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  • 1
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Policy Notes
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: This paper is a synthesis of the findings of reports that look at the drivers of performance in energy and water utilities in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper also provides other insights on issues that complement the findings of these reports. Additional data and evidence were harvested from the analysis of water and electricity utilities in all three reports, which enabled a broader perspective on the sector wide variables impacting performance, beyond internal variables for specific utilities. The two water studies provide guidance on how to provide good quality services to customers, including the poor. In contrast, because of data constraints, the energy study was limited to a narrower but deeper assessment of operational performance in Burkina Faso, Cate d'Ivoire, Kenya, Senegal, and Uganda. The reports fill a gap in the literature of the utilities' performance in Sub-Saharan Africa and expand on the determinants for performance, identify the traditional and nontraditional mechanisms for reaching the poor, and highlight the critical elements for turning bad-performing utilities around. While the three background reports provide a significant step ahead (as they serve mainly as a mirror for performance assessment at the country and utility level), the reports also aimed at providing direction in the region for sector-wide improvement
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Washington, D.C : The World Bank
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Economic Updates and Modeling
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: The Myanmar Economic Monitor (MEM) periodically takes stock of economic developments anddiscusses economic prospects and policy priorities in Myanmar. The MEM draws on available datareported by the Government of Myanmar and additional information collected as part of the WorldBank Group's regular economic monitoring and policy dialogue. The government has carefully navigated a difficult economic and security environment in its first six months in office. In early April 2016, the economy was still recovering from a flood induced supply shock, which, together with low commodity prices, contributed to widening current account and fiscal deficits. In response the government has taken steps to try and maintain fiscal prudence, which have helped ease pressure on monetary growth and import demand
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Washington, D.C : The World Bank
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Economic Updates and Modeling
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: The Myanmar Economic Monitor (MEM) aims to periodically take stock of economic development and highlight economic prospects and policy priorities in Myanmar. Myanmar grew at an estimated 8.5 percent in real terms in 2014/15. The MEM touches on continued recovery in growth, public consumption, private investment, services, investment in manufacturing and industry, rebound in agriculture and the impact of floods. The monitor examines foreign trade and investment; the inflation, monetary and exchange rates; fiscal policy; and Myanmar's economic outlook. The Policy Watch section covers a few selected priority issues closely related to Myanmar's overall economic developments and outlook
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Washington, D.C : The World Bank
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Systematic Country Diagnostics
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: Over the past few decades, Thailand has made tremendous progress toward the twin goals of eliminating extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity. Thailand has achieved these gains despite high political instability. Growth has been slowing, and continued instability could affect future growth and prospects for shared income gains. Moreover, poverty and inequality continue to pose significant challenges. Slower growth than in the past, if it continues, will constrain further progress in reducing poverty and promoting inclusion. The key engines that drove past growth have lost steam or are unsustainable. Analysis undertaken for this SCD suggests that the significant slowdown in Thailand's export growth in recent years is due in part to a loss of market share in labor-intensive manufacturing. Thailand has lost the competitive edge it once enjoyed over its peers and other countries in the region
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Washington, D.C : The World Bank
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Economic Updates and Modeling
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: Malaysia's economic growth has slowed down but remains resilient to external headwinds. The economic growth rate slowed from 5 percent in 2015 to 4.2 percent, year on year, in the first three quarters of 2016. Private consumption growth slowed down due to a softening labor market and households' ongoing adjustment to a context of fiscal consolidation. Public investment in infrastructure is offsetting moderation in investment in the oil and gas sector. The gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate is projected to reach 4.2 percent in 2016, with slow improvement moving forward. The fiscal consolidation process remains on track despite lower oil-related revenues. External developments pose the greatest risk to Malaysia's growth trajectory. Uncertainty regarding the impact of potential US fiscal stimulus policies on global trade, energy prices, financial flows and exchange rates is a major source of external risk, as evidenced with the recent financial outflows from emerging markets and its impact on the value of the ringgit. Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) has introduced measures to curb ringgit trading in offshore markets while developing and deepening onshore foreign exchange future markets. Continuing good performance on fiscal outcomes, in large part thanks to the introduction of GST, is important in building confidence in the policy framework. This could be supported by further mobilizing and diversifying fiscal revenues, including by broadening the base for the personal income tax and removing some exemptions in the GST. Also, raising efficiency of operational expenditure (i.e. improving the targeting of social assistance) and development expenditures (i.e. greater inter-agency coordination) could provide some additional fiscal space
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  • 6
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Accounting and Auditing Assessment
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: This report on observance of standards and codes in accounting and auditing (ROSC A & A) provides an assessment of accounting, financial reporting, and auditing requirements and practices within the enterprise and financial sectors of Serbia and sets forth areas of consideration with a view to improving the country's institutional environment for corporate financial reporting. To assess Serbia's compliance with standards and codes, this report uses international benchmarks of good practice, including international financial reporting standards (IFRS), international standards on auditing (ISA), the statements of membership obligations (SMO) of the international federation of accountants (IFAC), and - because Serbia is seeking accession to the European Union (EU) - relevant provisions of the EU acquis communautaire (the acquis) governing financial reporting. The assessment focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of the A and A environment that influence the quality of corporate financial reporting, and includes a review of both statutory requirements and actual practice. It updates an earlier assessment published in 2005. ROSC A and A assess accounting and auditing practices in participating countries
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Washington, D.C : The World Bank
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Other Social Protection Study
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: The Royal Government of Bhutan (RGoB) places great emphasis on the creation of a sufficient number of high-quality jobs to achieve full employment. This report aims to provide robust evidence to inform the RGoB's policy-making with regard to critical labor market challenges, underlying causes and potential solutions. Building on a conceptual framework introduced in the World Bank's World Development Report 2013: Jobs, the analysis takes into account policy fundamentals that are essential for both growth and job creation, labor market policies that can help ensure that growth translates into employment opportunities and a list of policy priority areas where jobs might do the most for development given Bhutan's specific country context. The report relies primarily on two data sources that provide recent robust and complementary information on labor supply and demand in Bhutan: First, the Bhutan Labor Force Survey (BLFS) 2014, a representative labor force survey with a newly expanded questionnaire that was implemented by the MoLHR with support from the World Bank. Second, the Bhutan Enterprise Survey (BES) 2015, a survey of firms conducted by the World Bank that improved the understanding of the conditions, experiences and perspectives of Bhutan's nonfarm private firms. The report also uses evidence from previous studies, legal documents, and discussions with experts and stakeholders from Bhutan and beyond
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Washington, D.C : The World Bank
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Other Environmental Study
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: Water is an essential com ...
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  • 9
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Other papers
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: This multi-country study focuses on evaluating whether ART scale-up and changes in sexual risk behavior have contributed to the declining trends of HIV incidence and prevalence. The World Bank, UNAIDS, UNFPA, WHO, the Global Fund, and Imperial College London agreed upon specific criteria used to identify Botswana, Dominican Republic, Kenya, Malawi and Zambia as the five countries engaged in this study. Within Botswana, there was strong evidence that showed that ART and changes in sexual risk behavior had an impact of averting 210,000 infections in urban areas as 120,000 infections in rural areas (1975-2012). This discrepancy between urban and rural area results was thought to be due to geographical heterogeneity in HIV epidemiology or lack of power in available data. The changes in sexual risk behavior had a comparatively larger impact on the epidemic than ART, averting approximately 460,000 cumulative infections between 1982 and 2015. ART alone was found to be insufficient to explain the observed trend (approx. 44,000 FSW infections averted, 33,000 Bataeyes, and 28,000 amongst MSM). Results from Kenya showed that again that changes in sexual risk behavior, and to a much lesser extent ART, had averted approximately 4,107,000 infections between 1980-2015. An important takeaway from these results was that ART had marginal impact on prevalence trends but that it has yet to be fully optimized
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  • 10
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Other papers
    Series Statement: World Bank E-Library Archive
    Abstract: This new report presents the results of a systematic assessment of the World Bank's 15-year experience with the productive alliance approach adopted by 21 projects in 10 countries across Latin America and the Caribbean. With funding of over United States (U.S.) 1 billion dollar since the early 2000s, increasing evidence suggests that the productive alliance approach can lead to increases in productivity, market integration, and income of smallholder farmers. The findings of this report are based on a detailed overview and comparison of different productive alliance projects in terms of targeting strategies, subproject selection, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. It provides valuable lessons on different design features and implementation experiences for future operations
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