-1880s to early 2000s. Two documents date back to the first quarters of the 20th century when most of the area was ruled by European colonialists. One is a chapter from a handbook compiled by the intelligence division of the British Navy, the other is a book written by H. R. P. Dickson, a British political agent who worked in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq in 1920s-1930s. Dickson's book provides a first hand account of Bedouin culture and society including the physical environment, material culture, seasonal movements, organization of tribes and lineages, cultural norms relating to visiting and hospitality, folklore, religious beliefs and practices, warfare, and inter-community relations. The remainder of the collection consists of three articles, all by professional anthropologists. Two discuss indigenous conflict resolution practices with particular emphasis on blood feuds and cattle raiding. The remaining article explores the effects of a wide variety of external and internal factors, notably colonialism, commercialization of pastoral production, occupational change and sedentarization, on Bedouin culture and identity. The Bedouin are Arabic-speaking people who earn their living primarily from animal husbandry by natural graze and browse of sheep, goats, and camels. Traditionally, the Bedouin lived in tents, formed scattered camping units that seasonally migrated over a vast area of the Middle East and North Africa influenced by availability of pasture and water. This way of life and social organization has been significantly affected by the creation of nation-states in the 20th century and the establishment national boundaries across customary migration routes. As a consequence, the Bedouin have begun to engage in new activities including tourism, commerce and wage labor
    Note: Culture summary: Bedouin - Dawn Chatty and William Young - 2009 -- - The Arab of the desert: a glimpse into Badawin life in Kuwait and Sau'di Arabia - by H. R. P. Dickson - 1951 -- - The Bedouin tribes: chapter 3 - Compiled by the Geographical Section of the Naval Intelligence Division, Naval Staff, Admiralty - 1920 -- - Where have the Bedouin gone? - Donald P. Cole - 2003 -- - Settlement of violence in Bedouin society - Sulayman N. Khalaf - 1990 -- - Camel raiding of north Arabian Bedouin: a mechanism of ecological adaptation - Louise E. Sweet - 1965
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  • 25
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Bedouins--Arabian Peninsula ; Arabian Peninsula--Description and travel ; Folklore--Arabian Peninsula ; Bedouins--Saudi Arabia ; Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs ; Beduine ; Beduine
    Abstract: This collection of three documents and a culture summary, all in English, cover historical and cultural information from about late-1900s to mid-1970s. Alois Musil, a Czech historical geographer, traveled with the Rwala Bedouins between 1908 and 1915 working for the Austro-Hungarian government. His book provides first hand accounts of daily life, ethical codes, social structures and religious practices of the Rwala when they were still living in the desert as nomadic pastoralists. Carl Reinhard Raswan, a German adventurer, spent 22 years off and on among the Rwala Bedouins from 1913-1935. He presents detailed information on Rwala code of honor and ethics, drought and patterns of migration, marriage practices and duties of village Sheiks. Anthropologist William Lancaster conducted extensive ethnographic fieldwork among various Rwala groups in Syria, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia in 1972-1975. Lancaster's work explores how Rwala families, lineages and Sheiks have changed over the past several decades in response to external forces, notably the division of their traditional homeland among four newly emerged sovereign states (namely, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq) and the oil boom in the region. This work also deconstructs travelers' reports and European imaginations of the Bedouin which tend to romanticize their desert life and "exotic" lineage systems. The Rwala are nomadic pastoralists who live mainly in southeastern Jordan and northern Saudi Arabia. They speak Arabic and refer to themselves as "baduw," that is, people of the "desert." All Rwala are believed to be descended from a common but unknown Arab ancestor. Their access to grazing land has been altered by the creation of nation-states in the 20th century and the establishment national boundaries across their customary migration routes. Since 1970 the Rwala have made more money from commerce and wage labor than from pastoralism
    Note: Culture summary: Rwala Bedouin - William Young - 2009 -- - Black tents of Arabia - Carl R. Raswan - 1947 -- - The manners and customs of the Rwala Bedouins - by Alois Musil ... published under the patronage of the Czech Academy of Sciences and Arts and of Charles R. Crane - 1928 -- - The Rwala Bedouin today - William Lancaster - 1981
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  • 26
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Yoruba (African people) ; Yoruba ; Yoruba
    Abstract: This collection of 31 documents about the Yoruba covers the time period from 1880 to the 1960s. The book by anthropologist William R. Bascom (1969) provides comprehensive first-hand ethnographic accounts of Yoruba culture as observed in 1937-1938, 1950-1951 and 1965. Articles by Bascom discuss aspects of Yoruba culture and society including social structure, cult groups and divination, functions of local credit institutions, and food and cooking. Other anthropological studies include both broad ethnographic surveys, and relatively short manuscripts examining specific themes including political structure, lineage groups, kinship and marriage, class and economic differentiation, craft organization, land tenure and tenancy, urbanization and change, and divination, cult groups, witchcraft and dynamics of gender and religion. Also included in the collection are reports by a senior colonial government official and two missionaries. The collection focuses largely on Yoruba communities in Nigeria, except Parrinder (1947) who provides a brief ethnographic survey of the Yoruba in Benin (formerly Dahomey). Readers will also find useful information in Matory and Bascom (1969) relating to the influences of Yoruba religion and art forms on the cultures of peoples of African origin in the Caribbean, Cuba, Brazil, and the United States
    Note: Culture summary: Yoruba - Sandra T. Barnes - 2009 -- - The Yoruba-speaking peoples of south-western Nigeria - Daryll Forde - 1951 -- - The sanctions of Ifa divination - William R. Bascom - 1941 -- - The laws and customs of the Yoruba people - by A. K. Ajisafe ; with a portrait of the author - 1924 -- - The principle of seniority in the social structure of the Yoruba - William R. Bascom - 1942 -- - Yoruba food - William R. Bascom - 1951 -- - Yoruba cooking - William R. Bascom - 1951 -- - The Yoruba lineage - Peter C. Lloyd - 1955 -- - Kinship and lineage among the Yoruba - William B. Schwab - 1955 -- - Craft organization on Yoruba towns - Peter C. Lloyd - 1953 -- - Some problems of tenancy in Yoruba land tenure - Peter C. Lloyd - 1955 -- - Land tenure in the Yoruba provinces - H. L. Ward Price - 1939 -- - The terminology of kinship and marriage among the Yoruba - William B. Schwab - 1958 -- , - The sociological role of the Yoruba cult-group - William R. Bascom - 1944 -- - Native administration in Nigeria - Margery Perham - 1937 -- - The traditional political system of the Yoruba - Peter C. Lloyd - 1954 -- - Social status, wealth and individual differences among the Yoruba - William R. Bascom - 1951 -- - Teh Esusu: a credit institution of the Yoruba - William R. Bascom - 1952 -- - Ifa divination - J. D. Clarke - 1939 -- - The integration of the new economic classes into local government in western Nigeria - P. C. Lloyd - 1953 -- - Yoruba-speaking peoples in Dahomey - Geoffrey Parrinder - 1947 -- - The Atinga cult among the south-western Yoruba: a sociological analysis of a witch-finding movement - P. Morton-Williams - 1956 -- - Native administration in the British African territories: part III, West Africa: Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone, Gambia - Lord Hailey - 1951 -- - Three Yoruba fertility ceremonies - J. D. Clarke - 1944 -- - Ifa Divination: comments on the paper by J. D. Clarke - William R. Bascom - 1942 -- , - Theistic beliefs of the Yoruba and Ewe peoples of West Africa - Geoffrey Parrinder - 1950 -- - Some modern changes in the government of Yoruba towns - Peter C. Lloyd - 1953 -- - The Yoruba of Nigeria - Peter C. Lloyd - 1965 -- - Indigenous Yoruba psychiatry - Raymond Prince - 1964 -- - Manners and customs - Samuel Johnson - 1921 -- - The Yoruba of Southwestern Nigeria - by William Bascom - [1969] -- - Sex and the empire that is no more: gender and the politics of metaphor in Oyo Yoruba religion - J. Lorand Matory - 1994
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  • 27
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Kpelle (African people) ; Kpelle (African people)--Marriage customs and rites ; Kpelle (African people)--Economic conditions ; Kpelle (African people)--Social conditions ; Poro (Society) ; Kpelle (African people)--Rites and ceremonies ; Secrecy ; Liberia--Social life and customs ; Kpelle (African people)--Social life and customs ; Kpelle (African people)--Religion ; Folk classification--Liberia ; Children, Kpelle ; Socialization--Case studies ; Kpelle (African people)--Education ; Education--Liberia ; Children, Kpelle-Education ; Children, Kpelle-Games ; Children, Kpelle-Cultural assimilation ; Learning, Psychology of ; Child development-Liberia-Gbarngasuakwelle ; Child psychology-Liberia--Gbarngasuakwelle ; Gbarngasuakwelle (Liberia)-Social life and customs ; Kpelle ; Kpelle
    Abstract: This collection about the Kpelle consists of 10 documents, covering a variety of cultural information, from the 1910s to the 1980s. German ethnologist Diedrich H. Westermann describes Kpelle environment, economy, language, family, social organization, religion and arts as observed in 1914-1915. His work is the oldest and by far the largest in the collection, though Gibbs provides a more general social and cultural summary of Kpelle based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 1957-1958. The remaining 8 documents are results of research concerned with specific issues and the focus of most of these studies was on rural Kpelle communities in Liberia. Kpelle communities found in cities (e.g., Monorovia) and outside Liberia (e.g., Kpelle of Guinea or Guerzé) are not covered. The Kpelle are the largest ethnic group in the West African nation of Liberia and a significant group in neighboring Guinea
    Note: Culture summary: Kpelle - Gerald M. Erchak - 2009 -- - The Kpelle of Liberia - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1965 -- - Women and marriage in Kpelle society - Caroline H. Bledsoe - 1980 -- - The language of secrecy: symbols & metaphors in Poro ritual - By Beryl Larry Bellman - 1984 -- - Village of curers and assassins: on the production of Fala Kpelle cosmolotical categories - By Beryl Larry Bellman - 1975 -- - The Kpelle: a negro tribe in Liberia - Diedrich H. Westerman - 1921 -- - Full respect: Kpelle children in adaptation - Gerald Michael Erchak - 1977 -- - Marital instability among the Kpelle: towards a theory of epainogamy - James L. Gibbs - 1963 -- - Poro values and courtroom procedures in a Kpelle chiefdom - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1962 -- - The Kpelle moot: a therapeutic model for the informal settlement of disputes - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1963 -- - Playing on the mother-ground: cultural routines for children's development - David F. Lancy - 1996
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  • 28
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Tanala (Malagasy people) ; Ethnology--Madagascar ; Captain Marshall Field expedition to Madagascar, 1926-1927 ; Tanala ; Tanala
    Abstract: This collection consists of a culture summary and one book. The book, authored by Ralph Linton, is based on his field work conducted in 1926-1927 and sponsored by the Field Museum. Although Linton was only among the Tanala for two months, he spent about one year and a half traveling throughout Madagascar, and as a result presents data on various other tribes of the island in comparison with that on the Tanala. The work is presented as a standard ethnography, with sections on tribal identification, economy, social organization, government, religion, warfare, amusement, art, life cycle, folklore, and a brief history of tribal wars. The Tanala, also called Antanala, are a Malagasy speaking people living in southeastern Madagascar, an island nation located off the eastern coast of southern Africa
    Note: Culture summary: Tanala - Teferi Abate Adem - 2009 -- - The Tanala: a hill tribe of Madagascar - by Ralph Linton ... Marshall Field expedition to Madagascar, 1926 - 1933
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  • 29
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Vedda (Sri Lankan people) ; Wedda ; Wedda
    Abstract: This collection consists of three documents, all in English, containing information about the Vedda during three periods of time: 1850s, mid-1910s, and late 1960s. The first comprehensive ethnographic account of Vedda in this collection was compiled by C. G. Seligmann and B. Z. Seligmann. It provides a first hand account of Vedda kinship, village life, economic activities, settlement patterns, life cycles, religion, music, language and perceptions as observed in 1907-1908. Seligmanns's account is supplemented by James Brow's study of kinship and caste system among the Vedda of Anuradhapura district in the Northern Central Province of Sri Lanka. The remaining book in the collection was authored by John Bailey, a British colonial government official, and he covers a variety of information relating to settlement pattern, economic activities and religion. The Vedda are a small group of indigenous people living in the center of Sri Lanka, an island off the southern tip of India
    Note: Culture summary: Vedda - James Brow and Michael Woost - 2009 -- - The Veddas - By C. G. Seligmann... and Brenda Z. Seligman. With a chapter by C.S. Myers ... and an appendix by A. Mendis Gunasekara ... - 1911 -- - An account of the wild tribes of the Veddahs of Ceylon: their habits, customs, and superstitions - John Bailey - 1863 -- - Vedda villages of Anuradhapura: the historical anthropology of a community in Sri Lanka - James Brow - 1978
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  • 30
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Mossi (African people) ; Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)--Social conditions ; Mossi ; Mossi
    Abstract: This collection of 10 documents covers historical, cultural, and geographical information on the Mossi people from their first conquest by French colonialists in 1896/1897 to the emergence of Burkina Faso as an independent nation in 1961. The earliest account of pre-colonial Mossi culture and society in this collection was compiled by Mangin, a Catholic missionary who worked among the Mossi at the turn of the 20th century. Two documents focus on political and social structures as observed in 1908-1916 by Tauxier, a French colonial administrator with a long association with traditional Mossi leaders. The remaining seven documents were compiled by two American anthropologists, Skinner and Hammond, and are based on ethnographic fieldwork carried out in Ouagadougou and other parts of Mossi country mostly in 1954-1957. In one document Skinner discusses urbanization and modernization issues based on data and interviews from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in the 1964-1965 and later on in 1966-1969 when the author served as the Ambassador of the United States to Burkina Faso. The Mossi are a Voltaic-speaking people located mostly in the West African nation of Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta). The Mossi are historically noted for their empire, which lasted for at least five centuries until conquest by the French at the end of the nineteenth century
    Note: Culture summary: Mossi - Gregory A. Finnegan - 2009 -- - Essay on the manners and customs of the Mossi people in the western Sudan - Eugène Mangin - 1921 -- - Economic change and Mossi acculturation - Peter B. Hammond - 1959 -- - The black population of the Sudan, Mossi and Gourounsi country, documents and analyses - Louis Tauxier - 1912 -- - The black population of Yatenga - L. Tauxier - 1917 -- - Christianity and Islam among the Mossi - Elliott P. Skinner - 1958 -- - Traditional and modern patterns of succession to political office among the Mossi of the Voltaic Republic - Elliott P. Skinner - 1960 -- - Mossi joking - Peter B. Hammond - 1964 -- - The Mossi of the Upper Volta - Elliott Percival Skinner - 1964 -- - Trade and market among the Mossi people - By Elliott P. Skinner - 1962 -- - African urban life: the transformation of Ouagadougou - by Elliott P. Skinner - [1974]
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  • 31
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Amish ; Amische ; Amische
    Note: Culture summary: Amish - John A. Hostetler - 2009 -- - Amish society - John A. Hostetler - 1980 -- - A peculiar people: Iowa's Old Order Amish - By Elmer Schwieder and Dorothy Schwieder - 1975
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  • 32
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Tiwi (Australian people) ; Tiwi (Australian people)--Rites and ceremonies ; Art, Tiwi (Australia) ; Tiwi (Australian people)--Folklore ; Women, Tiwi (Australia) Tiwi (Australian people)--Social life and customs ; Tiwi ; Tiwi
    Abstract: This collection about the Tiwi consists of 11 documents and a culture summary, all in English. It covers a variety of historical, geographical, and cultural information from 1900 to the 1960s collected primarily by professional anthropologists and government officials. The Tiwi are aboriginal people inhabiting Melville and Bathurst Islands of northern Australia. Anthropologist Jane Goodale provides comprehensive firsthand ethnographic accounts of Tiwi society as observed in 1950s and 1960s. She describes major features of Tiwi society through detailed exposition of the experiences of individual women, men, and children in different groups (households, matrilineal sibs, phratries, and moieties) and a wide variety of social situations relating to puberty rites, marriage arrangements, and funeral ceremonies. Other anthropological studies included examine status manipulation and political behavior, art and religion, kinship and social organization, use of personal names, marriage contracts, puberty and initiation rites, economic activities, and division of labor by gender. There is little information on changes that might have occurred in Tiwi society after 1962 (the year Goodale visited the area for the last time) to the present
    Note: Culture summary: Tiwi - Jane C. Goodale - 2009 -- - The Tiwi of North Australia - by C. W. M. Hart and Arnold R. Pilling - 1960 -- - The Tiwi: their art, myth, and ceremony - Charles P. Mountford - 1958 -- - The Tiwi of Melville and Bathurst Islands - C. W. M. Hart - 1939-31 -- - Personal names among the Tiwi - C. W. M. Hart - 1930-31 -- - Notes on the natives of Bathurst Island, North Australia - Herbert Basedow - 1913 -- - Marriage contracts among the Tiwi - Jane C. Goodale - 1962 -- - Qualifications of manhood: Tiwi invoke the power of a yam - Jane C. Goodale - 1963 -- - 'Alonga Bush': a Tiwi hunt - Jane C. Goodale - 1957 -- - Life at Bathurst Island Mission - Arthur Barclay - 1939 -- - Tiwi wives: a study of the women of Melville Island, North Australia - [by] Jane C. Goodale - [1971] -- - Production and reproduction of key resources among the Tiwi of North Australia - Jane C. Goodale - 1982
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  • 33
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Ethnology--Samoan Islands ; Samoa ; Samoan Islands ; Samoans ; Tubuai (French Polynesia) ; Girls--Samoan Islands ; Children--Samoan Islands ; Women, Samoan--Social life and customs ; Adolescence ; Samoan Islands--Social life and customs ; Western Samoa ; Ethnology--Samoa--Sala'ilua ; Sala'ilua (Samoa)--Social life and customs ; Samoans-Social conditions ; Samoans-Economic conditions ; Rural development-Samoa ; Developing countries-Economic conditions ; Samoaner ; Samoaner
    Abstract: This collection about the Samoans consists of 15 documents and a culture summary, covering a wide variety of cultural and historical information from the1830s to the 1990s. The Samoans are Polynesian people who live on a group of small islands in the Central Pacific which constitute the territories of American Samoa and (since 1962) the independent state of Western Samoa. The earliest descriptions of Samoan culture and history were compiled by the missionaries John B. Stair and George Turner, who lived in different parts of the island from 1838-1945 and 1840-1880, respectively. Five documents are ethnographic accounts and essays by Margaret Mead who, in 1925-1928, lived among Samoans villagers mostly in the Manuan group of islands in American Samoa. One document revisits some of the major arguments advanced in Mead's works, notably her portrayal of adolescent Samoan girls as sexually permissive. The remaining seven documents in the collection further enrich the historical and cultural information on Samoa with additional themes and in-depth analysis including plant resources and indigenous botanical knowledge, traditional material culture, a socio-political analysis of the modern history of American and Western Samoa, post-war reconstruction of Western Samoa, material culture and social change, structures and processes in the Western Samoan Sala'ilua village, and recent changes in the economic options of households and individuals in Vaega and Neiafu villages in Western Samoa
    Note: Samoan material culture - by Te Rangi Hiroa (P. H. Buck) - 1930 -- - Modern Samoa: its government and changing life - by Felix M. Keesing ... - 1934 -- - Ethnobotany of the Samoans - William Albert Setchell - 1924 -- - Culture summary: Samoans - Thomas Bargatzky - 2009 -- - Social organization of Manua - Margaret Mead - 1930 -- - Coming of age in Samoa: a psychological study of primitive youth for western civilisation - by Margaret Mead ... foreword by Franz Boas ... - 1928 -- - Western Samoa - W. E. H. Stanner - 1953 -- - The role of the individual in Samaon culture - Margaret Mead - 1928 -- - Samoan children at work and play - Margaret Mead - 1928 -- - Americanization in Samoa - Margaret Mead - 1929 -- , - Samoa, a hundred years ago and long before: together with notes on the cults and customs of twenty-three other islands in the Pacific - George Turner - 1884 -- - Old Samoa: or flotsam and jetsam from the Pacific Ocean - by the Rev. John B. Stair ; with an introd. by the Bishop of Ballarat - 1897 -- - Sala'ilua: a Samoan mystery - Bradd Shore - 1982 -- - Samoan planters: tradition and economic development in Polynesia - J. Tim O'Meara - 1990 -- - Ta'u: stability and change in a Samoan village - Lowell D. Holmes - 1958 -- - The history of Samoan sexual conduct and the Mead-Freeman controversy - Paul Shankman - 1996
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  • 34
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Mapuche Indians ; Indian children-Chile ; Indian children--Argentina ; Indians of South America--Chile ; Indians of South America-Argentina ; Mapuche Indians-Social life and customs ; Indians of South America-Chile ; Mapuche Indians--Social life and customs ; Mapuche Indians--Religion ; Mapuche ; Mapuche
    Abstract: This collection consists of nine documents, all in English, about the Mapuche. Titiev gives a good overall picture of Mapuche culture with special emphasis on sociopolitical structure and acculturation but only covers the period from 1930 to the late 1940s. Cooper's writing, based on secondary documentation, supplements the data in Titiev, particularly in regard to diversity among the various tribal divisions, and adds more historical background information. Latcham's account of Mapuche culture as it existed in the late nineteenth century is poorly organized, but provides many useful details on Mapuche life. Although its major focus is on childhood and child-rearing practices, Hilger's piece provides a wealth of information on the life cycle, material culture, subsistence activities, religion, kinship, political organization, art, and culture history of both Chilean and Argentinian groups of Mapuche. Faron deals with Mapuche social structure, religion, and morals; Baccara discusses the Mapuche ethnic resurgence in post-dictatorship Chile; and Nakashima Degarrond describes female shamanism among the Mapuche of Chile. Historically, Mapuche or "people from the land" was the term used to designate the Mapuche occupying the south-central area of Chile but now is the term used for all Mapuche. The Mapuche speak a language called Mapudungun, composed of several dialects
    Note: Culture summary: Mapuche - Lydia Nakashima Degarrod - 2009 -- - Araucanian culture in transition - Mischa Titiev - 1951 -- - Ethnology of the Araucanos - Richard E. Latcham - 1909 -- - The Araucanians - John M. Cooper - 1946 -- - Araucanian child life and its cultural background - by Sister M. Inez Hilger - 1957 -- - Mapuche social structure: institutional reintegration in a patrilineal society of central Chile - Louis C. Faron ; foreword by Julian H. Steward - 1961 -- - Hawks of the sun: Mapuche morality and its ritual attributes - by Louis C. Faron - 1964 -- - The Mapuche people in post-dictatorship Chile - Guillaume Boccara - 2002 -- - Mapuche ceremonial landscape, social recruitment and resource rights - Tom D. Dillehay - 1990 -- - Female shamanism and the Mapuche transformation into Christian Chilean Farmers - Lydia Nakashima Degarrod - 1998
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  • 35
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Ethnology--Hmong (Asian people) ; Religion--Hmong (Asian people) ; Ethnology--China--Kweichow Province ; Hmong (Asian people)--China ; Hmong (Asian people)--China--Social life and customs ; Ethnic relations--Political aspects ; Miao ; Miao
    Abstract: This collection of ten documents, three translated from the Chinese, provide historical, economic and cultural information about the Miao, circa 1920-2000. Most are based on fieldwork with different Miao communities in China during the late 1930s and early 1940s at a time when many Miao farmers actively participated first in the liberation struggle against Japanese occupation and later on during the "Long March" with the victorious Red Army. The earliest and most basic sources in the collection are by Graham which, together, provide a variety of cultural information including language, mythology, subsistence, dwellings, family life, kinship, village government, arts, religion and ceremonials. His focus on the Miao of southern Szechwan is complimented by Rui who provides a brief description of a subgroup called Magpai Miao. Four documents focus on different Miao groups living in Kweichow, Hunan, and Yunnan and Guizhou provinces. Based on ethnographic data collected in the 1980s and early 1990s, when the Chinese government gradually opened rural communities to Western researchers and travelers, the two remaining works discuss the ways in which the cultures and identities of the Miao (and other minority ethnic groups) have been constructed and deployed since the 1949 and especially in the context of China's post-Mao economic reforms. The Miao are one of 56 non-Han Chinese people officially recognized by the government as minority nationalities. They are distinguished by language, dress, historical traditions, and cultural practice from neighboring ethnic groups and the dominant Han Chinese
    Note: Culture summary: Miao - Norma Diamond - 2009 -- - A report on an investigation of the Miao of western Hunan - [by] Shun-sheng Ling and Yih-fu Ruey ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1947 -- - The Cowrie Shell Miao of Kweichow - [by] Margaret Portia Mickey - 1947 -- - Religious beliefs of the Miao and I tribes in An-shun Kweichow - [by] Kuo-chun Ch'en ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1942 -- - The customs of the Ch'uan Miao - [by] David Crockett Graham - 1937 -- - The ceremonies of the Ch'uan Miao - Translated from the Miao into Chinese by Hsiung Ts'ao-sung ; translated from the Chinese by David Crockett Graham, with the assistance of Hsiung Ts'ao-sung - 1937 -- - Songs and stories of the Ch'uan Miao - [by] David Crockett Graham - 1954 -- - Studies of Miao-I societies in Kweichow - [by] Che-lin Wu, Ch'en Kuo-chnn and others ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1942 -- , - Minority rules: the Miao and the feminine in China's cultural politics - Louisa Schein - 2000 -- - Ethnicity and the state: the Hua Miao of southwest China - Norma Diamond - 1993 -- - Magpie Miao of southern Szechuan - Ruey Yih-fu - 1960
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  • 36
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Tamil (Indic people) ; Agriculture and state-India-Chingleput (District) ; Agriculture and state-India-Tamil Nadu ; Land tenure-India-Chingleput (District) ; Chingleput, India (District)-Rural conditions ; Trawick, Margaret ; Tamil (Indic people)-Social life and customs ; Love ; Tamilen ; Tamilen
    Abstract: This collection of 23 documents about Indian Tamils, all in English, deal primarily with specific village surveys or regional studies in Tamil Nadu. No single document in the collection gives a general overview of all aspects of Tamil ethnography. Information regarding the caste and class organization of the Tamil is provided by Béteille, Sivetsen, Gough, Beck, and Mencher. Tamil economics is covered by Haswell and in the six south Indian village economic studies presented in Thomas, Ramakrishnan, Thirumalai, Natarajan, and Veeraraghaven. Also discussed are the status and powers of women in Tamil society, health and health policies in the village of Thaiyur, and social change in the village of Pulicat. The Tamil homeland is in southwestern India and is roughly equivalent to the modern state of Tamil Nadu. The Tamil comprise the vast majority of the population of Tamil Nadu and a good number of Indian Tamil also live in the small territory of Pondicherry, around the city of Bangalore, and elsewhere in India. The Tamil speak Tamil, a Dravidian language. Within villages, society is ordered by a hierarchy of castes
    Note: Caste in a Tanjore village - By E. Kathleen Gough - 1969 -- - Brahman kinship in a Tamil village - By E. Kathleen Gough - 1956 -- - Economics of development in village India - by M. R. Haswell ; foreword by Colin Clark - 1967 -- - Culture summary: Tamil - Clarence Maloney - 2009 -- - Caste, class, and power: changing patterns of stratification in a Tanjore village - By By André Béteille - 1971 -- - When caste barriers fall: a study of social and economic change in a south indian village - Dagfinn Sivertsen - 1963 -- - Pills against poverty: a study of the introduction of western medicine in a Tamil village - By Goran Djurfeldt and Staffan Lindberg - 1975 -- - Peasant society in Konku: a study of right and left subcastes in south India - Brenda E. F. Beck - 1972 -- - Dravidianization: a Tamil revitalization movement - Ebenezer Titus Jacob-Pandian - 1972 -- , - The smile of Murugan on Tamil literature of South India - Kamil V. Zvelebil - 1973 -- - Agriculture and social structure in Tamil Nadu: past origins, present transformations and future prospects - by Joan P. Mencher - 1978 -- - The tribulations of fieldwork - By André Béteille - 1975 -- - Viewing hierarchy from the bottom up - Joan P. Mencher - 1975 -- - Some south Indian villages: a resurvey with analysis and observations - Edited by P. J. Thomas and K. C. Ramakrishnan - 1940 -- - Vadamalaipuram: (Ramnad District) - By S. Thirumalai - 1940 -- - Gangaikondan: (Tinnevelly District.) - By B. Natarajan - 1940 -- - Palakkurichi: (Tanjore Dt.) - By S. Thirumalai - 1940 -- - Eruvellipet: (South Arcot Dt.) - By A. K. Veeraraghavan - 1940 -- - Dusi: (North Arcot Dt.) - By A. K. Veeraraghavan - 1940 -- - Notes on love in a Tamil family - Margaret Trawick - 1990 -- - On the meaning of sakti to women in Tamil Nadu - Margaret Egnor - 1991 -- - The auspicious married woman - Holly Baker Reynolds - 1991 -- - Marriage in Tamil culture: the problem of conflicting 'models' - Sheryl B. Daniel - 1991 -- - The paradoxical powers of Tamil women - Susan S. Wadley - 1991
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  • 37
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Ainu ; Ainu--Medicine ; Ainu ; Ainu
    Abstract: This collection about the Ainu consists of 8 documents, all in English, including three books which were translated from Japanese. The collection contains a variety of cultural and historical information from two widely contrasting time periods. The first covers the years 1877 to 1924 when most Ainu were living in their traditional homeland in southern Sakhalin. The second is from the 1960s-1970s after the Ainu almost disappeared as a distinct group following their relocation in the Hokkaidō Island by the Japanese government during World War II. The oldest materials in the collection were compiled by Batchelor, an English missionary who lived among the Ainu for fifty years in 1877-1924; Pilsudski, a German ethnologist who conducted fieldwork there from 1895-1905; and Munro, an English physician who lived in Japan in 1900-1942. These works provide firsthand accounts of pre-relocation Ainu culture and society, covering religion, ceremonials, mythology, folklore, economic activities, life cycles, and health issues. Three of the books in the collection were authored by Japanese scholars focusing on Japanese conquest and assimilation of the Ainu (Takakura), ecological and economic effects of relocation (Watanabe), and features of Ainu kinship system (Sugiura). The remaining two books are by Ohnuki-Tierney, an American anthropologist who, in 1965-1969, sought to retrospectively reconstruct the "Ainu way of life" through extensive ethnographic fieldwork among elderly informants in Sakhalin. Ohnuki-Tierney's works, which also provide extensive review of previous works on the Ainu in Sakhalin, Hokkaidō and the neighboring islands, are the most comprehensive sources. Ainu people who lived in Kurile and the other islands taken over by the USSR during World War II are not covered in the collection
    Note: Culture summary: Ainu - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 2009 -- - The Ainu of northern Japan: a study in conquest and acculturation - [by] Shinichiro Takakura ; translated and annotated by John A. Harrison - 1960 -- - Ainu life and lore: echoes of a departing race - [by] John Batchelor - 1927 -- - Kinship organization of the Saru Ainu - [by] Kenichi Sugiura and Harumi Befu - 1962 -- - Ainu creed and cult - Edited with a pref. and an additional chapter by B.Z. Seligman. Introd. by H. Watanabe - 1963 -- - Pregnancy, birth and miscarriage among the inhabitants of Sakhalin Island (Gilyak and Ainu) - [by] Bronislaw Pilsudski - 1910 -- - The Ainu: a study of ecology and the system of social solidarity between man and nature in relation to group structure - [by] Hitoshi Watanabe - 1964 -- - The Ainu of the northwest coast of southern Sakhalin - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 1974 -- - Illness and healing among the Sakhalin Ainu: a symbolic interpretation - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 1981
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  • 38
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Mossi (African people) ; Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)--Social conditions
    Abstract: This collection of 10 documents covers historical, cultural, and geographical information on the Mossi people from their first conquest by French colonialists in 1896/1897 to the emergence of Burkina Faso as an independent nation in 1961. The earliest account of pre-colonial Mossi culture and society in this collection was compiled by Mangin, a Catholic missionary who worked among the Mossi at the turn of the 20th century. Two documents focus on political and social structures as observed in 1908-1916 by Tauxier, a French colonial administrator with a long association with traditional Mossi leaders. The remaining seven documents were compiled by two American anthropologists, Skinner and Hammond, and are based on ethnographic fieldwork carried out in Ouagadougou and other parts of Mossi country mostly in 1954-1957. In one document Skinner discusses urbanization and modernization issues based on data and interviews from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in the 1964-1965 and later on in 1966-1969 when the author served as the Ambassador of the United States to Burkina Faso. The Mossi are a Voltaic-speaking people located mostly in the West African nation of Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta). The Mossi are historically noted for their empire, which lasted for at least five centuries until conquest by the French at the end of the nineteenth century
    Description / Table of Contents: Mossi - Gregory A. Finnegan - 2009 -- - Essay on the manners and customs of the Mossi people in the western Sudan - Eugène Mangin - 1921 -- - Economic change and Mossi acculturation - Peter B. Hammond - 1959 -- - The black population of the Sudan, Mossi and Gourounsi country, documents and analyses - Louis Tauxier - 1912 -- - The black population of Yatenga - L. Tauxier - 1917 -- - Christianity and Islam among the Mossi - Elliott P. Skinner - 1958 -- - Traditional and modern patterns of succession to political office among the Mossi of the Voltaic Republic - Elliott P. Skinner - 1960 -- - Mossi joking - Peter B. Hammond - 1964 -- - The Mossi of the Upper Volta - Elliott Percival Skinner - 1964 -- - Trade and market among the Mossi people - By Elliott P. Skinner - 1962 -- - African urban life: the transformation of Ouagadougou - by Elliott P. Skinner - [1974]
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  • 39
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Indian children--Argentina ; Indian children-Chile ; Indians of South America--Chile ; Indians of South America-Argentina ; Indians of South America-Chile ; Mapuche Indians ; Mapuche Indians--Religion ; Mapuche Indians--Social life and customs ; Mapuche Indians-Social life and customs
    Abstract: This collection consists of nine documents, all in English, about the Mapuche. Titiev gives a good overall picture of Mapuche culture with special emphasis on sociopolitical structure and acculturation but only covers the period from 1930 to the late 1940s. Cooper's writing, based on secondary documentation, supplements the data in Titiev, particularly in regard to diversity among the various tribal divisions, and adds more historical background information. Latcham's account of Mapuche culture as it existed in the late nineteenth century is poorly organized, but provides many useful details on Mapuche life. Although its major focus is on childhood and child-rearing practices, Hilger's piece provides a wealth of information on the life cycle, material culture, subsistence activities, religion, kinship, political organization, art, and culture history of both Chilean and Argentinian groups of Mapuche. Faron deals with Mapuche social structure, religion, and morals; Baccara discusses the Mapuche ethnic resurgence in post-dictatorship Chile; and Nakashima Degarrond describes female shamanism among the Mapuche of Chile. Historically, Mapuche or "people from the land" was the term used to designate the Mapuche occupying the south-central area of Chile but now is the term used for all Mapuche. The Mapuche speak a language called Mapudungun, composed of several dialects
    Description / Table of Contents: Mapuche - Lydia Nakashima Degarrod - 2009 -- - Araucanian culture in transition - Mischa Titiev - 1951 -- - Ethnology of the Araucanos - Richard E. Latcham - 1909 -- - The Araucanians - John M. Cooper - 1946 -- - Araucanian child life and its cultural background - by Sister M. Inez Hilger - 1957 -- - Mapuche social structure: institutional reintegration in a patrilineal society of central Chile - Louis C. Faron ; foreword by Julian H. Steward - 1961 -- - Hawks of the sun: Mapuche morality and its ritual attributes - by Louis C. Faron - 1964 -- - The Mapuche people in post-dictatorship Chile - Guillaume Boccara - 2002 -- - Mapuche ceremonial landscape, social recruitment and resource rights - Tom D. Dillehay - 1990 -- - Female shamanism and the Mapuche transformation into Christian Chilean Farmers - Lydia Nakashima Degarrod - 1998
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  • 40
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Child development-Liberia-Gbarngasuakwelle ; Child psychology-Liberia--Gbarngasuakwelle ; Children, Kpelle ; Children, Kpelle-Cultural assimilation ; Children, Kpelle-Education ; Children, Kpelle-Games ; Education--Liberia ; Folk classification--Liberia ; Gbarngasuakwelle (Liberia)-Social life and customs ; Kpelle (African people) ; Kpelle (African people)--Economic conditions ; Kpelle (African people)--Education ; Kpelle (African people)--Marriage customs and rites ; Kpelle (African people)--Religion ; Kpelle (African people)--Rites and ceremonies ; Kpelle (African people)--Social conditions ; Kpelle (African people)--Social life and customs ; Learning, Psychology of ; Liberia--Social life and customs ; Poro (Society) ; Secrecy ; Socialization--Case studies
    Abstract: This collection about the Kpelle consists of 10 documents, covering a variety of cultural information, from the 1910s to the 1980s. German ethnologist Diedrich H. Westermann describes Kpelle environment, economy, language, family, social organization, religion and arts as observed in 1914-1915. His work is the oldest and by far the largest in the collection, though Gibbs provides a more general social and cultural summary of Kpelle based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 1957-1958. The remaining 8 documents are results of research concerned with specific issues and the focus of most of these studies was on rural Kpelle communities in Liberia. Kpelle communities found in cities (e.g., Monorovia) and outside Liberia (e.g., Kpelle of Guinea or Guerźe) are not covered. The Kpelle are the largest ethnic group in the West African nation of Liberia and a significant group in neighboring Guinea
    Description / Table of Contents: Kpelle - Gerald M. Erchak - 2009 -- - The Kpelle of Liberia - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1965 -- - Women and marriage in Kpelle society - Caroline H. Bledsoe - 1980 -- - The language of secrecy: symbols & metaphors in Poro ritual - By Beryl Larry Bellman - 1984 -- - Village of curers and assassins: on the production of Fala Kpelle cosmolotical categories - By Beryl Larry Bellman - 1975 -- - The Kpelle: a negro tribe in Liberia - Diedrich H. Westerman - 1921 -- - Full respect: Kpelle children in adaptation - Gerald Michael Erchak - 1977 -- - Marital instability among the Kpelle: towards a theory of epainogamy - James L. Gibbs - 1963 -- - Poro values and courtroom procedures in a Kpelle chiefdom - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1962 -- - The Kpelle moot: a therapeutic model for the informal settlement of disputes - James L. Gibbs, Jr. - 1963 -- - Playing on the mother-ground: cultural routines for children's development - David F. Lancy - 1996
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  • 41
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Yoruba (African people) ; Yoruba
    Abstract: This collection of 31 documents about the Yoruba covers the time period from 1880 to the 1960s. The book by anthropologist William R. Bascom (1969) provides comprehensive first-hand ethnographic accounts of Yoruba culture as observed in 1937-1938, 1950-1951 and 1965. Articles by Bascom discuss aspects of Yoruba culture and society including social structure, cult groups and divination, functions of local credit institutions, and food and cooking. Other anthropological studies include both broad ethnographic surveys, and relatively short manuscripts examining specific themes including political structure, lineage groups, kinship and marriage, class and economic differentiation, craft organization, land tenure and tenancy, urbanization and change, and divination, cult groups, witchcraft and dynamics of gender and religion. Also included in the collection are reports by a senior colonial government official and two missionaries. The collection focuses largely on Yoruba communities in Nigeria, except Parrinder (1947) who provides a brief ethnographic survey of the Yoruba in Benin (formerly Dahomey). Readers will also find useful information in Matory and Bascom (1969) relating to the influences of Yoruba religion and art forms on the cultures of peoples of African origin in the Caribbean, Cuba, Brazil, and the United States
    Description / Table of Contents: Yoruba - Sandra T. Barnes - 2009 -- - The Yoruba-speaking peoples of south-western Nigeria - Daryll Forde - 1951 -- - The sanctions of Ifa divination - William R. Bascom - 1941 -- - The laws and customs of the Yoruba people - by A. K. Ajisafe ; with a portrait of the author - 1924 -- - The principle of seniority in the social structure of the Yoruba - William R. Bascom - 1942 -- - Yoruba food - William R. Bascom - 1951 -- - Yoruba cooking - William R. Bascom - 1951 -- - The Yoruba lineage - Peter C. Lloyd - 1955 -- - Kinship and lineage among the Yoruba - William B. Schwab - 1955 -- - Craft organization on Yoruba towns - Peter C. Lloyd - 1953 -- - Some problems of tenancy in Yoruba land tenure - Peter C. Lloyd - 1955 -- - Land tenure in the Yoruba provinces - H. L. Ward Price - 1939 -- - The terminology of kinship and marriage among the Yoruba - William B. Schwab - 1958 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: a credit institution of the Yoruba - William R. Bascom - 1952 -- - Ifa divination - J. D. Clarke - 1939 -- - The integration of the new economic classes into local government in western Nigeria - P. C. Lloyd - 1953 -- - Yoruba-speaking peoples in Dahomey - Geoffrey Parrinder - 1947 -- - The Atinga cult among the south-western Yoruba: a sociological analysis of a witch-finding movement - P. Morton-Williams - 1956 -- - Native administration in the British African territories: part III, West Africa: Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone, Gambia - Lord Hailey - 1951 -- - Three Yoruba fertility ceremonies - J. D. Clarke - 1944 -- - Ifa Divination: comments on the paper by J. D. Clarke - William R. Bascom - 1942 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: gender and the politics of metaphor in Oyo Yoruba religion - J. Lorand Matory - 1994
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  • 42
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Family--New Zealand ; Kinship--New Zealand ; Maori (New Zealand people) ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Economic conditions ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Kinship ; Maori (New Zealand people)--Social conditions ; New Zealand--Social life and customs
    Description / Table of Contents: Maori - Christopher Latham - 2009 -- - The Maori: volume 1 - by Elsdon Best - 1924 -- - The Maori: volume 2 - by Elsdon Best ... - 1924 -- - The coming of the Maori - by Te Rangi Hiroa, Sir Peter Buck - 1952 -- - Economics of the New Zealand Maori - Raymond William Firth ; with a pref. by R. H. Tawney - 1959 -- - The Maori: a study in acculturation - H.B. Hawthorn - [1944] -- - New growth from old: the Whanau in the modern world - Joan Metge ; illustrated by Toi Te Rito Maihi - 1995 -- - Conflicts of redistribution in contemporary Maori society: leadership and the Tainui settlement - Toon van Meijl - 2003 -- - Effecting change through electoral politics: cultural identity and the Maori franchise - Ann Sullivan - 2003 -- - References - Edited by Toon van Meijl and Michael Goldsmith - 2003 -- - The making of the Maori: culture invention and its logic - Allan Hanson - 1989
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  • 43
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Abkhazians ; Abkhazians--Social conditions ; Abkhazians--Social life and customs ; Centenarians--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia ; Child rearing--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia ; Family--Georgia (Republic)--Abkhazia
    Abstract: This collection consists of a culture summary and four English language documents dealing with the people and culture of Abkhazia, covering approximately 1864 to 1979. The study by Paula Garb is based on the memories of centenarian informants and goes back in time to the middle or late nineteenth century. They recount the transition from czarist fuedalism to capitalist development, early Soviet government, the formation of collective farms, World War II, and their opinions of modern (late twentieth century) Abkhazian youth. Benet focuses on various environmental and biological factors leading to extreme longevity of a large number of individuals in Abkhaz society. Other ethnographic topics discussed are kinship and kinship terminology, women's roles, marriage, sexual behavior, child-rearing practices, funerals, religion, and folklore. Dzhanashvili and Dzhanashia both deal in large part with Abkhaz religion, including gods, ceremonies, spirits of the dead, and holidays. Dzhanashvili also presents some general ethnographic information on social life (marriage, the fosterage system of the upper class), and some notes on mortuary practices. The Abkhazians mostly live in the de facto autonomous republic of Abkhazia located between the southwestern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains and a narrow strip along the Black Sea coast in the extreme northwest region of the Republic of Georgia
    Description / Table of Contents: Abkhazians - B. George Hewitt - 2009 -- - Abkhazia and the Abkhaz - M. G. Dzhanashvili - 1894 -- - The Religious beliefs of the Abkhasians - N. S. Janashia - 1937 -- - Abkhasians: the long-living people of the Caucasus - By Sula Benet - [1974] -- - From childhood to centenarian - Paula Garb - 1984
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  • 44
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Ainu ; Ainu--Medicine
    Abstract: This collection about the Ainu consists of 8 documents, all in English, including three books which were translated from Japanese. The collection contains a variety of cultural and historical information from two widely contrasting time periods. The first covers the years 1877 to 1924 when most Ainu were living in their traditional homeland in southern Sakhalin. The second is from the 1960s-1970s after the Ainu almost disappeared as a distinct group following their relocation in the Hokkaid̄o Island by the Japanese government during World War II. The oldest materials in the collection were compiled by Batchelor, an English missionary who lived among the Ainu for fifty years in 1877-1924; Pilsudski, a German ethnologist who conducted fieldwork there from 1895-1905; and Munro, an English physician who lived in Japan in 1900-1942. These works provide firsthand accounts of pre-relocation Ainu culture and society, covering religion, ceremonials, mythology, folklore, economic activities, life cycles, and health issues. Three of the books in the collection were authored by Japanese scholars focusing on Japanese conquest and assimilation of the Ainu (Takakura), ecological and economic effects of relocation (Watanabe), and features of Ainu kinship system (Sugiura). The remaining two books are by Ohnuki-Tierney, an American anthropologist who, in 1965-1969, sought to retrospectively reconstruct the "Ainu way of life" through extensive ethnographic fieldwork among elderly informants in Sakhalin. Ohnuki-Tierney's works, which also provide extensive review of previous works on the Ainu in Sakhalin, Hokkaid̄o and the neighboring islands, are the most comprehensive sources. Ainu people who lived in Kurile and the other islands taken over by the USSR during World War II are not covered in the collection
    Description / Table of Contents: Ainu - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 2009 -- - The Ainu of northern Japan: a study in conquest and acculturation - [by] Shinichiro Takakura ; translated and annotated by John A. Harrison - 1960 -- - Ainu life and lore: echoes of a departing race - [by] John Batchelor - 1927 -- - Kinship organization of the Saru Ainu - [by] Kenichi Sugiura and Harumi Befu - 1962 -- - Ainu creed and cult - Edited with a pref. and an additional chapter by B.Z. Seligman. Introd. by H. Watanabe - 1963 -- - Pregnancy, birth and miscarriage among the inhabitants of Sakhalin Island (Gilyak and Ainu) - [by] Bronislaw Pilsudski - 1910 -- - The Ainu: a study of ecology and the system of social solidarity between man and nature in relation to group structure - [by] Hitoshi Watanabe - 1964 -- - The Ainu of the northwest coast of southern Sakhalin - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 1974 -- - Illness and healing among the Sakhalin Ainu: a symbolic interpretation - Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney - 1981
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  • 45
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Ethnic relations--Political aspects ; Ethnology--China--Kweichow Province ; Ethnology--Hmong (Asian people) ; Hmong (Asian people)--China ; Hmong (Asian people)--China--Social life and customs ; Religion--Hmong (Asian people)
    Abstract: This collection of ten documents, three translated from the Chinese, provide historical, economic and cultural information about the Miao, circa 1920-2000. Most are based on fieldwork with different Miao communities in China during the late 1930s and early 1940s at a time when many Miao farmers actively participated first in the liberation struggle against Japanese occupation and later on during the "Long March" with the victorious Red Army. The earliest and most basic sources in the collection are by Graham which, together, provide a variety of cultural information including language, mythology, subsistence, dwellings, family life, kinship, village government, arts, religion and ceremonials. His focus on the Miao of southern Szechwan is complimented by Rui who provides a brief description of a subgroup called Magpai Miao. Four documents focus on different Miao groups living in Kweichow, Hunan, and Yunnan and Guizhou provinces. Based on ethnographic data collected in the 1980s and early 1990s, when the Chinese government gradually opened rural communities to Western researchers and travelers, the two remaining works discuss the ways in which the cultures and identities of the Miao (and other minority ethnic groups) have been constructed and deployed since the 1949 and especially in the context of China's post-Mao economic reforms. The Miao are one of 56 non-Han Chinese people officially recognized by the government as minority nationalities. They are distinguished by language, dress, historical traditions, and cultural practice from neighboring ethnic groups and the dominant Han Chinese
    Description / Table of Contents: Miao - Norma Diamond - 2009 -- - A report on an investigation of the Miao of western Hunan - [by] Shun-sheng Ling and Yih-fu Ruey ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1947 -- - The Cowrie Shell Miao of Kweichow - [by] Margaret Portia Mickey - 1947 -- - Religious beliefs of the Miao and I tribes in An-shun Kweichow - [by] Kuo-chun Ch'en ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1942 -- - The customs of the Ch'uan Miao - [by] David Crockett Graham - 1937 -- - The ceremonies of the Ch'uan Miao - Translated from the Miao into Chinese by Hsiung Ts'ao-sung ; translated from the Chinese by David Crockett Graham, with the assistance of Hsiung Ts'ao-sung - 1937 -- - Songs and stories of the Ch'uan Miao - [by] David Crockett Graham - 1954 -- - Studies of Miao-I societies in Kweichow - [by] Che-lin Wu, Ch'en Kuo-chnn and others ; translation by Lien-en Tsao - 1942 --^
    Description / Table of Contents: the Miao and the feminine in China's cultural politics - Louisa Schein - 2000 -- - Ethnicity and the state: the Hua Miao of southwest China - Norma Diamond - 1993 -- - Magpie Miao of southern Szechuan - Ruey Yih-fu - 1960
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  • 46
    Language: English
    Edition: eHRAF World Cultures
    Series Statement: eHRAF World Cultures
    RVK:
    Keywords: Bedouins ; Bedouins--Kuwait--Social life and customs ; Bedouins--Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs ; Kuwait--Social life and customs ; Saudi Arabia--Social life and customs
    Abstract: This collection of five documents and a culture summary, all in English, cover historical and cultural information from about late-1880s to early 2000s. Two documents date back to the first quarters of the 20th century when most of the area was ruled by European colonialists. One is a chapter from a handbook compiled by the intelligence division of the British Navy, the other is a book written by H. R. P. Dickson, a British political agent who worked in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq in 1920s-1930s. Dickson's book provides a first hand account of Bedouin culture and society including the physical environment, material culture, seasonal movements, organization of tribes and lineages, cultural norms relating to visiting and hospitality, folklore, religious beliefs and practices, warfare, and inter-community relations. The remainder of the collection consists of three articles, all by professional anthropologists. Two discuss indigenous conflict resolution practices with particular emphasis on blood feuds and cattle raiding. The remaining article explores the effects of a wide variety of external and internal factors, notably colonialism, commercialization of pastoral production, occupational change and sedentarization, on Bedouin culture and identity. The Bedouin are Arabic-speaking people who earn their living primarily from animal husbandry by natural graze and browse of sheep, goats, and camels. Traditionally, the Bedouin lived in tents, formed scattered camping units that seasonally migrated over a vast area of the Middle East and North Africa influenced by availability of pasture and water. This way of life and social organization has been significantly affected by the creation of nation-states in the 20th century and the establishment national boundaries across customary migration routes. As a consequence, the Bedouin have begun to engage in new activities including tourism, commerce and wage labor
    Description / Table of Contents: Bedouin - Dawn Chatty and William Young - 2009 -- - The Arab of the desert: a glimpse into Badawin life in Kuwait and Sau'di Arabia - by H. R. P. Dickson - 1951 -- - The Bedouin tribes: chapter 3 - Compiled by the Geographical Section of the Naval Intelligence Division, Naval Staff, Admiralty - 1920 -- - Where have the Bedouin gone? - Donald P. Cole - 2003 -- - Settlement of violence in Bedouin society - Sulayman N. Khalaf - 1990 -- - Camel raiding of north Arabian Bedouin: a mechanism of ecological adaptation - Louise E. Sweet - 1965
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  • 47
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    New Haven, Conn : Human Relations Area Files, Inc