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  • HU-Berlin Edoc  (31)
  • Wirtschaft  (31)
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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  21,4, Seiten 835-866
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (32 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Philadelphia : Springer US
    Angaben zur Quelle: 21,4, Seiten 835-866
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Augmented wealth ; Net worth ; Pension wealth ; Inequality ; Household income and labour dynamics in Australia survey ; D31 ; H55 ; J32 ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: The omission of pension wealth potentially distorts the international comparison of wealth distributions. Private pension wealth is often included in households’ wealth portfolios, while public pension claims are not. Augmented wealth, the sum of net worth and pension wealth, resolves this limitation by including the present value of social security pension wealth. This article provides a detailed analysis of augmented wealth in Australia between 2002 and 2018, capturing the establishment of the compulsory private pension scheme, Superannuation, which was introduced in 1992. Augmented wealth is slightly less equally distributed in Australia than in Germany or Switzerland but more equal than in the United States. The article also explores the relationship between Superannuation dissaving rates and the means-tested public pension scheme, Age Pension, and its distributional implications.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  57,3, Seiten 399-415
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (17 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Blackwell
    Angaben zur Quelle: 57,3, Seiten 399-415
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: dualization ; flexible working hours ; working‐time regimes ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Working‐time regimes structure time‐use and (gender) inequality, but processes shaping the availability of flexible working‐hours arrangements remain poorly understood. This study adopts a longitudinal perspective to investigate change in the provision of long‐ and short‐term working‐time accounts by firms in Germany between 2002 and 2016. In this period, flexibility policies became more common, but union coverage declined, motivating the question: Are unions losing their influence on working‐time arrangements? And if so, is availability increasingly determined by firms' agency? Dualization theory implies that while unions have a narrowing sphere of influence, their collective bargaining power remains intact. By contrast, the classical assumption is that reduced coverage leads to a reduced bargaining power. A third line of argument holds that where unions' influence declines, firms' agency driven by factors such as competition for skilled employees or the need to retain female employees becomes more important. Using the German IAB Establishment Panel this study decomposes the overall expansion of flexibility policies in parts accruing to changes in firms' behaviour and changes in industrial relations and labour market conditions. The study finds that increased competition for employees contributed to better working conditions. The penalty for firms employing a high share of women decreased slightly, but not for the most legally protected policies. Erosion of collective bargaining is found to have a small negative impact on working‐time arrangements. Overall, the findings confirm that despite a diminished sphere of influence, union's bargaining power remained relatively stable.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 3
    ISBN: 9783839460818
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (333 Seiten)
    Additional Information: Bielefeld : Transcript Verlag ,2022 9783839460818
    DDC: 301
    Keywords: Wirtschaftsanthropologie ; Ethnische Ökonomie ; Markt ; Unternehmertum ; Selbstständigkeit ; Berlin ; Islam ; Mode ; Wirtschaft ; Migration ; Kulturanthropologie ; Wirtschaftssoziologie ; Urban Studies ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Wirtschaft ; Bräuche, Etikette, Folklore
    Abstract: Unter dem Schlagwort »ethnische Ökonomie« wird die berufliche Selbstständigkeit von Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund in Politik und Wissenschaft diskutiert. Indem die Selbstständigen ihren »Markt machen«, positionieren sie sich mit dem und gegen diesen Diskurs. Robert Birnbauer zeigt aus einer wirtschaftsanthropologischen Perspektive, wie die Unternehmer*innen dabei ihre gesellschaftlichen Positionen und etablierte ökonomische Wissensbestände gleichermaßen verhandeln. Dazu folgt er dem Diskurs um »ethnische Ökonomie« von der politischen in die unternehmerische Praxis und zeigt: Geschäfte im Markt für muslimische Mode werden zum Resultat gesellschaftlicher Diskurse und der Markt zum Effekt beschreibbarer unternehmerischer Praxis – weit jenseits einer »unsichtbaren Hand«.
    Note: The publication of this work was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  31,3, Seiten 253-266
    ISSN: 0958-9287 , 0958-9287
    Language: English
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage Publ.
    Angaben zur Quelle: 31,3, Seiten 253-266
    DDC: 320
    Keywords: social investment ; gender ; welfare state reform ; attitudes ; public opinion ; Politikwissenschaft (Politik und Regierung) ; Wirtschaft ; Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: This article contributes to the study of the demand side of welfare politics by investigating gender differences in social investment preferences systematically. Building on the different functions of social investment policies in creating, preserving, or mobilizing skills, we argue that women do not support social investment policies generally more strongly than men. Rather, women demand, in particular, policies to preserve their skills during career interruptions and help to mobilize their skills on the labour market. In a second analytical step, we examine women’s policy priorities if skill preservation and mobilization come at the expense of social compensation. We test our arguments for eight Western European countries with data from the INVEDUC survey. The confirmation of our arguments challenges a core assumption of the literatures on the social investment turn and women’s political realignment. We discuss the implication of our findings in the conclusion.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 5
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (313 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2021
    DDC: 330
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Unternehmertum ; Soziale Präferenzen ; Altruismus ; Verhaltensökonomie ; Entrepreneurship ; social preferences ; altruism ; behavioral economics ; Wirtschaft ; Das Sozialverhalten beeinflussende Faktoren
    Abstract: Unterscheidet sich die Ausprägung sozialer Präferenzen zwischen Unternehmern und Nicht-Unternehmern? Beeinflussen die sozialen Präferenzen von Unternehmern welchen Geschäftstyp (soziales vs. kommerzielles Unternehmen) sie gründen? Haben soziale Präferenzen einen Einfluss auf produktive und/oder unproduktive unternehmerische Motive? Spielt die Persönlichkeitsstruktur in diesem Kontext eine Rolle? Die vorliegende Dissertation behandelt diese Fragen anhand von vier experimentellen Studien mit Unternehmern, Landwirten, Studierenden der Betriebs- und Volkswirtschaftslehre, sowie Mitarbeitern, Kollaboratoren und Investoren von Start-up-Unternehmen. Dabei werden unterschiedliche Methoden in Labor, Online, sowie „Lab-in-the field“ Experimenten angewendet. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Unternehmer im Vergleich zu den anderen Testgruppen, generell stärker ausgeprägte soziale Präferenzen besitzen, insbesondere bezüglich kooperativer Eigenschaften. Darüber hinaus wird kein Zusammenhang zwischen den sozialen Präferenzen von Unternehmern und ihrer Entscheidung ein soziales oder kommerzielles Unternehmen zu gründen gefunden.
    Abstract: How do entrepreneurs’ social inclinations compare to those of non-entrepreneurs? Does the social preference structure of entrepreneurs provide us with information regarding the business type they choose to operate (i.e., whether they choose to run a social business versus a commercial business)? Do social preferences relate to (un)productive entrepreneurial motives? Does personality play a role in this context? This dissertation addresses these research questions by conducting four experimental studies with actual entrepreneurs, business and economics students, farmers, and start-up employees, collaborators and investors. Thereby, different methods are applied in laboratory, online, and lab-in-the-field experiments. The findings suggest entrepreneurs to hold generally stronger social tendencies, in particular in relation to cooperation. No link between social preferences and the choice of founding a social or commercial business is found.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0197-9183 , 0197-9183
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (30 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: , Seiten 176-205
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: economic integration ; labor market change ; decomposition analysis ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: How important were manufacturing and heavy industries to the economic integration of twentieth-century immigrants in Western societies? This article examines how macro-social change in Germany since the height of manufacturing has affected the socio-economic integration of male immigrants. We develop an analytical framework to assess how educational expansion among natives, deindustrialization, and the increasing importance of formal qualifications shape male immigrant-native gaps in labor-market outcomes over time. Empirically, we focus on first-generation male Turkish immigrants in Germany and use micro-census data spanning almost 40 years. Through a novel empirical quantification of key theoretical arguments concerning immigrant economic integration, we find growing inter-group differences between the late 1970s and mid-2000s (employment) and mid-2010s (incomes), respectively. The growth of differences between the immigrant and native income distributions was most pronounced in their respective bottom halves. Our analysis shows that these trends are linked to the increased importance of formal educational qualifications for individual labor-market success, to educational expansion in Germany, and to deindustrialization. Employment in Germany shifted away from middling positions in manufacturing, but while natives tended to move into better-paying positions, Turkish immigrants mainly shifted into disadvantaged service jobs. These results provide novel evidence for claims that the economic assimilation of less-skilled immigrants may become structurally harder in increasingly post-industrial societies. We conclude that structural change in host countries is an important, yet often overlooked, driver of immigrant socio-economic integration trajectories.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  58,14, Seiten 2845-2862
    ISSN: 0042-0980 , 0042-0980
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage Publications Ltd.
    Angaben zur Quelle: 58,14, Seiten 2845-2862
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: agglomeration ; economic processes ; education ; education cities ; globalisation ; international branch campus ; place branding ; urbanisation ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Prevalent notions of ‘education cities’ and ‘education hubs’ are vaguely defined, operate at blurry scales and tend to reproduce promotional language. The article contributes to theorising the geographies and spaces of globalising higher education by developing the concept of transnational education zones. Through an urban political economy lens, we review the relations between universities and cities, consider universities’ role in the political economy and understand universities as transnational urban actors. We exhaustively map the phenomenon of transnational education zones and empirically analyse cases from four cities (Doha, Dubai, Iskandar and Flic en Flac) with respect to their embeddedness in state-led projects for the ‘knowledge economy’, their vision for transnational subject formation and their character as urban zones of exception. The conclusion develops a research agenda for further critical geographic inquiries into the (re)making of cities through the development of transnational spaces of higher education that explores the relations between globalising higher education and material and discursive transformations at the urban scale.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 8
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (148 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2019
    DDC: 300
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Governance von Ökosystemleistungen ; Ökokompensation ; Governancestrukturen ; Ökonomische Anreize ; Sloping Land Conversion Program ; Governance of ecosystem services ; Eco-compensation ; Governance structures ; Economic incentives ; Sloping Land Conversion Program ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Natürliche Resourcen, Energie und Umwelt ; Politikwissenschaft ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Meine Dissertation beschäftigt sich mit den institutionellen Aspekten staatlicher Zahlungen für Ökosystemleistungen (Payments for Ecosystem Services „PES“) in China. Marktbasierte Ansätze zur Steuerung von Ökosystemleistungen, insbesondere von PES, wurden in den letzten Jahrzehnten als neue und innovative Politikinstrumente angesehen. Entsprechend diesem internationalen Trend sind PES auch in China populär, werden jedoch meist mit dem inländischen Begriff der Ökokompensation beschrieben. Einen wirtschaftlichen Anreiz für Verhaltensänderungen zu schaffen, wenn das Ökokompensations-Programm nur ein Ausgleich für gesetzliche Einschränkungen ist, kann eine Herausforderung darstellen. Die Merkmale der Ökokompensation unterscheiden sich von anderen nationalen PES-Programmen, da sich das Governance-Modell, die Eigentumsrechte und die gesellschaftlichen Strukturen in China stark von anderen Staaten unterscheiden. Die Ökokompensation steht vor vielen institutionellen Herausforderungen, wenn es darum geht, ökonomische Anreize für Verhaltensänderungen zu schaffen. Zahlungen für Ökosystemleistungen, die Elemente sowohl eines freiwilligen, marktbasierten als auch eines hierarchischen Systems kombinieren, um mit den besonderen institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen umzugehen, wurden bisher noch nicht ausreichend untersucht. Eine Wissenslücke besteht insbesondere hinsichtlich der Anpassung des Designs von PES an die institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen in China. Die Mechanismen von Zahlungen für Ökosystemleistungen in China unterscheiden sich in wichtigen Punkten von den aus der westlichen Erfahrung bekannten Mechanismen. Die vorliegende Dissertation zielt darauf ab, die Diskrepanz zwischen der allgemein gültigen Rahmung von Zahlungen von Ökosystemleistungen und der Realität ihrer Praxis zu verringern, indem sie eine institutionelle Analyse des chinesischen staatlichen PES-Programms vornimmt. Das Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP) gilt als eines der weltweit größten PES-Programme und ist ein wichtiger Bestandteil der Ökokompensation. Das erste Ziel dieser Dissertation ist es, anhand des SLCP als empirische Fallstudie zu verstehen, wie das institutionelle Design des staatlichen PES in China verbessert werden kann. Das zweite Ziel ist in einem breiteren internationalen Kontext zu sehen und zielt darauf ab, einen methodischen Beitrag zur Analyse der Governance von Ökosystemleistungen zu leisten. Die Dissertation folgt einer kumulativen Struktur, die aus einem Rahmentext besteht, in den fünf, von Experten begutachtete, Artikel aus internationalen Fachzeitschriften integriert sind. Kapitel 1 ist eine Einführung, in der die Forschungslücken und die Forschungsziele im Hinblick auf staatliche PES beschrieben werden. Kapitel 2 liefert die theoretische Grundlage der institutionellen Ökonomie und zeigt die Bedeutung der Governance von Naturressourcen in China auf. Darauf aufbauend konkretisiert Kapitel 3 das Forschungsdesign, indem es die Forschungsziele in verschiedene Forschungsfragen untergliedert. Kapitel 4 beinhaltet den Ergebnisteil, der fünf Zeitschriftenartikel umfasst. Der erste Artikel liefert die konzeptionelle Grundlage für alle nachfolgenden Untersuchungen, die in dieser Dissertation vorgestellt werden, und gibt einen Überblick über die Wirksamkeit und die institutionellen Herausforderungen des chinesischen SLCP. Sowohl der zweite als auch der dritte Artikel sind empirische Untersuchungen. Der zweite Artikel untersucht, wie die sozioökonomischen und institutionellen Bedingungen Anreize für Haushalte in ländlichen Gebieten schaffen, um die primären Umweltziele des SLCP zu erreichen. Der dritte Artikel zeigt, wie lokale Dynamiken die Umsetzung des SLCP beeinflusst und geprägt haben. Der vierte Artikel veranschaulicht und diskutiert die im zweiten Artikel angewandte Methode im Vergleich zu einer weiteren Fallstudie in Deutschland. Der fünfte Artikel schließlich stellt die Stärken und Schwächen der im dritten Artikel angewandten Methode den Erfahrungen ähnlicher Studien in vier weiteren Ländern gegenüber. Zusammen liefern diese Artikel wichtige Beiträge für die beiden Ziele der Dissertation. Kapitel 5 beinhaltet die Synthese und Diskussion der Ergebnisse und Kapitel 6 schließt die Dissertation ab. Das wichtigste Ergebnis dieser Dissertation ist, dass die Wirksamkeit des staatlichen PES in China das Ergebnis der Interaktion der treibenden sozialen Kräfte ist, während institutionelle Rahmenbedingungen und lokale Dynamiken eine Schlüsselrolle bei der Ausgestaltung der Programmumsetzung spielen. Das SLCP hätte unter bestimmten institutionellen Bedingungen ein großes Potenzial für die Schaffung signifikanter Skaleneffekte und für die Verbesserung der Umwelteffektivität. Allerdings weicht die derzeitige Umsetzung des SLCP wegen der besonderen institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen erheblich von dem von der Politik geförderten Marktansatz ab. Zwar haben die institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen die breite Akzeptanz und schnelle Entwicklung des SLCP in der Anfangsphase nicht behindert, doch gibt es keine Möglichkeit, einen langfristigen Erfolg im Hinblick auf die Umwelteffektivität zu erreichen, wenn die wichtigsten PES-Elemente fehlen. Der überwiegend von oben nach unten gerichtete Ansatz des Programms und das Fehlen von echter Freiwilligkeit, Konditionalität und Eigentumsrechten werden zusammen als kritische Faktoren verstanden, die mögliche Misserfolge langfristig erklären. Ein weiterer Beitrag der Dissertation sind die methodischen Ansätze, die zum besseren Verständnis der Governance von Ökosystemleistungen beitragen. Diese Dissertation zeigt, dass Ansätze, die qualitative und quantitative Methoden kombinieren, wie z.B. Qualitative Vergleichende Analyse (Qualitative Comparative Analysis „QCA“) und Soziale Netzwerkanalyse (SNA), ein großes Potenzial für die institutionelle Analyse und partizipative Forschung von PES haben. Bei beiden Methoden wurde besonderes Augenmerk auf die detaillierte Beschreibung ihrer Anwendung sowie die damit verbundenen Vor- und Nachteile gelegt.
    Abstract: My dissertation focuses on institutional aspects of governmental payments for ecosystem services (PES) in China. Market-based approaches for ecosystem service governance, particular the PES, have been considered new and innovative policy instruments over the past decades. Corresponding to this international trend, PES schemes in China are mostly described by the domestic term eco-compensation. However, the characteristics of eco-compensation are distinct from other national PES programs, as governance model, property rights and societal structures in China are different to the PES theory. Eco-compensation faces many institutional challenges in creating economic incentives for behavioral change. However, PES that combines elements of both a voluntary market and hierarchy-based system in dealing with incomplete institutional settings has not yet been sufficiently addressed. In particular, there is a knowledge gap regarding fitting the design of PES and institutional settings in China together. The mechanisms of PES in China differ in important ways from mechanisms familiar from the western experience. This dissertation aims to reduce the divergence between the common framing of PES and the reality of its practice by presenting the institutional analysis of China’s governmental PES program. As a major component of eco-compensation, the Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP) is considered one of the world’s largest PES programmes. By taking SLCP as an empirical case, the first objective of this dissertation is to understand how to improve the institutional design of governmental PES. The second lies in a broad international context, aiming at methodologically contributing to the analysis of ecosystem services governance. This dissertation follows a cumulative structure, integrating the framework text and five papers. Chapter 1 is an introduction, outlining the research gaps and objectives of governmental PES. Chapter 2 provides a theoretical foundation to the institutional economic schools, their respective theories and the relevance of nature resource governance in China. Based on this, Chapter 3 confirms the research design by deconstructing the research objectives into different research questions. Chapter 4 is the results section, which comprises five papers. The first paper provides the conceptual basis for all subsequent studies presented in this dissertation, as it is an overview of the effectiveness and institutional challenges of China’s Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP). Both the second and third papers are empirical works. The second paper explores how socioeconomic and institutional conditions encourage rural households to reach the primary environmental goals of SLCP. The third paper shows how local dynamics derived and shaped the SLCP’s implementation. The fourth paper illustrates and discusses the method used in paper 2, comparing it with another case study in Germany. Finally, the fifth paper present the strengths and weaknesses of the method used in paper 3 based on the experiences of four different countries. Together, these papers deliver important contributions to both objectives. Chapter 5 is the synthesis and discussion, and Chapter 6 concludes the dissertation. The key finding of this dissertation is that the effectiveness of governmental PES is a result of interacting driving forces, whereas institutional settings and local dynamics play key roles in shaping program implementation. The SLCP could achieve its potential in creating significant economies of scale and environmental effectiveness under certain institutional conditions. However, against incomplete institutional settings, the current implementation of SLCP has deviated substantially from the market approach promoted by policy makers. While the incomplete institutional settings did not prevent SLCP’s wide acceptance and fast development in its first phases, there is no by-pass to reach the long term success in terms of environmental effectiveness in the absence of key PES elements. The program’s predominantly top-down approach and lack of genuinely voluntary characteristics, conditionality and property rights are jointly understood to be critical factors that explain possible failures in the long-term. Another contribution which this dissertation makes is in methodological approaches of ecosystem service governance. This dissertation has shown that mixed approaches combining qualitative and quantitative methods, such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and social network analysis (SNA), could have great potential for institutional analysis and participatory research for PES. The two methods were given particular emphasis in the detailed description of application, as well as in the inherent merits and limitations.
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Mind & society 19,2020, Seiten 323-330
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (8 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Mind & society
    Publ. der Quelle: Heidelberg : Springer
    Angaben zur Quelle: 19,2020, Seiten 323-330
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Free will ; Quantum mechanics ; Clustered-minds multiverse ; Many worlds interpretation ; Many minds interpretation ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: This paper sketches a new version of the multiverse interpretation of quantum mechanics, the clustered-minds multiverse, that has been presented in detail elsewhere (Schade 2018, Springer, New York). It briefly shows why it grants us with free will and reflects upon the (im-)possibilty of singular-universe explanations of free will (e.g., Laskey 2018, J Cogn Sci 19–2:125–163). It also critically comments upon S. Sarasvathy’s ’choice matters,’ one of the other contributions to this mini symposium.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Mind & society 19,2020, Seiten 287-292
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (6 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Mind & society
    Publ. der Quelle: Heidelberg : Springer
    Angaben zur Quelle: 19,2020, Seiten 287-292
    DDC: 330
    Keywords: Wirtschaft ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 11
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  112,2, Seiten 179-194
    ISSN: 0040-747X , 0040-747X
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell
    Angaben zur Quelle: 112,2, Seiten 179-194
    DDC: 330
    Keywords: universities ; FDI ; market access ; regulation ; Malaysia ; Wirtschaft ; Geografie und Reisen ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: Universities from varying institutional and geographical contexts have increasingly invested in offshore subsidiaries in the Malaysian private higher education sector. Literature on transnational education policy and management as well as economic-geographic accounts of firms’ transnationalisation or public service provision have not investigated foreign providers’ direct investment and market access strategies in the higher education sector. This paper addresses these gaps, showing how and why foreign actors’ investment and market involvement in Malaysia have changed. Empirical data is drawn from qualitative interviews and policy documents. The research reveals that foreign universities have strategically modified their business partnerships and bi-national accreditation to bypass and bend state regulation of market access as well as to restructure internal organisation and geographical configuration. The paper proposes conceptualising foreign higher education providers as transnationalising, reflexive networks within networks that respond to dynamic market access regulation by adopting firm-like investment strategies.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 12
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  58,4, Seiten 696-714
    ISSN: 0042-0980 , 0042-0980
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Sage Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 58,4, Seiten 696-714
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: employment/labour ; inequality ; neighbourhood ; networks ; poverty/exclusion ; 就业/劳动 ; 不平等 ; 街区 ; 社交 ; 贫困/排斥 ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: We bring together research on social networks and neighbourhood disadvantage to examine how they jointly affect unemployed individuals’ probability of re-entering employment. Data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study ‘Understanding Society’ provide information on the proportion of friends who live in the same neighbourhood, and are linked with small-scale administrative information on neighborhood employment deprivation. Results indicate that neighbourhood employment deprivation prolongs unemployment, but only for individuals who report that all of their friends live in the same neighbourhood. Living in an advantaged neighbourhood with all of one’s friends in the neighbourhood increases the chances of exiting unemployment. In contrast, neighbourhood location is not associated with unemployment exit if one’s friends do not live in the same neighbourhood. We conclude that neighbourhood effects on exiting unemployment critically depend on individuals’ social embeddedness in the neighbourhood. Not just residing in a disadvantaged neighbourhood, but actually living there with all one’s friends, prevents individuals from re-entering employment. This opens new avenues for theorising neighbourhood effects as social rather than geographic phenomena, and highlights that the effects of neighbourhood socio-economic characteristics are conditional on the level of interaction residents have within their neighbourhood.
    Abstract: 我们将对社交网络和街区贫困的研究相结合,研究它们如何共同影响失业人员再就业的可能性。来自英国家庭纵向研究“理解社会”的数据提供了关于生活在同一街区的朋友比例的信息,并且与关于街区就业剥夺的小规模行政管理信息相关联。结果表明,街区就业剥夺延长了失业时间,但这仅适用于那些所有朋友都住在同一街区的个人。如果所有的朋友都生活在同一个富裕街区,这有助于提高终止失业状态的可能性。相比之下,如果一个人的朋友不都是住在同一个街区,他的街区位置与终止失业状态之间没有关联。我们的结论是,街区效应对终止失业状态的影响关键取决于个人在街区中的社交嵌入性。不仅仅是居住在一个贫困街区,而是所有朋友都住在这样一个街区的事实,会妨碍人们重新就业。这为将街区效应理论化为社会现象而非地理现象开辟了新的途径,并强调街区社会经济特征的影响取决于居民在街区内部与其他居民之间的互动程度。
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 13
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Labor history 61,2019,1, Seiten 24-35
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (13 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Labor history
    Publ. der Quelle: Abingdon : Routledge, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 61,2019,1, Seiten 24-35
    DDC: 900
    Keywords: Sümerbank ; working-class citizenship ; national belonging ; working-class politics ; republican Turkish history ; Geschichte und Geografie ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: This paper examines discourses on citizenship and nation at shop floor level through Bakırköy Cloth Factory – a state-owned factory in Istanbul, Turkey. Founded as a private enterprise in 1850, Bakırköy became the State Industrial Office’s property in 1932 and of Sümerbank, the young Turkish state’s bank and industrial holding company in charge of textile production in 1933. Having survived such a drastic regime change, the factory’s first two decades under Sümerbank were shaped by the ruling classes’ zealous and simultaneous efforts of nation-building and industrialization. In the ruling classes’ popular projection, the alleged conversion of an unproductive industrial relic of the imperial past into an example of Republican hard work and patriotism provided opportunities for workers to repay their debt to the nation and its forefathers. In the context of the displacement and mediation of class conflict via nationalist discourses, this study explores how this industrial national space became the site of discursive struggles on national belonging and citizenship. Material from parliamentary debates and media coverage is linked with workers’ files to offer a micro-historical perspective on the interactions between class and nation.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 14
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (193 Seiten)
    Dissertation note: Kumulative Dissertation Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2019
    DDC: 630
    RVK:
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    RVK:
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    Keywords: Hochschulschrift ; Kreislaufwirtschaft ; Transaktionen ; Nährstoffrückgewinnung ; Phosphor ; Struvit ; Magnesium-Ammonium-Phosphat ; Düngung ; Abwasser ; Abwasserwiederverwendung ; Beregnung ; Abwasserbehandlung ; Pflanzenproduktion ; Bioenergie ; Nexus ; Wertschöpfungsketten ; Verknüpfungen ; Kosten ; Nutzen ; Wertschöpfung ; Interdependenzen ; Institutionen ; Governance-Strukturen ; circular economy ; transactions ; nutrient recovery ; phosphorus ; struvite ; magnesium ammonium phosphate ; fertilization ; wastewater ; wastewater reuse ; irrigation ; wastewater treatment ; crop production ; bioenergy ; nexus ; value chains ; linkages ; costs ; benefits ; added-value ; interdependences ; institutions ; governance structures ; Landwirtschaft und verwandte Bereiche ; Wirtschaft ; Natürliche Resourcen, Energie und Umwelt ; Sozialwissenschaften
    Abstract: In dieser Dissertation wird der Einfluss von Transaktionen zur Wiederverwendung von Nährstoffen und gereinigtem kommunalen Abwasser auf die Wertschöpfungsketten der Abwasserbehandlung und Pflanzenproduktion untersucht. Ziel ist es, Kosten und Nutzen sowie die Wertschöpfung von Transaktionen in verknüpften Wertschöpfungsketten der Abwasserbehandlung und Pflanzenproduktion zu analysieren. Darüber hinaus wird untersucht, wie Transaktionen und Interdependenzen zwischen Akteuren in verknüpften Wertschöpfungsketten die lokalen Governance-Strukturen für die Wiederverwendung von Abwasser beeinflussen. Die Analyse wird hauptsächlich durch das Wertschöpfungskettenkonzept, das Konzept der Kreislaufwirtschaft und die Theorie der Transaktionskostenökonomie geleitet. Mit verschiedenen Methoden, wie der Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse, der Wertschöpfungskettenanalyse und der Transaktionskostenanalyse, werden zwei Fallstudien in Deutschland untersucht: (1) die Fällung von Struvit (Magnesium-Ammonium-Phosphat) und dessen Verwendung als Dünger in Berlin-Brandenburg und (2) das Modell der landwirtschaftlichen Abwasserwiederverwendung in Braunschweig. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Wiederverwendung von Nährstoffen und Abwasser zu geringeren Kosten für die Abwasserbehandlung, höherer Rentabilität und Wertschöpfung in der Pflanzenproduktion und zu einem hohen Anteil an regionaler Wertschöpfung führen. Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen aber auch, dass die Wiederverwendung von Abwasser zu Einschränkungen, Verdrängungseffekten und Veränderungen in der Verteilung der Wertschöpfung führen kann. Des Weiteren zeigen die Ergebnisse, dass differenzierte Governance-Strukturen erforderlich sind, um den unterschiedlichen Eigenschaften der Transaktionen zwischen Abwasserbehandlung und der Pflanzenproduktion gerecht zu werden. Interdependenzen zwischen Abwasseranbietern und Landwirten erhöhen den Bedarf an hybriden und hierarchischen Elementen in den Governance-Strukuren für die Wiederverwendung von Abwasser.
    Abstract: This dissertation explores the impact of transactions for reusing nutrients and treated municipal wastewater on the value chains of wastewater treatment and crop production. It aims to analyze what costs and benefits and what added-value can result from transactions in linked value chains of wastewater treatment and crop production. Furthermore, it aims to analyze how transactions and interdependences between actors in linked value chains shape the governance structures for reusing wastewater at the local level. The analysis is mainly guided by the value chain concept, the concept of the circular economy and the theory of transaction costs economics. Different methods including cost-benefit analysis, value chain analysis and transaction cost analysis are used to investigate two case studies located in Germany: (1) the precipitation of struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate) in the wastewater treatment plant in Waßmannsdorf and its application as fertilizer in Berlin-Brandenburg, and (2) the agricultural wastewater reuse scheme of the Wastewater Association Braunschweig. The results show that transactions for reusing nutrients and wastewater result in the development of linked regional value chains with lower costs of wastewater treatment, higher profitability and added-value in crop production, and a high share of regional added-value. However, the results also highlight that the reuse of wastewater can lead to restrictions (e.g., cultivation bans on certain crops), crowding out effects and changes in the distribution of the added-value. Furthermore, the findings suggest that different governance structures are needed to match the different properties of the transactions between wastewater treatment and crop production. Interdependences resulting from transactions between wastewater providers and farmers increase the need for hybrid and hierarchical elements in the governance structures for reusing wastewater.
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  • 15
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  42,8, Seiten 1278-1298
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (22 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 42,8, Seiten 1278-1298
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: For many years, Chinese infrastructure finance has been secured by African governments to provide infrastructure of national significance, while cities continue to lack fiscal tools for the provision of large-scale urban infrastructure. This article not only demonstrates that Chinese infrastructure finance is being extended to municipal authorities in Africa to undertake critical urban infrastructure but also scrutinizes the urban dynamics and local impact of using Chinese infrastructure finance for urban regeneration. Through empirical scrutiny of the regeneration of Kotokuraba Market in Cape Coast, Ghana, findings reveal that municipal authorities, like national governments, are subjected to political and embedded conditionalities. However, the conventional resource-backed repayment conditionality characteristic of Chinese-funded national projects differs from the project finance model—relying on the project’s cash flow for repayment—adopted in Cape Coast. We found in Cape Coast a locally-driven emphasis on affordable rents that stands in stark contrast to the practice of project finance, resulting in potential default of the Chinese loan. The wider consequences of this disjuncture for urban development, financing and governance in Cape Coast, Ghana, and Africa are discussed.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 16
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  61,1, Seiten 1-11
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (12 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Abingdon : Routledge, 2020
    Angaben zur Quelle: 61,1, Seiten 1-11
    DDC: 900
    Keywords: Global labour history ; factory history ; industrialization ; post-industrialization ; working-class history ; Geschichte, Geografie und Hilfswissenschaften ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Factories remain significant sites of employment, crucial to capitalism. In the twentieth century, scholars registered achievements in documenting their history, but since the late 1980s, and for a generation, the field lost impetus within labour history although insights continued to accumulate through work in adjacent disciplines. The factory has not featured on the agenda of ‘transnational’ and ‘global’ labour history, but we suggest that it can and should contribute to that broader global project, reinvigorating labour history, not least by contributing a dimension close to workers’ everyday experience.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 17
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    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  37,1, Seiten 14-35
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (22 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2018
    Angaben zur Quelle: 37,1, Seiten 14-35
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Instrument constituencies ; policy instruments ; governance ; knowledge ; agency ; policy process ; policy-making ; practices ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: As a new concept in policy analysis, instrument constituencies shed light on the ‘supply side’ of policy-making and thereby fill a gap in our understanding of national and transnational policy dynamics. Policy instruments are not only ‘active’ because they contain scripts for reordering society but also because they gather a constituency comprised of practices and actors oriented towards developing, maintaining and expanding a specific instrumental model of governing. Instrument constituencies account for a hitherto neglected form of agency and explain the often-observed paradox that policy solutions sometimes chase policy problems, although the former are meant to emerge as answers to the later. We give an outline of the concept as it has been developed so far, formulate propositions, and discuss linkages with established research traditions in policy studies.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This article was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.
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  • 18
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    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  56,11, Seiten 2225-2241
    ISSN: 0042-0980 , 0042-0980
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (17 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: London, England : SAGE Publications
    Angaben zur Quelle: 56,11, Seiten 2225-2241
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: local politics ; nexus ; renewable energy ; urban infrastructure ; wastewater ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Infrastructures are key interfaces of urban resource use, connecting production to consumption, cities to their hinterland and energy to water and land use. They have, however, received scant attention in debates on nexus thinking in general, and the urban nexus in particular. Drawing on an emergent critical literature on the nexus in urban studies and science and technology studies, this article examines practices of (attempted) inter-sectoral infrastructure integration at the interface of urban wastewater treatment and regional energy provision in Germany. It analyses the nexus approaches and experiences of eight German cities / city-regions as so-called ‘flexibility providers’ in regional energy markets for electricity, gas and heating. It demonstrates how the practices of wastewater utilities operating in energy markets involve far more than technical adaptation, requiring in addition a major reordering of existing material, spatial and institutional configurations to both wastewater and energy systems. This is proving a deeply political process with important implications for our understanding of socio-technical transitions at the water-energy nexus.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 19
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    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Journal of Public Policy 36,2016,3, Seiten 457-488
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (32 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Journal of Public Policy
    Publ. der Quelle: Cambridge [u.a.] : Cambridge Univ. Press
    Angaben zur Quelle: 36,2016,3, Seiten 457-488
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: offshore centres ; offshore leaks ; Savings Directive ; tax evasion ; tax havens ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Politikwissenschaft ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: We assess the European Union’s (EU) most significant international tax policy. The 2005 Tax and Savings Directive obliges cooperating jurisdictions to withhold tax or report on interest income earned by entities whose beneficial owner is an EU resident. As the Directive applies only to beneficial ownership in cooperative jurisdictions, it can be circumvented by transferring ownership to a non-EU resident or company or by transferring the entity to a non-cooperative jurisdiction. Using a database on individual offshore entities leaked from two firms in 2013, we compare the response of EU-owned entities with a control group of non-EU-owned entities. We show that the growth of EU-owned entities declined immediately after the Directive’s implementation, whereas that of non-EU-owned entities remained stable. We observe the substitution of EU ownership for non-EU ownership, as well as the substitution of cooperative for non-cooperative offshore jurisdictions. This calls for anti-evasion policies that are broader in scope and scale.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 20
    ISBN: 978-3-86004-325-7
    Language: English
    Additional Information: ,2016 978-3-86004-325-7
    DDC: 340
    Keywords: Labour Market Policies ; Unemployment ; Activation ; Flexicurity ; Social Security Law ; Labour Law ; Recht ; Soziale Probleme, Sozialarbeit ; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Due to the economic crisis, unemployment has become a major issue in many countries. Different paths are used in order to tackle the rising numbers and to conserve the financial sustainability of the system. Here, we can distinguish several aspects, a focus on insertion in the labour market through employment services, but also the activation duty linked to the right to unemployment or social assistance benefits. This book aims at providing an overview of the development in five countries, the Netherlands, Poland, Italy, Spain and Greece, focussing on the question of security. Security is understood as one of those conditions, which support the unemployed in their transitions from an unemployment situation to a job. In this perspective, both unemployment benefits and activation measures are worth to provide “security”.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
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  • 21
    ISBN: 978-3-319-33626-8 , 978-3-319-33626-8
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (21 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: : Springer
    Angaben zur Quelle: , Seiten 21-40
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Telecoupling ; Social space ; Systemic effects ; Competition as process ; Power/knowledge ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Soziale Prozesse ; Geografie und Reisen ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: This introductory chapter explores the notion of ‘distal drivers’ in land use competition. Research has moved beyond proximate causes of land cover and land use change to focus on the underlying drivers of these dynamics. We discuss the framework of telecoupling within human–environment systems as a first step to come to terms with the increasingly distal nature of driving forces behind land use practices. We then expand the notion of distal as mainly a measure of Euclidian space to include temporal, social, and institutional dimensions. This understanding of distal widens our analytical scope for the analysis of land use competition as a distributed process to consider the role of knowledge and power, technology, and different temporalities within a relational or systemic analysis of practices of land use competition. We conclude by pointing toward the historical and social contingency of land use competition and by acknowledging that this contingency requires a methodological–analytical approach to dynamics that goes beyond linear cause–effect relationships. A critical component of future research will be a better understanding of different types of feedback processes reaching from biophysical feedback loops to feedback produced by individual or institutional reflexivity.
    Note: Published first as (erstmalig folgendermaßen erschienen): Jörg Niewöhner, Jonas Ø. Nielsen, Ignacio Gasparri, Yaqing Gou, Mads Hauge, Neha Joshi, Anke Schaffartzik, Frank Sejersen, Karen C. Seto, and Chris Shughrue: “Conceptualizing Distal Drivers in Land Use Competition”. In: Land Use Competition: Ecological, Economic and Social Perspectives. Edited by Jörg Niewöhner, Antje Bruns, Patrick Hostert, Tobias Krueger, Jonas Ø. Nielsen, Helmut Haberl, Christian Lauk, Juliana Lutz, and Daniel Müller. Human-Environment Interactions 6. Springer, 2016. Chapter 2, pages 21–40. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-33628-2_2
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  • 22
    ISBN: 978-3-319-33626-8 , 978-3-319-33626-8
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: : Springer
    Angaben zur Quelle: , Seiten 1-17
    DDC: 910
    Keywords: Relational perspective ; Land cover ; Global change ; Scaling ; Interdisciplinarity ; Geografie und Reisen ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Soziologie und Anthropologie ; Wirtschaft ; Soziale Prozesse
    Abstract: This chapter introduces competition as a heuristic concept to analyse how specific land use practices establish themselves against possible alternatives. We briefly outline the global importance of land use practices as the material and symbolic basis for people’s livelihoods, particularly the provision of food security and well-being. We chart the development over time from research on land cover towards research on drivers of land use practices as part of an integrated land systems science. The increasingly spatially, temporally and functionally distributed nature of these drivers poses multiple challenges to research on land use practices. We propose the notion of ‘competition’ to respond to some of these challenges and to better understand how alternative land use practices are negotiated. We conceive of competition as a relational concept. Competition asks about agents in relation to each other, about the mode or the logic in which these relations are produced and about the material environments, practices and societal institutions through which they are mediated. While this has centrally to do with markets and prices, we deliberately open the concept to embrace more than economic perspectives. As such competition complements a broadening of analytical attention from the ‘who’, ‘what’ and ‘when’ to include prominently the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of particular land use practices and the question to whom this matters and ought to matter. We suggest that competition is an analytically productive concept, because it does not commit the analyst to a particular epistemological stance. It addresses reflexivity and feed-back, emergence and downward causation, history and response rates—concepts that all carry very different conceptual and analytical connotations in different disciplines. We propose to make these differences productive by putting them alongside each other through the notion of competition. Last not least, the heuristic lens of competition affords the combination of empirical and normative aspects, thus addressing land use practices in material, social and ethical terms.
    Note: Published first as (erstmalig folgendermaßen erschienen): Jörg Niewöhner, Antje Bruns, Helmut Haberl, Patrick Hostert, Tobias Krueger, Christian Lauk, Juliana Lutz, Daniel Müller, and Jonas Ø. Nielsen: “Land Use Competition. Ecological, Economic and Social Perspectives”. In: Land Use Competition: Ecological, Economic and Social Perspectives. Edited by Jörg Niewöhner, Antje Bruns, Patrick Hostert, Tobias Krueger, Jonas Ø. Nielsen, Helmut Haberl, Christian Lauk, Juliana Lutz, and Daniel Müller. Human-Environment Interactions 6. Springer, 2016. Chapter 1, pages 1–17. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-33628-2_1
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  • 23
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    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Ageing and Society 37,2015,3, Seiten 633-655
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (23 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Ageing and Society
    Publ. der Quelle: Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 2017
    Angaben zur Quelle: 37,2015,3, Seiten 633-655
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: family care ; living arrangements ; inter-generational relations ; older people ; rural China ; China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft ; Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände ; Medizin und Gesundheit
    Abstract: China has seen a rapid decline of the traditional multi-generational household and an increase in rural-to-urban migration, raising concerns about a possible breakdown of the informal support system. Against this background, the paper looks at family care-giving (or the absence thereof) to parents in three different living arrangements: with any child or child-in-law (co-resident); independent with at least one child living in the same community (networked); and without any children in either the household or the community (isolated). It also compares the care-giving arrangements of single elders to those living with a spouse. The sample, which is derived from the comprehensive China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), contains data on 887 functionally impaired individuals aged 60 and above. The findings suggest that married parents are mostly cared for by their spouse, even if they co-reside with adult children. Proximity to children is particularly important for single elders, who are more likely to lack a care-giver when living independently. There appears to be a hierarchy in family care responsibilities, where children step in as care-givers only when the spouse is no longer able to fulfil this role. While these findings imply a significant deviation from traditional practices and norms of ‘filial piety’, they can be interpreted as a rational adaptation to the changed economic circumstances in rural China.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 24
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (30 Seiten)
    Publ. der Quelle: Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 2017
    Angaben zur Quelle: 37,2, Seiten 295-324
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: life satisfaction ; wellbeing ; work after pension age ; social class ; fixed effects ; German Socio-Economic Panel ; British Household Panel Survey ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft ; Soziale Probleme und Sozialdienste; Verbände ; Medizin und Gesundheit
    Abstract: In recent years, the employment rates of people of pension age have increased considerably. However, longitudinal evidence on the effects of this employment on wellbeing which might contribute to an evaluation of this late-life work is scarce. Based on empirical findings so far and on theoretical approaches to wellbeing, work and retirement, both negative and positive effects of post-retirement work on life satisfaction are plausible. In this paper, we investigate the effects of taking up work again between the ages of 65 and 75 on life satisfaction in different occupational classes in Germany and the United Kingdom. We expect that not only the heterogeneous conditions and experiences of working are crucial for the consequences that post-retirement work has for life satisfaction, but also the institutional arrangements surrounding this form of work. We use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and the British Household Panel Survey, covering the 1990s and 2000s. Based on fixed-effects regression modelling, we find positive effects of working in both countries, although not all effects are significant. Differentiating by the class of the job in which the older person works, we find mainly positive effects and no significant differences between those who work in a lower-class job and all others. In addition, we find that the positive effect of working on life satisfaction is partly explained by increased satisfaction with household income for those working in a lower-class job in the United Kingdom. We conclude that many of the pessimistic assumptions about people working after pension age cannot be confirmed for our time of observation. However, there are several reasons for believing that the results will be different in the future or for differently defined populations of people working past pension age.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 25
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    In:  Business History Review 87,2013,1, Seiten 69-93
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (25 Seiten)
    Titel der Quelle: Business History Review
    Publ. der Quelle: Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press
    Angaben zur Quelle: 87,2013,1, Seiten 69-93
    DDC: 330
    Keywords: Wirtschaft ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Geschichte und Geografie
    Abstract: Using newly collected patent assignment data for late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Germany and a standard econometric approach from the international trade literature—the gravity model—we demonstrate the existence of border effects on a historical technology market. We show that the geographic distance between assignor and assignee negatively affected the probability of patent assignments, as well as the fact that a state or international border separated the two contracting parties. Surprisingly, we show that the effect of a state border within Germany was nearly as large as the effect of an international border.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    Note: This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
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  • 26
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät
    In:  Corporate Social Responsibility: Wirtschaftsmodelle – Moral – Erfolg – Nachhaltigkeit ,2013, Seiten 1-452
    ISBN: 978-3-86297-006-3 , 978-3-86297-006-3
    Language: German
    Titel der Quelle: Corporate Social Responsibility: Wirtschaftsmodelle – Moral – Erfolg – Nachhaltigkeit
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : West-Ost-Verlag
    Angaben zur Quelle: ,2013, Seiten 1-452
    DDC: 100
    Keywords: Soziale Sensibilisierung des Business ; Tendenzen in der Wirtschaft ; Soziale Verantwortung ; Unternehmenskultur Wirtschaftsethik ; Soziale Marktwirtschaft ; Moral ; Corporate Social Responsibility ; Strategie ; Unternehmensethik ; christliche Soziallehre ; Unternehmensethik ; Definition ; European Union ; Institutionalisierung ; Development ; Konzepte ; Positionierung ; Medien ; Branding ; modernen Gesellschaft ; Globale und nationale Erfahrungen ; Wirtschaftstheorien ; Social sensitization of business ; trends ; social responsibility ; corporate culture ; business ethics ; social market economy ; ethics ; corporate social responsibility ; Strategy ; Corporate Ethics ; Christian Social Teaching ; Corporate Ethics ; definition ; European Union ; institutionalization ; development ; concepts ; positioning ; media ; branding modern society ; Global and national experiences ; economic theories ; Social sensitization of business ; trends ; social responsibility ; corporate culture ; business ethics ; social market economy ; ethics ; corporate social responsibility ; Strategy ; Corporate Ethics ; Christian Social Teaching ; Corporate Ethics ; definition ; European Union ; institutionalization ; development ; concepts ; positioning ; media ; branding modern society ; Global and national experiences ; economic theories ; Корпоративная социальная ответственность ; социальная сенсибилизация бизнеса ; экономическая этика ; связи с общественностью ; менеджмент ; корпоративное управление ; Philosophie ; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Die Frage, ob Wirtschaftsbeziehungen, Arbeitsbedingungen, Management oder Konkurrenzverhalten sozialverträglicher geworden sind, bleibt bis zur Gegenwart umstritten. Unterdessen zeigt sich allerdings in veränderten Richtungen der Theorie und Praxis des Managements ein nicht zu übersehender Trend, der im Titel dieses Sammelbandes als soziale Sensibilisierung des Business thematisiert ist. Unter sozialer Sensibilisierung des Business ist daher in einer ersten Näherung eine permanente Aufmerksamkeit der Wirtschaftsakteure in Bezug auf die gesellschaftlichen Anforderungen zu verstehen, die durch Entwicklung und Durchführung von solchen Management-Konzepten realisiert werden können, die es ermöglichen optimal auf die Ansprüche und Erwartungen der Gesellschaft zu reagieren, ihre Interessen zu berücksichtigen und zugleich entsprechende Praktiken zu entwickeln und anzuwenden, um die Effizienz und Nachhaltigkeit des eigenen Unternehmens zu erhöhen. Die These der sozialen Sensibilisierung des Business beinhaltet dabei einen vielfältigen Diskussionskomplex und Lösungsperspektiven um mehrere zentrale Fragen. Auf der Ebene der Politökonomie ist etwa zu fragen, ob solche Sensibilisierung ein Merkmal unserer Zeit ist und welche wirtschaftlichen und soziopolitischen Bedingungen und Voraussetzungen dafür zu erfüllen sind. Auf der unternehmerischen Ebene sowie im Hinblick auf die Entwicklung der Managementtheorie gilt es zu fragen, ob es überhaupt als möglich erscheint, verschiedene soziale Praktiken und Fachdisziplinen der Unternehmen zusammenzuschließen und gegeneinander abzuwägen, wenn es in den Bereichen keine allgemein anerkannten Konzepte und Definitionen gibt.
    Abstract: Trends in social sensitization of business are determined and examined by analyzing the socio-economic sciences and the modern economic activity. Such disciplines as public relations, corporate governance, corporate identity, reputation management, management of sustainable development and corporate social responsibility are considered in a particular system, showing the increasing dependence of business on public opinion and public expectations. Social sensitization in the business means a permanent focus of the economic subjects of economic activity to the needs of society, arriving at finding and implementing such management concepts that would enable a response to expectations in the optimum way, to respect interests and at the same time to use the appropriate practices to increase the efficiency and sustainability of entrepreneurial activity (p. 422). The author shows the new possibilities of using the model of social sensitization of business in scientific, educational and economic activities.
    Abstract: В статье сформулирована концепция социальной сенсибилизации бизнеса. Под социальной сенсибилизацией бизнеса понимается перманентное внимание субъектов экономики к запросам общества, выражающееся в поиске и реализации таких управленческих концепций, которые позволяли бы оптимально реагировать на ожидания общества, учитывать его интересы и одновременно использовать соответствующую практику для увеличения эффективности и устойчивости собственной предпринимательской деятельности.
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 27
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät I
    Language: German
    DDC: 020
    Keywords: Bericht ; Internet ; Leistungsangebot ; gesellschaftliche Folgen ; Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft ; Hauswirtschaft und Familienleben ; Informatik ; Nachrichtenmedien, Journalismus, Verlagswesen ; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Der Beitrag befasst sich mit den tiefgreifenden gesellschaftlichen Konsequenzen der in jüngster Zeit stattfindenden rapiden Entwicklung der Kommunikations- und Informationstechnologie. Diese werden aus den verschiedenen Leistungsangeboten abgeleitet, denen die jeweiligen Vorzüge und Nachteile bzw. Gefahren beigefügt sind.
    Abstract: Not Reviewed
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 28
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät
    ISSN: 1860-5664
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (32 Seiten)
    Series Statement: 2011,9
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Experiments ; Heterogeneity ; Contests ; All-pay auction ; Regret aversion ; Sozialwissenschaften ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Contest or auction designers who want to maximize the overall revenue are frequently con- cerned with a trade-off between contest homogeneity and inclusion of contestants with high valuations. In our experimental study, we find that it is not profitable to exclude the most able contestant in favor of greater homogeneity among the remaining contestants, even if the theoretical exclusion principle predicts otherwise. This is because the strongest contestants con- siderably overexert. A possible explanation is that these contestants are afraid they will regret a low but risky bid if they lose and thus prefer a strategy which gives them a low but secure pay-off.
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 29
    ISBN: 978-3-86004-240-3
    Language: German
    Additional Information: Berlin : edoc-Server der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin ,2009, Seiten 1-354 978-3-86004-240-3
    DDC: 700
    Keywords: Arbeit ; Kultur- und Kreativwirtschaft ; Urhberrecht ; Film ; Musik ; Games ; Computer- und Videospiele ; Presse ; kreative Internetwirtschaft ; Künste, Bildende Kunst allgemein ; Musik ; Nachrichtenmedien, Journalismus, Verlagswesen ; Recht ; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Spiel ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Im Europäischen Jahr der Kreativität und Innovation legt Arbeit 2.0 zum ersten Mal eine umfassende Darstellung der Arbeitsproblematik in der Kultur- und Kreativwirtschaft im Digitalzeitalter vor. Den Kern der Untersuchung bilden die Portraits von fünf Schlüsselbranchen: die drei Branchen mit dem größten Marktvolumen: Film, Musik und Games, die neben dem Buchmarkt älteste Branche: Presse, sowie die jüngste: die kreative Internetwirtschaft. Dabei wird die Spezifik der jeweiligen Brache ebenso herausgestellt wie ihre Gemeinsamkeiten. Die urheberrechtlichen Regelungen im Zusammenspiel mit anderen Rechtsgebieten, vor allem dem Vertragsrecht, sind von wesentlicher Bedeutung für alle fünf untersuchten Branchen. Sie werden daher in eigenen Texten behandelt. Auch hier werden verbreitete Vorstellungen und die Intentionen des Gesetzgebers bei den jüngsten Novellierungen an der Urheberrechtswirklichkeit überprüft – mit ernüchternden Ergebnissen.
    Abstract: Not Reviewed
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  • 30
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Philosophische Fakultät III
    ISBN: 3-531-11912-5
    Language: German
    Additional Information: Opladen : Westdeutscher Verlag ,1989 3-531-11912-5
    DDC: 943
    Keywords: Deutsche Demokratische Republik ; Politisches System ; Deutschland ; German Democratic Republic ; Political System ; Communist system ; Geschichte Deutschlands ; Politik ; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: This books provides basic information about the historical, ideological and legal foundations of the GDR, its political and economic and education system
    Abstract: Not Reviewed
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  • 31
    ISBN: 3-531-11456-5
    Language: German
    Additional Information: Schriften des Zentralinstituts für Sozialwissenschaftliche Forschung der Freien Universität Berlin Band 30 Opladen : Westdeutscher Verlag 30,1978 3-531-11456-5
    DDC: 320
    Keywords: Kaderpolitik ; Bildungssystem ; DDR ; Weiterbildung ; Kaderpolitik ; DDR ; Bildungssystem ; Weiterbildung ; German Democratic Republic ; Higher Education ; Cadre Policy ; professional training ; Politik ; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Wirtschaft
    Abstract: Das Buch untersucht die Rolle des Bildungssystems in der DDR für die Auswahl, Aus- und Weiterbildung von Führungspersonal (Kader) für das Wirtschaftssystem der DDR
    Abstract: This book analyses the function of the education system for the recruitment and education of political and economic leaders in the GDR
    Abstract: Peer Reviewed
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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