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  • 1960-1964  (139)
  • Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands  (139)
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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401036092 , 9789401036108
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (150S.)
    Series Statement: Sovietica 17
    DDC: 306
    Keywords: Regional planning ; Humanities / Arts / Design ; Regional and Cultural Studies
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  • 2
    ISBN: 9789401174930
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (165 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Series Statement: Tulane Studies in Philosophy 3
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Metaphysics ; Philosophy—History.
    Abstract: The Kantian Solution to the Problem of Man Within Nature -- Two Logics of Modality -- Kant and Metaphysics -- Kant, Cassirer and the Concept of Space -- The Rigidity of Kant’s Categories -- Notes on the Judgment of Taste -- The Metaphysics of the Seven Formulations of the Moral Argument.
    Abstract: HE past does not change; it cannot, for what has happened T cannot be undone. Yet how are we to understand what has happened? Our perspective on it lies in the present, and is subject to continual change. These changes, made in the light of our new knowledge and new experience, call for fresh evaluations and constant reconsideration. It is now one hundred fifty years since the death of Immanuel Kant, and this, the third volume of Tulane Studies in Philosophy is dedicated to the commemoration of the event. The diversity of the contributions to the volume serve as one indication of Kant's persistent importance in philoso­ phy. His work marks one of the most enormous turns in the whole history of human thought, and there is still much to be done in estimating its achievement. His writings have not been easy to assimilate. The exposition is difficult and labored; it is replete with ambiguities, and even with what often appear to be contradictions. Such writings allow for great latitude in interpretation. Yet who would dare ·to omit Kant from the account? The force of a man's work is measured by his influence on other thinkers; and here, Kant has few superiors. Of no man whose impact upon the history of ideas has been as great as that of Kant can it be said with finality: this 5 6 TULANE STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY is his philosophy.
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401759267
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (LXXVI, 39 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Phenomenology
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  • 4
    ISBN: 9789401192613
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (252p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Law ; Private international law. ; Conflict of laws. ; International law. ; Comparative law. ; Political science.
    Abstract: I. Introduction -- II. Nature of Legal Questions and Problems of handling them -- III. Questions relating to the Competence of the Security Council -- (A) Competence of the Council and Domestic Jurisdiction -- (B) Competence of the Council and Article 107 of the Charter -- (C) Competence of the Council and Article 52 of the Charter -- (D) Question of Functional Competence of the Council -- (E) Observations -- IV. Questions relating to Procedure of the Security Council: Voting -- (A) Scope of Double Veto -- (B) Double Veto and Presidential Ruling under Rule 30 -- (C) Effect of Abstention -- (D) Effect of Absence -- (E) Observations -- V. Questions relating to Substantive Rights and Duties of Parties -- (A) Corfu Channel Case -- (B) Egyptian Case -- (C) Trieste Case -- (D) Free Navigation through the Suez Canal Case -- (E) Suez Canal Company Case -- (F) Anglo-French Military Intervention -- (G) Cuban Crisis -- (H) Observations -- VI. Conclusions and Suggestions.
    Abstract: One respect in which the United Nations has departed most widely from the League of Nations in its practice has been the method adopted by the Security Coundl for handling legal questions that arise in connection with its work. While the League Coundl followed the practice of re­ ferring to the Permanent Court of International J ustice many questions of a legal nature arising in connection with its activities, including many that arose in connection with the handling of actual disputes, the Se­ curity Council of the United Nations has on no occasion requested an advisory opinion from the Court. All questions that have been sub­ mitted to the Court by organs of the United Nations have been sub­ mitted by the General Assembly. Nor has the Security Council, in the course of its activities, seen fit to rely on any other external body or even on a sub-committee of legal experts for the clarification of the issues of a legal nature that have arisen in the course of its deliberations. This attitude on the part of the Security Council was no doubt to some extent antidpated in the discussions that took place in con­ nection with the drafting of the Charter where great emphasis was placed upon the political nature of the responsibility of the Security Council and of its members for the maintenance of international peace and security.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. IntroductionII. Nature of Legal Questions and Problems of handling them -- III. Questions relating to the Competence of the Security Council -- (A) Competence of the Council and Domestic Jurisdiction -- (B) Competence of the Council and Article 107 of the Charter -- (C) Competence of the Council and Article 52 of the Charter -- (D) Question of Functional Competence of the Council -- (E) Observations -- IV. Questions relating to Procedure of the Security Council: Voting -- (A) Scope of Double Veto -- (B) Double Veto and Presidential Ruling under Rule 30 -- (C) Effect of Abstention -- (D) Effect of Absence -- (E) Observations -- V. Questions relating to Substantive Rights and Duties of Parties -- (A) Corfu Channel Case -- (B) Egyptian Case -- (C) Trieste Case -- (D) Free Navigation through the Suez Canal Case -- (E) Suez Canal Company Case -- (F) Anglo-French Military Intervention -- (G) Cuban Crisis -- (H) Observations -- VI. Conclusions and Suggestions.
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401187909
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (207p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Series Statement: Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Bibliographical Series 3
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Linguistics ; Asia—Languages.
    Abstract: Some General Reference Works -- Sundanese -- Sundanese Bibliography -- Javanese -- 1. The beginnings of Javanese studies -- 2. Javanese studies in the first half of the 19th century -- 3. Further exploration of Javanese language and literature -- 4. Javanese studies after 1900 -- Javanese Bibliography -- Old Javanese and Javanese Literature -- 1. The linguistic study of Old Javanese -- 2. General introductions to Javanese literature -- 3. Collections of manuscripts -- 4. Inscriptions -- 5. Pre-Muslim religious cosmogonies and related writings -- 6. Writings on Muslim religion and ethics -- 7. Old Javanese versions in prose of the Mahabh?rata-epic -- 8. Historical literature -- 9. Kidungs -- 10. Kakawins -- 11. Wayang literature -- 12. Belles Lettres of the Muslim Period -- 13. Codes of law, regulations, acts and other juridical and legal literature -- Bibliography of Old Javanese and Javanese Literature -- Madurese -- Madurese Bibliography.
    Abstract: At the completion of this critical bibliography which forms another step in the direction of the realization of the bibliographical project inaugurated in 1955 by Dr. Voorhoeve's survey of the languages of Sumatra, I acknowledge with gratitude the valuable assistance received from various people. I am indebted to my colleagues Prof. Dr. G. W. J. Drewes, Dr. J. Noorduyn, Dr. Th. Pigeaud, Prof. Dr. A. Teeuw and Dr. P. Voorhoeve, who read all or part of the manuscript and who generously put their extensive knowledge of the Java languages at my disposal. Heartfelt thanks are due to Mr. B. J. Hoff and Mr. A. G. Sciarone, both members of my staff, who verified many of the biblio­ graphical details. I am grateful to the library of the University of Leiden and to the library of the Institute in The Hague because of their readiness in giving me all the facilities I needed for the preparation of this book. Most useful was the cordial assistance received from my colleague Prof. Dr. P. E. de Josselin de Jong, who spent much time correcting the many imperfections of my English text, which greatly promoted the readability of the narrative sections of this survey.
    Description / Table of Contents: Some General Reference WorksSundanese -- Sundanese Bibliography -- Javanese -- 1. The beginnings of Javanese studies -- 2. Javanese studies in the first half of the 19th century -- 3. Further exploration of Javanese language and literature -- 4. Javanese studies after 1900 -- Javanese Bibliography -- Old Javanese and Javanese Literature -- 1. The linguistic study of Old Javanese -- 2. General introductions to Javanese literature -- 3. Collections of manuscripts -- 4. Inscriptions -- 5. Pre-Muslim religious cosmogonies and related writings -- 6. Writings on Muslim religion and ethics -- 7. Old Javanese versions in prose of the Mahabh?rata-epic -- 8. Historical literature -- 9. Kidungs -- 10. Kakawins -- 11. Wayang literature -- 12. Belles Lettres of the Muslim Period -- 13. Codes of law, regulations, acts and other juridical and legal literature -- Bibliography of Old Javanese and Javanese Literature -- Madurese -- Madurese Bibliography.
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401510110
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (408p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Political science.
    Abstract: I. From Autocracy to Democracy: Political Institutions at the End of the Ch’ing Dynasty -- 1. Transformation from Absolute to Constitutional Monarchy -- 2. Causes of the Constitutional Movement -- 3. Preparation for Constitutionalism -- 4. The Principles of Constitution, September 22, 1908 -- 5. The National Legislative Council (Tse-cheng Yüan) -- 6. The Provincial Assembly (Tse-I Chu) -- 7. The Beginning of Local Self-Government -- 8. The Revolution and the Nineteen Articles of November 3, 1911 -- II. Democracy in Experiment: Political Institutions During the Early Republican Period -- 1. Preparations for a Provisional Government -- 2. Analysis of the Organic Law of the Provisional Government -- 3. Inauguration of the Provisional Government at Nanking -- 4. The Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China, March 11, 1912 -- 5. The Change of the Provisional Presidency and the Seat of Government -- 6. The Establishment of Parliament -- 7. The Drafting of the Constitution and the Election of President -- 8. The Judicial System of the New Republic -- 9. The Local Government System -- III. Monarchism VS. Republicanism: Political Institutions under the Dictatorship of Yüan Shihk’ai -- 1. Yüan Shih-k’ai vs. Constitutional Democracy -- 2. Yüan Shih-k’ai and the Constitutional Compact of 1914 -- 3. The Reorganized National Government Under Yüan Shih-k’ai -- 4. Th Local Government System Under Yüan Shih-k’ai -- 5. The Rise and Fall of Yüan’s Monarchial Movement -- IV. Split Between the North and the South: Political Institutions During the Period of Internal Dissensions -- 1. Developments Under the Regime in Peking -- 2. The New Parliament and the New Constitutional Draft -- 3. Parliament’s Second Restoration and its Adoption of the 1923 Constitution -- 4. The Constitution-Protecting Government in the Southwest -- 5. The Peking Government Under Provisional Chief Executive Tuan -- 6. The Local Government System -- V. The Nationalist Party in Power: Unification of China under Kuomintang Programs -- 1. The Reorganization of the Nationalist Party in 1924 -- 2. Basic Principles and Programs of the Nationalist Party -- 3. The Northern Expedition and the Unification of China -- 4. The Beginning of Political Tutelage -- VI. The Five-Power Constitution at Work: Political Institutions During the Period of Political Tutelage -- 1. The National Government Before 1928 -- 2. The National Government Since 1928 -- 3. The National People’s Convention and the Promulgation of the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China for the Period of Political Tutelage -- 4. Nationalist Efforts to Carry Out Party Principles and Programs -- 5. The Preparation for Constitutional Rule in China -- 6. The Local Government System During the Period of Political Tutelage -- VII. Communism Versus Nationalism: The Chinese Communist Party and Soviet Regimes (1921–1945) -- 1. The Formation of Communist Organizations in China -- 2. The First United Front of the Nationalists and Communists -- 3. Armed Uprisings and the Change of Leadership -- 4. The Establishment of Soviet Regimes in China -- 5. The Second United Front and Expansion of the Communist Regimes -- VIII. China at War: Political Institutions During the Period of the Sino-Japanese War -- 1. The Hostilities Between China and Japan -- 2. The Formal Establishment of Chiang Kai-shek’s Leadership -- 3. Wartime Party Alignments -- 4. The Supreme National Defense Council — The Highest Organ of Wartime China -- 5. The Triple-linked Administrative System -- 6. The Wartime National Government -- 7. The People’s Political Council -- 8. The Wartime Local Government -- 9. The Local Representative Bodies -- IX. From the Mainland to Taiwan (Formosa): Political Institutions During the Postwar Period -- 1. Peace Negotiations Through the Political Consultative Conference -- 2. The Convocation of the National Assembly and the Constitution of 1946 -- 3. The Central and Local Governments Under the Constitution of 1946 -- 4. The First Session of the First National Assembly -- 5. The Nationalist Debacle and Retreat to Taiwan -- 6. The National Government in Taiwan -- 7. The Local Government System in Taiwan -- 8. Taiwan Today -- X. The Communist Party in Power: Mao’s Political Thought and the Party Organization -- 1. On the Road to Victory -- 2. The Political Thought and Strategy of Mao Tse-tung -- 3. The Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party and Its Guiding Principles -- 4. The Organization and Functions of the Communist Party -- 5. The Communist Youth League -- 6. The Communist Relationship with Minor Political Parties and Mass Organizations -- XI. Fundamental Laws of the People’s Republic: From the Common Program to the Constitution of 1954 -- 1. The Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) -- 2. The Common Program of 1949 in the Nature of a Provisional Constitution -- 3. The Central Government System, 1949–1954 -- 4. The Local Government System, 1949–1954 -- 5. The Adoption of the Constitution by the National People’s Congress -- 6. General Principles of the Constitution of 1954 -- XII. The Government of “Democratic Centralism”: Political Institutions under the Constitution of 1954 -- 1. The Present System of Government -- 2. The National People’s Congress -- 3. The Head of the State -- 4. The State Council -- 5. The People’s Courts and Procuratorates -- 6. Local People’s Congresses and Councils -- 7. Self-Government Organs of National Autonomous Areas -- 8. The Communist Government in Action -- Appendices.
    Abstract: This book is prepared primarily for students who are interested in studying the constitutional development and government structure of twentieth-century China. Since the emergence of the Chinese consti­ tutional movement at the end of the nineteenth century, political institutions in China have undergone constant changes. The first four chapters treat of constitutional development and government systems from the latter part of the Ch'ing dynasty to the re-unification of China by the Nationalist Party in 1928. The other eight chapters deal with the policies, programs, and institutions of the Nationalist and Commu­ nist governments up to 1962. While treatises on various subjects have been consulted, the sources of this book are chiefly based on the official documents from the collections as indicated in the bibliography. Materials in the first few chapters are partly drawn from my previous works on government and politics in China. Because of the immense scope of the subject and the intricacy of the problems involved, this work is not intended to be exhaustive, but is rather a brief description and discussion of each topic under consideration. As there are many valuable works on China in general as well as on her history and inter­ national relations, I have tried not to cover what has already been dealt with by others. In my presentation of facts and views, I have endeavored to be as objective as possible, personal political convictions notwithstanding.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. From Autocracy to Democracy: Political Institutions at the End of the Ch’ing Dynasty1. Transformation from Absolute to Constitutional Monarchy -- 2. Causes of the Constitutional Movement -- 3. Preparation for Constitutionalism -- 4. The Principles of Constitution, September 22, 1908 -- 5. The National Legislative Council (Tse-cheng Yüan) -- 6. The Provincial Assembly (Tse-I Chu) -- 7. The Beginning of Local Self-Government -- 8. The Revolution and the Nineteen Articles of November 3, 1911 -- II. Democracy in Experiment: Political Institutions During the Early Republican Period -- 1. Preparations for a Provisional Government -- 2. Analysis of the Organic Law of the Provisional Government -- 3. Inauguration of the Provisional Government at Nanking -- 4. The Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China, March 11, 1912 -- 5. The Change of the Provisional Presidency and the Seat of Government -- 6. The Establishment of Parliament -- 7. The Drafting of the Constitution and the Election of President -- 8. The Judicial System of the New Republic -- 9. The Local Government System -- III. Monarchism VS. Republicanism: Political Institutions under the Dictatorship of Yüan Shihk’ai -- 1. Yüan Shih-k’ai vs. Constitutional Democracy -- 2. Yüan Shih-k’ai and the Constitutional Compact of 1914 -- 3. The Reorganized National Government Under Yüan Shih-k’ai -- 4. Th Local Government System Under Yüan Shih-k’ai -- 5. The Rise and Fall of Yüan’s Monarchial Movement -- IV. Split Between the North and the South: Political Institutions During the Period of Internal Dissensions -- 1. Developments Under the Regime in Peking -- 2. The New Parliament and the New Constitutional Draft -- 3. Parliament’s Second Restoration and its Adoption of the 1923 Constitution -- 4. The Constitution-Protecting Government in the Southwest -- 5. The Peking Government Under Provisional Chief Executive Tuan -- 6. The Local Government System -- V. The Nationalist Party in Power: Unification of China under Kuomintang Programs -- 1. The Reorganization of the Nationalist Party in 1924 -- 2. Basic Principles and Programs of the Nationalist Party -- 3. The Northern Expedition and the Unification of China -- 4. The Beginning of Political Tutelage -- VI. The Five-Power Constitution at Work: Political Institutions During the Period of Political Tutelage -- 1. The National Government Before 1928 -- 2. The National Government Since 1928 -- 3. The National People’s Convention and the Promulgation of the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China for the Period of Political Tutelage -- 4. Nationalist Efforts to Carry Out Party Principles and Programs -- 5. The Preparation for Constitutional Rule in China -- 6. The Local Government System During the Period of Political Tutelage -- VII. Communism Versus Nationalism: The Chinese Communist Party and Soviet Regimes (1921-1945) -- 1. The Formation of Communist Organizations in China -- 2. The First United Front of the Nationalists and Communists -- 3. Armed Uprisings and the Change of Leadership -- 4. The Establishment of Soviet Regimes in China -- 5. The Second United Front and Expansion of the Communist Regimes -- VIII. China at War: Political Institutions During the Period of the Sino-Japanese War -- 1. The Hostilities Between China and Japan -- 2. The Formal Establishment of Chiang Kai-shek’s Leadership -- 3. Wartime Party Alignments -- 4. The Supreme National Defense Council - The Highest Organ of Wartime China -- 5. The Triple-linked Administrative System -- 6. The Wartime National Government -- 7. The People’s Political Council -- 8. The Wartime Local Government -- 9. The Local Representative Bodies -- IX. From the Mainland to Taiwan (Formosa): Political Institutions During the Postwar Period -- 1. Peace Negotiations Through the Political Consultative Conference -- 2. The Convocation of the National Assembly and the Constitution of 1946 -- 3. The Central and Local Governments Under the Constitution of 1946 -- 4. The First Session of the First National Assembly -- 5. The Nationalist Debacle and Retreat to Taiwan -- 6. The National Government in Taiwan -- 7. The Local Government System in Taiwan -- 8. Taiwan Today -- X. The Communist Party in Power: Mao’s Political Thought and the Party Organization -- 1. On the Road to Victory -- 2. The Political Thought and Strategy of Mao Tse-tung -- 3. The Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party and Its Guiding Principles -- 4. The Organization and Functions of the Communist Party -- 5. The Communist Youth League -- 6. The Communist Relationship with Minor Political Parties and Mass Organizations -- XI. Fundamental Laws of the People’s Republic: From the Common Program to the Constitution of 1954 -- 1. The Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) -- 2. The Common Program of 1949 in the Nature of a Provisional Constitution -- 3. The Central Government System, 1949-1954 -- 4. The Local Government System, 1949-1954 -- 5. The Adoption of the Constitution by the National People’s Congress -- 6. General Principles of the Constitution of 1954 -- XII. The Government of “Democratic Centralism”: Political Institutions under the Constitution of 1954 -- 1. The Present System of Government -- 2. The National People’s Congress -- 3. The Head of the State -- 4. The State Council -- 5. The People’s Courts and Procuratorates -- 6. Local People’s Congresses and Councils -- 7. Self-Government Organs of National Autonomous Areas -- 8. The Communist Government in Action -- Appendices.
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  • 7
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401759106
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIX, 563 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Series Statement: World Academy of Art and Science 2
    Series Statement: The Universal Reference System 2
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Sociology.
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401188364
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (297p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Law ; Social legislation. ; Private international law. ; Conflict of laws. ; International law. ; Comparative law.
    Abstract: I. Introduction -- II. the Contract of Employment -- I. Definitions -- II. Formation of the Contract of Employment -- III. Rights and Obligations of the Parties -- IV. Wages -- V. Lea on es and Holidays -- VI. Suspension, Frustration and Termination of the Contract of Employment -- VII. the Termination Gratuity -- Selected Bibliography.
    Abstract: The contract of employment is the legal instrument which regulates the conditions of employment of the vast majority of the working 1 people of the world. More than any other civil contract based on mutual rights and obligations, this contract is characterised by the importance of its human elements. Sir William Blackstone once under­ lined the human and legal significance ofthe relationship, by classifying it immediately after the two great human relationships of husband and 2 wife and of parent and child. The contract is thus nationally and internationally important. In 1927 the International Labour Conference adopted a resolution "requesting the governing body of the Office to consider the possibility of placing the question of the general principles of contracts of employment on the agenda of a future session of the Conference. "3 This question was regrettably not followed up. The reason though not the justification, lies in the difficult task of limiting the bounds of the contract and of reconciling the different legal systems in the various countries. The effort spent by the LL. O. during the last few years towards the adoption of an international recommendation on the termination of the contract, which is yet to bear fruit, illustrates the difficulties involved. In the Arab countries the importance of the contract of employment was more felt since the introduction of industry thirty years ago.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. IntroductionII. the Contract of Employment -- I. Definitions -- II. Formation of the Contract of Employment -- III. Rights and Obligations of the Parties -- IV. Wages -- V. Lea on es and Holidays -- VI. Suspension, Frustration and Termination of the Contract of Employment -- VII. the Termination Gratuity -- Selected Bibliography.
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  • 9
    ISBN: 9789401508827
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (239p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Humanities ; Criminology. ; Criminal law.
    Abstract: L’abolition de la peine de mort et le problème de la peine de remplacement -- Criminology, Criminal Policy and Propaganda -- Anglo American Progress in Penitentiary Affairs -- Ahead of his Time -- Réflexions sur la détention préventive -- De la privation à la restriction de la liberté -- Jeunes adultes et courtes peines -- Society and the Treatment of Offenders -- Variations sur certaines formes nouvelles de privation de liberté -- Human Dignity in the Execution of Punishment -- The Problem of Remand in Custody for Diagnostic Purposes -- Mr. Prisoner goes to Town -- Analytical Penology -- Sir Lionel Fox’s Work in the Prison Commission -- Lionel Fox and the International Penal and Penitentiary Commission -- Open Institutions in Finland -- La fonction rééducative de la peine et la libération conditionnelle -- Postface.
    Abstract: During almost ten years I was in elose and frequent contact with Lionel Fox, both as Chiefofthe United Nations Section ofSocial Defence and as a friend. He was the permanent Chairman of the United Nations European ConsuItative Group on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, and he came to New York as one of the members of the Ad Hoc Committee of Experts on the same matter in 1958 and was elected Chairman ofthat body; we were together at the First United Nations Congress and during the preparation of the Second; I went to London quite often and always managed to see him. We became good friends and feit we were working together from different angles for the same purpose. Unlike many senior civil servants ofwell developed countries Lione! Fox was really interested in international activities. He was fully aware that nowadays improvement and progress in the treatment of offenders requires more sources of information and learning than are offered by national tradition and methods. This partly explains the important role he played at international meetings, where his views were always respected.
    Description / Table of Contents: L’abolition de la peine de mort et le problème de la peine de remplacementCriminology, Criminal Policy and Propaganda -- Anglo American Progress in Penitentiary Affairs -- Ahead of his Time -- Réflexions sur la détention préventive -- De la privation à la restriction de la liberté -- Jeunes adultes et courtes peines -- Society and the Treatment of Offenders -- Variations sur certaines formes nouvelles de privation de liberté -- Human Dignity in the Execution of Punishment -- The Problem of Remand in Custody for Diagnostic Purposes -- Mr. Prisoner goes to Town -- Analytical Penology -- Sir Lionel Fox’s Work in the Prison Commission -- Lionel Fox and the International Penal and Penitentiary Commission -- Open Institutions in Finland -- La fonction rééducative de la peine et la libération conditionnelle -- Postface.
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  • 10
    ISBN: 9789401509893
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (230p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Law ; Private international law. ; Conflict of laws. ; International law. ; Comparative law.
    Abstract: I. Privileges and Immunities in International Law -- I Foreign States -- II. The Legal Status of Armed Forces in Foreign Territory During Peacetime -- III. Public Vessels -- IV. Diplomatie Agents -- II. The Legal Status, Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Certain other International Organizations and their Headquarters -- (i) The legal basis of privileges and immunities of the Organizations -- (ii) Juridical personality and legal capacity of the Organizations -- (iii) Applicability of local laws within the headquarters of the Organizations -- (iv) Inviolability of the headquarters of the Organizations -- (v) Duty of the host State to ensure the protection of the head quarters of the Organizations -- (vi) Fiscal and other immunities enjoyed by the Organizations -- (vii) Communication facilities enjoyed by the Organizations -- (viii) Prevention of abuse of privileges and immunities by the Organizations -- III (A) Privileges and Immunities of the Officials of the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Certain other International Organizations -- (i) Immunity from legal process -- (ii) Personal inviolability -- (iii) Exemption from national income taxation -- (iv) Exemption from national service obligations -- (v) Customs exemptions and import facilities -- (vi) Exemption from immigration restrictions and alien registration -- (vii) Exchange and repatriation facilities -- (viii) Travel facilities -- (ix) Waiver of immunity -- III(B) Privileges and Immunities of Executive Heads and other Senior Officials -- III(C) The Right of the Host State to Expel the Officials -- IV. Privileges and Immunities of Representatives of Member States to the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Certain other International Organizations -- (i) Personal inviolability and inviolability of papers and documents -- (ii) Immunity from legal process -- (iii) Freedom from taxation -- (iv) Freedom of communication -- (v) Exemption from immigration restrictions, alien registration and national service obligations -- (vi) Currency or exchange facilities -- (vii) Customs and other facilities -- (viii) Representatives of the nationality of the host State -- (ix) Waiver of immunity -- (x) Resident or permanent representatives -- (xi) Right of the host State to expel the representatives -- V. Privileges and Immunities of Experts on Missions for the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Certain other International Organizations -- (i) Personal inviolability -- (ii) Immunity from legal process -- (iii) Freedom from taxation -- (iv) Currency or exchange facilities -- (v) Inviolability of papers and documents -- (vi) Communication facilities -- (vii) Exemption from immigration restrictions, alien registration and national service obligations -- (viii) Travel and baggage facilities -- (ix) Waiver of immunity -- VI. Conclusions and Observations -- Cases.
    Abstract: The past century has been a period of revolutionary change in many fields of human activity, in institutions and in thought. This period has seen the need of adjustment of state institutions and legal concepts to the needs of greater international cooperation. During the half­ century preceding the First World War, cooperation by governments outside the traditional diplomatic channels and procedures was largely limited to highly technical organizations, commonly referred to as public international unions, dealing with such matters as the im­ provement of postal communications and the control of contagious diseases. With the establishment of the League of Nations and the International Labor Organization at the end of the First World War, organized international cooperation assumed greater importance and the need was recognized of giving to the instruments of such cooper­ ation legal status and rights which would facilitate the effective performance of their functions. This proved to be a difficult adjustment for legal theory to make since the enjoyment of special privileges and immunities had been based in traditional international law on the fiction of state sovereignty. The new international organizations, while performing functions of the kind performed by national govern­ ments, were far from possessing the powers of such governments. The failure of the League of Nations to achieve its major purpose did not signify any permanent decline in the role of organized inter­ national cooperation.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. Privileges and Immunities in International LawI Foreign States -- II. The Legal Status of Armed Forces in Foreign Territory During Peacetime -- III. Public Vessels -- IV. Diplomatie Agents -- II. The Legal Status, Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Certain other International Organizations and their Headquarters -- (i) The legal basis of privileges and immunities of the Organizations -- (ii) Juridical personality and legal capacity of the Organizations -- (iii) Applicability of local laws within the headquarters of the Organizations -- (iv) Inviolability of the headquarters of the Organizations -- (v) Duty of the host State to ensure the protection of the head quarters of the Organizations -- (vi) Fiscal and other immunities enjoyed by the Organizations -- (vii) Communication facilities enjoyed by the Organizations -- (viii) Prevention of abuse of privileges and immunities by the Organizations -- III (A) Privileges and Immunities of the Officials of the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Certain other International Organizations -- (i) Immunity from legal process -- (ii) Personal inviolability -- (iii) Exemption from national income taxation -- (iv) Exemption from national service obligations -- (v) Customs exemptions and import facilities -- (vi) Exemption from immigration restrictions and alien registration -- (vii) Exchange and repatriation facilities -- (viii) Travel facilities -- (ix) Waiver of immunity -- III(B) Privileges and Immunities of Executive Heads and other Senior Officials -- III(C) The Right of the Host State to Expel the Officials -- IV. Privileges and Immunities of Representatives of Member States to the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Certain other International Organizations -- (i) Personal inviolability and inviolability of papers and documents -- (ii) Immunity from legal process -- (iii) Freedom from taxation -- (iv) Freedom of communication -- (v) Exemption from immigration restrictions, alien registration and national service obligations -- (vi) Currency or exchange facilities -- (vii) Customs and other facilities -- (viii) Representatives of the nationality of the host State -- (ix) Waiver of immunity -- (x) Resident or permanent representatives -- (xi) Right of the host State to expel the representatives -- V. Privileges and Immunities of Experts on Missions for the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Certain other International Organizations -- (i) Personal inviolability -- (ii) Immunity from legal process -- (iii) Freedom from taxation -- (iv) Currency or exchange facilities -- (v) Inviolability of papers and documents -- (vi) Communication facilities -- (vii) Exemption from immigration restrictions, alien registration and national service obligations -- (viii) Travel and baggage facilities -- (ix) Waiver of immunity -- VI. Conclusions and Observations -- Cases.
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  • 11
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401533751
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Philosophy.
    Abstract: I. A Russian Aristocrat’s Youth -- II. Leipzig University: (1) Education in Despotism -- III. Leipzig University: (2) Introduction to the Enlightenment -- IV. Return to Russia -- V. Military Law Courts and the St. Petersburg Customs Office -- VI. The Journey: Conventional Ideas -- VII. The Journey: Warnings, Appeals and Hopes -- VIII. Arrest and Trial -- IX. Journey to Ilimsk -- X. Ilimsk -- XI. Man and Immortality -- XII. Return to Russia -- XIII. Return to Service -- XIV. Epilogue: “In Radishchev’s Steps” -- Selected Bibliography.
    Abstract: Alexander Radishchev's major work, A Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow, first published in 1790, was the most scathing denunciation of serfdom and autocracy that had ever appeared in Russia. Its author was immediately arrested, tried for treason, and condemned to death, the sentence being later commuted to exile in Siberia. Catherine the Great, who had provided Radishchev with a schooling in despotism in the Corps des Pages and with an introduction to the Enlightenment at the University of Leipzig, saw in his book a gratuitous insult to herself as well as an attempt to incite a revolt that would bring him to power. Forgetting that many of its ideas were the same as those she had herself expressed earlier, she denounced it as the fruit of foreign abstract theories acting on an excitable, ambitious and resentful man. The Journey was effectively suppressed for more than a century. Any mention of Radishchev was discouraged by the censor for seventy years. A generation after Radishchev's death in 1802, Pushkin's biography of him was refused publication permission on the ground that the subject of it was forgotten and deserved to remain so.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. A Russian Aristocrat’s YouthII. Leipzig University: (1) Education in Despotism -- III. Leipzig University: (2) Introduction to the Enlightenment -- IV. Return to Russia -- V. Military Law Courts and the St. Petersburg Customs Office -- VI. The Journey: Conventional Ideas -- VII. The Journey: Warnings, Appeals and Hopes -- VIII. Arrest and Trial -- IX. Journey to Ilimsk -- X. Ilimsk -- XI. Man and Immortality -- XII. Return to Russia -- XIII. Return to Service -- XIV. Epilogue: “In Radishchev’s Steps” -- Selected Bibliography.
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  • 12
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401765305
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XI, 239 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Criminology
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  • 13
    ISBN: 9789401195645
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XII, 406 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Humanities ; History. ; Religion.
    Abstract: The Problem -- I Italy -- I. The Italian Humanists and the Christian Doctrine of Salvation -- II. Propagation and Expansion in Italy -- II Western Europe -- III. Orthodox Catholicism and its early Opponents -- IV. Erasmus -- V. Erasmus’s Contemporaries -- VI. Luther -- VII. The Baptists, Sebastian Franck and Marguerite d’Angouleme -- VIII. Christian Humanism in France -- IX. In the Netherlands -- X. Christian Humanism in England -- XI. Dolet, Marlowe, Montaigne and Bodin.
    Abstract: This book deals with the religious aspects and consequences of the Renaissance and Humanism. It is therefore advisable that these terms should first be defined to some extent. By Re­ naissance is meant here the new element in Westem European culture, which became more and more evident in Italy during the 15th century and in about 1500 completely dominated the great minds in that country. In the 16th century this new ele­ ment was carried to the countries on the other side of the Alps, where it developed vigorously during that century. The new element in that culture is found in the plastic arts, literature, philosophy and also - and this is the subject of the present study - in a modified religious attitude. The following chapters will show the content of this last change. Problems such as: what in general characterizes the Renaissance, by what was it caused, when did it begin and, in particular, whether the Re­ naissance forms a sharp contrast to the Middle Ages or whether it is a direct continuation of it, will not be discussed here. It will be clear from the above definition that I have placed first and foremost those things in the Renaissance which distinguish it from the Middle Ages.
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  • 14
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401768122
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XVI, 305 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Additional Information: Rezensiert in Goerdt, Wilhelm [Rezension von: Zitta, Victor, Georg Lukács' Marxism. Alienation, Dialectics, Revolution. A Study in Utopia and Ideology] 1968
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Political science Philosophy ; Political science—Philosophy.
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  • 15
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401510356
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XV, 461 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Law ; Constitutional law ; Demography ; Population.
    Abstract: The genealogy of the Batak people -- I. Genealogical structure: the kinship system -- II. Religious concepts -- III. The corporate communities (haradjaon) -- IV. Some general observations -- V. Matrimonial law (Adat pardongan-saripeon) -- VI. Inheritance law (Adat taringot tu tadingtadingan) -- VII. The law of land tenure (Adat partanoon) -- VIII. The law relating to debts (Adat dibagasan pardabu-dabuanon) -- IX. The law of offences (Panguhumon tu angka parsala) -- X. Settling disputes (Ruhut ni parhataon) -- Appendices -- Index of Batak words -- Legal Maxims and Aphorisms.
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  • 16
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401507158
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (220p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Political science. ; Ethnology. ; Culture.
    Abstract: I. The policy of non-alignment -- The Indian case -- II. Sino-Indian relations prior to 1954 -- Tibet -- The conference at Simla -- Indian nationalism and China -- Independent India -- Communism in India -- China invades Tibet -- The search for a new relationship -- III. Five principles of peaceful coexistence -- IV. Panchsheel and Afro-Asian cooperation -- The Bandung conference -- V. India’s position in international conflict -- Junagadh and Hyderabad -- Kashmir -- Korea -- Suez and Hungary -- Goa -- Conclusions -- VI. The border dispute with China -- China probes the boundary -- Revolt in Tibet -- Challenge to the entire border -- The Premiers meet (April 1960) -- The Officials report -- Deadlock -- Further proposals -- The fighting starts -- The Colombo proposals -- The question of prisoners -- China’s agreements with other neighbours -- VII. Legal aspects of the border dispute -- The juridical status of Tibet -- Mountain boundaries -- Maps and boundary disputes -- Effective occupation -- Prescription -- Protest, acquiescence and estoppel -- The Western Sector -- The Eastern Sector -- VIII. Political motives in the border dispute -- China changes her evaluation of India -- Marxist ideology -- The Indian assessment of China’s motives -- Conclusions -- IX. Conclusions -- The boundary question -- The implications of the border dispute -- Panchsheel -- Prospects.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. The policy of non-alignmentThe Indian case -- II. Sino-Indian relations prior to 1954 -- Tibet -- The conference at Simla -- Indian nationalism and China -- Independent India -- Communism in India -- China invades Tibet -- The search for a new relationship -- III. Five principles of peaceful coexistence -- IV. Panchsheel and Afro-Asian cooperation -- The Bandung conference -- V. India’s position in international conflict -- Junagadh and Hyderabad -- Kashmir -- Korea -- Suez and Hungary -- Goa -- Conclusions -- VI. The border dispute with China -- China probes the boundary -- Revolt in Tibet -- Challenge to the entire border -- The Premiers meet (April 1960) -- The Officials report -- Deadlock -- Further proposals -- The fighting starts -- The Colombo proposals -- The question of prisoners -- China’s agreements with other neighbours -- VII. Legal aspects of the border dispute -- The juridical status of Tibet -- Mountain boundaries -- Maps and boundary disputes -- Effective occupation -- Prescription -- Protest, acquiescence and estoppel -- The Western Sector -- The Eastern Sector -- VIII. Political motives in the border dispute -- China changes her evaluation of India -- Marxist ideology -- The Indian assessment of China’s motives -- Conclusions -- IX. Conclusions -- The boundary question -- The implications of the border dispute -- Panchsheel -- Prospects.
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  • 17
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401509176
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (166p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences
    Abstract: I. Introduction -- II. The Historical Theoreticians -- Marx and Engels -- Lenin -- Trotsky -- Bukharin -- Stalin -- III. Contemporary Soviet Thought -- Work -- Res Publica -- Social Life -- IV. The Future Society — An Estimate -- Selected Bibliography.
    Abstract: Neither of the founders and none of the subsequent leaders of the Communist movement ever wrote a full analysis of what he expected the future society to be. Throughout the vast literature of Marxism there is nothing in general or detail which devotes itself to this goal as such. There are several obvious reasons for this: Marxists, having excoriated utopian, Le. , pre-Marxist, socialism for its idealism and chimeras, for not being based on the only scientific analysis of society, historical materialism, have sedulously avoided going beyond that analysis themselves. The dynamic of this materialism is, consistently, self-restrictive, non-mechanistic, zeitgebunden; it develops the past in terms of actions and counteractions in social time, and sees naturallaw at work in each stage of social-economic organization - Le. , in history. It sees the exhaustion of an era in the completion of its logic and the unconscious creation of its successor. Therefore the discarding of capi­ talism as historically depleted and the rise of socialism-communism as the next stage, the next logic and law of economic development, are forecast. This is the given, the premise, the Naturnotwendigkeit of material society, the reason of social efficiency and of course one of the data of capitalism. According to E. H.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. IntroductionII. The Historical Theoreticians -- Marx and Engels -- Lenin -- Trotsky -- Bukharin -- Stalin -- III. Contemporary Soviet Thought -- Work -- Res Publica -- Social Life -- IV. The Future Society - An Estimate -- Selected Bibliography.
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  • 18
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401763431
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Linguistics ; Austroasiatic languages ; Asia—Languages.
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  • 19
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401192590
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (171p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Law ; Political science. ; Constitutional law.
    Abstract: I. The Danube: Its Role and Significance -- Geographical Setting -- Benefits and Deprivations -- Economic Interests Prior to 1945: Some Facts and Figures -- Struggles for Control Prior to World War I -- World War I and Its Aftermath -- II. Goals and Interests: American and Soviet -- Objectives of American Foreign Policy -- Objectives of Soviet Foreign Policy -- III. The Background: Nazi Germany vs. Soviet Russia -- Russia’s Acquisition of Bessarabia, A Gateway to the Danube -- Liquidation of the International and European Commissions -- IV. Encounters and Methods: American and Soviet -- The Armistice Agreements -- Allocation of Zones of Occupation in Austria -- From Potsdam to Paris -- The Peace Treaties of 1947 -- Preparations for Belgrade -- V. Further Encounters and Methods: American and Soviet -- The Question of the Danube Barges Before the Economic and Social Council -- The Interpretation of “German Assets” as a Tool of Soviet Diplomacy -- The Device of “Joint Companies” -- Showdown at Belgrade -- VI. Changed Setting: Law and Politics of the New Danube Commission -- Dissension -- Rapprochement -- Cooperation -- Retrospect and Prospect -- A Selective List of Works on the Danube -- Name Index.
    Abstract: The Danube has been for two centuries the great connecting link between the European West and the European East. Most commercial and cultural exchanges between the two parts of Europe took place with the help of or along the Danube. The West involved was, above all, southern Germany and the cisbithynian part of the Habsburg monarchy. The East was the formerly Turkish ruled territories, the Balkan peninsula and the Black Sea. The latter was, for the last two centuries, the center of conflict between Russian and Turkish hegemo­ nial aspirations. The events of the Balkan wars and of World War I almost ex­ tinguished Turkish influence, an event long expected: The outcome of World War I fortified, to an unexpected degree, the influence of Russia, which now became almost synonymous with the term of the European East. For a few years the middle and lower Danube threaten­ ed to disappear behind the Iron Curtain which marked the extent of Eastern influence.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. The Danube: Its Role and SignificanceGeographical Setting -- Benefits and Deprivations -- Economic Interests Prior to 1945: Some Facts and Figures -- Struggles for Control Prior to World War I -- World War I and Its Aftermath -- II. Goals and Interests: American and Soviet -- Objectives of American Foreign Policy -- Objectives of Soviet Foreign Policy -- III. The Background: Nazi Germany vs. Soviet Russia -- Russia’s Acquisition of Bessarabia, A Gateway to the Danube -- Liquidation of the International and European Commissions -- IV. Encounters and Methods: American and Soviet -- The Armistice Agreements -- Allocation of Zones of Occupation in Austria -- From Potsdam to Paris -- The Peace Treaties of 1947 -- Preparations for Belgrade -- V. Further Encounters and Methods: American and Soviet -- The Question of the Danube Barges Before the Economic and Social Council -- The Interpretation of “German Assets” as a Tool of Soviet Diplomacy -- The Device of “Joint Companies” -- Showdown at Belgrade -- VI. Changed Setting: Law and Politics of the New Danube Commission -- Dissension -- Rapprochement -- Cooperation -- Retrospect and Prospect -- A Selective List of Works on the Danube -- Name Index.
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  • 20
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401189088
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (218p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Economics ; History. ; Political science.
    Abstract: I. Background Developments and the Political Setting -- II. Tibet in Transition, 1951–1954 -- III. Tibet under Pressure, 1954–1959 -- IV. The Revolt and its Aftermath -- V. Tibet Today and Tomorrow -- VI. Epilogue: Peking-Lhasa-New Delhi -- Selective Bibliography.
    Abstract: The signing in Peking on May 27, 1951, of the 17-point Agreement on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet marked the end of Tibet's latest forty-year interlude of de facto independence and formalized an arrangement which, although in some respects differing from the earlier relationship between China and Tibet, in principle but reimposed the former's traditional suzerainty over the latter. Since then, the course and pattern of relations between the Central Government and the so-called Local Government of Tibet have undergone a series of drastic reappraisals and readjustments, culmi­ nating in the rebellion of 1959 and the flight of the Dalai Lama to India. These events, together with the recent degeneration of the Sino-Indian border dispute into a full-fledged military confrontation, have served to dramatize the importance of Tibet from the point of view of global strategy and world diplomacy. Long before that, however, indeed ever since Tibet's occupation by the Chinese Red armies and the region's effective submission to Peking's authority, the Tibetan question had already assumed the status of a major political problem and that for a variety of good reasons, internal as well as international. From the vantage-point of domestic politics, the Tibetan issue was from the very start, and still is now, of prime significance on at least three counts.
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  • 21
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401761765
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIII, 111 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Philosophy, modern
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  • 22
    ISBN: 9789401192859
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (273p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Humanities ; Religion.
    Abstract: I. The Schwärmer, Luther, and Melanchthon -- II. Anabaptism in Central Germany I: The Rise and Spread of the Movement -- III. Anabaptism in Central Germany II: Faith and Life -- IV. Luther and the Anabaptists -- V. Melanchthon and the Anabaptists -- VI. Menius and the Anabaptists -- VII. Theological Conflict between Lutherans and Anabaptists -- VIII. Evaluation of Lutheran Writings against the Anabaptists -- Map.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. The Schwärmer, Luther, and MelanchthonII. Anabaptism in Central Germany I: The Rise and Spread of the Movement -- III. Anabaptism in Central Germany II: Faith and Life -- IV. Luther and the Anabaptists -- V. Melanchthon and the Anabaptists -- VI. Menius and the Anabaptists -- VII. Theological Conflict between Lutherans and Anabaptists -- VIII. Evaluation of Lutheran Writings against the Anabaptists -- Map.
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  • 23
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401194693
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (127p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Law ; Private international law. ; Conflict of laws. ; International law. ; Comparative law.
    Abstract: I. Institutional Setting -- II. Organization of the Court -- The Judges -- The Advocates-General -- Obligations and Rights -- The Registrar of the Court -- The Attachés of the Court -- The Chambers of the Court -- The Backgrounds of the Top Personnel of the Court -- III. The Jurisdiction of the Court -- Access to the Court -- Classification of Jurisdictional Powers -- A. The Court as an International Tribunal -- B. The Court as a Constitutional Tribunal -- C. The Court as an Administrative Tribunal -- D. The Civil Jurisdiction of the Court -- E. Miscellaneous Competences of the Court -- IV. Sources of Law -- V. Procedure -- The Written and Oral Phases of the Proceedings -- The Language Problem -- The Judgment -- Review of Judgments -- Enforcement of Judgments -- VI. Conclusions -- The Court’s Impact on the Formulation of Public Policy -- The Court’s Contribution to Political Integration -- Selected Bibliography.
    Abstract: If the United States of Europe should become a reality in the future, it is highly probable that the Court of Justice of the European Communities, now sitting in Luxembourg, will be transformed into the supreme court of the new federation. Legal concepts and judicial traditions formed by the judges in Luxem­ bourg will then become a prominent part of the historical background of this new court. However, even now, during the process of economic intergration in Western Europe, the Court of the European Communities has been assuming an increasingly important role in the settlement of conflicts between economic and sometimes political interests. Moreover, through its more than hundred decisions, the Court has been developing a body of "European" case law which, in time, is likely to have favorable implications for the eventual political unification of Europe. This book is primarily intended as an introduction to the structure and functions of the Court of the European Communi­ ties. In this endeavor consideration has also been given to the forces and factors that might affect the judicial decisions of the Court and to the impact which such decisions might have upon economic enterprises and public policy in the Member states of the European Community, better known as the European Common Market.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. Institutional SettingII. Organization of the Court -- The Judges -- The Advocates-General -- Obligations and Rights -- The Registrar of the Court -- The Attachés of the Court -- The Chambers of the Court -- The Backgrounds of the Top Personnel of the Court -- III. The Jurisdiction of the Court -- Access to the Court -- Classification of Jurisdictional Powers -- A. The Court as an International Tribunal -- B. The Court as a Constitutional Tribunal -- C. The Court as an Administrative Tribunal -- D. The Civil Jurisdiction of the Court -- E. Miscellaneous Competences of the Court -- IV. Sources of Law -- V. Procedure -- The Written and Oral Phases of the Proceedings -- The Language Problem -- The Judgment -- Review of Judgments -- Enforcement of Judgments -- VI. Conclusions -- The Court’s Impact on the Formulation of Public Policy -- The Court’s Contribution to Political Integration -- Selected Bibliography.
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  • 24
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    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401510677
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (209p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Sociology.
    Abstract: I. A Post-War Phenomenon -- Emigration Prior to 1940 -- The Second World war -- The Situation in the Netherlands Immediately after the war -- Factors Connected with the Urge to Emigrate -- The General Situation in 1948 -- A Lost Generation? -- The Unsettled Emigration Climate -- II. The Government Versus Private Organizations -- Government Concern with Emigration Prior to 1940 -- The Denominational Emigration Organizations Prior to 1940 -- Clay and Sand: The two Poles of Agrarian Emigration -- Growing Government Interference after 1945 -- Two Guiding Principles for the Granting of Subsidies -- Collision with the Social Organizations -- Compromise and Strategy -- III. Policy, Planning and Prognoses -- The Fear of Poverty -- The Fear of “Over-Population” -- Population Problems and Emigration Policy -- Industrialization and Emigration -- The Bottle-Neck of “Emigration Planning” in a Democratic System -- “Planned Migration” in the Light of Actual Developments -- IV. Organized Emigration in Practice -- Vertical Ideological Pluralism in the Netherlands -- The Organization of the Voluntary Agencies -- Emigration Procedure -- Government Policy and Group Policy -- V. Socioreligious Group Characteristics -- Religious Denomination and Country of Destination -- Registration Organ and Country of Destination -- Registration Organ and Religious Denomination -- Emigrant, Registration Organ and Religious Denomination -- Socioreligious Structure and the Continuity of Emigration -- VI. At Group Level: Points of View and Attitudes Adopted with Reference to Emigration -- The Roman Catholics -- The Calvinists -- Remaining Groups -- VII. The Dynamics of Social Change -- Increased Prosperity and Communication -- The Integration of Parts. a New Frame of Reference -- New Conceptions Regarding the Population Problem -- The Netherlands and European Migration -- VIII. Adaptation of the Emigration Policy -- Increasing Isolation -- Two Specific Drawbacks -- Those who Returned -- Criticism of the Emigration Policy -- The Defence -- From “Active” Policy to “Positive” Policy -- Summary and Conclusions -- Thwarted Exodus -- The Group Character of Netherlands Emigration -- The Conservative Type of Migration -- Appendices -- 1. Adjoining chapter V, “Emigrant, registration organ and religious denomination.” Primary and/or sociologically relevant data -- 2. Idem. Questions directly connected with emigration -- 3. Migration to and from the Netherlands, 1900–1962 -- References.
    Abstract: Much has been written about Netherlands emigration since the Second World War. In the course of years opinions on the subject have been advanced by the Government, by political and religious groups, by employers' and workers' organizations and by represent­ atives of the sodal sdences. As times and drcumstances changed, certain of these opinions also changed. Befjer remarks in this connec­ tion : "Opinions as to whether or not it is a good thing to emigrate are divided and are strongly influenced by the good and bad trend of affairs in the political, sodal and economic fields, apart from subjective influences which contribute in considerable measure to the formation of such opinions. "l Thanks to a number of sdentific studies, actual knowledge of the emigration phenomenon in the Netherlands soon after the war gradually increased. But in various quarters stereotyped conceptions, rooted in the prevailing cultural systems, had taken hold round this process. Hence it could not be expected to move aside immediately to make room for the cautiously fotmulated discoveries of sodal research. Among the great merits 2 of Haveman is the fact that not only did he inspire and stimulate this research, he also lost no time in making full use of the results 3 thereof during his period of office.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. A Post-War PhenomenonEmigration Prior to 1940 -- The Second World war -- The Situation in the Netherlands Immediately after the war -- Factors Connected with the Urge to Emigrate -- The General Situation in 1948 -- A Lost Generation? -- The Unsettled Emigration Climate -- II. The Government Versus Private Organizations -- Government Concern with Emigration Prior to 1940 -- The Denominational Emigration Organizations Prior to 1940 -- Clay and Sand: The two Poles of Agrarian Emigration -- Growing Government Interference after 1945 -- Two Guiding Principles for the Granting of Subsidies -- Collision with the Social Organizations -- Compromise and Strategy -- III. Policy, Planning and Prognoses -- The Fear of Poverty -- The Fear of “Over-Population” -- Population Problems and Emigration Policy -- Industrialization and Emigration -- The Bottle-Neck of “Emigration Planning” in a Democratic System -- “Planned Migration” in the Light of Actual Developments -- IV. Organized Emigration in Practice -- Vertical Ideological Pluralism in the Netherlands -- The Organization of the Voluntary Agencies -- Emigration Procedure -- Government Policy and Group Policy -- V. Socioreligious Group Characteristics -- Religious Denomination and Country of Destination -- Registration Organ and Country of Destination -- Registration Organ and Religious Denomination -- Emigrant, Registration Organ and Religious Denomination -- Socioreligious Structure and the Continuity of Emigration -- VI. At Group Level: Points of View and Attitudes Adopted with Reference to Emigration -- The Roman Catholics -- The Calvinists -- Remaining Groups -- VII. The Dynamics of Social Change -- Increased Prosperity and Communication -- The Integration of Parts. a New Frame of Reference -- New Conceptions Regarding the Population Problem -- The Netherlands and European Migration -- VIII. Adaptation of the Emigration Policy -- Increasing Isolation -- Two Specific Drawbacks -- Those who Returned -- Criticism of the Emigration Policy -- The Defence -- From “Active” Policy to “Positive” Policy -- Summary and Conclusions -- Thwarted Exodus -- The Group Character of Netherlands Emigration -- The Conservative Type of Migration -- Appendices -- 1. Adjoining chapter V, “Emigrant, registration organ and religious denomination.” Primary and/or sociologically relevant data -- 2. Idem. Questions directly connected with emigration -- 3. Migration to and from the Netherlands, 1900-1962 -- References.
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  • 25
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401191067
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (335p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Philosophy—History. ; Metaphysics.
    Abstract: I. Introduction -- II. The Thing in Itself -- III. The Copernican Revolution in Philosophy: Subject and Object -- IV. The Copernican Revolution: Subject and Consciousness -- V. Infinite Mind -- VI. Infinitesimals of Sensation -- VII. Levels of Cognition -- VIII. Principle of Determinability -- IX. Time and Space -- X. Antinomies -- XI. Philosophy and Mathematics -- XII. Maimon’s Conception of Philosophy -- XIII. Maimon’s Skepticism and its Relation to Critical and Dogmatic Philosophy -- XIV. Contemporaneous Philosophy -- (a) Maimon and Reinhold -- (b) Maimon and Aenesidemus-Schulze -- (c) Maimon and Fichte -- (d) Correspondence Fichte-Maimon -- XV. Concluding Remarks.
    Abstract: This volume is the first part of a larger work on the philosophy of Solomon Maimon and its systematic place in the history of thought. Here we deal with so me of the fundamental themes of Maimon's philosophy, including his examination of Kant's philosophy, his re­ lation to such immediate post-Kantians as Reinhold and Schulze, and the relation between him and Fichte. The second volume will concern itself with such aspects of Maimon's theoretical philosophy as the prob­ lem of the categories, the relation between idea and fiction, the concept of a universal soul, and practical philosophy, that is, ethics and the philosophy of law. Chapters V, VII, and X of this volume contain, with substantial revisions in form and content, material that appeared originally in scholarly periodicals. Grateful acknowledgment is made to the Hebrcw Union College A nnual for permission to use the substance of my articles: "Solomon Maimon's Treatment of the Problems of Antinomies and Its Relation to Maimonides," H.U.C.A., Vol. XXI; "Maimon and Mai­ monides," H.U.C.A., Vol. XXII, part one; and to the Journal 0/ the History 0/ I deas, for permission to use the substance of my essay "Solomon Maimon's Doctrine of Infinite Reason and Its Historical Relations," J.H.I., Vol. XIII, No. 2.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. IntroductionII. The Thing in Itself -- III. The Copernican Revolution in Philosophy: Subject and Object -- IV. The Copernican Revolution: Subject and Consciousness -- V. Infinite Mind -- VI. Infinitesimals of Sensation -- VII. Levels of Cognition -- VIII. Principle of Determinability -- IX. Time and Space -- X. Antinomies -- XI. Philosophy and Mathematics -- XII. Maimon’s Conception of Philosophy -- XIII. Maimon’s Skepticism and its Relation to Critical and Dogmatic Philosophy -- XIV. Contemporaneous Philosophy -- (a) Maimon and Reinhold -- (b) Maimon and Aenesidemus-Schulze -- (c) Maimon and Fichte -- (d) Correspondence Fichte-Maimon -- XV. Concluding Remarks.
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  • 26
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401189101
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (188p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Economics ; Political science. ; Law—Philosophy. ; Law—History.
    Abstract: I. The Regulation of Interstate Commerce -- 1. The Definition of Interstate Commerce -- 2. Regulation? — or Prohibition? -- 3. Inter-State? — or Intra-State?: Where does Interstate Commerce begin and end? -- 4. Regulation? — or Discrimination? -- 5. The Regulation of Particular Kinds of Interstate Commerce -- II. The Taxation of Interstate Commerce -- 6. The Definition of Taxation -- 7. Taxation? — or Regulation? -- 8. Direct Taxation? — or Indirect Taxation? -- III. Related Techniques of Interpretation -- 9. Implication and Inference -- 10. Incidental, Ancillary, and Necessary and Proper -- 11. Aspect, Pith and Substance, and True Nature and Character -- 12. Inconsistency, Trenching, and Supremacy -- IV. Conclusions -- 13. Purpose and Effect.
    Abstract: Modem societies, - like organized societies of all eras, - suffer from antithetical aspirations, from competing institutionalizations of that which is desirable, and that which, though unwelcome, is inevitable. Men clearly see the advantages of localism, of the self determination of small peoples, of l' amour du chocher uninhibited by imperial sovereign­ ty. At the same time men everywhere are seeing the clear necessity of bigness in organization of national effort. When the question is military organization no one has much doubt that strength derives from power­ ful union. The Swiss, to be sure, have continued independent not because of their power, but because of the convenience of their in­ dependent existence. In a world-society of titans, there must be members who are small, respected, independent and unfeared, available to be intermediaries. If Switzerland did not exist, it would have been necessary to invent her. But the power centers are those with the big battalions and the megatons of bombs; both demand great aggregates. Tomorrow's military power structure is calculated in the hundreds of millions of people. The world will afford only a few Switzerlands. The drive toward bigness is as inevitable in the economic world as in that of destructive machines. Economic problems in the next century, and in the next after it, will require the concentrated re­ sources of the nations; we must produce adequate food for the billions, or else billions will war against billions.
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  • 27
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401763066
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XXXI, 297 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Law ; Private international law. ; Conflict of laws. ; International law. ; Comparative law.
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  • 28
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401195928
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (122p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Linguistics
    Abstract: I Translations -- II Editions -- III Epigram -- IV Eulogium -- V Liaison -- VI Detached Pieces -- VII Library -- VIII Comparison -- IX Capital -- X Enigma -- XI Illumination -- Notes.
    Description / Table of Contents: I TranslationsII Editions -- III Epigram -- IV Eulogium -- V Liaison -- VI Detached Pieces -- VII Library -- VIII Comparison -- IX Capital -- X Enigma -- XI Illumination -- Notes.
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  • 29
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401195065
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (99p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Ethics.
    Abstract: I. Introduction -- II. Hume’s Predecessors -- III. Reason and Passions -- IV. Exciting and Justifying Reasons -- V. Hume’s Critique of the Rationalists -- VI. The “Is-Ought” Passage.
    Abstract: This work is primarily concerned with Hume's arguments concerning the respective roles of reason and passion in moral decisions. Thus, the major part of the work deals with section I of Part I of Book III of the Treatise, where Hume argues that moral distinctions are not derived from reason. But in discussing this section, I have had to take into account most ofthe other sections of Book III, and some important ones from Book II of the Treatise and the Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. Omissions, however, are noticeable. While I have gone into great detail on Parts I and II ofthe Treatise of Morals, I have omitted any discussion of Part III. I have not discussed everything Hume has to say on ethics, or even everything in Book III of the Treatise. I have placed certain limits on myself in writing this work. I attempt to point out only what is central to Hume's ethics, and this I believe to be the first section of Book III, and to show how certain assumptions and conclusions of this section underlie the rest of Hume's considerations on ethics. Thus, I have tried to show that Hume's discussion of the artificial virtues necessarily follows from the assump­ tions and conclusions of section I. But I leave it to the reader, in his further study of Hume, to apply my points to other sections of Hume that I have not discussed.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. IntroductionII. Hume’s Predecessors -- III. Reason and Passions -- IV. Exciting and Justifying Reasons -- V. Hume’s Critique of the Rationalists -- VI. The “Is-Ought” Passage.
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  • 30
    Online Resource
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401510554
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (392p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Law—Philosophy. ; Law—History. ; Law and economics.
    Abstract: Introduction: The Pre-legal Foundation of Nationalisation -- 1. The Social Foundation -- 2. The Economic Foundation -- 3. The Political Foundation -- 4. Conclusion -- I. — The Achievement -- Section I: Introduction -- Section II: Industry and Commerce -- Section III: General and Systematic Conclusions -- II. — The Legal Structure -- Section I: Introduction -- Section II: The Socialisation of Law -- Section III: The Socialisation of Property -- Section IV: The Legal Nature of Nationalisation -- Section V: Conclusions -- III. — Operation -- Section I: Introduction -- Section II: The Form of Nationalisation -- Section III: Place and Function -- Section IV: The State Plan -- IV. — International Law -- Section I: Private Property in Public International Law -- Section II: International Status of Nationalisation -- Section III: Compensation -- Section IV: Procedure -- Appendix: “Inter”-Nationalisation.
    Abstract: In this book Professor Katzarov has made the first comprehensive study 0/ nationalisation /rom the legal point 0/ view. The author's knowledge 0/ European languages, in addition to his mother tongue 0/ Bulgarian, has enabled him to draw on material/rom England, France, the U.s.S.R. and the other communist countries 0/ Eastern Europe, and many countries 0/ Asia and Latin America. The book ranges widely in another sense. Professor Katzarov is a jurist in the best Continental tradition in that his work does not spring /rom a narrow technical outlook, but is a synthesis 0/ historical, philo­ sophic, political, economic and legal elements. Thus, he shows the way in which the constitutional and legal /ramework 0/ nationalisation has been in/luenced by extra-legal elements. It is difficult to imagine a legal scholar trained in one 0/ the Common Law countries producing a work as broadly conceived; and this is one 0/ several reasons why the publication 0/ an English edition is welcome.
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduction: The Pre-legal Foundation of Nationalisation1. The Social Foundation -- 2. The Economic Foundation -- 3. The Political Foundation -- 4. Conclusion -- I. - The Achievement -- Section I: Introduction -- Section II: Industry and Commerce -- Section III: General and Systematic Conclusions -- II. - The Legal Structure -- Section I: Introduction -- Section II: The Socialisation of Law -- Section III: The Socialisation of Property -- Section IV: The Legal Nature of Nationalisation -- Section V: Conclusions -- III. - Operation -- Section I: Introduction -- Section II: The Form of Nationalisation -- Section III: Place and Function -- Section IV: The State Plan -- IV. - International Law -- Section I: Private Property in Public International Law -- Section II: International Status of Nationalisation -- Section III: Compensation -- Section IV: Procedure -- Appendix: “Inter”-Nationalisation.
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  • 31
    ISBN: 9789401036030
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VII, 476 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Science Philosophy ; Science—Philosophy.
    Abstract: Joseph Henry Woodger, Curriculum Vitae -- Editors’ Note -- Foreword -- I / Philosophy of Science -- Metaphysical Presuppositions and the Description of Biological Systems -- Speculations and Theories -- On Simple Theories of a Complex World -- The Devious Roads of Science -- Complexity And Organization -- The Relationship Between Formalized Languages And Natural Languages -- A Survey of Formal Semantics -- Analyticity Versus Fuzziness -- Toward a Logic of in Tensions -- II / Logical Analysis of Theory Structure -- Creative and Non-Creative Definitions in the Calculus of probability -- Algebraic Simplification of Redundant Sequential Circuits -- Aristotle’s Syllogistic and its Extensions -- III / Models in Science -- A Representation of Animal Growth -- Analogies in Biology -- Probability Models and Thought and Learning Processes -- Models, Mathematics and Metaphors -- The Game-Theoretical Approach to Organization Theory -- Design by Natural Selection -- IV / Analytic Biology -- On The Concept of Genotype -- Gentical Semantics and Evolutionary Theory -- Biological Field Phenomena: Facts and Concepts -- Animal Organization as a Problem in Cell Form -- Morphological Correspondence and the Concept of Homology -- On Category Overlapping in Taxonomy -- An Analysis of Some Taxonomic Concepts -- Life Cycles as Hierarchical Relations -- Bibliographical Appendix -- Publications by Joseph Henry Woodger.
    Abstract: Men of science are sometimes mistrustful of or at least impatient with philosophy. One of them, himself no stranger to hard thought, was one day heard to comment on his colleagues in another faculty and on their propensity to indulge in what he called "all this nonsense about thinking". Against this may perhaps be set a meeting of philosophers who decided to discuss the Second Law of Thermodynamics. When asked sardonically by a scientist whether they had disproved it, one of the philosophers replied: "No, we have concluded that it is not so much false as meaning­ less" . This curious appearance of cross purposes reflects something more than mere captiousness or misunderstanding. As to the "nonsense about thinking", it is perfectly true that an excessive formalisation of argu­ ments does not usually assist clear thinking very much. Plenty of people would be nonplussed by a formal logical exercise of the type: all A is B, Cis B: is C therefore A? But equate A to Frenchman, C to Germans and B to Europeans, and tht:y would never run the slightest risk of going astray.
    Description / Table of Contents: Joseph Henry Woodger, Curriculum VitaeEditors’ Note -- Foreword -- I / Philosophy of Science -- Metaphysical Presuppositions and the Description of Biological Systems -- Speculations and Theories -- On Simple Theories of a Complex World -- The Devious Roads of Science -- Complexity And Organization -- The Relationship Between Formalized Languages And Natural Languages -- A Survey of Formal Semantics -- Analyticity Versus Fuzziness -- Toward a Logic of in Tensions -- II / Logical Analysis of Theory Structure -- Creative and Non-Creative Definitions in the Calculus of probability -- Algebraic Simplification of Redundant Sequential Circuits -- Aristotle’s Syllogistic and its Extensions -- III / Models in Science -- A Representation of Animal Growth -- Analogies in Biology -- Probability Models and Thought and Learning Processes -- Models, Mathematics and Metaphors -- The Game-Theoretical Approach to Organization Theory -- Design by Natural Selection -- IV / Analytic Biology -- On The Concept of Genotype -- Gentical Semantics and Evolutionary Theory -- Biological Field Phenomena: Facts and Concepts -- Animal Organization as a Problem in Cell Form -- Morphological Correspondence and the Concept of Homology -- On Category Overlapping in Taxonomy -- An Analysis of Some Taxonomic Concepts -- Life Cycles as Hierarchical Relations -- Bibliographical Appendix -- Publications by Joseph Henry Woodger.
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  • 32
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401755467
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XXI, 113 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Phenomenology
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  • 33
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401760027
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XII, 94 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Humanities ; Regional planning ; Ethnology. ; Culture. ; Political science.
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  • 34
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401510172
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (105p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; History.
    Abstract: I. Lobbying in the kaiserreich -- II. Lobbyist in Saxony -- III. The organization of Saxon Business -- IV. Landtag Electoral Reform -- Conclusion.
    Abstract: The old saw, "Gennany is the heart of Europe, Saxony the heart of Germany," Treitschke derided as that "favorite, self­ congratulatory phrase" parroted by reactionary Saxons. His ridicule is understandable. He was born a Saxon, yet adored Prussia, which forced his native kingdom into the Kaiserreich. Historians of this century, also loyal in a sense to the German Empire, have dismissed internal affairs of the federal states as parochial. Thus Saxony, though wracked by political agitation more severe than in any other German state during the last two decades of the Wilhelmian era, has been generally looked upon as peripheral to the great national issues of the day. Solid as Treitschke's grounds may in his time have been for scoffing at the anachronism of Saxon particularism, recent history has shown that Saxony was after all the heart of Gennany in more than the geographic sense. It was by far the most Lutheran region of Gennany and was often called the "model land" of Liberalism, a way of life not to be confused with liberal democracy in the M usterliindle, Baden, or in the Kingdom of Wiirttemberg. In Land Sachsen the small independent entre­ preneur did not vanish from the scene during the industrial boom of 1871-g0 as he did in Rhineland-Westphalia.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. Lobbying in the kaiserreichII. Lobbyist in Saxony -- III. The organization of Saxon Business -- IV. Landtag Electoral Reform -- Conclusion.
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  • 35
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401196734
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 online resource (282 pages)
    Series Statement: International Archives of the History of Ideas Archives Internationales d'histoire des Ides Ser. v.7
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    DDC: 306.0944
    Keywords: France-Social conditions ; Electronic books
    Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
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  • 36
    ISBN: 9789401036344 , 9789401036351
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (129S.)
    Series Statement: Sovietica 11
    Series Statement: Sovietica
    DDC: 306
    Keywords: Regional planning ; Humanities / Arts / Design ; Regional and Cultural Studies ; Kommunismus ; Ideologie ; Marxismus-Leninismus ; Quelle ; Marxismus-Leninismus ; Kommunismus ; Ideologie
    Note: Ein zweites Mal haben wir uns dazu entschlossen, in unserer Reihe einen Quellentext zum Studium der kommunistischen Ideologie zu veröffentlichen. Auf die Zusammenfassung des repräsentativen Lehrbuchs "Grundlagen der marxistischen Philosophie", die ich 1959 unter dem Titel "Die dogmatischen Grundlagen der sowjetischen Philosophie" vorgelegt habe, folgt nun ein Auszug aus dem in der Sowjetunion Ende 1959 erschienenen und seitdem in mehreren Ergänzungsauflagen weit verbreiteten Werk "Grundlagen des Marxismus-Leninismus".1 Es ist dies eine Kollektivarbeit, von rund 40 sowjetischen Philosophen, Soziologen, Ökonomen, Programmtheoretikern und Propagandisten unter der Leitung von O. V. Kuusinen (Mitglied des KPdSU-Präsidiums) verfaßt. Von einigen Erläuterungen abgesehen, haben wir uns darauf beschränkt, die uns am wichtigsten erscheinenden Partien des Originaltexts in einer eigenen Übersetzung wiederzugeben, um ein ebenso authentisches wie 2 handliches Informationsmaterial zur Verfügung zu haben, das uns bei den sowjetologischen Kursen in unserem Institut helfen soll. Die philosophischen Abschnitte (1 und 2) sind zugunsten der nichtphilosophischen sehr knapp gehalten, well die Zusammenfassung der "Grundlagen der marxistischen Philosophie" (in denen im wesentlichen dasselbe, nur ausführlicher gesagt ist) bereits vorliegt. Ich spreche der Rockefeller Foundation meinen Dank für ihre Unterstützung aus, die es unserem Institut ermöglicht hat, neben den laufenden Forschungen auch die vorliegende Edition zu besorgen. J. M. BOCHBNSKI 1 Der russische Originaltitel lautet: Osnovy marksizma-leninizma. Ueebnoe posobie (Lehrbuch), Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo politieeskoj literatury (Staatsverlag für politische Literatur), Moskva, 1959,774 Seiten, Auflage 300.000
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  • 37
    ISBN: 9789401036320 , 9789401036337
    Language: German
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (170S.)
    Series Statement: Sovietica, Veröffentlichungen des Osteuropa-Instituts Universität Freiburg / Schweiz 10
    DDC: 306
    Keywords: Humanities ; Regional planning ; Humanities / Arts ; Regional and Cultural Studies
    Note: Die ersten drei Hefte dieser Reihe enthalten die Titel der Aufsätze, die in den sowjetischen philosophischen Fachzeitschriften (VF und FN) zwischen 1947 und 1960 erschienen sind, sowie die Titel von Büchern die in diesen Zeitschriften angeführt oder in der Bibliothek des Freiburger Osteuropa Instituts vorhanden waren. Ursprünglich für den Gebrauch der Mitglieder des Instituts vorgesehen, wurden sie in der Hoffnung veröffentlicht andern Forschern auf diesem Gebiet nützlich zu sein, vor allem da die sowjetischen Beiträge zur eigenen philosophischen Bibliographie sehr fragmentarisch und schwer erhältlich sind. Diese Hoffnung scheint berechtigt, da die ersten zwei Hefte bereits neu aufgelegt werden mussten. Es wurde daher beschlossen, die Basis der Bibliographie für die genannte Periode zu erweitern, und zwar durch die Berücksichtigung von Aufsätzen in anderen Zeitschriften, von Dissertationen und von Büchern, die durch die oben genannten Quellen nicht erfaßbar waren. Das vorliegende vierte Heft enthält die Ergebnisse dieser Erweiterung. Die gesamte Reihe enthält 7940 Titel, womit schätzungsweise 85 Prozent der sowjetischen philosophischen Literatur zwischen 1947 und 1960 und - was noch wichtiger scheint - der für die Entwicklung dieser Philosophie entscheidende Teil derselben erfaßt ist. Ein fünftes Heft wird vollständige Namen- und Sachregister enthalten
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  • 38
    Online Resource
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    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789400958494
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    DDC: 50
    Keywords: Science (General)
    Description / Table of Contents: 1 Life in Fresh Water2 Fresh-Water Sponges -- 3 Hydroids: Fresh-Water Coelenterates -- 4 Flatworms (Platyhelminthes) -- a) Free-living Forms (Turbellarians) -- b) Parasitic Forms (Trematodes and Cestodes) -- c) Note on Nemertean Worms -- 5 Roundworms (Nematodes, With Notes on Acanthocephala and Gordiaceae) -- 6 The True Worms (Annelida) -- a) Oligochætes -- b) Leeches (Hirudineae) -- 7 The Arthropoda: Crustacea -- 8 The Arthropoda: Insects -- 9 The Arthropoda: Insects (continued) -- 10 The Arthropoda: The Arachnids -- 11 The Mollusca -- a) Snails (Gastropoda) -- b) Mussels and Cockles (Lamellibranchia) -- 12 The Polyzoa (Moss Animalcules) -- 13 The Wheel Animalcules (Rotifera), With a Note on the Gastrotricha -- 14 The Protozoa.
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  • 39
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401761673
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (VII, 172 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Political science.
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  • 40
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401164207
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (X, 169 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Political science Philosophy ; Political science—Philosophy.
    Abstract: I. Ontology -- Methodology -- Epistemics: Scepticism and Conceptualism -- The Materialistic Inference -- Systematization -- Summary -- II. Anthropology -- The Interpretation of Evolution -- A Systematic Account of Civilization and Its Ethical Criteria -- Three Analyses -- III. Sociology -- The Interpretation of History -- Communism and Historical Necessity -- The Economy of Culture -- Social Organization and the Individual -- Political Axiology -- Government by Idea -- The Totalitarian and Liberal Applications of Social Theories -- Conclusions.
    Abstract: There are greatly divergent modes of thinking and widely differing problems subsumed as belonging to the domain of eontemporary philosophy. Some philosophers may weil find that they have little more in eommon with their coileagues than their interest in exposing a problem on the level of thought, systematically, and with the optimum regard for the validity of their argumentation. The traditional confliet between philosophie schools lies in the solution different thinkers propose to a problem. In our day, however, there is a deeper schism between the exponents of different sehools than a difference in the problem's solution. The conflict involves already the formulation of the problem. There are at least two general modes of pursuing philosophical investigation where no conflict in the solution of problems not beeause there would be agreement among the thinkers, is possible, but because the problems attacked by the thought of one school are not taken into consideration by the adherents of the other. In general, it may be said without fear of serious opposition that the kind of problems dealt with by neo-positivists and positivistic analysts are seldom if ever closely examined by ontologists, metaphysicians, existentialists and certain other schools of the speculative branch of philosophy, while these philosophers deal with problems which are generally regarded to be outside the scope of philosophie inquiry by positivists and analysts.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. OntologyMethodology -- Epistemics: Scepticism and Conceptualism -- The Materialistic Inference -- Systematization -- Summary -- II. Anthropology -- The Interpretation of Evolution -- A Systematic Account of Civilization and Its Ethical Criteria -- Three Analyses -- III. Sociology -- The Interpretation of History -- Communism and Historical Necessity -- The Economy of Culture -- Social Organization and the Individual -- Political Axiology -- Government by Idea -- The Totalitarian and Liberal Applications of Social Theories -- Conclusions.
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  • 41
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401528177
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (33 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Education
    Abstract: Conferences — Kongresse — Congrès -- The Adjustment of the Educational Structure to the Requirements of Economic Development -- The Optimal Location of Various Types of Education for Development -- Science and Science Education in Developing Countries.
    Description / Table of Contents: Conferences - Kongresse - CongrèsThe Adjustment of the Educational Structure to the Requirements of Economic Development -- The Optimal Location of Various Types of Education for Development -- Science and Science Education in Developing Countries.
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  • 42
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401536370
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XIII, 277 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences
    Abstract: One / A Public Controversy 1790–1792 -- Publication of Reflections; mixed reception -- English opinion of the French revolution; surprise at Burke’s hostility -- Paine’s complaint against Burke; was it justified? -- Two / Thomas Paine: the man and his ideas 1737–1790 -- I. Paine’s Early Life -- II. Paine’s Political Ideas -- III. Paine’s Hopes of a Political Reformation in England. His Return to Europe -- Three / A different outlook: Edmund Burke -- I. Burke and Paine Contrasted -- II. Burke’s Characteristic Ideas -- III. Burke’s Reaction to the French Revolution -- Four / Burke rejects the rights of man -- I. Criticism of the “Rights of Man” Philosophy -- II. The “Rights of Man” Philosophy Incompatible with the Spirit of the English Constitution -- III. Criticism -- Five / Paine replies to Burke: Rights of Man -- Paine plans to write on the revolution -- Paine fails to understand Burke -- Paine’s interpretation of the French revolution -- Man and his rights -- Paine’s attack on the English constitution -- Rejection of the hereditary principle in government -- Rejection of state religion -- Criticism of the English financial system -- Attack on the English crown, and parliamentary system of government -- Conclusion -- Six / Reflections and public opinion, 1791 -- The reaction within Burke’s own party -- Mackintosh and the “New Whigs” -- The reply of the reformers -- Mary Wollstonecraft and the social protest -- Joseph Priestley and the reply of the dissenters -- Burke’s retort: “Either Burke or Paine” -- Seven / Rights of Man and public opinion, 1791 -- I. The Pamphleteers and Reviewers -- II. Rights of Man and the Constitutional Societies -- III. Positive Effect of Rights of Man. Paine and the Working-Class Movement -- Conclusion -- Ouvrages publiés dans la Collection de l’Ecole des Sciences politiques et sociales.
    Abstract: At the present day, when there is renewed interest in the concept of human rights and in the application of this concept to the problems of government,! it may be instructive to review an eighteenth-century dispute which was concerned precisely with these themes. Nor should the investigation be any less interesting because the disputants were Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine: both these men have also been the object of renewed attention and study in recent years. Critical work on the biography and bibliography of Paine is being done by Professor Aldridge and Col. Richard Gimbel respectively;2 while Burke is being well looked after, not only by the able team of experts who, under the leadership of Professor Copeland, are engaged in producing the critical edition of his Correspondence, but also by such individual scholars as D. C. Bryant, C. B. Cone, T. H. D. Mahoney, 3 P. J. Stanlis, C. Parkin, F. Canavan, and A. Cobban. But though Burke and Paine are being studied separately, little work appears to have been done on the relationship between them, apart from an 4 essay by Professor Copeland published more than twelve years ago. It is hoped that the present study, while it does not claim to add anything to the facts about Burke and Paine already known to his- 1 See Nehemiah Robinson, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
    Description / Table of Contents: One / A Public Controversy 1790-1792Publication of Reflections; mixed reception -- English opinion of the French revolution; surprise at Burke’s hostility -- Paine’s complaint against Burke; was it justified? -- Two / Thomas Paine: the man and his ideas 1737-1790 -- I. Paine’s Early Life -- II. Paine’s Political Ideas -- III. Paine’s Hopes of a Political Reformation in England. His Return to Europe -- Three / A different outlook: Edmund Burke -- I. Burke and Paine Contrasted -- II. Burke’s Characteristic Ideas -- III. Burke’s Reaction to the French Revolution -- Four / Burke rejects the rights of man -- I. Criticism of the “Rights of Man” Philosophy -- II. The “Rights of Man” Philosophy Incompatible with the Spirit of the English Constitution -- III. Criticism -- Five / Paine replies to Burke: Rights of Man -- Paine plans to write on the revolution -- Paine fails to understand Burke -- Paine’s interpretation of the French revolution -- Man and his rights -- Paine’s attack on the English constitution -- Rejection of the hereditary principle in government -- Rejection of state religion -- Criticism of the English financial system -- Attack on the English crown, and parliamentary system of government -- Conclusion -- Six / Reflections and public opinion, 1791 -- The reaction within Burke’s own party -- Mackintosh and the “New Whigs” -- The reply of the reformers -- Mary Wollstonecraft and the social protest -- Joseph Priestley and the reply of the dissenters -- Burke’s retort: “Either Burke or Paine” -- Seven / Rights of Man and public opinion, 1791 -- I. The Pamphleteers and Reviewers -- II. Rights of Man and the Constitutional Societies -- III. Positive Effect of Rights of Man. Paine and the Working-Class Movement -- Conclusion -- Ouvrages publiés dans la Collection de l’Ecole des Sciences politiques et sociales.
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  • 43
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401191357
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (119p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Humanities ; Political science.
    Abstract: 1. Introduction -- Berlin Divided—A City of Contrasts -- Governmental Heritage -- Early Postwar Developments Under Allied Occupation -- Complexity of Governance -- 2. Allied Governmental Authority -- “Statement of Principles” for Berlin -- The Allied Kommandatura -- 3. Constitutional System -- Temporary Constitution of 1946 -- Abortive Constitution of 1948 -- Division of Berlin -- Constitution of 1950 -- Amending the Constitution -- 4. Governmental System -- Electoral Law -- The Legislature -- The Executive -- Executive-Legislative Relations -- The Judiciary -- Government of East Berlin -- The Berlin Bezirke (Boroughs) -- 5. Politics and Elections -- Political Parties -- Communist Party (KPD) -- Early Elections -- Elections Since 1950 -- 6. Legal and Political Status of Berlin -- Legal Prerogatives of World-War-II Allies -- Legal Status of the Kommandatura -- Berlin and the West German Federation -- East Berlin and the East German Republic -- Concluding Statement -- Berlin—Pawn of the Powers -- Appendices -- Selected Bibliography -- Charts and Tables -- 1. Allied Control of Germany and Berlin, 1946 -- 2. Allied Kommandatura, 1951 -- 3. Allied Kommandatura, 1961 -- 4. Structure of Berlin Government Following 1946 Elections -- 8. Structure of East Berlin Government, 1961 -- Table I. Berlin Election Results -- Appendices -- 1. Protocol on Zones of Occupation in Germany and Administration of Greater Berlin, September 12, 1944—Excerpts -- 2. Agreement on Control Machinery in Germany, November 14, 1944—Excerpts -- 3. Quadripartite Statement on Zones of Occupation in Germany, June 5, 1945 -- 4. Quadripartite Statement on Control Machinery in Germany, June 5, 1945—Excerpts -- 5. Allied Agreement on Quadripartite Administration of Berlin, July 7, 1945 -- 6. Kommandatura Order No. 1, July 11, 1945 -- 7. Declaration by Western Commandants to Continue Operation of Kommandatura, December 21, 1948 -- 8. Statement of Principles for Berlin, 1949 -- 9. Instrument of Revision of Statement of Principles, 1951 -- 10. Allied Declaration on Berlin, May 5, 1955 -- 11. Kommandatura Letter Approving Constitution of 1950 -- 12. Berlin Constitution of 1950.
    Abstract: Berlin lies more than 100 miles behind the Iron Curtain within the Soviet-occupied zone of Germany. It is not, however, part of that zone. It is a separate political entity for which the four major allies of the war against Nazi tyranny are jointly responsible. Its special status stems from the fact that it was the capital not only of Hitler's Third Reich but of the German nation formed in the latter half of the 19th century. In essence, the four major allies agreed to hold Berlin, as the traditional capital, in trust for a democratic and united Germany. United States, Department of State Berlin-I96I (1961) The division of Germany, and with it the bifurcation of its one-time capital - Berlin - has produced one of the foremost political contro­ versies of the mid-twentieth century. There has long been a "German problem," and volumes have been written concerning the history and culture of the country, the Nazi era and World War II, the Allied occupation, and recent political and economic developments in Ger­ many. Yet, the "Berlin problem" - as part of the broader German question - is historically of the current era.
    Description / Table of Contents: 1. IntroductionBerlin Divided-A City of Contrasts -- Governmental Heritage -- Early Postwar Developments Under Allied Occupation -- Complexity of Governance -- 2. Allied Governmental Authority -- “Statement of Principles” for Berlin -- The Allied Kommandatura -- 3. Constitutional System -- Temporary Constitution of 1946 -- Abortive Constitution of 1948 -- Division of Berlin -- Constitution of 1950 -- Amending the Constitution -- 4. Governmental System -- Electoral Law -- The Legislature -- The Executive -- Executive-Legislative Relations -- The Judiciary -- Government of East Berlin -- The Berlin Bezirke (Boroughs) -- 5. Politics and Elections -- Political Parties -- Communist Party (KPD) -- Early Elections -- Elections Since 1950 -- 6. Legal and Political Status of Berlin -- Legal Prerogatives of World-War-II Allies -- Legal Status of the Kommandatura -- Berlin and the West German Federation -- East Berlin and the East German Republic -- Concluding Statement -- Berlin-Pawn of the Powers -- Appendices -- Selected Bibliography -- Charts and Tables -- 1. Allied Control of Germany and Berlin, 1946 -- 2. Allied Kommandatura, 1951 -- 3. Allied Kommandatura, 1961 -- 4. Structure of Berlin Government Following 1946 Elections -- 8. Structure of East Berlin Government, 1961 -- Table I. Berlin Election Results -- Appendices -- 1. Protocol on Zones of Occupation in Germany and Administration of Greater Berlin, September 12, 1944-Excerpts -- 2. Agreement on Control Machinery in Germany, November 14, 1944-Excerpts -- 3. Quadripartite Statement on Zones of Occupation in Germany, June 5, 1945 -- 4. Quadripartite Statement on Control Machinery in Germany, June 5, 1945-Excerpts -- 5. Allied Agreement on Quadripartite Administration of Berlin, July 7, 1945 -- 6. Kommandatura Order No. 1, July 11, 1945 -- 7. Declaration by Western Commandants to Continue Operation of Kommandatura, December 21, 1948 -- 8. Statement of Principles for Berlin, 1949 -- 9. Instrument of Revision of Statement of Principles, 1951 -- 10. Allied Declaration on Berlin, May 5, 1955 -- 11. Kommandatura Letter Approving Constitution of 1950 -- 12. Berlin Constitution of 1950.
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  • 44
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401508971
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (233p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Social sciences ; Civil law. ; Private international law. ; Conflict of laws. ; International law. ; Comparative law. ; Political science.
    Abstract: I. The Nominating and Appointing Power -- Establishment of the Practice -- The Change in the President’s Authority -- Summary -- II. Historical Arguments for and Against the Use of the Special Agent -- Arguments Against the Use of Special Agents -- Arguments For the Use of Special Agents -- Summary -- III. The Question of Office -- Marshall’s Opinion -- Later Definitions of Office -- The Problem of Rank -- The Presidential Signature and the United States’ Seal -- The Contingent Fund -- Establishment of the Fund -- Summary -- IV. The President’s Appointing Power with Respect to Special Agents -- Early Attempts at Restrictions -- Restrictions Successfully Passed -- Restrictions With Respect to International Organizations -- The United Nations “Battle” -- Special Agents and the Question of Rank -- Summary -- V. Status of the Regular Diplomatic Agent under International Law -- Agréation -- La Lettre de Créance -- The Nature of Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities -- Duration of Diplomatic Immunities -- Theories on the Basis of Diplomatic Immunity -- Who Receives Diplomatic Privileges and Immunity -- Who Decides the Question of Entitlement to Immunity -- The Basis for the Decision -- The Meaning of Function -- Responsibility for the Protection of Diplomats -- Responsibility for the Acts of a State’s Agents -- Functions of a Diplomat -- Diplomatic Agents Below the Rank of Ambassador -- Summary -- VI. Status of Miscellaneous Agents under International Law -- International Conferences -- International Organizations -- International Commissions -- Summary -- VII. Status of the Special Agent under International Law -- Special Secret Agents -- Special Public Agents -- The Establishment of Special Missions -- Privileges and Immunities -- Freedom of Movement and Communication -- Responsibility for the Protection of Special Agents -- Responsibility for the Acts of the Special Agent -- Functions of the Special Agent -- Summary -- VIII. Conclusions -- Municipal Law Aspect -- International Law Aspect -- Appendix A -- Representative List of Special Agents -- Appendix B -- Provisions for Appointing United States Delegates to International Organizations -- Appendix C -- Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations -- Appendix D -- The Agencies of Colonel House and Harry Hopkins -- Edward M. House -- House’s Background -- The Nature of the House-Wilson Relationship -- His Influence and Methods of Operation -- Five Missions Abroad -- Advantages and Disadvantages in Using House -- Summary -- Harry L. Hopkins -- Hopkins’ Background -- The Nature of the Hopkins-Roosevelt Relationship -- Five Missions Abroad -- His Influence and Methods of Operation -- Advantages and Disadvantages in Using Hopkins -- Summary.
    Abstract: The special diplomatic agent has played in the history of American foreign policy an important and, it is safe to say, unique role. The names of Colonel House and Harry Hopkins come, of course, right away to mind. But there have been others: John Quincy Adams, Ber­ nard M. Baruch, Henry Clay, Albert Gallatin, James Monroe, John Randolph, Daniel Webster, Wendell Wilkie, for instance. At the beginning of American history, the use of the special agent was primarily due to the scarcity of available talent. Later it was due to the low quality of many diplomatic representatives, chosen for political reasons and without regard for their diplomatic qualifications. More recently, the President has availed himself of the special agent in order to make sure that his will prevails in the conduct of American foreign policy. The institution of the special agent is indeed inseparable from the preeminent, contested and uncertain role the President plays in the determination of American foreign policy. Since the Constitution is silent on that point, the ultimate determi­ nation of American foreign policy has been throughout American history a subject ot controversy between the President and Congress.
    Description / Table of Contents: I. The Nominating and Appointing PowerEstablishment of the Practice -- The Change in the President’s Authority -- Summary -- II. Historical Arguments for and Against the Use of the Special Agent -- Arguments Against the Use of Special Agents -- Arguments For the Use of Special Agents -- Summary -- III. The Question of Office -- Marshall’s Opinion -- Later Definitions of Office -- The Problem of Rank -- The Presidential Signature and the United States’ Seal -- The Contingent Fund -- Establishment of the Fund -- Summary -- IV. The President’s Appointing Power with Respect to Special Agents -- Early Attempts at Restrictions -- Restrictions Successfully Passed -- Restrictions With Respect to International Organizations -- The United Nations “Battle” -- Special Agents and the Question of Rank -- Summary -- V. Status of the Regular Diplomatic Agent under International Law -- Agréation -- La Lettre de Créance -- The Nature of Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities -- Duration of Diplomatic Immunities -- Theories on the Basis of Diplomatic Immunity -- Who Receives Diplomatic Privileges and Immunity -- Who Decides the Question of Entitlement to Immunity -- The Basis for the Decision -- The Meaning of Function -- Responsibility for the Protection of Diplomats -- Responsibility for the Acts of a State’s Agents -- Functions of a Diplomat -- Diplomatic Agents Below the Rank of Ambassador -- Summary -- VI. Status of Miscellaneous Agents under International Law -- International Conferences -- International Organizations -- International Commissions -- Summary -- VII. Status of the Special Agent under International Law -- Special Secret Agents -- Special Public Agents -- The Establishment of Special Missions -- Privileges and Immunities -- Freedom of Movement and Communication -- Responsibility for the Protection of Special Agents -- Responsibility for the Acts of the Special Agent -- Functions of the Special Agent -- Summary -- VIII. Conclusions -- Municipal Law Aspect -- International Law Aspect -- Appendix A -- Representative List of Special Agents -- Appendix B -- Provisions for Appointing United States Delegates to International Organizations -- Appendix C -- Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations -- Appendix D -- The Agencies of Colonel House and Harry Hopkins -- Edward M. House -- House’s Background -- The Nature of the House-Wilson Relationship -- His Influence and Methods of Operation -- Five Missions Abroad -- Advantages and Disadvantages in Using House -- Summary -- Harry L. Hopkins -- Hopkins’ Background -- The Nature of the Hopkins-Roosevelt Relationship -- Five Missions Abroad -- His Influence and Methods of Operation -- Advantages and Disadvantages in Using Hopkins -- Summary.
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  • 45
    ISBN: 9789401575287
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (X, 89 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Education ; International education . ; Comparative education.
    Abstract: I. Georg Christoph Lichtenberg: Biography -- II. Lichtenberg’s Philosophy of Education -- III. Pedagogy and Curriculum -- IV. Religion -- V. Psychology Applied to Education -- VI. British Educationalism -- VII. Schopenhauer and Education -- VIII. Lichtenberg’s Thoughts Concerning Education: An Evaluation -- Notes -- I -- II -- III -- IV -- V -- VI -- VII -- VIII.
    Abstract: This is an investigation of the thoughts concerning education in the writings of one of the most original educators of the eighteenth century. Unappreciated and largely overlooked - as was Schopenhauer - by the contemporary educators, Lichtenberg nevertheless presented his generation, and generations to come, with some of the most useful (a great life aim of Horace Mann!) suggestions pertaining to education that may possibly be found anywhere in the annals of classical edu­ cation. Beginning with a biographical sketch of Lichtenberg, it presents an analysis of his philosophy of education, discusses Lichtenberg's thoughts on pedagogy and curriculum, analyzes his conception of morals and religion to the extent that these ideas are specifically related to education, examines his notions of educational psychology, determines Lichtenberg's views on British education in the eighteenth century, compares some of Lichtenberg'S educational ideas in the works of contemporary thinkers and educators, notably Schopenhauer, J ames and Dewey. A concomitant aspect of this book is a portrayal of Lichtenberg as found in his works, viz., as a student, professor, philosopher, educator, moralist, psychologist, comparative educationist, as a searcher for absolute educational truth - attainable only in a world to come. San Diego State College SVEIN 0KSENHOLT, PH. D.
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  • 46
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401509411
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (XV, 147 p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Humanities ; Arts.
    Abstract: The Life -- The Style -- The Drawings -- Appraisal and Evaluation.
    Abstract: List of Illustrations xiii The Life I The Style 19 Contents The Drawings 40 Appraisal and Evaluation 64 Bibliography 79 Notes 82 Index 90 Illustrations vii The French seventeenth century remains at the present moment one of the few areas in the history of later western art which still needs intensive study. Even the work of Pous­ sin, its most outstanding painter and the object of a continu­ ous stream of encomiums stretching back to his own life­ time, has only recently begun to be explored with the full scholarly apparatus of contemporary art history, and a definitive monograph is probably still some years in the future. La Tour and the Le Nain brothers have been intro­ duced into the company of great artists only within the past Foreword quarter century, and with significant discoyeries still being made complete evaluations are as yet not even to be contem­ plated. After numerous casual encounters with the frequent­ ly handsome if astonishingly varied canvases of Bourdon, one becomes suspicious of the ever repeated dismissal of his work as merely eclectic and longs for a revealing analysis of his purposes and patronage. The harsh Latinity of Valentin, the sumptuous strangeness ofVignon, the audacious languor of Antoine Coypel, these are some of the many topics that still await careful investigation and evaluation.
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  • 47
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401036146
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (257p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Philosophy (General) ; Philosophy ; Philosophy of mind. ; Self.
    Abstract: One/Dimensions -- I. Consciousness -- II. Experience -- III. Spirit and Principles -- Two/Features -- IV. On human Nature -- V. The linguistic capacity -- Three/Significance -- VI. Freedom -- VII. The worthiness of Man.
    Description / Table of Contents: One/DimensionsI. Consciousness -- II. Experience -- III. Spirit and Principles -- Two/Features -- IV. On human Nature -- V. The linguistic capacity -- Three/Significance -- VI. Freedom -- VII. The worthiness of Man.
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  • 48
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401509671
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (426p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Law ; Private international law. ; Conflict of laws. ; International law. ; Comparative law.
    Abstract: One. Introduction -- One. The Problem of Bays in the Law of the Sea 3 Section A. National Sovereignty versus Freedom of the Seas -- Two. Terminology -- Two. The Bays within the Littoral of a Single State -- A. Development of the Law of Bays -- Three. Development from the Fall of Rome to 1800 -- Four. Development from 1800 to the Present -- Five. Efforts at Codification -- B. The Historic Bay -- Six. Hudson Bay, A Case Study -- Seven. The Concept of the Historic Bay -- Eight. Peter The Great Bay, A Current Issue -- Three. The Bay Within the Littoral of Two or More States -- Nine. The Bay Within the Littoral of Two or More States -- Four. Conclusions -- Ten. Conclusions: A proposed Codification for Bays.
    Abstract: The purpose of this book is to describe the problems posed in the formulation of international rules for bays at the present time, to investigate the history of the several interests that have influenced the development of such rules, to trace the efforts that have been made to codify the rules, and to suggest a further refinement of the rules. This book seeks to combine the fruits of the writer's experience as a navigator with those of his studies in international law, geography, history and economics. Although, after study and thought upon the subject, there is likely to arise an initial desire to write a work that is truly definitive, one must resign himself to something of lesser scope. That being so, there is, if anything, an increased demand upon the writer to exercise careful judgment in his research, and in his exposition of the subject. This writer can only hope that he has discharged this responsi­ bility to the degree that his efforts will have clarified some issues and that what he has set on paper may be of some assistance to others. This writer has attempted to be as objective as possible in his inter­ pretations, and he has made no attempt to defend the policy of any State. In so doing, he is weil aware of the fact that for broader policy reasons, some of the views expressed herein cannot be officiaily accept­ ed as bases for action.
    Description / Table of Contents: One. IntroductionOne. The Problem of Bays in the Law of the Sea 3 Section A. National Sovereignty versus Freedom of the Seas -- Two. Terminology -- Two. The Bays within the Littoral of a Single State -- A. Development of the Law of Bays -- Three. Development from the Fall of Rome to 1800 -- Four. Development from 1800 to the Present -- Five. Efforts at Codification -- B. The Historic Bay -- Six. Hudson Bay, A Case Study -- Seven. The Concept of the Historic Bay -- Eight. Peter The Great Bay, A Current Issue -- Three. The Bay Within the Littoral of Two or More States -- Nine. The Bay Within the Littoral of Two or More States -- Four. Conclusions -- Ten. Conclusions: A proposed Codification for Bays.
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  • 49
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
    ISBN: 9789401195560
    Language: English
    Pages: Online-Ressource (282p) , online resource
    Edition: Springer eBook Collection. Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als
    Keywords: Humanities ; History.
    Abstract: I The Tragic — Introduction -- II The Tragic Defiance — Titan Prometheus Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound -- III The Tragic Fear — Oedipus King Sophocles: Oedipus the King -- IV The Tragic Conscience — Prince Hamlet Shakespeare: Hamlet, Prince of Denmark -- V The Tragic Striving — Faust Goethe: Faust -- VI The Tragic Idea — Stockmann, The People’ Enemy Ibsen: An Enemy of the People -- VII The Tragic Loss — Loman the Salesman Arthur Miller: Death of a Salesman -- VIII The Tragic Liberation — Orestes of the Flies Sartre: The Flies -- IX The Tragic Protest -- Indexes.
    Abstract: is, what has been said already says that no anticipations of aesthetic theory are in place here. When research stays on the level of primitive imagination, prior to the distinction between real and unreal, to merge art with life, it cannot serve as guideline for thoughts on what is distinctive within art. No canons of composition can be forthcoming, even the very concept of composition, implying a composer, must remain inadmissible; since, unlike the one of tragic art, the composer of tragic life will be here in question. No analysis of form need be expected, and when a form of vision is described, it will not be what artistic critics are used to dissect. Purely aesthetic instruments, such as plot, contrast, harmony, proper pitch, likene3s, recognition, com­ pleteness, will be of no use and no relevance at all. And it hardly need be mentioned that the age-fortified classification of artistic kinds remains strictly out of bounds. Here is perhaps the proper place to introduce a stylistic apology. I t is clear to everyone with a neat sense of seemliness in language that the use of unattached adjectives is very awkward in English. No one reading these paragraphs can be blamed for fidgeting when molested again and again with "the tragic" instead of "tragedy. " The excuse has perhaps transpired in the preceding passage.
    Description / Table of Contents: I The Tragic - IntroductionII The Tragic Defiance - Titan Prometheus Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound -- III The Tragic Fear - Oedipus King Sophocles: Oedipus the King -- IV The Tragic Conscience - Prince Hamlet Shakespeare: Hamlet, Prince of Denmark -- V The Tragic Striving - Faust Goethe: Faust -- VI The Tragic Idea - Stockmann, The People’ Enemy Ibsen: An Enemy of the People -- VII The Tragic Loss - Loman the Salesman Arthur Miller: Death of a Salesman -- VIII The Tragic Liberation - Orestes of the Flies Sartre: The Flies -- IX The Tragic Protest -- Indexes.
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