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  • 1
    Language: English
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (315 Seiten)
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als Schlegel, Simon, - 1983- The making of ethnicity in southern Bessarabia
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg 2016
    DDC: 300
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift
    Abstract: Ethnische Grenzen; Bessarabien; Ukraine; Nationalitätenpolitik; Nationalismus; Klientelismus; historische Anthropologie
    Abstract: Ethnic boundaries; Bessarabia; Ukraine; Nationalities Policy; nationalism; clientelism; historical Anthropology
    Abstract: Diese Studie rollt die Geschichte von ethnischen Grenzen im südlichen Bessarabien auf, einem peripheren und multiethnischen Gebiet in der Ukraine. In den vergangenen zweihundert Jahren hat die Region zum Russischen Reich, zu Rumänien, zur Sowjetunion und schließlich zur Ukraine gehört. Jeder dieser Staaten hat ethnische Unterschiede zu seinen eigenen Zwecken benutzt. Die Studie untersucht, wie sich diese wandelnde Funktion von Ethnizität auf ihre Bedeutung ausgewirkt hat. Dazu wurde eine Kombination aus Archivstudien, biographischen Interviews und ethnographischer Feldforschung verwendet. Die so erhobenen Daten zeigen, dass Ethnizität nur dann eine ausschließliche und klar eingegrenzte Kategorie wurde, wenn der Staat eine Legitimationskrise erlebte. Es waren nicht die sich ablösenden Staaten, welche die Bedeutung von Ethnizität veränderten, sondern die Entwicklungsphase in welcher diese Staaten sich befanden. Immer wenn die Reichweite des bürokratischen Apparats zunahm, musste der Staat seine Verwaltungskategorien genauer definieren, darunter auch Ethnizität. Mit der Perspektive der historischen Ethnizitätsforschung werden die narrative und Techniken rekonstruiert, die zu verschiedenen Zeiten dazu dienten, ethnische Grenzen zu schärfen.
    Abstract: This study retraces the history of ethnic boundaries in southern Bessarabia, a peripheral and multi-ethnic region in Ukraine. In the past two centuries Bessarabia has been ruled by the Russian Empire, Romania, the Soviet Union, and most recently Ukraine. Each of these states formed and used ethnic differences to its own ends. How this history of changing functions has changed the meaning of ethnicity was analyzed by combining archival sources with biographical interviews and ethnographic fieldwork. The study shows that ethnicity became an exclusive and clearly bounded category only in periods when the state experienced some sort of legitimation crisis. It was not the alternating states that changed the meaning of ethnicity. Rather, it was the developmental phase the state was going through. With more pervasive bureaucracies, states needed to fine-tune their administrative categories, including ethnicity. With a historical anthropological perspective the narratives and techniques that at different times served to sharpen ethnic boundaries are discussed and compared over two centuries.
    Note: Tag der Verteidigung: 26.05.2016
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 2
    Language: English
    Pages: xxiii, 287 Seiten , Illustrationen
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als Schlegel, Simon, - 1983- The making of ethnicity in southern Bessarabia
    Dissertation note: Dissertation Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg 2016
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift
    Abstract: Ethnische Grenzen; Bessarabien; Ukraine; Nationalitätenpolitik; Nationalismus; Klientelismus; historische Anthropologie
    Abstract: Ethnic boundaries; Bessarabia; Ukraine; Nationalities Policy; nationalism; clientelism; historical Anthropology
    Abstract: Diese Studie rollt die Geschichte von ethnischen Grenzen im südlichen Bessarabien auf, einem peripheren und multiethnischen Gebiet in der Ukraine. In den vergangenen zweihundert Jahren hat die Region zum Russischen Reich, zu Rumänien, zur Sowjetunion und schließlich zur Ukraine gehört. Jeder dieser Staaten hat ethnische Unterschiede zu seinen eigenen Zwecken benutzt. Die Studie untersucht, wie sich diese wandelnde Funktion von Ethnizität auf ihre Bedeutung ausgewirkt hat. Dazu wurde eine Kombination aus Archivstudien, biographischen Interviews und ethnographischer Feldforschung verwendet. Die so erhobenen Daten zeigen, dass Ethnizität nur dann eine ausschließliche und klar eingegrenzte Kategorie wurde, wenn der Staat eine Legitimationskrise erlebte. Es waren nicht die sich ablösenden Staaten, welche die Bedeutung von Ethnizität veränderten, sondern die Entwicklungsphase in welcher diese Staaten sich befanden. Immer wenn die Reichweite des bürokratischen Apparats zunahm, musste der Staat seine Verwaltungskategorien genauer definieren, darunter auch Ethnizität. Mit der Perspektive der historischen Ethnizitätsforschung werden die narrative und Techniken rekonstruiert, die zu verschiedenen Zeiten dazu dienten, ethnische Grenzen zu schärfen.
    Abstract: This study retraces the history of ethnic boundaries in southern Bessarabia, a peripheral and multi-ethnic region in Ukraine. In the past two centuries Bessarabia has been ruled by the Russian Empire, Romania, the Soviet Union, and most recently Ukraine. Each of these states formed and used ethnic differences to its own ends. How this history of changing functions has changed the meaning of ethnicity was analyzed by combining archival sources with biographical interviews and ethnographic fieldwork. The study shows that ethnicity became an exclusive and clearly bounded category only in periods when the state experienced some sort of legitimation crisis. It was not the alternating states that changed the meaning of ethnicity. Rather, it was the developmental phase the state was going through. With more pervasive bureaucracies, states needed to fine-tune their administrative categories, including ethnicity. With a historical anthropological perspective the narratives and techniques that at different times served to sharpen ethnic boundaries are discussed and compared over two centuries.
    Note: Tag der Verteidigung: 26.05.2016 , Deutsche Zusammenfassung
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  • 3
    Language: English , Russian
    Pages: Seiten 1171-1812 , Diagramme , 29 cm
    Angaben zur Quelle: Volume 3
    Abstract: Covering a large portion of the period from the early seventeenth century to the contemporary era, the Kalmyk National Archive has particularly rich holdings from the pre-revolutionary period, which makes it an outstanding source for historical studies on Russia's 'internal colonialism' at the Empire's southern frontiers. Unfortunately, most of this documentation was lost after the revolution and the civil war. Another part of the archive disappeared during WW II or was deliberately destroyed during the subsequent deportation of the Kalmyk people in 1942. Prior to this, the archival funds still numbered about 70,000 complete files. We know this because information about the pre-revolutionary holdings is well-documented in the inventories contained in the archival primary record books and their inspection lists which were created mainly in the late 1930s and early 1940s and still contained the titles of all documents with a special mark next to those that had been lost over time. These old inventories were revised in the late 1990s and became the subject of an updated edition. Unfortunately, in this case, too, all the lost documents were deleted from the new archival inventories. These previous records, which, given the loss of the documents themselves, provided the only historical record of much of Kalmyk and Russian imperial history, have now disappeared. However, in the mid-1990s I could take copies of the primary inventories, which already then were in a deplorable state. During my archival research in recent years, I began to work with these old archival books in order to describe, inventory and analyse this particular 'colonial archive'. The results of this work are presented in this publication. Thus, we have a description of the metadata, including the titles of those documents that were either subjected to the horrendous waste campaign of the Soviet era, or were destroyed to erase inconvenient historical truth. In addition to such echoes from the distant and now inaccessible past, this publication presents an up-to-date inventory of pre-revolutionary documents stored to this day in the Kalmyk National Archive.
    Note: Text teilweise in kyrill. Schrift
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  • 4
    Language: English , Russian
    Pages: CXIII, 528 Seiten , Illustrationen, Diagramme , 29 cm
    Angaben zur Quelle: Volume 1
    Abstract: Covering a large portion of the period from the early seventeenth century to the contemporary era, the Kalmyk National Archive has particularly rich holdings from the pre-revolutionary period, which makes it an outstanding source for historical studies on Russia's 'internal colonialism' at the Empire's southern frontiers. Unfortunately, most of this documentation was lost after the revolution and the civil war. Another part of the archive disappeared during WW II or was deliberately destroyed during the subsequent deportation of the Kalmyk people in 1942. Prior to this, the archival funds still numbered about 70,000 complete files. We know this because information about the pre-revolutionary holdings is well-documented in the inventories contained in the archival primary record books and their inspection lists which were created mainly in the late 1930s and early 1940s and still contained the titles of all documents with a special mark next to those that had been lost over time. These old inventories were revised in the late 1990s and became the subject of an updated edition. Unfortunately, in this case, too, all the lost documents were deleted from the new archival inventories. These previous records, which, given the loss of the documents themselves, provided the only historical record of much of Kalmyk and Russian imperial history, have now disappeared. However, in the mid-1990s I could take copies of the primary inventories, which already then were in a deplorable state. During my archival research in recent years, I began to work with these old archival books in order to describe, inventory and analyse this particular 'colonial archive'. The results of this work are presented in this publication. Thus, we have a description of the metadata, including the titles of those documents that were either subjected to the horrendous waste campaign of the Soviet era, or were destroyed to erase inconvenient historical truth. In addition to such echoes from the distant and now inaccessible past, this publication presents an up-to-date inventory of pre-revolutionary documents stored to this day in the Kalmyk National Archive.
    Note: Text teilweise in kyrill. Schrift
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  • 5
    Language: English , Russian
    Pages: Seiten 529-1170 , Diagramme , 29 cm
    Angaben zur Quelle: Volume 2
    Abstract: Covering a large portion of the period from the early seventeenth century to the contemporary era, the Kalmyk National Archive has particularly rich holdings from the pre-revolutionary period, which makes it an outstanding source for historical studies on Russia's 'internal colonialism' at the Empire's southern frontiers. Unfortunately, most of this documentation was lost after the revolution and the civil war. Another part of the archive disappeared during WW II or was deliberately destroyed during the subsequent deportation of the Kalmyk people in 1942. Prior to this, the archival funds still numbered about 70,000 complete files. We know this because information about the pre-revolutionary holdings is well-documented in the inventories contained in the archival primary record books and their inspection lists which were created mainly in the late 1930s and early 1940s and still contained the titles of all documents with a special mark next to those that had been lost over time. These old inventories were revised in the late 1990s and became the subject of an updated edition. Unfortunately, in this case, too, all the lost documents were deleted from the new archival inventories. These previous records, which, given the loss of the documents themselves, provided the only historical record of much of Kalmyk and Russian imperial history, have now disappeared. However, in the mid-1990s I could take copies of the primary inventories, which already then were in a deplorable state. During my archival research in recent years, I began to work with these old archival books in order to describe, inventory and analyse this particular 'colonial archive'. The results of this work are presented in this publication. Thus, we have a description of the metadata, including the titles of those documents that were either subjected to the horrendous waste campaign of the Soviet era, or were destroyed to erase inconvenient historical truth. In addition to such echoes from the distant and now inaccessible past, this publication presents an up-to-date inventory of pre-revolutionary documents stored to this day in the Kalmyk National Archive.
    Note: Text teilweise in kyrill. Schrift
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    Show associated volumes/articles
    In:  Of religion and empire (2001), Seite 201-228 | year:2001 | pages:201-228
    ISBN: 0801433274
    Language: Undetermined
    Titel der Quelle: Of religion and empire
    Publ. der Quelle: Ithaca [u.a.] : Cornell University Press, 2001
    Angaben zur Quelle: (2001), Seite 201-228
    Angaben zur Quelle: year:2001
    Angaben zur Quelle: pages:201-228
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0044-2666
    Language: Undetermined
    Titel der Quelle: Zeitschrift für Ethnologie : ZfE
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Reimer
    Angaben zur Quelle: Vol. 137, No. 2 (2012), p. 270-269
    DDC: 25
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0044-2666
    Language: Undetermined
    Titel der Quelle: Zeitschrift für Ethnologie : ZfE
    Publ. der Quelle: Berlin : Reimer
    Angaben zur Quelle: Vol. 137, No. 2 (2012), p. 270-275
    DDC: 25
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  • 9
    Language: German
    DDC: 47
    Keywords: History ; Geschichte ; Histoire ; Memory ; Erinnerung ; Mémoire ; Historische Quellen ; Historical material ; Denk- und Bedeutungssysteme ; Categories of thought and Meaning ; Eastern ; Kollektives Gedächtnis ; Geschichtsschreibung ; Individuelle Publikationen ; Aufsatz
    Note: Informationen zur Ressource: Digitales Handbuch Kulturgeschichte Russlands und Osteuropas; 1613-107X
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  • 10
    Language: German
    DDC: 49
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Conflicts ; Konflikte ; Memory ; Erinnerung ; Mémoire ; Nation ; Politsche Anthropologie ; Politcal anthropology ; Denk- und Bedeutungssysteme ; Categories of thought and Meaning ; Allgemeine Arbeiten zu sozialer und kultureller Identität ; General works of social and cultural Identity ; Other ; Nationenbildung ; Kollektives Gedächtnis ; Konflikt ; Schwarzmeer-Gebiet 〈Nord〉 ; Individuelle Publikationen ; Arbeitspapier, Preprint
    Note: Informationen zur Ressource: Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Working Paper No. 118; 1615-4568
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