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  • Cambridge : Cambridge University Press  (16)
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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781316257852
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xix, 247 pages)
    Series Statement: The International African library 49
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 306.3/6209667
    RVK:
    Keywords: Geschichte 1850-2015 ; Religion ; Sklaverei ; Anlo (African people) / Religion ; Cults / Ghana ; Collective memory / Ghana ; Slavery / Ghana / Religious aspects ; Kollektives Gedächtnis ; Religiöser Wandel ; Sklaverei ; Ahlŏ ; Ghana ; Ghana ; Ahlŏ ; Sklaverei ; Religiöser Wandel ; Kollektives Gedächtnis ; Geschichte 1850-2015
    Abstract: Based on a decade of fieldwork in southeastern Ghana and analysis of secondary sources, this book aims to reconstruct the religious history of the Anlo-Ewe peoples from the 1850s. In particular, it focuses on a corpus of rituals collectively known as 'Fofie', which derived their legitimacy from engaging with the memory of the slave-holding past. The Anlo developed a sense of discomfort about their agency in slavery in the early twentieth century which they articulated through practices such as ancestor veneration, spirit possession, and by forging links with descendants of peoples they formerly enslaved. Conversion to Christianity, engagement with 'modernity', trans-Atlantic conversations with diasporan Africans, and citizenship of the postcolonial state coupled with structural changes within the religious system - which resulted in the decline in Fofie's popularity - gradually altered the moral emphases of legacies of slavery in the Anlo historical imagination as the twentieth century progressed
    Description / Table of Contents: Ghosts of slavery? -- The Anlo-Ewe : portrait of a people -- The dance of Alegba : Anlo-Ewe religion -- Slavery in the Anlo imagination -- Religion and society in early modern Anlo, c. 1750-c. 1910 -- Gods from the north, c. 1910-c. 1940 -- 'Yesu vide, dzo vide' : the dynamics of Anlo religion, c. 1940-c. 2010 -- Conclusion : ritual servitude, trans-Atlantic conversations, and religious change
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511491023
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xv, 461 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 304.6630904
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    Keywords: Geschichte 1900-2000 ; Geschichte 1900-2000 ; Geschichte ; Genocide ; Genocide / History / 20th century ; Völkermord ; Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit ; Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit ; Geschichte 1900-2000 ; Völkermord ; Geschichte 1900-2000
    Abstract: The Killing Trap, first published in 2005, offers a comparative analysis of the genocides, politicides and ethnic cleansings of the twentieth century, which are estimated to have cost upwards of forty million lives. The book seeks to understand both the occurrence and magnitude of genocide, based on the conviction that such comparative analysis may contribute towards prevention of genocide in the future. Manus Midlarsky compares socio-economic circumstances and international contexts and includes in his analysis the Jews of Europe, Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, Tutsi in Rwanda, black Africans in Darfur, Cambodians, Bosnians, and the victims of conflict in Ireland. The occurrence of genocide is explained by means of a framework that gives equal emphasis to the non-occurrence of genocide, a critical element not found in other comparisons, and victims are given a prominence equal to that of perpetrators in understanding the magnitude of genocide
    Description / Table of Contents: pt. I. Introduction -- 1. Preliminary considerations -- Purposes of the book -- The role of theory -- Research strategy -- Plan of the book -- 2. Case selection -- Excluded cases -- Three cases of genocide -- pt. II. Explaining perpetrators : theoretical foundations -- 3. Continuity and validation -- Continuity of the killing in three cases -- Validation -- 4. Prologue to theory -- Rational choice -- Utopianism -- Two historical cases -- 5. A theoretical framework -- The domain of losses and state insecurity -- Three types of realpolitik -- Realpolitik, property, and loss compensation -- The domain of losses, risk, and loss compensation -- Altruistic punishment -- pt. III. The theory applied -- 6. Threat of numbers, realpolitik, and ethnic cleansing -- The Irish famine -- Germans and Jews in Poland -- Muslims in Bosnia -- 7. Realpolitik and loss -- The Holocaust -- The Armenians -- The Tutsi -- Conclusion -- 8. The need for unity and altruistic punishment -- Germany -- The Ottoman empire -- Rwanda -- Himmler and the necessity for cooperation -- Conclusion -- 9. Perpetrating states -- Italy : a genocidal trajectory -- Vichy France -- Romania
    Description / Table of Contents: pt. IV. Victim vulnerability : explaining magnitude and manner of dying -- 10. Raison d'état, raison d'église -- The Armenians -- The Holocaust -- The Tutsi -- Conclusion -- 11. Cynical realpolitik and the unwanted -- The United States -- Great Britain and commonwealth countries -- Impact on the Holocaust -- 12. High victimization : the role of realpolitik -- Hungary -- The Netherlands -- 13. Inequality and absence of identification -- Inequality and absence of identification between perpetrators and victims -- Inequality and absence of identification among the victims -- On the possibilities of survival -- Equality and identification between Jews and non-Jews -- 14. On the possibility of revolt and altruistic punishment -- Łódź -- Warsaw -- Vilna -- Comparisons among the three ghettos -- Conclusion : the role of altruistic punishment
    Description / Table of Contents: pt. V. Exceptions -- 15. A dog of a different nature : the Cambodian politicide -- Variation in victimization -- Genocide of the Vietnamese -- The communist models -- Purges -- Summary comparisons -- 16. Dogs that didn't bark I : realpolitik and the absence of loss -- Bulgaria -- Finland -- Comparisons -- 17. Dogs that didn't bark II : affinity and vulnerability reduction -- Affinity and genocide -- Greeks in the Ottoman empire -- Jews in Eastern Europe -- Poland at the time of the Partitions -- Britain and Ireland -- Israel and intifada II -- The impact of war -- pt. VI. Conclusion -- 18. Findings, consequences, and prevention -- Similarities and differences -- Consequences of genocide -- Genocide prevention and the role of democracy -- Validation -- Coda
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 3
    ISBN: 9781139052306
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (ix, 310 pages)
    Series Statement: Publications of the German Historical Institute
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 303.48/273043
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    Keywords: National characteristics, American / Congresses ; Exceptionalism / United States / Congresses ; Historiography / Methodology / Congresses ; Außenpolitik ; Kulturbeziehungen ; Deutschland ; Europa ; USA ; United States / Relations / Germany / Congresses ; Germany / Relations / United States / Congresses ; United States / Relations / Europe / Congresses ; Europe / Relations / United States / Congresses ; United States / Civilization / Congresses ; Germany / Civilization / Congresses ; Europe / Civilization / Congresses ; Deutschland ; USA ; Konferenzschrift ; Konferenzschrift ; USA ; Außenpolitik ; Kulturbeziehungen ; Deutschland
    Abstract: Bridging the Atlantic discusses comparative developments in modern European and American history. Including case studies on British, German and US history since the eighteenth century, it seeks to establish an integrated vision of Atlantic history. The contributions by European and American historians challenge the concept of American exceptionalism and present a vivid example of the ongoing debate between American and European historians on the structure and nature of European-American relations
    Description / Table of Contents: Liberal democracy as a culture of rights : England, the United States, and Continental Europe / Gerald Stourzh -- American exceptionalism : republicanism as ideology / Ari Hoogenboom -- The role of religion in Germany and America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries / Hartmut Lehmann -- The impact of Darwinism on religion and science in America and Europe during the nineteenth century / Carl N. Degler -- Nationalism as a civil religion in the thought of Abraham Lincoln, Carl Schurz, and Otto von Bismarck / Hans L. Trefousse -- German Catholic communalism and the American Civil War : exploring the dilemmas of transatlantic political integration / Kathleen Neils Conzen -- Toward a comparative history of racism and xenophobia in the United States and Germany, 1865-1933 / Kenneth L. Kusmer -- Movie stereotypes, 1890-1918 : some German and American national perceptions / Daniel J. Leab -- Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler : a contemporary comparison revisited / Gerhard L. Weinberg -- The role of the banker in transatlantic history : J.P. Morgan & Co. and aid for the Allies, 1914-1916 / Elisabeth Glaser -- Transatlantic history as national history? Thoughts on German post-World War II historiography / Peter Krüger -- American exceptionalism as national history? / Hans R. Guggisberg -- The historical world of Erich Angermann / Hermann Wellenreuther
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 4
    ISBN: 9780511529450
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xvii, 266 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 304.6
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    Keywords: Klimaänderung ; Climatic changes ; Population ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; Klimaänderung ; Klimaänderung ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung
    Abstract: Population and Climate Change provides the first systematic in-depth treatment of links between two major themes of the twenty-first century: population growth and associated demographic trends such as aging, and climate change. It is written by a multidisciplinary team of authors from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, who integrate both natural science and social science perspectives in a way that is readable by members of both communities. The book will be of primary interest to researchers in the fields of climate change, demography, and economics. It will also be useful to policy-makers and NGOs dealing with issues of population dynamics and climate change, and to teachers and students on courses such as environmental studies, demography, climatology, economics, earth systems science, and international relations
    Description / Table of Contents: Climate change -- Climate primer -- Evidence of climate change -- Contributions to greenhouse gas emissions -- Projecting future climate change -- Imapacts on society and ecosystems -- Global warming: a historical sketch -- Human population -- Demographic trends: a global summary -- Fertility decline in less developed countries -- Population projections -- IIASA 1996 population projections methodology and assumptions -- IIASA 1996 population projections: results -- Impact of global climate change on the population outlook -- Population, economic development, and environment -- Population and economic development -- Population and economic development -- Population and environment -- Vicious-circle models -- Economic impacts of population aging -- Population and greenhouse gas emissions -- Population, consumption, and greenhouse gas emissions -- Demographic impact identities -- Population sensitivity analyses -- Population and adaptation: agriculture, health and environmental security -- Food and agriculture -- Health -- Environmental security -- Population and climate change: policy implications -- Basis for climate policy -- Basis for population policies -- Climate change and population policies
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511586545
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xii, 552 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 305.26/0943
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    Keywords: Older people / Germany / Berlin ; Alter ; Projekt ; Deutschland ; Berlin ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Berlin ; Alter ; Projekt
    Abstract: The present and future of our society are shaped by an ever-increasing proportion of old and very old people. The Berlin Aging Study is one of the largest interdisciplinary efforts to explore old age and aging. Unique aspects of the Berlin Aging Study are the spectrum of scientific disciplines involved, the range of discipline-specific and interdisciplinary research topics, the focus on very old age (70 to over 100 years), and the empirical reference to a representative heterogenous urban population. The study's first cross-sectional findings on intellectual abilities, self and personality, social relationships, physical health, functional capacity, medical treatment, mental disorders such as depression and dementia, socioeconomic conditions, activities, everyday competence, subjective well-being, and gender differences are reported in depth in this book. The study was carried out in the context of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences study group on 'Aging and Social Development'. The authors primarily conduct their research at the Berlin Max Planck Institute for Human Development, the Free University of Berlin, and the Humboldt University, Berlin
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781139171120
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xii, 117 pages)
    Series Statement: New studies in economic and social history 36
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 306.3/62/0975
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    Keywords: Geschichte 1790-1860 ; Geschichte ; Geschichte 1800-1861 ; Sklaverei ; Wirtschaft ; Slavery / Economic aspects / Southern States ; Wirtschaft ; Gesellschaft ; Sklaverei ; Geschichte ; Southern States / Economic conditions ; USA Südstaaten ; USA Südstaaten ; Sklaverei ; Wirtschaft ; Geschichte 1790-1860 ; USA Südstaaten ; Sklaverei ; Gesellschaft ; Geschichte ; USA Südstaaten ; Sklaverei ; Wirtschaft ; Geschichte 1800-1861 ; USA Südstaaten ; Sklaverei ; Gesellschaft ; Geschichte
    Abstract: Even while slavery existed, Americans debated slavery. Was it a profitable and healthy institution? If so, for whom? The abolition of slavery in 1865 did not end this debate. Similar questions concerning the profitability of slavery, its impact on masters, slaves, and nonslaveowners still inform modern historical debates. Is the slave South best characterized as a capitalist society? Or did its dogged adherence to non-wage labor render it precapitalist? Today, southern slavery is among the most hotly disputed topics in writing on American history. With the use of illustrative material and a critical bibliography, Dr Smith outlines the main contours of this complex debate, summarizes the contending viewpoints, and at the same time weighs up the relative importance, strengths and weaknesses of the various competing interpretations. This book introduces an important topic in American history in a manner which is accessible to students and undergraduates taking courses in American history
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511622168
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (v, 112 pages)
    Series Statement: New studies in economic and social history 33
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 306.4/83/0941
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    Keywords: Geschichte 1700-1800 ; Geschichte 1900-2000 ; Geschichte 1800-1900 ; Geschichte 1750-1914 ; Geschichte ; Gesellschaft ; Sports / Social aspects / Great Britain / History / 18th century ; Sports / Economic aspects / Great Britain / History / 18th century ; Sports / Social aspects / Great Britain / History / 19th century ; Sports / Economic aspects / Great Britain / History / 19th century ; Sports / Social aspects / Great Britain / History / 20th century ; Sports / Economic aspects / Great Britain / History / 20th century ; Sport ; Sozioökonomischer Wandel ; Großbritannien ; Großbritannien ; Großbritannien ; Sport ; Sozioökonomischer Wandel ; Geschichte 1750-1914
    Abstract: This book provides a concise, up-to-date survey of one of the most dramatic changes in the cultural life of Victorian and Edwardian Britain, the radical transformation which occurred in the extent and nature of its participation in sport. Neil Tranter focuses on the issues which have attracted most interest from historians of sport and poses a number of important questions: did levels of involvement in sport increase or decrease during the initial stages of urban-industrialisation? When did the new sporting culture first emerge, and what were its principal features and the mechanisms through which it spread? What were the main aims of the participants and supporters, and to what extent were these aims achieved? The author also discusses the economic consequences of this cultural change and the examines the role of women in this sporting 'revolution' and asks why their participation was so much more restricted than that of men
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781139171175
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (vi, 114 pages)
    Series Statement: New studies in economic and social history 32
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 305.23/0942
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    Keywords: Geschichte 1880-1990 ; Geschichte ; Kind ; Children / England / History ; Children and adults / England / History ; Kind ; Großbritannien ; Großbritannien ; Kind ; Geschichte 1880-1990
    Abstract: This book is intended to be a guide to the burgeoning literature on the history of childhood. Harry Hendrick reviews the most important debates and the main findings of a number of historians on a range of topics including the changing social constructions of childhood, child-parent relations, social policy, schooling, leisure and the thesis that modern childhood is 'disappearing'. The intention of this concise study is to provide readers with a reliable account of the evolution of some of the most important developments in adult-child relations during the last one hundred years. The author draws his material not only from historians but also from sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists and children's rights activists. Thus he successfully shows how much of our 'modern' understanding of childhood and of children results from both an historical and a social scientific understanding
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781139167000
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xii, 323 pages)
    Series Statement: Publications of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 9
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 155.8/2
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    Keywords: Ethnopsychology / Congresses ; Cognition and culture / Congresses ; Connectionism / Congresses ; Kognition ; Kognitive Psychologie ; Ethnopsychologie ; Kulturanthropologie ; Kultur ; Konferenzschrift ; Kognition ; Kultur ; Kulturanthropologie ; Kognitive Psychologie ; Ethnopsychologie
    Abstract: 'Culture' and 'meaning' are central to anthropology, but anthropologists do not agree on what they are. Claudia Strauss and Naomi Quinn propose a new theory of cultural meaning, one that gives priority to the way people's experiences are internalized. Drawing on 'connectionist' or 'neural network' models as well as other psychological theories, they argue that cultural meanings are not fixed or limited to static groups, but neither are they constantly revised and contested. Their approach is illustrated by original research on understandings of marriage and ideas of success in the United States
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781139170994
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (v, 84 pages)
    Series Statement: New studies in economic and social history 11
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 304.8/094/09034
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    Keywords: Geschichte 1815-1930 ; Geschichte 1815 ; Geschichte ; Migration ; Soziale Probleme ; Auswanderung ; Wirtschaftliche Lage ; Europa ; Europe / Emigration and immigration / History ; USA ; Europa ; Europa ; Auswanderung ; Geschichte 1815-1930 ; Soziale Probleme ; Geschichte 1815 ; USA ; Wirtschaftliche Lage
    Abstract: Why did 60 million people leave Europe for overseas destinations in the hundred years after the Napoleonic Wars? What were the social and economic causes and effects of this mass migration? Why did some people emigrate and not others, and why did so many emigrants return to Europe? This short comprehensive survey answers these and other questions regarding emigration from different parts of Europe in the years between 1815 and 1930. Written specifically for undergraduate students, it reviews the current literature in several European languages, summarises both economic and demographic theories, and analyses the relation between economic change in Europe and the emigration rate, as well as discussing the economic effects of immigration on the receiving countries and the social experiences or the immigrants
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 11
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9781139170963
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (vii, 88 pages)
    Series Statement: New studies in economic and social history 1
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 306.85/09
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    Keywords: Geschichte 1500-1914 ; Geschichte ; Families / History ; Familie ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Familie ; Geschichte 1500-1914
    Abstract: Over the past thirty years family history has been one of the most important and controversial growth areas in the development of social history. In this guide to the burgeoning literature on the Western family Professor Anderson reviews the main findings of historians and considers them in the light of the problems inherent in the interpretation of family history. He focuses particularly on the strengths and limitations of the different approaches that have been adopted, showing that although this variety of method has complicated matters, it has also produced a more rounded understanding of the history of the family. Updated to include work published between 1980 and 1994, this book will be invaluable to students of family history, and to scholars who are non-specialist in the field
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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  • 12
    ISBN: 9780511558351
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xiv, 381 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 305.8
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    Keywords: Geschichte 1919-1939 ; Geschichte 1919-1933 ; Geschichte 1914-1945 ; Geschichte ; Race ; Physical anthropology ; Eugenics / Great Britain / History ; Eugenics / United States / History ; Racism / Great Britain / History ; Racism / United States / History ; Rassenfrage ; Ethnologie ; Biologie ; Wissenschaft ; Geschichte ; Rassismus ; Rasse ; Anthropologie ; Begriff ; Großbritannien ; USA ; Great Britain / Race relations ; United States / Race relations ; USA ; Großbritannien ; USA ; Rassismus ; Anthropologie ; Biologie ; Großbritannien ; Geschichte 1919-1933 ; USA ; Rasse ; Begriff ; Wissenschaft ; Großbritannien ; Geschichte 1919-1933 ; USA ; Rassismus ; Ethnologie ; Biologie ; Großbritannien ; Geschichte ; USA ; Rassismus ; Wissenschaft ; Geschichte 1919-1939 ; Großbritannien ; Rassismus ; Wissenschaft ; Geschichte 1919-1939 ; USA ; Rassenfrage ; Geschichte 1914-1945 ; Rassenfrage ; Großbritannien ; Geschichte 1914-1945
    Abstract: This fascinating study in the sociology of knowledge documents the refutation of scientific foundations for racism in Britain and the United States between the two World Wars, when racial differences were no longer attributed to cultural factors. Professor Barkan considers the social significance of this transformation, particularly its effect on race relations in the modern world. Discussing the work of the leading biologists and anthropologists who wrote between the wars, he argues that the impetus for the shift in ideologies came from the inclusion of outsiders (women, Jews, and leftists) who infused greater egalitarianism into scientific discourse. But even though the emerging view of race was constrained by a scientific language, he shows that modern theorists were as much influenced by social and political events as were their predecessors
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015) , Anthropology , Constructing a British identity , Colors into races , A transition to modern British anthropology , The founding fathers , Mummies, bones and stones , The shift in British archaeology , A British glimpse at race relations , American diversity , Haunted sentinels , European skulls and the primitive mind , The Boasians , American physical anthropology , The politics of coexistence , Dionysia in the Pacific , Biology , In search of a biology of race , NewGenics , The statistician's fable , Race crossing in Jamaica , A Canadian in London: rigid Reginald Ruggles Gates , The limit of traditional reform , A racist liberal: Julian Huxley's early years , Herbert Spencer Jennings and progressive eugenics , A conservative critique: Raymond Pearl , Bridging race formalism and population genetics , Mitigating racial differences , Lancelot Hogben , "Africa view"--Huxley's changing perspectives , J.B.S. Haldane: a defiant aristocrat , Medicine and eugenics: expanding the environment , Eugenics reformed , Politics , Confronting racism: scientists as politicians , 1933--Early hesitations , Britain--Race and Culture Committee , We Europeans , The American scene , An international interlude , The Paris Congress , The population committee , Out of the closet
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  • 13
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511665684
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xv, 397 pages)
    Series Statement: European Network on Longitudinal Studies on Individual Development
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 305.26
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    Keywords: Psychologie ; Older people / Longitudinal studies ; Aging / Psychological aspects / Longitudinal studies ; Older people / Health and hygiene / Longitudinal studies ; Lebensbewältigung ; Alter ; Zufriedenheit ; Psychosoziale Situation ; Altern ; Gesundheit ; Lebenslauf ; Alterspsychologie ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Alter ; Zufriedenheit ; Psychosoziale Situation ; Altern ; Gesundheit ; Altern ; Lebensbewältigung ; Lebenslauf ; Zufriedenheit ; Alterspsychologie
    Abstract: More and more people live into old age. This demographic revolution underscores the fact that old age is the last uncharted and unattended phase of the life cycle. We know that old age is the last uncharted and unattended phase of the life cycle. We know very little about the strengths and weaknesses of old age or how to achieve a good balance between gains and losses, a meaningful conclusion to life. The fourth volume in a series sponsored by the European Science Foundation Network on Longitudinal Studies on Individual Development, Successful Aging presents in its first section general overviews on successful aging from psychological, sociological, and medical perspectives. The volume's second part focuses on selected areas of human functioning, such as intelligence, memory, athletics, life satisfaction, personal control, coping with illness and loss, widowhood, and mental health. The authors of the various chapters share in the view that aging is not identical with fate, but that individuals play a major role in designing their own process of aging
    Description / Table of Contents: Psychological perspectives on successful aging : the model of selective optimization with compensation / Paul B. Baltes and Margret M. Baltes -- Medical perspectives upon successful aging / James F. Fries -- Successful aging in a post-retired society / David L. Featherman, Jacqui Smith, and James G. Peterson -- The optimization of cognitive functioning in old age : predictions based on cohort-sequential and longitudinal data / K. Warner Schaie -- The optimization of episodic remembering in old age / Lars Bäckman, Timo Mäntylä, and Agneta Herlitz -- Peak performance and age : an examination of peak performance in sports / K. Anders Ericsson -- Personal control over development and quality of life perspectives in adulthood / Jochen Brandtstädter and Bernhard Baltes-Götz
    Description / Table of Contents: Successful mastery of bereavement and widowhood : a life-course perspective / Camille B. Wortman and Roxane Cohen Silver -- The Bonn longitudinal study of aging : coping, life adjustment, and life satisfaction / Georg Rudinger and Hans Thomae -- Risk and protective factors in the transition to young adulthood / Barbara Maughan and Lorna Champion -- Avoiding negative life outcomes : evidence from a forty-five year study / George E. Vaillant -- Developmental behavorial genetics and successful aging / Nancy L. Pedersen and Jennifer R. Harris
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  • 14
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511598692
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xii, 240 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 303.48/24108
    RVK:
    Keywords: Geschichte 1945-1989 ; Außenpolitik ; Wirtschaftsbeziehungen ; Außenpolitik ; Außenbeziehungen ; Kulturbeziehungen ; Großbritannien ; Lateinamerika ; Latin America / Relations / Great Britain ; Great Britain / Relations / Latin America ; Great Britain / Foreign relations / 1945- ; Lateinamerika ; Großbritannien ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Lateinamerika ; Großbritannien ; Geschichte 1945-1989 ; Großbritannien ; Außenpolitik ; Lateinamerika ; Großbritannien ; Kulturbeziehungen ; Lateinamerika ; Außenbeziehungen ; Wirtschaftsbeziehungen
    Abstract: British relations with Latin America have declined dramatically. The strength of British influence in Latin America in the nineteenth century could not be sustained as a consequence of the two world wars, the intervening depression and the emergence of the United States of America as the major power in the region. Since 1945, despite opportunities to re-establish its presence, Britain has seen a further decline in its relations with Latin America, and the consequences of neglect were brought home in spectacular fashion by the war between Britain and Argentina in 1982. Britain and Latin America: A Changing Relationship studies the reasons for this decline, examines the sources of friction and explores the prospect of strengthening relations in the 1990s
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
    URL: Volltext  (URL des Erstveröffentlichers)
    URL: Volltext  (URL des Erstveröffentlichers)
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  • 15
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511898402
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (xvi, 329 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 304.6/096
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Migration, Internal / Africa ; Economic development projects / Africa ; Rural development projects / Africa ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; Entwicklungsprojekt ; Bevölkerungsverteilung ; Bevölkerungsgeografie ; Siedlungspolitik ; Ländlicher Raum ; Afrika ; Africa / Population ; Subsaharisches Afrika ; Afrika ; Konferenzschrift 1982 ; Konferenzschrift 1982 ; Afrika ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; Afrika ; Entwicklungsprojekt ; Subsaharisches Afrika ; Bevölkerungsgeografie ; Subsaharisches Afrika ; Entwicklungsprojekt ; Siedlungspolitik ; Ländlicher Raum ; Bevölkerungsverteilung
    Abstract: The urgent needs of economic development and of specific development projects throughout Africa have marked effects on the mobility, distribution and demography of local populations. In this wide-ranging volume, professional geographers and others examine the problems of relating development goals to their potential impact on populations and population change. Attention is paid to developments in Mozambique, Zambia, South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, and particularly to the Republic of the Sudan, where there is concern for the balance between urgent needs for the economic development of the Nile's waters, and the effects on patterns of human settlement. This book, brought together for the Commission on Population Geography of the International Geographical Union, will be of value to all concerned with the economic, social and political development of Africa
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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    URL: Volltext  (URL des Erstveröffentlichers)
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  • 16
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
    ISBN: 9780511897535
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (x, 606 pages)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 306.8/5/094
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Geschichte 800-1970 ; Geschichte ; Families / Europe / History ; Households / Europe / History ; Sozialgeschichte ; Familiensoziologie ; Familie ; Geschichte ; Europa ; Europa ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Europa ; Familie ; Sozialgeschichte ; Europa ; Familie ; Geschichte ; Familie ; Geschichte 800-1970 ; Familiensoziologie ; Geschichte
    Abstract: The family forms of historic Europe have been fascinating in their variety. Their importance for the historical development of our continent would be difficult to exaggerate; for our relationship with the peoples of the other continents of the world as well. This book is an attempt to recover the different familial systems and compare them with one another. The studies range from Russia, Poland, Hungary and Austria to Scandinavia, Flanders and Britain. All the influences which have affected the character and composition of European households are taken into account. The analysis covers their function as productive work groups, in the procreation and bringing up of children, and in the support of the elderly, and their relationship with the wider society and its norms along with its political organization, central and local. Claims that inheritance customs and inheritance practice and the occupation of the household head exerted a powerful influence on the size and composition of households are subjected to rigorous and systematic investigation
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
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    URL: Volltext  (URL des Erstveröffentlichers)
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